Bank of America
In an advance look at how the Q2 trading season turned out for Bank Holding Hedge Funds, some of which even accept your deposits to fund their 100x leveraged steepener trades, we have the first detailed 10-Q report out of Bank of America. Granted, the bank has a bunch of chimps running its trading operation and is thus not nearly indicative of the crack prop trading gurus at firms like Goldman and MS, due to not quite streamlining the whole prop-flow synergy bit while it had time (incidentally BofA is now looking for a seller for its prop operation) but the Fed and the government (or the Goved JV as it is known by those who suckle on its discount window teat) have made it so even a room full of chimps with Bloomberg terminals will pretty much generate trading perfection no matter what they do. So it comes as a shock that in the quarter following BofA's trading perfection days (which would be completely normal from a statistical point of view in a hyperbolic Universe, where superstrings don't need 10 dimensions, and where particle physicists are actually not superfluous), the bank has reported just 81% profitable trading days. Even scarier, the bank actually reported a day in which it lost $102 million, an event that has not occurred in over 60 days.
One of the longest running Conviction Buy ratings in Goldman history, that of Bank of America, is no more. As of this morning, Richard Ramsden has taken the firm from the coveted position at the top of the ratings pedestal. "BAC results showed many similar operating trends as JPM and C but with the least amount of credit improvement. While we still see significant upside to BAC, in our view JPM is more attractive given the recent convergence in valuation and superior credit trends. Hence we remove BAC from the Conviction list (but retain our Buy rating) and reiterate our CL-Buy on JPM...the current concern is banks are now fighting shrinkage in both trading and net interest income (NII). Given market volatility, the first can be attributed to a weak quarter but net interest income is a function of low rates and weak loan demand. We believe that NII trend is likely to remain a headwind for the coming two quarters, but based on the experience of regional and trust banks, NII should recover in 2011." Look for Bank of America to return the favor soon enough.
Bank of America Admits To Repo 105-Like Fraud, Even As End Of Quarter Window Dressing Continues UnabatedSubmitted by Tyler Durden on 07/11/2010 11:52 -0400
In what will come as a complete lack of surprise to everyone, Bank of America has officially confirmed it "mistakenly" used Repo 105-type transactions on $10.7 billion in assets, which had been misclassified as sales rather than borrowings, or repos, in the period between 2007 and 2009. As Bloomberg reports, the bank used the excuse that a $10+ billion fraud is simply an rounding error so you must acquit: "Bank of America said the inaccuracies aren’t material and
“don’t stem from any intentional misstatement of the
Corporation’s financial statements and was not related to any
fraud or deliberate error.” We are sure that late night comedians can come with enough material in which a $10.7 billion "mistake" is not material so we will leave it to them, and instead we will ask another question as pertains to the whole end of quarter window dressing theme: namely - why does it continue to this day? As per the FRBNY's public disclosure of Primary Dealer holdings, the week ended June 30 once again saw the traditional balance sheet collapse, with total PD assets as of June 30 closing once again at the lowest level of the entire quarter. This marks the 7th consecutive quarter in which primary dealer assets finished the quarter at or near the lowest exposure during the quarter, and 9 out of the last 10. But it's all fine - according to the SEC mangled rules of corrupt statistics (soon taught at a Princeton University near you), an event that occurs 90% of the time is not at all significant or notable.
Bank of America, via economist Ethan Harris, has joined the chorus of large banks reducing economic forecasts, and as a result has reduced its GDP projections for 2010 and 2011 to 3.0% and 2.6%, from 3.2% and 3.3% respectively. The inflection in 2011 is notable as now the bank sees a material slow down in the economy where before it saw growth. Also, BofA is now expecting that the Fed will leave the Fed Fund language unchanged unchanged for 18 months, until March 2012. This is not surprising: with QE2.0 around the corner, it means that the Fed will soon be implicitly lowering rates. Of course, should the Fed find some naughty pictures of Barney and Chris, it may soon pass laws that allow negative interest rates for the first time. Of course, nothing at this point would be surprising.
From Bank of America Energy Analyst Douglas Becker: "Pictures show a potential oil leak next to DO’s Ocean Saratoga, a 2nd generation semisubmersible working ten miles offshore in Mississippi Canyon Block 20. The rig is working for privately held Taylor Energy. While there is no confirmation either way (leak or no leak), we believe the rig is in the process of plugging and abandoning (P&A) a well where the platform was damaged during Hurricane Ike, rather than engaged in exploration drilling. While more details will emerge, this is not another well control incident like the blowout on the Deepwater Horizon, but appears to be clean up mandated by the Minerals Management Services (MMS). See the imbedded link for more info (http://www.gomr.mms.gov/homepg/fastfacts/LeaseLiab/leaseliabilities.asp)."
The WSJ reports that, as broadly expected, Lehman is not alone in its illegal Repo 105 window-dressing scam: it turns out that Citigroup and Bank Of America also routinely used such shady practices for years. As Michael Rapoport reports, "Citigroup said the misclassified transactions-of $5.7 billion as of the end of 2009, and as much as $9.2 billion over the past three years-involved "a very limited number of our business units" that "used this type of transaction in very small amounts." So its all good - fraud may have been performed but it was just nickel and diming: after all it's not like Citigroup was robbing cemeteries or anything (and since guilt was neither admitted nor denied in that specific case, one can say Citi was never sleeping because it was robbing graveyards but only due to honest mistake). Sure enough, this disclosure come only after the SEC demanded clarification on Repo-105 comparable transactions at all major firms. And with such daily distractions as ten trillions point swings in the market, and crude oil filling up the world ocean, who really cares anymore that all US banks commit fraud on a daily basis. The punchline: "Bank of America and Citigroup say their misclassifications were due to errors--not an attempt to make themselves look less risky." Well, that surely justifies everything.
A completely worthless analysis on quant factors from Bank Of America (probably written in conjunction with David Bianco), which concludes that momentum quants have ruled so far this year. What is amusing is that in the very same report, BofA confirms that Momo outperformance such as the one seen currently and evidenced by the appearance of numerous services catering to momo trading echochambers in twitter and elsewhere, is associated with the Euphoria phase of markets, which usually precedes at least a 20% drop. Brilliant.
An expanded, if conflicted (it comes from one of the pillars of modern-day Keynesianism: Bank of America) overview of the full European bailout by "Europe", which will now rely on the Fed to purchase EU debt and fund hundreds of billions in FX swaps. Can we now drop the charade that the EU is a viable structure, and stop pretending that Europe is anything but America's most recent geographic and monetary acquisition, or is it still too early?
Bank Of America Sees Material Deterioration In Budget Deficit Estimates, Worried About Fiscal Tightening Post Mid-TermsSubmitted by Tyler Durden on 05/02/2010 09:41 -0400
A few days after the economists have had some time to digest the latest GDP numbers, the results are coming in, and they aren't pretty... And to Obama's chagrin they aren't going to get any better. The end of the stimulus "sugar high" is approaching, and most likely will culminate with the mid-term elections: the attached piece by BofA only solidifies this observation. Bank of America, after Goldman, is now the latest major bailed out bank to join the bandwagon decrying US fiscal insanity (oddly enough, few have much to say about the lunatics in charge of monetary matters). And that's just for the medium-term. Speaking of lunatics, for those curious about the long-term, who can summarize it better than the Oracle of Constitution Avenue himself: "Unfortunately, we cannot grow our way out of this problem. No credible forecast suggests that future rates of growth of the US economy will be sufficient to close these deficits without significant changes to our fiscal policies." - none other than B.S. Bernanke. Furthermore, this is the real problem, forget all about G-Pap reelection chances (none to negative): Greece is just a pleasant distraction compared to what would happen if the US can't roll $700 billion in short-term debt each month.
More divergence in opinions between our team and the reporting of the MSM! Failing to provision for loan losses is not the same as making money, is it???
Bank Of America Prepares To Launch Credit Bubble v2.0, Organizes First US Securitization Research ConferenceSubmitted by Tyler Durden on 04/17/2010 18:21 -0400
Bank of America Merrill Lynch is looking forward to your participation in the first annual US Securitization Research Conference. The conference will feature panel discussions, presentations, and breakout sessions. This conference is by invitation only. Clients interested in attending the conference should contact their BAML representative.
Let The Churn In QQQQ, Citi And Bank of America Hit Infinity: ISE To Offer Special Rebates For Liquidity Providers In These Three NamesSubmitted by Tyler Durden on 03/29/2010 15:19 -0400
Today, one quarter of the volume in the market is attributable to trading in Citi shares. This is simply a ridiculous statistic, and shows that the broader equity market, which merely trades based on the momentum of one stock, is and has been busted for about a year, when we first wrote about this phenomenon. Yet this insane churn is not enough for some: The ISE has just announced it is introducing a "Modified Maker/Taker Fee Schedule" for the three most actively traded options products on its exchange: QQQQ, C, and BAC. In essence, the ISE will provide even greater rebates to "liquidity providers" in these three stocks. The entire market will soon consists of exactly two companies (both of which are wards of the state) and one ETF, as liquidity finds the path of least resistance and greatest (evaporating) profit margins. This is what "liquidity" in the market has become. And all the while, the latest DMM, GETCO, which is certainly not frontrunning its prop positions based on massive NYSE flow traffic, is laughing all the way to the bank.
Just because it worked so well the first time around... We can't wait for the totally unexpected mortgage reduction program announced by Bank of America... in 2012.
Breaking from Diana Olick: Bank of America will start offering principal forgiveness programs for most at risk mortgages. The bank will target subprime, pay option, and prime 2 year ARMs, no 30 year loans. Loans must have principal balance at least 120% of the value of the home. As the bank has over 1 million delinquent loans. The hit to BofA's balance sheet will be over $3 billion as the firm will need to write down its existing mortgage book (probably still at 99%) to fair value. Surely this is dictated by the government's desire to add some investor-funded oomph to its taxpayer-funded HAMP disaster. And with that, debt forgiveness for all begins! Max out all your credit cards now because the bank, per Barney Frank, will forgive it all. Oh wait, you already have... Carry on then.
I have a strong feeling that if you dig deep enough into the BofA innards, you will find some stinky stuff. Hey, it's just a feelin'.