In a rather stunning move, France's prime minister Manuel Valls announced that the government would be invoking a little known, and seldom used, article of its constitution in order to bypass parliament and push through a controversial labor reform bill. According to France 24, Article 49-3 of France's constitution allows for reform by decree, meaning the government can bypass parliament to enact laws as it sees fit. President Hollande also used the article last year in order to push a law through parliament that loosened restrictions on shops staying closed on Sundays. "Because the country must move forward, the cabinet has authorized me to act on behalf of the government." Valls told lawmakers.