Economic tensions are tipping over into military ones. Warships have sailed, aircraft have had close encounters, and the rhetoric of Trump’s officials has shifted dramatically from the previous era. The larger threat to the petrodollar and the continuance of U.S. hegemony has been put face-to-face with a China gaining in power and confidence, and ready to depose American dominance.
They’ve threatened to throw anyone in jail who’s caught trading bond notes at anything other than the official 1:1 exchange rate. Naturally these threats have only spurred the creation of a black market where Zimbabwe’s bond notes are bought and sold at their real values. Right now the bond notes are trading at 5% to 10% below the US dollar. But this is just the beginning.
Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s carefully planned move to become legal dictator of Turkey is in its final stages. In the wake of a foiled coup, Erdogan removed or imprisoned every judge not on his side, shut down all opposition newspapers, and jailed all of his political opponents. After his hand-picked court approved the changes Erdogan wanted, all that remains is a Public Referendum which Erdogan will win simply because he gets to count the votes...
We've all been eagerly waiting to see them: Venezuela's crisp,brand new yet soon to be hyperinflated with many more zeros banknotes, and finally, after various failed attempts to deliver the new bills to Caracas (which according to Maduro were at least partially aborted due to pesky CIA meddling) they have arrived. And they are vertical.
"The opinions of experts concerning the future are accorded great weight . . . but they’re still just opinions. While I take a dim view of forecasts, and especially of opinions presented as facts, I do believe there are such things as facts. Unfortunately, however, the concept of 'facts' is among the casualties of the increasingly partisan environment. Recently we have seen both the elevation in status of 'non-facts', as well as the tearing down of 'real facts'."
In October, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) committed a blunder when it issued a forecast for Venezuela’s end-of-year annual inflation rate. An inflation forecast in a country that is toying with hyperinflation is a mug’s game.
It is only a matter of time until Venezuela can no longer finance its imports and social and political chaos of unprecedented proportions will afflict the country. The fallout will also affect Venezuela’s neighboring countries.
Bitcoin is no stranger to extreme fluctuations. As Visual Capitalist's Jeff Desjardons notes, for each of the last four years, the cryptocurrency has either been the best or the worst performing currency – with nothing to be found in between.
At its peak, the Roman Empire held up to 130 million people over a span of 1.5 million square miles. Rome had conquered much of the known world. The Empire built 50,000 miles of roads, as well as many aqueducts, amphitheatres, and other works that are still in use today. How could such a powerful empire collapse?