China's central bank has relaxed some of the curbs on cross-border capital outflows it put in place just months ago to shore up the yuan currency. As of last week, the PBOC is no longer demanding that banks match outflows with equal inflows
The Russian central bank opened its first overseas office in Beijing on March 14, marking a step forward in forging a Beijing-Moscow alliance to bypass the US dollar in the global monetary system, and to phase-in a gold-backed standard of trade.
"Non-financial corporate leverage is too high," PBOC Governor Zhou Xiaochuan told reporters at a news conference adding that China's deleveraging process "won't have very obvious results in the short-term because the existing stock (of debt) is very large."
"China has no intention of seeking foreign trade advantages via an intentional devaluation of the renminbi. There is no basis for the continued devaluation of the renminbi" but "If you must attach the label 'grand champion' to China, then I think China is a grand champion. But we are the grand champions of economic development."
In the latest tightening in China's financial conditions, the China Securities Journal reports that some bank branches in Beijing, Guangzhou and Chongqing have raised mortgage rates for first-home buyers recently.
European stocks and S&P futures rose modestly ahead of January US payrolls data, along with the dollar, while Asian shares dropped after China returned from a week-long holiday. Bonds slid, oil rose while the JGB intervened in the bond market to prevent a bond rout, in one of two major surprises during the Asian session.
China's surprise increase in interest rates on medium-term loans weighed on bond prices on Wednesday, hammering bond prices, sending benchmark 10-year treasury futures sharply lower and pushing 10 Year yields up by 6 bps, making the January move higher in yields the biggest jump since October 2010.
"You must control your forex deficit, but you can't say that SAFE is controlling capital outflows," a high-ranking government official told Chinese bankers. The banks were told to "manage sentiment" to prevent public panic, the banker said, and the banks' research analysts should not broadcast any negative views on the yuan.
Having tried and failed with simple jawboning, China admitted that it has "studied possible scenarios of yuan exchange rate and capital outflows in 2017 based on models, stress tests and field research, and is preparing contingency plans", Bloomberg reported citing sources, and added that "China may further cut U.S. Treasury holdings in 2017 if needed to keep exchange rate stable."
Whether due to the spate of new measures or for some other reason, despite concerns of a flood of FX conversions from Yuan to Dollars on the first day following the Yuan reset, there was little evidence at Beijing and Shanghai banks on Tuesday that Chinese individuals were rushing to lock in 2017 quotas to buy foreign exchange.
According to the latest daily fixing of the Treasury Market Association, as a result of the PBOC's massive liquidity drain which soaked up a nearly a third of a trillion Yuan in the past two weeks, the interbank market is freezing again as follows: