Reserve Currency

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China Pushes For More Stable Reserve Currency - Bye Bye USD?

Helpful non-confrontational, non-trade-war, conciliatory comments from China's finance minister Xie speaking at the IMF meetings.




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Morgan Stanley Slashes EURUSD Target To 1.30, Says EUR Attraction As An Alternative Reserve Currency Ending

While Goldman continues to resolutely predict that the EURUSD will any minute now go back to 1.50 (and 1.55 in 12 months or so), Morgan Stanley has for once decided not to ape its far more capable and client "fornicating" competitor Goldman and has thrown up all over the EUR, slashing its EURUSD forecast "significantly lower"  to 1.30 by year-end and 1.25 in Q1 2012, before stabilizing in the second half of next year because the now second rate bank believes that "economic, political, constitutional and monetary policy developments in Europe have now become more challenging for the EUR, while international support is likely to decline." Its conclusion: "As a result, the EUR's attraction as an alternative reserve currency is likely to be reduced." So, let's do the math: EUR: not a reserve currency? Check.  CHF: not a reserve currency? Check (and pegged to the former). USD: about to be gang banged by the windowless corner office at the Marriner Eccles building housing America's central planners? Check. So.... what is left if one is looking for a reserve currency?

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Gloating China Says "Has Every Right To Demand US Address Its Debt Problem", Asks For New Global Reserve Currency

China has released a scathing op-ed in Xinhua, the official Chinese news agency, in which the authors waste no time to humiliate a "debt-ridden Uncle Sam" following the S&P downgrade, in the most violent surge in the recent war of words between the ascendent and descendent superpowers. Some choice selections: "Dagong Global, a fledgling Chinese rating agency, degraded the U.S. treasury bonds late last year, yet its move was met then with a sense of arrogance and cynicism from some Western commentators. Now S&P has proved what its Chinese counterpart has done is nothing but telling the global investors the ugly truth", "China, the largest creditor of the world's sole superpower, has every right now to demand the United States to address its structural debt problems and ensure the safety of China's dollar assets." It doesnt stop there, "[the US] should also stop its old practice of letting its domestic electoral politics take the global economy hostage and rely on the deep pockets of major surplus countries to make up for its perennial deficits." China takes the opportunity to give the US a little lecture on a broken way of life: "All Americans, both beltway politicians and those on Main Street, have to do some serious soul-searching to bring their country back from a potential financial abyss." And lastly, China once again gets back to its pissing contest about whose reserve currency is bigger: "International supervision over the issue of U.S. dollars should be introduced and a new, stable and secured global reserve currency may also be an option to avert a catastrophe caused by any single country." Just wild fun. Read the whole thing below.

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Eric Sprott Says Gold Is Now The World's Reserve Currency, Says Silver Was Manipulated Lower

Eric Sprott making headlines in Vegas:


Naturally he will be called a nutjob and a tin foil-hat wearing moron, until he is, of course, proven right, at which point the conspiracy theory becomes non-conspiracy fact.

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Chinese Inflation Heats Up Again As PBoC Takes Another Step To Establish Yuan As Reserve Currency

That China's February inflation just came out at a consensus-beating 4.9% is no surprise. After all, the country miraculous slipped just below the consensus so the Department of Truth had to keep things somewhat symmetric. And yes, while this is the 5th consecutive month that Chinese inflation is higher than the official target of 4%, this is not the news of the evening: a press release just issued by the PBoC however is...

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China "Attacks The Dollar" - Moves To Further Cement Renminbi Reserve Currency Status

In a surprising turn of events, today's biggest piece of news received a mere two paragraph blurb on Reuters, and was thoroughly ignored by the broader media. An announcement appeared shortly after midnight on the website of the People's Bank of China. Reuters provides a simple translation and summary of the announcement: "China hopes to allow all exporters and importers to settle their cross-border trades in the yuan by this year, the central bank said on Wednesday, as part of plans to grow the currency's international role. In a statement on its website, the central bank said it would respond to overseas demand for the yuan to be used as a reserve currency. It added it would also allow the yuan to flow back into China more easily." To all those who claim that China is perfectly happy with the status quo, in which it is willing to peg the Renmibni to the Dollar in perpetuity, this may come as a rather unpleasant surprise, as it indicates that suddenly China is far more vocal about its intention to convert its currency to reserve status, and in the process make the dollar even more insignificant.

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Mohamed El-Erian Says We Can Not Assume The Dollar Will Retain Its Reserve Currency Status

Mohamed El-Erian made one of his regular media appearances today (in addition to his almost daily Op-Ed, released earlier) appearing on Bloomberg Surveillance with Tom Keene and talking the developments in the Maghreb. While the full highlights are presented below, there are two items of note. El-Erian once again hits on what we believe will be the keyword of 2011: stagflation. To wit: "we have to appreciate that in the west, what is happening in Egypt and North Africa results in stagflation in the short term. So higher inflation and lower growth because of higher oil prices that take away purchasing power and transfer wealth somewhere else; because of higher geopolitical risk, which tends to diminish animal spirit and therefore impact investment; and let's not forget that the Middle East is a market, particularly for European exports. So from an economic perspective, it is important for the west to understand that these are stagflationary winds that have been added to the global economy." It is important, but not necessary: as long as the manipulated, liquidity glutted market continues to misrepresent the true state of the economy, nobody will care until it is too late. And speaking of "too late", validating our sarcastic observations over the past several weeks that the dollar is no longer the "flight to safety" currency (that would be the PM complex, and the swiss franc if anything), is the Pimco CIO's suddenly very dour outlook on the weakening US Dollar: "It is a warning shot to America that we cannot simply assume flight to quality, flight to safety. That people are starting to worry about the fiscal situation in the U.S., worrying about the level of debt and what they're hearing about states and municipalities. I would take this as a warning shot that we cannot assume that we will maintain the standing of the reserve currency as we have in the past." That's a given - the question however remains, which fiat currency, if any, is willing and ready to step in and replace the USD? With all eyes continuing to be look at the CNY, how long before China finally takes the plunge to find out just who is the real reserve currency in the world?

ilene's picture

Post Mortem for the World’s Reserve Currency

The administration's support for Bernanke's "weak dollar" policy is evident in the way that Obama keeps reiterating his promise to double exports in 5 years. This simply can't be done without ripping the dollar to shreds, which appears to be Obama's intention.

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Guest Post: Making The Last Use Of Reserve Currency Status

I suspect many in the mainstream academia haven't realized what QE2 is. It is the last use of the dollar's reserve currency status, intended or otherwise. In a fiat currency system, inflation should be the only risk, because fighting deflation should be trivial -- just print money. This is a fundamental advantage of a fiat system over the old gold standard. Unfortunately for the US, the dollar's reserve status means the geopolitical border is not the dam holding the water as in other countries. As Fed pours in more water, it leaks right out to lowlands (good investment destinations) all over the world. Given the current economic prospects in the world, the result is that QE2 cannot stoke inflation in the US, but causes very unwelcome interference in exactly the other places in the world where inflation is a big concern.

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Is China's Renminbi Already The New Reserve Currency?

With the dollar tumbling overnight, many were scratching their heads as to what caused the move in the dollar. Citi's Stephen Englander provides a useful explanation, which fits perfectly with the commentary from PBoC advisor Li's earlier that the dollar's position as a reserve currency is now "absurd": namely that more and more in the world are starting to look at the CNY as the new reserve currency. And as we pointed out earlier, its fixing surge of over 0.5% overnight caused many to blink. Is China finally pushing to aggressively force the dollar out?

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Gold Trades North Of $1,420 After China's PBOC Advisor Li Says "Absurd" Dollar Is Reserve Currency

Precious metals have now entered their parabolic phase. The latest catalyst for gold having traded north of $1,420 is not only the ongoing collapse of Europe via surging spreads and accelerating ECB bond monetization, which in tried and true bizarro fashion have lead to a more than 100 pip move higher in the EURUSD, but the latest speech by PBOC academic advisor Li Daokui, who said that it is "absurd" that the dollar is still the reserve currency of the world. We are confident that pretty much everyone in China agrees. The likelihood that China is about to do something big in FX land was also confirmed by the biggest move higher in the CNY which rose by 0.51%, the most since the revaluation period, and also by the high yield in the one week auction, which has led some to believe that China may be willing to hike rates once again, and further weaken the dollar peg.

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Malaysia Slaps "Dollar As Reserve Currency" Thesis, As It Buys Renminbi-Denominated Bonds

Overnight gold hit a fresh all time record as increasingly more people make their own decision to go back to the gold standard, away from endless currency dilution, and away from the dollar as reserve currency. Curiously, the latest salvo in the case of the latter came from Malaysia which, courtesy of the FT, we learn has "bought renminbi-denominated bonds for its reserves, marking a
significant advance for Beijing’s attempts to internationalise the use
of its currency, pitched by Chinese policymakers as a long-term rival to
the US dollar." While relatively under the radar, this development will have huge implications for global capital flows: as Credit Agricole's Dariusz Kowalczyk, says, "the central bank’s move is also expected to herald further diversification into Chinese government securities by other Asian countries. This brings the renminbi’s credibility to a whole new level. It will have a domino effect, starting among China’s trading partners in Asia. Then it will gradually spread globally." Of course, it also shows that what China does to Japan by buying up its bonds, the world can do to China. However, in exchanging the renminbi for the dollar as global reserve currency of choice, Beijing will be more than happy to allow this, even as the US, its infinite budget deficit, and its outright lack of a budget, grows increasingly isolated.

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Swiss Franc Hits Fresh All Time High As Gold Surges; With SNB Out, Is CHF Becoming New Reserve Currency?

With the ECB determined to hold the EURUSD above 1.20 for the time being, the question of whether the EUR will hit parity with the CHF first is becoming more topical. The Swiss currency has been dropping consistently every single day, and just hit a fresh all time high against the EUR at 1.3491, and looks like it will hit parity with the so called reserve currency within the month. Even as gold is once again on fire (+ $10 so far today), investors have suddenly realized that with all of Europe moving its deposits to Swiss banks, it may in fact be the Swiss currency that is safest out there, backed by an increasing amount of deposits, and not to mention, gold. Should the Fed indeed announce a $5 trillion QE expansion as predicted by AEP yesterday, and Bob Janjuah a month ago, look for the "risk haven" currency to promptly regain its place as everyone's favorite short, leaving just the CHF on top, especially since the SNB now appears to have given up on intervention for good.

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Jim Rickards On The Reserve Currency Transition From Dollars To SDRs, Gold, And Much More

Jim Rickards, who recently seems to have a quota of one media appearance minimum per day, is back on King World News today, discussing his sense of a shift in sentiment within the G-20 that the dollar may be approaching its "exhaustion" limit, and that as concerns that Russia, China and Germany may be moving to a commodity backed currency (oil and gold), the G-20 will need to preempt a paradigm shift away from worthless Fed-printed paper, to another vehicle, which however, is still under the control of the "developed world." The idea would be to use the IMF's SDR as a shadow replacement to a greenback which is at current recent record high levels not due to endogenous strength, but because all its peers are far, far weaker. And in an environment in which daily FX vol is hitting daily records, and thus increasingly reducing the credibility of capital markets, a gradual transition to a currency which represents nothing but yet another "liquidity pump" as Rickards calls it, just as the dollar was in the years from just before WW1 (thank you Fed creation in 1913) all the way through the 21st century, may be the only answer in which the existing oligarchy does not lose that all important controlling factor - the currency.

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