There have been numerous big banking scandals
But the Libor scandal is the biggest financial scam in world history. See this
The former CEO of Barclays said
today that banks across the world
were fixing interest rates in the run-up to the financial crisis .
Professor of economics and law Bill Black notes
It is the largest rigging of prices in the history of the world by many orders of magnitude.
Indeed, the scandal effects an $800 trillion
dollar market - 10 times the size of the real world economy
Matt Taibbi explains
that this is the "mega scandal of all mega scandals", because Libor is the "sun at the center of the financial universe", and manipulating Libor means that "the whole Earth is built on quicksand."
, credit card holders, students
, small businesses
, small investors
and virtually everyone else in the entire world has been impacted by the manipulation.
Credit card debt - almost a trillion
dollar market - is pegged to Libor
. So are
student loans - a trillion dollar market
Mortgages are a bigger market: around $10 trillion dollars
in the U.S. The Washington Post notes
60 percent of prime adjustable rate mortgages, and nearly 100 percent of subprime ones, were indexed to LIBOR.
That means that when LIBOR rises, so do the prices ordinary consumers pay to, say, get a mortgage.
So how did the manipulations by Barclay’s affect this rate? First, from 2005 and 2007, the bank allegedly varied the rates it reported to the BBA and Thomson Reuters so as to improve its margins on internal trades. For example, it could have placed bets that the LIBOR rate would increase, and then reported artificially high rates which in turn artificially increased the LIBOR averages, so that the bets were likelier to pay off. This ... bumped up mortgage rates –
however infinitesimally –
for consumers even when the risk of the loans hadn’t changed at all.
Other loans - like small business loans - are usually based on Libor as well.
But that is all small potatoes compared to the $350 trillion
in swaps tied to Libor. Virtually every single local government
in the United States has been scalped by Libor manipulation.
The big banks have robbed the whole world.
Indeed, the scandal is so big that it will further destroy trust in our financial system and drive many people from investing in the capital markets altogether.