Leading The Multipolar Revolution: How Russia And China Are Creating A New World Order

Authored by Federico Pieraccini via The Stratgeic Culture Foundation,

The last thirty days have shown another kind of world that is engaging in cooperation, dialogue and diplomatic efforts to resolve important issues. The meeting of the members of the Belt and Road Initiative laid the foundations for a physical and electronic connectivity among Eurasian countries, making it the backbone of sustainable and renewable trade development based on mutual cooperation. A few weeks later, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization meeting in Astana outlined the necessary conditions for the success of the Chinese project, such as securing large areas of the Eurasian block and improving dialogue and trust among member states. The following AIIB (Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank) meeting in ROK will layout the economical necessities to finance and sustain the BRI projects.

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) have many common features, and in many ways seem complementary. The SCO is an organization that focuses heavily on economic, political and security issues in the region, while the BRI is a collection of infrastructure projects that incorporates three-fifths of the globe and is driven by Beijing's economic might. In this context, the Eurasian block continues to develop the following initiatives to support both the BRI and SCO mega-projects. The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CTSO) is a Moscow-based organization focusing mainly on the fight against terrorism, while the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a Beijing-based investment bank that is responsible for generating important funding for Beijing’s long-term initiatives along its maritime routes (ports and canals) and overland routes (road, bridges, railways, pipelines, industries, airports). The synergies between these initiatives find yet another point of convergence in the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU). Together, the SCO, BRI, CTSO, AIIB, and EEU provide a compelling indication of the direction in which humanity is headed, which is to say towards integration, cooperation and peaceful development through diplomacy.

On the other side we have the «old world order» made up of the IMF, the World Bank, the European Union, the UN, NATO, the WTO, with Washington being the ringmaster at the center of this vision of a world order. It is therefore not surprising that Washington should look askance at these Eurasian initiatives that threaten to deny its central and commanding role in the global order in favor of a greater say by Moscow, Beijing, New Delhi and even Tehran.

One of the most significant and noteworthy events in the last month, or even in recent years, has been the admission into the SCO of India and Pakistan, two nuclear powers with a history of tension and conflict between them. These two countries are critical to the peaceful and fruitful integration of Eurasia. The slow, two-year process of India and Pakistan’s admission into the SCO benefited greatly from China and Russia’s mediation, culminating in the historical agreement signed by Modi, Sharif, Putin and Xi. This is not to mention Afghanistan’s Ghani being at the same table with Modi and Sharif, representing one of the most infamous locations where Eurasian powers have clashed with each other, acting as an obstacle to the integration and development of the region. The main goal of the new SCO organization is a peaceful mediation between New Delhi and Islamabad, and certainly to reach a wider agreement that can include Afghanistan. Kabul is a good example of how the SCO can offer the ideal framework for achieving a definitive peace settlement. This reflects the sentiment that was expressed during the meeting that took place a few weeks ago in Moscow between Pakistan, India, China, Russia and Afghanistan over the complicated situation in the country. Clearly there are conflicting interests, and it is only through the mediation of Beijing and Moscow that it will be possible to reach a wider agreement and end the 16-year-old conflict.

Afghanistan is a good example of how the SCO intends to support the BRI. In this sense, it is important to note that Moscow and Beijing have decided to engage in a partnership that looks more like an alliance with long-term projects planned deep into 2030. The extent to which Russia and China are committed to common initiatives and projects can be seen in the BRI, SCO, AIIB and CTSO.

Security and Development

Beijing is fully aware that it is impossible to defeat terrorism without laying the foundation for economic growth in underdeveloped countries in Africa, Middle East, Central Asia and South Asia. Terrorist organizations are generally better able to recruit from populations suffering from low income and poor schooling. The SCO is required to manage and control its members’ most unstable areas (Central Asian republics, Afghanistan, India-Pakistan border, Beijing-New Delhi relations) and mediate between parties. The BRI and SCO go hand in hand, one being unable to operate without the other, as Xi and Putin have reiterated.

The SCO and BRI are both capable of meeting the challenges of economic growth through development and progress. Just looking at the BRI's major projects helps one understand the level and extent of integration that has been agreed. The Eurasian Land Bridge begins in Western China and ends in Western Russia. The China-Mongolia-Russia economic corridor begins in Northern China and arrives in Eastern Russia. Central Asia will be connected to Western Asia, which practically means China linking with Turkey. The China-Indochina corridor runs from Southern China to Singapore; and the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar corridor starts in Southern China and arrives in India. The nearly completed China-Pakistan corridor starts in south-western China and reaches Pakistan. Finally, the maritime route running from the Chinese coast through to Singapore will reach the Mediterranean in Greece or, in the future, Venice.

What is evident is that countries like India, Singapore, Turkey and Myanmar, just to name a few, do not wish to miss the opportunity to join this initiative that promises to revolutionize trade and globalization as we know it. Today’s main economic problems, as well as the problem posed by terrorism, stems from the lack of economic growth brought on by a globalization that enriches the elites at the expense of ordinary people. The BRI aims to reinvent globalization, avoiding the protectionist drift that many countries today adopt in response to an aggressive and failed approach to globalization. Beijing intends to bring about a radical change to its industries by restructuring its production and boosting its investment in technology, generating more internal consumption, and becoming a country that offers services and not only manufacturing. For this process to be successful, it will be fundamental to reorganize the regional supply chain by transferring production to more competitive countries that will play important roles in sectors such as agriculture, energy, logistics and industrial projects. Southeast Asia in particular seems to offer ideal destinations for transferring Chinese industries.

In this process of transforming a good part of the globe, some countries currently outside of the SCO organization are nevertheless fully part of the integration schemes and will play a decisive role in the future. In particular, Iran, Turkey and Egypt are the main focus when one looks at their geographical position. The importance of these three countries vis-a-vis the SCO arises mainly from the need of the organization to pursue its work of political expansion and, in the future, to counter militarily the problem of terrorism and its spread. Naturally, countries like Iran and Egypt already devote a large part of their resources towards counteracting the terrorist phenomenon in the Middle East and North Africa. Their entry into the SCO would be seen by many protagonists of the BRI, especially China, as providing the opportunity to expand their projects in areas in North Africa and the Middle East that are currently tumultuous.

This should not come as a surprise, since even countries like Jordan and Israel have been taken into account by Beijing for important infrastructure projects related to the transport of desalinated water to regions with a high rate of drought. With Israel, the Chinese partnership is stronger than ever, counting on various factors such as technological development and the expansion of several Israeli ports to connect more Chinese maritime routes with destinations in the Mediterranean like Piraeus in Greece and probably Venice in Italy. Turkey's entry into the SCO is mainly aimed at gathering the region's major oil and gas suppliers and consumers under a single umbrella guaranteed by the SCO. These operations take time and a degree of cooperation that is hard to maintain, although the resolution of the situation in Syria, in addition to the crisis in the Gulf between Qatar and Saudi Arabia, could accelerate synergies and easily facilitate them.

The entry of Iran, Egypt and Turkey into the SCO is inevitable, receiving the strong encouragement of China and Russia, especially as regards the future connection between BRI and other infrastructure projects that are part of the EEU. The advantages are quite obvious to everyone, bringing about greater integration and infrastructure links, the increase of trade between nations, and general cooperation in mutual development. Products can travel from one country to another based on conditions determined bilaterally, something that often favors bigger nations rather than smaller ones. The intention of ??China's Globalization 2.0, coupled with a Eurasian revival of the EEU, is to change the future of humanity by shifting the global pole of globalization and development towards the east. The BRI is immense and mind boggling in its scope, given that it embraces realities ranging from Panama (focused on the extended channel and the Nicaragua project for a new channel) to Australia, passing through Europe, the Middle East, Asia and the Persian Gulf.

Naturally, in this delicate balance, Europe is called on to play a decisive role in the future. The United States, with its «America First» policy, has already burned bridges with the Chinese BRI revolution, and indeed hopes to throw a spanner in China’s works. European countries including England, France, Germany and Italy have already begun to sign onto various Chinese proposals. It looks as if America’s allies are no longer listening to their former boss. The European Central Bank has for the first time diversified $500m into Yuan currency, and London, together with Rome, Berlin and Paris, was present in Beijing for the launch of the BRI. France, Germany and England sent high-level representations and delegations, Italy directly the Prime Minister. For Europe, the largest exporter to China and the second-largest regional block importing from China, it is inevitable that it will be an integral part of the BRI, looking to reach Iran, Turkey and Egypt for energy supplies and diversifying sources, all within the framework of the BRI.

In this process of Eurasian integration, there are some key countries to keep in mind, but the first steps have already been made with almost indissoluble ties having been made between Moscow and Beijing, as well as the monumental inclusion of Pakistan and India at the same table. With an understanding between India, Russia and China, as well as a lack of hostility to the project in Iran, Israel, Germany, England, Turkey and Egypt, it will be possible to speed up this global change, bringing it to the African countries, Gulf monarchies, South Asian countries, and even South and Central America. Even Washington's historic allies like Israel, Saudi Arabia and the EU vacillate in the face of such an opportunity to broaden their horizons with significant gains. As far as their alliance with the United States, in this world rapidly heading towards a multipolar world order, not even Riyadh, Tel Aviv or London can afford the luxury of ignoring the project that perhaps more than any other will revolutionize the future of humanity in the near future. Not being a part of it is simply not an option.

The United States has two diametrically opposed options before it. It can operate alongside the BRI project, trying to fashion its own sphere of influence, albeit smaller than the countries residing within the Eurasian continent; but of course for Washington, simply being part of a grand project may not be enough, since it is used to getting its own way and subordinating the interests of other countries to its own. If the US decides to try and sabotage the BRI with their normal tools like terrorism, it is very likely that the countries historically aligned with Washington in these affairs (such as Pakistan and Saudi Arabia) will be subjected to Chinese economic pressure and encouraged to instead participate in a more positive manner.

Cooperation against Threats

The main question is the extent to which Chinese economic persuasion will succeed in overcoming US military threats. In this respect the SCO will be a decisive factor as it expands its influence beyond the Eurasian bloc into Africa and the Middle East. To date, the SCO cannot be considered a military bloc opposed to NATO. Everything will depend on the pressures that the United States will bring to bear on participating countries. Therefore, it is likely that the SCO will evolve to include a strong military aspect in order to counter American destabilization efforts.

It is difficult to predict whether the US will be neutral or belligerent. But considering recent history, American hostility is likely to force Moscow and Beijing into an asymmetric response that will hit Washington where it hurts most, namely its economic interests. Aiming at the dollar, and in particular the petrodollar, seems to be the best bet for advancing the BRI, threatening a massive de-dollarization that would end in disaster for Washington. This is the nuclear option that Beijing and Moscow are looking into, with more than a desire to accelerate this economic shift.

The future of humanity seems to be changing in exciting and unprecedented ways. The full integration of the Eurasian bloc will eventually end up changing the course of history, allowing nations that are currently weak and poor to withstand colonial pressures and broaden their cooperation and dialogue. Peace as a method for developing synergies and prosperity seems to be the new paradigm, contrasting with war and destruction as has been the case in the last decades.


Ghordius AG17 Wed, 06/21/2017 - 03:42 Permalink

if you mean, by "succeed", that they are going to re-create something old, something like "what was there, done by others", then perhaps yes. though it's not even part of their obvious goals, notetry this, instead: "both countries, China and Russia, will continue to manouver to strenghten their positions"and on their way, they will continue to strenghten their alliances and partnerships. see my long rant further down

In reply to by AG17

mkkby Vuke Wed, 06/21/2017 - 13:08 Permalink

The so-called beautiful things you see are built by foreigners.  The niggers cannot, and never have, even conceived of digging a well for themselves.  They didn't independently invent the wheel, nor simple metal works, nor sailing ships. Without foreign help they would be living as cave men.  In many parts of africa they still do.

In reply to by Vuke

Batman11 Wed, 06/21/2017 - 02:35 Permalink

In the US they use the left hand side of the brain to get the best return on their investments and the right hand side of the brain to worry about the new multi polar world.Never the twain shall meet.The Asian Century, sponsored by US capital and businessmen.Let's offshore everything for higher profits.Let's invest in Asia for higher returns.The US was starved of investment and went into decline.Adios America, hello Asia.

uhland62 Batman11 Wed, 06/21/2017 - 03:07 Permalink

Tillerson is throwing a spanner in the works: Talks about initiating regime change in Iran. I think, he'll be biting off more than he can chew. Make sure nobody in your family and neighbourhood enlists. Washington's thirst and  history for regime change could cost the life  of someone you love. 

In reply to by Batman11

DirtySanchez (not verified) Wed, 06/21/2017 - 02:42 Permalink

The Chinese and the Russians intend to lead mankind moving forward.Perhaps they will colonize Mars or harvest minerals from asteroids or meteorites. Meanwhile, the US establishment politicians, along with their complicit friends in the fake news, continue to circle jerk each other; all the while intending to radicalize and trigger retarded leftists into into jihadis, who are capable of accomplishing absolutely nothing.The USA is fast turning itself into a 3rd world banana republic.Thank God that Trump won the election in November of 2016, or we'd all be under the yoke of dictator Hillary and her henchmen.

roddy6667 Xena fobe Wed, 06/21/2017 - 09:25 Permalink

You know nothing about China. Everybody is better off than they were 10 or 20 years ago in China, and they know it. No better way to avoid social unrest than this. The poor have come the farthest. Now nobody is hungry. The middle class is now 54% ands growing every year.
Whatever you heard about the elites in the American media is bullshit.

In reply to by Xena fobe

LOL123 Wed, 06/21/2017 - 03:15 Permalink

"Terrorist organizations are generally better able to recruit from populations suffering from low income and poor schooling."That's why President Trump is trying to build up American economic infraturcture not foriegn. America first might be a catchy phrase for campaigning but he has also taken positive steps to make this " dream" a reality.Has anyone heard of the choice act? Of course not because Republicans act not just Maxine Waters, Pelosi podium talk...what have those two idiots done besides run their diarriah ( can't spell sorry) mouths?... A giant nothing burger not even a bun.Meanwhile some Republicans ( you can look up how they vote 34-26 ( those 26 are our subtrifuges in the Trump administration... Their time will come election time.This why the media, Dems and some neocons want Trump out.... Because he is actually doing what he said he would and the lazy fat a$$es do nothings are agraid they may have to actually work again! Trumps not perfect ( who is)? But that other thing he ran against would have destroyed America in less than two years to a colony under Israel and London.... The authentic Resistance is still in play.

Ghordius Wed, 06/21/2017 - 03:35 Permalink

"On the other side we have the «old world order» made up of the IMF, the World Bank, the European Union, the UN, NATO, the WTO, with Washington being the ringmaster at the center of this vision of a world order. It is therefore not surprising that Washington should look askance at these Eurasian initiatives that threaten to deny its central and commanding role in the global order in favor of a greater say by Moscow, Beijing, New Delhi and even Tehran."well, it sounds right. and I'm sure young "spearcarriers" in Washington are usually thought that it is soit is, nevertheless, an abject simplificationtake the UN. when 1954 both France and the UK were invading Egypt together with Israel, who stopped them? it was a collaboration between the US and the SU, cemented in various UN resolutions thereafter. from a British and French perspective, that New World Order was what was dubbed, later, and even in SF, as "the Co-Dominion"take the WTO. who were their champions? the US and the UK. who are now their champions? the UK and China. while some British voices accuse the EU to be protectionistic and even cite that as one main reason for Brexit, while the US President makes protectionistic noises himselftake the IMF and the World Bank. they were set up as a double-team. one always headed by an european, the other always headed by an American. this is more in the theme of the article. and the new Chinese AIIB... it's unclear if it's function is going to resemble more that of the IMF or that of the World Bank, but it looks, at the moment, more like the World Bank's clone. and who was one of the earliest, most eager countries to join the AIIB, to the great chagrin of the US? well, the UKfinally, the EU. forever seen in the US as something where Washington is involved, positively. a kind of American project, or a kind of "we are copying the US". even though evidence should make you scratch your head about thatyes, the world is going multipolar. yes, a lot of old conspiracy theories will have to adapt... or die their natural deaths and then go on as "zombie theories"one fact still stays: allies... matter. even more so when potential allies get... choicesfor a Great Power, allies are more important then even the own armed forces and treasure. a Great Power rising is usually very mindful of that, treasures every ally, is very mindful of them and their needs, which are the very reason of the alliance in the first placesee Russia defending Syrian interests, up to the point of telling US warplanes that they might be targeted if they shoot another Syrian planesee Russia cashing in a blow by a Turkish warplane that shot down a Russian one, having a short diplomatic row about it, but then straightening things again with Turkey, up to kissing up, because Turkey matters, for the Russian/Syrian goalssee China building up an immense amount of infrastructure in Pakistan, it's new BFF, with a huge corps of engineers and workers, all Chinese, building them there while Pakistan's armed forces protect them from the local insurgentssee Russia talking in Afghanistan with... the Talibans. and yes, this might become be the new partnership, there. despite the long history of being enemiessee Qatar. one of six countries that were taking up the EU as a model, and were even setting up a common currency. but now the other five are targeting Qatar as either a lemon to be squeezed or a rival to cash in. see, there, the Turkish troops that are going to reinforce the Turkish-Qatari partnershipallies matter, in a multi-polar world the matter even more, and one Great Power insist in playing the game while pretending to not play the game or not being interested in the game, only "national interests". wake up, it's the sameinsisting on a Washington-centric view only only clouds your understanding of what is happening. see the times when we europeans insisted on a eurocentric view of things, and see how that wentinsisting on a Moscow-centric view only... the same. btw, Moscow will always try to have good relationships with China, but won't ever be able to trust fully China. too long a border, too many Chinese for that, too many resources in Sibiria and the Far East of Russia to be complacent"multi-polar" adds on complexities. which makes simple explanations silly. remember how Obama was accused of playing checkers while Putin was playing chess? well, look how complex the Chinese national game is, and how it focuses on patience and multiple strategic threadswhatever Order there was, President Bush crashed it. whatever Order there was, when Nixon went to China, he sowed the seeds of the next onewelcome to the New Game of Empires. it is actually the Old Game of Empires, aka "Great Game", and it looks increasingly as if the 20th Century was a kind of exception to many rules that are now coming back (so much for "the End Of History", another theory that went the way of the Dodo Bird)propaganda. when there are only two sides, propaganda is mostly black/white, polarwhen there are more sides... interestingly, disinfo, aka dis-information plays a greater role, and is used more (and it's a favourite of our Russian Cousins on the international scene, as much as it is an ever-green of our American Cousins on their domestic scene). the new word for that is "fake news", a word that does not convey the gist as well as disinfo. of which you have to expect more of it, noterant end, have a good day

Volkodav Ghordius Wed, 06/21/2017 - 04:16 Permalink

      good post      Afghans average much more respect to Russians than current occupiers..      one Afghan told like this: "the Russians (Soviets), came to my country and we fought,      but the Russians came only one face and were better warriors...      Americans came with many faces, not come out to fight as Russians would"  

In reply to by Ghordius

bjax Wed, 06/21/2017 - 03:42 Permalink

"Today’s main economic problems, as well as the problem posed by terrorism, stems from the lack of economic growth brought on by a globalization that enriches the elites at the expense of ordinary people."What nonsense is this? I am afraid any new 'routes' or plans of ' economic growth' that are forged is not going to stop terrorism. The hornets nest was stirred up by the illegal invasion of a completley different culture, who will not stop, and who will not give up, just because of a new trade route. Terrosism is not coming from poverty ffs !!  Changing the system from top to bottom, then maybe, otherwise it's just wishful thinking.

whatisthat Wed, 06/21/2017 - 07:58 Permalink

I would observe Russia and China are corrupt totalitarian governments that oppress their citizens - as slaves, which will not enable their current and future endeavors.

Posa whatisthat Wed, 06/21/2017 - 16:42 Permalink

Russia and China tend to oppress their political opponents... but it's true there is rampant corruption in these nations... which may be their downfall. But if they can keep the corruption/ exploitation suppressed and mobilize their populations, they will, indeed, inherit global leadership.

In reply to by whatisthat

Trisy Wed, 06/21/2017 - 08:16 Permalink

Is the same NWO, just they use this as a cover.The elite doesn't like to loose, so they bet to the red, black and zero in the roulette tableWe are the victims of all those.If you think this is far from the truth, then tell me if is not true that both have their central Banks owned by the same neocon elites?

Xena fobe Wed, 06/21/2017 - 09:33 Permalink

But what will fuel their growth?  Not innovation from those two.  Not entertainment.  Not agruculture on polluted land and water.  Maybe a soilent green or organ harvesting business.  Maybe rhino horn, bear liver and tiger testicle farms. 

tbone10 (not verified) Wed, 06/21/2017 - 10:14 Permalink

You guys could destroy the United States better together!  You know rthis!!! you need to destroy the petrodollar do it now while they're weak and divided, with both forces you can crush the americans!