Stupidity Well Anchored: Exposing The Absurdity Of Inflation Expectations

Authored by Mike Shedlock via,

The amount of sheer nonsense written about inflation expectations is staggering.

Let’s take a look at some recent articles before making a mockery of them with a single picture.

Expectations Problem

On July 17, 2017, Rich Miller writing for Bloomberg proclaimed The Fed Has an Inflation Expectations Problem.

Expectations matter because they shape how households and companies act and thus can go a long way in determining where inflation actually ends up. Consumers accustomed to meager inflation will resist paying up for goods and services.


“Lower inflation expectations make it all the more difficult for the central bank to achieve its inflation objective,” Charles Evans, president of the Chicago Fed, said in remarks posted on the bank’s website on July 14.

Key Element

The Business Insider says The Fed is missing a key sign of economic weakness coming from American consumers.

Andrew Levin, a career Fed economist who was a special adviser to Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke, told Business Insider he was worried by a noticeable decline in inflation expectations, both as reflected in consumer surveys and bond-market rates.


“The reality is that the longer-term inflation expectations of consumers and investors have shifted downward by about a half percentage point. Thus, even with the economy moving towards full employment, it’s not surprising that core PCE inflation remains about a half percentage point below the Fed’s inflation target,” he said, referring to a closely watched reading indicator that excludes food and energy costs.


“If the FOMC continues to ignore the downward drift in inflation expectations and simply proceeds with its intended path of policy tightening, actual inflation is likely to keep falling short of the Fed’s target and might well decline even further,” he said.

Janet Yellen On Wednesday

In a brief speech following yesterday’s FOMC announcement Janet Yellen made these statements.

Turning to inflation, the 12-month change in the price index for personal consumption expenditures was 1.4 percent in July, down noticeably from earlier in the year.


For quite some time, inflation has been running below the committee’s 2 percent longer-run objective.


One-off reductions earlier this year in certain categories of prices such as wireless telephone services are currently holding down inflation, but these effects should be transitory.


Such developments are not uncommon, and as long as inflation expectations remain reasonably well anchored, are not of great concern from a policy perspective because their effects fade away.

Complete Nonsense

One can find thousands of such references, all of them idiotic.

Let’s prove that with a single picture and a few comments.

CPI Percentage Weights

The idea behind inflation expectations is that if consumers think prices will go down, they will hold off purchases and the economy will collapse.

The corollary is that is consumers think inflation will rise, they will rush out and buy things causing the economy to overheat.

With that backdrop, let’s have a Q&A. I believe the answers are obvious in all cases.

Inflation Expectations Q&A

Q: If consumers think the price of food will drop, will they stop eating out?
Q: If consumers think the price of food will drop, will they stop eating at home?
Q: If consumers think the price of natural gas will drop, will they stop heating their homes and stop cooking to wait for the event.
Q: If consumers think the price of gas will drop, will they stop driving or not fill up their car if it is running on empty?
Q: If consumers think the price of gas will rise, can they do anything about it other than fill up their tank more frequently?
Q: If consumers think the price of rent will drop, will they hold off renting until that happens?
Q: If consumers think the price of rent will rise, will they rent two apartments to take advantage?
Q: If consumers think the price of plane tickets, taxis, and bus tickets will drop, will they hold off taking the plane the train or the bus?
Q: If consumers think the price of plane tickets, taxis, and bus tickets will rise, will they rush out and buy multiple tickets driving the prices even higher up?
Q: If people need an operation, will they hold off if they think prices might drop next month?
Q: If people need an operation, will they have two operations if they expect the price will go up?

All of the above questions represent inelastic items. Those constitute 80.254% of the CPI. Commodities other than food and energy constitute the remaining 19.746% of the CPI. Let’s hone in on that portion with additional Q&A.

Q. If someone needs a refrigerator, toaster, stove or a toilet because it broke, will they wait two months if for some reason they think prices will decline?
Q. If someone does not need a refrigerator, toaster, stove or a toilet will they buy one anyway if they think prices will jump?
Q. The prices of TVs and electronics drop consistently. Better deals are always around the corner. Does that stop people from buying TVs and electronics?
Q. If people thought the price of TVs was about to jump, would they buy multiple TVs to take advantage?

For sure, some people will wait for year-end clearances to buy cars, but most don’t. And if a car breaks down, consumers will fix it immediately, they will not wait for specials.

Stupidity Well Anchored

The only thing that’s “well anchored” is the stupidity of the belief that inflation expectations matter.

Asset Irony

People will rush to buy stocks in a bubble if they think prices will rise. They will hold off buying stocks if they expect prices will go down.

People will buy houses to rent or fix up if they think home prices will rise. They will hold off housing speculation if they expect prices will drop.

The very things where expectations do matter are the very things the Fed and mainstream media ignore.

No Reliable Measures

“There is no single highly reliable measure” of longer-run inflation expectations, Fed Governor Lael Brainard told The Economic Club of New York on Sept. 5.

Lovely. She’s also correct. Yet, she proposes to know what to do about it! How idiotic is that?

Economic Challenge to Keynesians

Of all the widely believed but patently false economic beliefs is the absurd notion that falling consumer prices are bad for the economy and something must be done about them.

I have commented on this many times and have been vindicated not only by sound economic theory but also by actual historical examples.

  1. My article Deflation Bonanza! (And the Fool’s Mission to Stop It) has a good synopsis.
  2. My Challenge to Keynesians “Prove Rising Prices Provide an Overall Economic Benefit” has gone unanswered.

There is no answer because history and logic both show that concerns over consumer price deflation are seriously misplaced.

BIS Deflation Study

The BIS did a historical study and found routine deflation was not any problem at all.

Deflation may actually boost output. Lower prices increase real incomes and wealth. And they may also make export goods more competitive,” stated the study.

It’s asset bubble deflation that is damaging. When asset bubbles burst, debt deflation results.

Central banks’ seriously misguided attempts to defeat routine consumer price deflation is what fuels the destructive asset bubbles that eventually collapse.

For a discussion of the BIS study, please see Historical Perspective on CPI Deflations: How Damaging are They?

Finally, and as a measure of insurance against the Fed’s clueless tactics, please consider How Much Gold Should the Common Man Own?


spastic_colon Fri, 09/22/2017 - 13:19 Permalink

this is a whole lotta words for a measure that can be researched on the BLS website about how it is "calculated" using all of the modern techniques of substitution and diffusion metrics; I don't want or need to take the time to show everyone that if a simple math problem like finding the price averages of a basket of goods has become so f**king convoluted it must be a scam.....someday someone will allow the media to call them out for this........I'll be a fry cook on venus by then.

Blue Steel 309 Stuck on Zero Fri, 09/22/2017 - 14:49 Permalink

I am not sure if people like Mish are just afraid to state the obvious conclusion:


It is only promoted for the interest of primarily banks and their cronies and secondarily the governments that they control. So what Mish is either to scared to say or too stupid to realize is that the stated reasons for the Fed pursuing inflation as a policy goal are LIES.

The Fed and their propagandists may be stupid, but they are not THAT stupid.

We KNOW most of CPI and GDP and employment data is based on LIES. They changed the inputs until they get the desired outputs. Just like climate change models and affirmative action.

In reply to by Stuck on Zero

Nobody For President Blue Steel 309 Fri, 09/22/2017 - 15:42 Permalink

You obviously don't read Mish's regular column. He has called out the stupidity of the Fed re inflation many, many times - consistently and persistently,  and names names of the terminally stupid so-called ivory tower economists (Krugman et al) that think inflation is a good thing.To say Mish is too stupid to realize inflation does not serve the public interest, when he has been beating this drum for years is what is 'too stupid'. Mish has also spent a number of years beating the hell out of the obvious lies of unemployment stats and other government and private industry self-serving stats - real estate/home sales comes to mind. 

In reply to by Blue Steel 309

chestergimli Blue Steel 309 Fri, 09/22/2017 - 15:55 Permalink

The Georgia Guidestones!

The (((elites))) want to get rid of 6 out of 7 of the world's population. They want to own it all. Everything that we gentiles are told is only half truth/no truth. The central bankers of the world are just handing all of us a line while they try to work their magic. THEY ARE TERRIFIED OF DEFLATION

In reply to by Blue Steel 309

JibjeResearch Fri, 09/22/2017 - 13:22 Permalink

I paid $14 for a medium pizza hut yesterday, that same pizza cost $8 10years ago.  Costco pizza is twice as big for $10.  Little cesar is a little bigger at $5, but I had to suck up the taste lolz....I'm a fool sometime lolz... for not knowing which is the better buy ahahah

Felix da Kat Fri, 09/22/2017 - 13:34 Permalink

And it isn't just this. America is caught up in a whirlpool of stupidness induced by the over-arching and inescapable doctrines of political correctness and the resulting identity politics. If America comes to its end, it will be because of the infestation of cultural Marxists throughout government. Academia is its well-spring. It is there the counter-attack must begin. A wholesale national boycott is needed. Shut them down.

spencer Fri, 09/22/2017 - 13:35 Permalink

Very well said. And important. Can't believe there are only 4 comments including mine. That is the sorry state of todays economical approach to issues. 

Anonymous (not verified) Fri, 09/22/2017 - 13:37 Permalink

Yes, stupidity is well anchored, and, if I might add, so is corruption!The intellectually and morally impaired surveillance industry has been surveilling innocent people and selling information on them for profit to other intellectually and morally impaired genetic mutants! They and the people that they sell it to are thieves and half-witted, fraudulent, perverted monsters, and terrorists, who are biologically incapable of integrity, morality, respect for the rights of others, an original idea, or single linear thought, and totally devoid of critical reasoning! Having those characteristics, qualifies them for being sociopaths! Rebelrebel7

Personal information

Turn on ( your device ), Drop In , and Zero In!Song by Einnfalt, a modern day hero who has proven that the sociopathic surveillance state has been selling information onU.S. citizens for profit! is your life America!Watch "Maurice Ravel Bolero London Symphony Orchestra Valery Gergiev" on YouTube "Imagine Dragons - Radioactive" on YouTube "PIL - Public Image" on YouTube interest is The 8th wonder of the world- those who understand it earn it, and those who do not pay it.- Albert EinsteinIf America has a capitalistic economy, we must really suck at creating capital with a $21 trillion national debt and $500 billion trade deficit in 2016! Where is the capital?!Life under The Federal Reserve Act of 1913:Watch "HELTER SKELTER THE BEATLES NO COVER VIDEO ORIGINAL" on YouTube up and drink the coffee! Smelling it doesn't work!This is not capitalism! This is Mussolini style debt financed militaristic bankism!Lying about history and reality does not change history or reality, it only changes the person who is lying , and for the worst! Hillary Clinton is a walking example of this!Congress must be charged and held accountable for power crimes! All laws which they have passed in violation of the Bill of Rights and laws exempting themselves from accountability!The central banking third-way, triangulation strategy of the neocons and neoliberals,  is to unite the country ( and the world ) around perpetual war, the anhialation of the Bill of Rights and the constitution, globalist free-trade policies in a race to the bottom, pitting US workers against those earning $2 a day, through a  central banking debt financed money supply which enslaves virtually everyone in the world with only a few notable exceptions, North Korea and Venezuela who have rejected privately owned Central banks!  The false flag against communism and socialism is nothing more than that, with communist China and socialist EU countries to varying degrees as proof! We must do the opposite! We outnumber them on a scale of 1,000 / 1!Unite the sane and independent center! Commit to not choosing sides in the neoconservative / neoliberal civil war !Don't take it to the streets! Take it to the internet! Legislation has never been changed as a result of people protesting with signs!Let the pen and the truth be your deadliest weapons against the corrupt, war-mongering, psychopathic establishment!Watch "Pink Floyd - Another Brick In The Wall (HQ)" on YouTube't be a useful idiot that elevates the establishment's two party system!Both parties have destroyed the Bill of Rights and both parties are war mongering treasonous tyrrants!This strategy could destroy the two parties which have  destroyed America!Americans should unite around issues that we can all agree upon. These issues are all ignored by the establishment elites of the neocons and neoliberals.1.We must repeal the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 and abolish the Federal Reserve. Congress must resume its responsibility and coin money and regulate its value as granted to Congress in Article 1 Section 8 Clause 5 of the constitution.The fundamental flaw in main stream economics is that it begins by accepting  the validity of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, the IMF, BIS,  and World Bank which are all part of the privately owned banking cartel charging interest to sovereign nations which is nothing more than a bank tax on citizens for which they have no right to claim, therefore making it a circular argument based on a logical fallacy!If we continue down the yellow brick road of the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 and privately owned international central banking cartel:1.)We will destroy the economy  when we  reduce the national debt,  because the money supply is based on debt.2.) There will  be an endless boom bust cycle because when the banks issue loans, they create money in the equivalent of the principal of the loan, but do not create the money required to pay the interest on the loan, leaving a shortfall in the money supply of the interest payments required.3.) We will go deeper into debt or destroy the economy because the only central bank solutions are  to issue more debt or destroy the economy.If Congress were to resume its responsibility as stipulated in Article 1 Section 8 Clause 5 of the constitution and coin money and regulate its value debt free, and if other nations would do the same:1,) The budget would automatically balance.2.) There would be no need for income taxes, estate taxes, capital gains taxes, and corporate taxes.3.) There would be no need to reduce spending.The rise of cryptocurrencies has litigated and won the case before the world, precisely how easy it is to get rid of the central banks! I prefer cash, which would not use the gold standard because history has proven that every time that it has been implemented,  most of it ends up in the hands of a few wealthy families, and it and they destroy the nation!During the middle ages in England, King Henry 1st implemented the tally system and the bankers and goldsmiths did not control the economy, the average man provided everything necessary for his family by working 16 weeks a year! The rest of the time was spent learning, traveling,  on the arts, and volunteering for the church! For more on this topic please read The Web of Debt and the Shocking Truth About Our Money System And How We Can Break Free by Ellen Hodgson Brown J.D.2.The military should be used for defending our borders. We should close the 698 permanent foreign military bases and 400 temporary military bases. Our international meddling is jeopardizing national and international security, human life, and economic prosperity. We should retract from all war on foreign soil.Watch "Rage Against The Machine - Bulls on Parade" on YouTube The prison industrial complex and the war on drugs must end. It is a horrific human rights abuse and is completely unacceptable.4. All laws which violate the Bill of Rights must be immediately repealed. The NDAA, The Patriot Act, HR6393, The American Freedom Act are all grotesque unconstitutional violations of the 4th amendment.  5. 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These drugs have been proven to  lead to obesity, diabetes,  heart disease, chronic pain,  and many other severe and frequently life threatening health risks such as the potentially fatal neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Atypical antipsychotics have also been proven to increase obsessive compulsive behavior including compulsive gambling and substance abuse. There is currently a class action lawsuit against Abilify for this! "Suicidal Tendencies - "Institutionalized" Frontier Records" on YouTube is zero incentive for anyone in America to discuss this because they are all making trillions off of it!Under stress, the brain activates the fight or flight response. Since we live in a fascist society which has the worst human rights abuse record on the planet, the majority of people opt for mental flight. They stay where they are, but mentally check out through the use of drugs and alcohol!All treatment centers rely on 12 step programs that have a 6% success rate, effectively showing a 0% success rate since 5% simply quit on their own without treatment, this is a  statistically insignificant increase in recovery success in contrast to no treatment. These programs have high suicide rates and add to the increased depression and alienation of those who question the "wisdom " of Bill Wilson!Since treatment centers make $12,000 to $50,000 for treatment, they are highly content with the revolving door policy of alcoholics and addicts relapsing and returning!The problem with 12 step recovery programs is that they are fascist in nature, increasing the fight or flight response and subsequently,  relapse.The 12 steps in and of themselves are excellent, but the Big Book which members place above the bible is completely insane and new comers whose lives have been turned into shambles are told that everything is exactly as God intended it. If that is the case, I guess that if they drink or use drugs, that is God's intention,  so why even bother going to AA? The newcomers  are also mentally assaulted if they reject the flawed ideology. 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It is not merely talk of individual politicians that they forbid, they prefer a world view that blocks out everything except their own connection to it, essentially denying the existence and reality of almost the entire world. It is my hope that treatment centers, 12 step program central offices and groups will do a serious 4th step so that they are no longer exacerbating the situation in light of this national crisis!Watch "Neil Young - Needle and the Damage Done" on YouTube* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *Profiteering drug dealers AKA big pharma prevent the cost effective, medically effective alternative of marijuana, CBD and THC preferring to charge people $475,000 to treat cancer! "More recently, scientists reported that THC and other cannabinoids such as CBD slow growth and/or cause death in certain types of cancer cells growing in lab dishes. Some animal studies also suggest certain cannabinoids may slow growth and reduce spread of some forms of cancer. There have been some early clinical trials of cannabinoids in treating cancer in humans and more studies are planned. While the studies so far have shown that cannabinoids can be safe in treating cancer, they do not show that they help control or cure the disease." is also a far more potent analgesic than opioids and it is not physically addictive!We feel your pain in our wallets! Love the AMA and pharmaceutical industry!CBD and THC have also proven to be more effective at reducing anxiety disorders,PTSD, ADHD,as well as depression and other psychiatric disorders!From the Journal of Neuropsychopharmcology:* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *Thank you to the hackers, stalkers, thieves, spies, and vandals, who have made me realize precisely how poweful my message is. You have instilled a self confidence that I have never had. You wouldn't be expending all of this energy to silence and isolate me if I was as insignificant as you would like me to believe. Enjoy your pyrrhic victory, as I spend the rest of my life carrying my message to hundreds of thousands of people while destroying your pathetic lives, One. Second. At. A. Time.To any other victims of the American terrorism industry, please publicly thank them on social media. Companies will stop hiring them when they realize how innefective, stupid, and incompetent they are. Please also post the link below.I've been through a hell of a lot worse than this in my life. If it is anything short of a mushroom cloud, you will not intimidate me.The very fact that they are such cowards that they are afraid to communicate directly is solid proof that they are whimps that should be laughed at, and not feared!The intellectually and morally impaired surveillance industry has been surveilling innocent people and selling information on them for profit to other intellectually and morally impaired genetic mutants! They and the people that they sell it to are monsters!What you thought was tinnitus, is probably a 1 nanometer 2 way transistor radio implanted by a doctor without your consent! Watch "Iggy Pop - Lust For Life" on YouTube "Echoes" on YouTube did this happen?!Watch "The Beatles - Live and Let Die" on YouTube "Suicidal Tendencies - You Can't Bring Me Down" on YouTube "R.E.M. - It's The End Of The World" on YouTube
Batman11 Fri, 09/22/2017 - 13:39 Permalink

Everyone can learn a lesson from Alan “Kamikaze” Greenspan on how not to do tighten. have you forgotten Alan?He’s forgotten the delays in the system.There were delays while the teaser rate mortgages reset; the new mortgage repayments became unpayable; the defaults and other losses accumulated within the system until everything came crashing down in 2008.The FED had tightened much too fast by not appreciating the delays in the system.Greenspan was on a suicide mission; luckily he bailed out before his mistake became apparent.

OverTheHedge Batman11 Fri, 09/22/2017 - 13:56 Permalink

I hold on to the following thoughts:1. Inflation benefits asset owners over wage earners, as prices for things increase first, and only later do wages catch up. Deflation benefits wage earners over asset owners, as prices for things decrease, but wages decrease only very slowly, and much later, if at all. Asset owners are the king's, so guess which of the two we will get.2. If there is DEFLATION, how does the debt get repayed? With deflation, assets are worth less than the outstanding debt. Banks will fail, the sky will fall and there will be divers signs and portents.So, we might get deflation, or we might get inflation. Take your bets. I know where I am putting my money. In a lake, obviously.

In reply to by Batman11

Is-Be Batman11 Fri, 09/22/2017 - 14:09 Permalink

He’s forgotten the delays in the system.

Dr. Donnella Meadows in her book "Thinking in Systems" emphasized the importance of delay in the feedback loop.I base my argument for the introduction of AI on this fact.AI is used already in the Algos. It is beyond me that it would not be used by the FED to set interest rates. Why are rates set every 6 months and not every 6 nano seconds?Central planning failed because wetware was not up to the task. I argue that central planning can work because of the blindingly fast and incredible resolution available to our machines.To harken back to the 'Golden age" of people with tally sticks is Quixotic. You've either got a weapon or you haven't, you've either got skynet or you haven't.If you haven't, you lose.

In reply to by Batman11

Crazy Or Not Fri, 09/22/2017 - 13:41 Permalink

Experience has taught me that when Home and Car loans are 0% no money down, to all comers...An economic sink hole is not far behind. The precise When* depends on whose holding the magic wand, and how fat the monkey is on their back.*That When is the whole basis of the Zerohedge website ....! 

Is-Be illuminatus Fri, 09/22/2017 - 14:21 Permalink

Two corrections, if I may.1) Machines are quite capable of writing their own code.2) Assuming a continuation of civilization, machines are here to stay. To wail and throw ones hands in the air is the attitude of a victim. Therefore machines are the problem and the solution. There's no getting the toothpaste back into the tube.

In reply to by illuminatus

ElTerco Fri, 09/22/2017 - 14:14 Permalink

Debt. I'll never forget a line a televangelist said, "As every good Jew knows, poverty ... is is the result of sin." Money is not the root of all evil, debt is the root of all evil.

Luciferrigno Fri, 09/22/2017 - 15:13 Permalink

Irving Fisher. Hyman Minsky. Michael Hudson. We are already in the midst of a debt deflationary debacle. In theory, when the bubble bursts, wage earners and asset holders all suffer. In practice, the wealthiest of asset owners get bailed out.