Submitted by David Galland of Casey Research
The Long Road to Recovery
Last week the government released the latest unemployment data. Bloomberg,
always ready to roll up the sleeves to help its friends in government
(get reelected), was running a headline that “Companies in U.S. Added
67,000 Jobs in August.”
While I haven’t had time to go through the minutiae of the report, I
find myself scratching my head at Mr. Market’s rather positive reaction
to the report, given the bullet points:
- Manufacturing payrolls declined by 27,000.
- Employment at service-providers fell by 54,000.
- Retailers cut 4,900 workers.
- State and local governments gave walking papers to 10,000 people.
- The federal government cut 111,000 jobs (mostly temporary census workers).
- The number of
“underemployed” – people who want full-time work, but have given
up and are now working part-time, increased again, from 16.5% to 16.7%.
The fine folks at Chart of the Day just published their take on the numbers. You may see something cheerful in this snapshot, but if so, it eludes me…
Interestingly, a week ago ADP, a company that does real-time payroll
processing for about one in every six U.S. workers, and whose data –
because it is based on hard data and not surveying – has tended to be
accurate, released its report for August employment. Based on ADP’s
data, they had forecasted that the construction industry had actually
cut 33,000 jobs in August.
Their data pointed to an overall decline in the work force of 105,000
jobs, worse than the government’s numbers that showed overall
unemployment rose by 54,000 – moving the unemployment rate from 9.5%
back up to 9.6%.
At all times, but especially ahead of an election as important as
November’s, you can count me skeptical in the extreme when it comes to
government data. Especially when it flies in the face of the clear
trends in motion. Even with the government’s stimulus funds still
coursing through the economy, in the second quarter U.S. gross domestic
product fell by more than half, to an annualized rate of just 1.6%.
Without the government’s supercharged spending, it’s been calculated
that actual GDP would have been halved again.
So, where are all these new private-sector jobs coming from?
The construction industry was reported to have hired 19,000 people – a
good number of whom, I suspect, are working on government-subsidized
projects. At least in this neighborhood – and everywhere else I’ve
traveled over the summer – there are almost no new houses being built.
But there are a lot of roads being paved, whether they need it or not.
It also was reported that 17,000 new temps were hired in August.
Historically, the number of temporary workers rises throughout the
duration of a recession. In fact, only when the number of temps
decisively turns down, in conjunction with full-time employment turning
up, can we begin to expect that the economy is on the road to
Health care also added a fair number of jobs, over 20,000. The nation’s
hospitals and medical facilities are dangerously understaffed –
especially ahead of the pending nationalization of the industry and the
added demand that will trigger – so this is a bright spot, of sorts.
And the mining industry added 8,000 jobs, as you would expect it to.
All to the good, until the next round of legislation sends this and
other “dirty” businesses back into retreat. (A major overhaul of the
U.S. mining regulations was temporarily shelved because the Democrats
were concerned it would hamper Nevada senator Harry Reid’s reelection
chances. After the elections, expect it to resurface.)
However, even if you take the government’s latest unemployment report
at face value and accept that the private sector added 67,000 jobs,
with overall employment falling again by “just” 54,000, the country
still hasn’t even begun the process of clawing back the more than 8.4
million jobs lost since this crisis hit.
And, given that the economy is being helped along through overt
stimulus and the Fed’s not-so-overt policy of maintaining abnormally low
interest rates, conditions for a recovery are about as favorable as
they’re going to get.
As Bud Conrad explains in detail in the current edition of The Casey Report,
these low interest rates simply can’t continue. And when they start to
go up, along with taxes as the Bush tax cuts expire, the faltering
economy will be dealt another body blow. (Click here to read Bud’s analysis.)
I might quip that the road to recovery will be long indeed, but that
would be inappropriate, because so far the road to recovery is nowhere