Overnight Recap: Japan's Nuclear Crisis Leads To 'Panic' - Nikkei Crashes 17% In 2 Days, Japanese Default Risk Rises to Record, Gold Down 1% in $
Japan's nuclear crisis has deepened and we deeply regret to say that
there is now the real possibility of a nuclear catastrophe. Investor
panic has set in with the Nikkei down over 16.5% in two days and the
Topic index down by 17% - its worst two-day loss since the 1987 Wall
Street stock market crash.
The cost to insure Japanese debt has surged to a record with
credit-default swaps protecting Japanese government debt for five years
soaring 27 basis points to a record of 125 basis points. One UBS trader
said that the deteriorating nuclear crisis had led to "near panic
across local credit-default swap markets."
Gold in JPY – 40 Year (Quarterly)
While most equity indices and commodities have fallen, some sharply,
gold has remained resilient and is down 1% in US dollar terms and is
higher in Australian dollars which like other so called 'commodity'
currencies has come under pressure in recent days. Gold remains
marginally higher in all currencies since the tragedy began last
Gold's fall is likely due to speculators taking profits after recent
gains or margin call selling to cover losses in equity and other
markets. Should the sharp falls seen in Japanese shares spread to
western stock markets, gold and silver could suffer further margin call
liquidation and another short term sell off.
Any sell off will likely be shallow and short term as the crisis in
Japan will lead to further diversification into gold and increased safe
haven demand as investors grapple with the uncertainty and fragility of
today's financial and economic world.
Gold will likely be supported by tensions in the Middle East which
remain very high. Iran said this morning that Saudi Arabia's troops
entering Bahrain is "meddling" and "unacceptable".
Japan Government 10 Year – 1987 to Today (Weekly)
The Japanese crisis could not have come at a worse time for the
massively indebted Japanese economy which is struggling after more than
10 years of economic contraction. Like the US, near zero percent
interest rates and significant stimulus programmes have failed to
create economic growth.
Indeed, Japan is now the world's second most indebted country, with
over $11 trillion in debt (US has $14 trillion), and a debt-to-GDP
ratio of over 200%.
In January, Standard & Poor's cut Japan's sovereign debt rating,
saying the government has no "coherent strategy" to deal with their
mountain of debt. A bond crisis would see selling of Japanese bonds and
an increase in interest rates - from the unsustainable historic lows of
near 1% today. Any meaningful increase in interest rates would lead to
Japan struggling to repay their debt and the real possibility of
The earthquake, tsunami and now nuclear tragedy in Japan may be a
tipping point that leads to an international bond and currency crisis.
This would see speculators and investors liquidating corporate and
government paper assets in order to protect themselves from currency
debasement and inflation.
Fiat currencies with negative real interest rates would also be
shunned and significantly increased allocations to hard assets and
particularly monetary assets such as gold would be seen.
Gold's finite currency status means that it will again be recognised
as the ultimate safe haven asset and an essential part of every
(Reuters) -- Gold down 1 pct as equities tumble on Japan quake
Gold slid more than 1 percent on Tuesday as declines in stock markets
triggered by a growing nuclear crisis in Japan prompted speculators to
sell bullion to cover losses, while holdings on the ETF fell to their
lowest since May last year.
Silver fell around 3 percent. Platinum and palladium gave up early
gains and dropped more than 1 percent after Japanese shares slumped for
a second day on Tuesday as two fresh explosions rocked a stricken
Gold lost $10.70 an ounce to $1,415.95 by 0636 GMT, after rising as
much as 1 percent on Monday as Japan battled to prevent a nuclear
catastrophe following last week's devastating quake and tsunami and on
political unrest across the Arab world.
"It still looks like it's constructive. It's just consolidating. But
if we get a large sell-off in equities, people will tend to sell gold,"
said Jonathan Barratt, managing director of Commodity Broking Services
"But if it's a major concern, then people will eventually go to gold as the last resort."
Premiums for gold bars were steady at between $1.00 and $1.50 an
ounce with spot London prices in Hong Kong and Singapore, with no signs
of safe-haven buying related to last week's massive earthquake and
tsunami in Japan and the subsequent nuclear crisis.
Japan faces a recovery and reconstruction bill of at least $180
billion -- 3 percent of its annual economic output -- or more than 50
percent higher than the total cost of 1995's earthquake in Kobe.
Japan warned that radioactive levels had become significantly higher
around a quake-stricken nuclear power plant on Tuesday after
explosions at two reactors, and the French embassy said a low level
radioactive wind could reach Tokyo by the evening.
"The price shot up to above $1,430 but it could not break through
that level. I think that's why the market is down. Also, ETF holdings
seem to be going down again," said a dealer in Singapore.
"We can say people are selling gold to cover their margin call."
U.S. gold futures for April fell $8.6 to $1,416.3 an ounce.
In the Middle East, the United States urged Saudi Arabia on Monday to
show restraint after it sent troops to neighbouring Bahrain in a move
some analysts said showed the limits of Washington's influence in the
The deployment of 1,000 Saudi troops, at the request of Bahrain's
Sunni royal family, came two days after U.S. Defense Secretary Robert
Gates visited the island kingdom and pressed its rulers to implement
political reforms to defuse tensions with the Shi'ite Muslim majority.
Rising tensions in North Africa and the Middle East helped bullion strike record around $1,444 last week.
The yen surged on Tuesday after Japan's prime minister said
radiation levels near a quake-hit nuclear plant had become high and the
risk of further nuclear leakage was rising, prompting investors to dump
The Bank of Japan (BOJ) said on Monday it would increase the size of
its asset purchase to 10 trillion yen ($122 billion) from 5 trillion
yen and analysts think it may take more steps if the economic outlook
The BOJ is even more dovish than the U.S. Federal Reserve, which has
been cautious about seeking to exit its stimulus policy as it wants to
bring down unemployment.
U.S. Federal Reserve policymakers meet on Tuesday and investors will
closely watch the Fed's assessment on unemployment and the economy in
(Bloomberg) -- Gold Drops as Commodities, Equities Tumble on Japanese Crisis
Gold dropped, snapping a two-day advance, as Japan's strongest quake
and a worsening nuclear accident spurred concern that the global
economic recovery may be hurt, prompting a selloff in commodities.
Immediate-delivery bullion fell as much as 1.3 percent to $1,408.07
an ounce before trading at $1,412.93 at 2:25 p.m. in Singapore. The
April-delivery contract dropped 0.7 percent to $1,415.70. Oil plunged
as much as 2.5 percent in New York as base metals and equities also
"Gold and other precious metals are coming under pressure as
commodities decline across the board," said Chae Un Soo, a Seoul-based
trader at KEB Futures Co. "The decline in commodities also coincided
with the need for gold to take a breather after a recent rally to a
A third blast occurred today at the Fukushima Dai-Ichi nuclear plant
and Prime Minister Naoto Kan said the risk of further radiation leaks
is rising. The March 11 temblor caused a death toll estimated at more
than 10,000 and shut down factories.
Asian stocks tumbled 5.5 percent, led by the Topix index of Japan,
which plummeted 14 percent on concern that the nation's economy will be
crippled. The Dollar Index, a gauge of the currency's value, jumped as
much as 0.4 percent. Gold usually moves inversely to the dollar.
Bullion climbed to an all-time high of $1,444.95 an ounce on March 7
after rallying 30 percent last year, the tenth straight annual gain,
on the prospect of currency debasement and rising inflation.
Demand for palladium and platinum has been hurt by shutdowns in Japan's
auto plants, Hussein Allidina, head of commodity research at Morgan
Stanley, wrote in a report. The metals are used to make
Toyota Motor Corp., the world's biggest carmaker, will suspend
output at 12 Japanese factories today and tomorrow, spokeswoman Shiori
Hashimoto said yesterday. Isuzu Motors Ltd., a Toyota affiliate, will
halt production at its two Japanese plants until March 18, spokesman
Koichi Ito said. Honda Motor Co. and Nissan Motor Co. also shut
facilities in northern Japan.
"The greater feed-through for platinum and palladium spills from
investor sentiment as a result of this disaster," Edel Tully, analyst
with UBS AG in London, wrote in a note to clients. "A cautious tone
already shrouds these metals and this could become more extreme in the
Palladium for immediate delivery dropped as much as 2.7 percent to
$726 an ounce after losing 1.8 percent yesterday, while platinum
decreased as much as 2.1 percent to $1,718.15 an ounce, extending a 1.5
percent decline. Cash silver fell as much as 3.6 percent to $34.62 an
ounce before trading at $35.15 an ounce. The metal touched $36.7525 on
March 7, the highest level since 1980.
(Financial Times) -- Saudis and US at odds over Bahrain policy
Some US officials say Washington and Riyadh have been at odds in the
Middle East since the protests in the region began, but in recent days
tensions have reached new heights, writes Daniel Dombey.
While Washington has been urging allies to carry out political
reforms, Saudi Arabia has been giving the opposite advice, urging
governments to stay firmly in control.
On Sunday, as Saudi Arabia was preparing to send troops to Bahrain,
the White House issued a statement calling on the Bahraini government
"to pursue a peaceful and meaningful dialogue with the opposition
rather than resorting to use of force".
US officials say the Saudi and Bahraini governments have greatly
overstated fears that the island state's Shia majority would move the
country closer to Iran.
"The Saudis and the Americans are not on the same page about events
in the region," says Simon Henderson at the Washington Institute for
Near East Policy, a US-based think tank.
The two countries were visibly at cross purposes over the protests
in Egypt, with Saudi Arabia counselling former President Hosni Mubarak
to stay even as the US called for a democratic transition. But Bahrain
in particular has become something of a tug of war between Washington,
which recommends more reforms, and Riyadh, which resists them.
(Bloomberg) -- U.S. Commodities: Sugar, Raw Materials Drop on Japan Concerns
Raw sugar fell to a two-week low, leading commodities lower, as
conditions in Japan worsened following last week's earthquake and
tsunami, threatening to hurt economic growth and demand for raw
Prime Minister Naoto Kan said Japan faces its worst crisis since the
end of World War II, and local media estimated the death toll from the
March 11 temblor may top 10,000. The Bank of Japan today injected 15
trillion yen ($183 billion) into the financial system. The UBS
Bloomberg Constant Maturity Commodity Index fell, extending the longest
slump since August.
Most prices "are down because people are still assessing the impact
of the quake," said Jeff Bauml, a senior vice president at R.J. O'Brien
& Associates, a broker in New York.
In other markets, crude oil rebounded on speculation that unrest in
the Middle East may escalate after Saudi Arabia sent its troops into
Bahrain. Cotton tumbled. The UBS Bloomberg index declined 0.3 percent
to 1,717.89, the sixth straight decline.
Raw sugar for May dropped 1.07 cents, or 3.7 percent, to 27.79 cents a
pound on ICE Futures U.S. in New York. The sweetener posted the
biggest drop among 26 commodities in the UBS Bloomberg index. Earlier,
the price touched 27.41 cents, the lowest since Feb. 25.
Oil futures for April delivery rose 3 cents to $101.19 a barrel on the
New York Mercantile Exchange, ending a four- session slump. Earlier,
the price touched $98.47, the lowest since March 1.
Saudi Arabia's cabinet said the kingdom has responded to a Bahraini
request for "support." Prices were lower most of the day on speculation
that energy demand in Japan, the third- largest economy, may decline
after an 8.9-magnitude earthquake devastated parts of the northeast.
"The situation in Bahrain appears to be escalating and people start
to wonder that it could become a bigger issue," said Carl Larry, the
president of Oil Outlooks & Opinions LLC in Houston.
Saudi troops entered the neighboring country as part of a regional
force from the Gulf Cooperation Council, the first outside intervention
since a wave of popular uprisings swept through parts of the region.
Cotton tumbled the most allowed by the ICE exchange on signs that
demand may ease in China, the world's biggest buyer, after prices
approached a record high.
The China National Cotton Information Center said imports dropped 53
percent in February to 184,200 metric tons from January, down 17
percent from a year earlier. On March 11, the price jumped as much as
3.5 percent to $2.0798 a pound. The fiber climbed to an all-time high
of $2.197 on March 7.
"This sell-off is largely on a reduction to demand expectations at
these high prices," said Erica Rannestad, a commodity analyst at CPM
Group in New York. "A lot of manufacturers are expected to purchase
less cotton and use less in end-products."
Cotton for May delivery fell by the exchange limit of 7 cents, or
3.4 percent, to $1.9794 on ICE. The price dropped 3.6 percent last
week. The fiber has more than doubled in the past year as demand
outstripped global supplies.
Commodities settled as follows:
April gold up $3.10 to $1,424.90 an ounce
May silver down 9.5 cents to $35.84 an ounce
April platinum down $29.40 to $1,752.30 an ounce
June palladium down $17.30 to $748.20 an ounce
June live cattle down 0.3 cent to $1.1665 a pound
August feeder cattle down 0.775 cent to $1.3685 a pound
June lean hogs down 1.95 cents to 97.55 cents a pound
May soybeans up 5.5 cents to $13.40 a bushel
May corn up 1.75 cents to $6.66 a bushel
May wheat up 2 cents to $7.2075 a bushel
May rice up 36.5 cents to $13.375 per 100 pounds
May oats down 6.5 cents to $3.44 a bushel
Food and Fiber:
May coffee down 1.1 cents to $2.733 a pound
May cocoa down $23 to $3,389 a metric ton
May cotton down 7 cents to $1.9794 a pound
May sugar down 1.07 cents to 27.79 cents a pound
May orange juice up 1 cent to $1.6895 a pound
April crude oil up 3 cents to $101.19 a barrel
April natural gas up 2.5 cents to $3.914 per million British thermal units
April heating oil up 3.48 cents to $3.0638 a gallon
April gasoline down 2.74 cents to $2.9603 a gallon
May copper down 2.1 cents to $4.1865 a pound
May lumber down $3.30 to $307.80 per 1,000 board feet.
(Bloomberg) -- Topix Drops as Japan's Default Risk Jumps; Commodities Decline
Japanese stocks dropped, sending the Topix index to its worst two-day
plunge since 1987, and default risk jumped as Prime Minister Naoto Kan
said the danger of further leaks from a nuclear power plant damaged by
the nation's biggest earthquake was increasing. Commodities fell.
The MSCI Asia Pacific Index slumped 5.2 percent at 4 p.m. in Tokyo.
The Topix sank 9.5 percent and the cost of protecting Japan's sovereign
debt surged to a record. Treasuries gained, sending yields to their
lowest level this year. The Australian dollar weakened 1.2 percent. The
S&P GSCI spot index of 24 commodities slid 1.3 percent. Oil lost
1.9 percent in New York. Futures on the Euro Stoxx 50 Index decreased
2.1 percent and those on the Standard & Poor's 500 Index declined 2
The Bank of Japan added 8 trillion yen ($98 billion) into money
markets today, adding to yesterday's record cash injection, to secure
the nation's financial stability following the March 11 temblor --
updated to a magnitude of 9, from 8.9, by the U.S. Geological Survey --
and subsequent tsunami. Tokyo Electric Power Co.'s Fukushima Dai-Ichi
nuclear plant was today rocked by two more explosions and a fire.
(Financial Times) - Saudi soldiers enter Bahrain
More than 1,000 Saudi troops rushed to the rescue of Bahrain's royal
family on Monday as neighbouring Gulf states backed the Sunni rulers'
attempts to confront a popular uprising by a mainly Shia opposition.
As the Saudi troops crossed into Manama, the capital of Bahrain, the
United Arab Emirates said it had also sent 500 police officers to help
quell unrest in the tiny kingdom of less than 600,000 people. The
Manama regime appealed on Sunday for help from its partners in the Gulf
Co-operation Council, the regional grouping.
The cross-border intervention in the strategically important state,
home to the US Fifth Fleet, dramatically raises the stakes in Bahrain's
political standoff, which has pitted the Shia majority against the
Sunni al-Khalifa royal family.
It came after Bahrain's riot police were over-run by tens of
thousands of Shia protesters who by the end of Sunday had occupied much
of the capital's central business district bringing the city to a halt.
Protesters said they would not be deterred by Saudi Arabia's military
intervention, and remained determined to press ahead with
demonstrations. The main opposition parties warned that the
intervention was a "blatant occupation" and "undeclared war" by armed
People familiar with the matter say the Saudi force was primarily to
be used for policing, but Mr Fairouz said at least two dozen Saudi
tanks had also crossed the causeway into Bahrain.
"It will deepen the crisis," said Jawad Fairouz, a senior member of
al-Wefaq, the largest Shia opposition party. "The conclusion to this
could be very dramatic . . . I think they are playing their last card."
The Saudi intervention creates a dilemma for the US, which has been
urging Arab states to negotiate with protesters but does not want the
region to spin out of control. The White House said it was aware that
other countries from the GCC were considering sending troops. But it
urged the Gulf states to "show restraint and respect the rights of the
people of Bahrain, and to act in a way that supports dialogue instead
of undermining it".
The Pentagon confirmed that neither defence secretary Robert Gates
nor chief of staff Adm Mike Mullen had been informed of the Saudi move
on their recent trips to Bahrain.
The defence department said it was monitoring the deployment of Saudi and GCC forces closely.
"We have communicated to all parties our concerns regarding actions
that could be provocative or inflame sectarian tensions and we continue
to call on all parties to prioritize a peaceful, negotiated outcome in
support of the Crown Prince's National Dialogue," said spoekesman Col
"We expect GCC states to support the reform initiatives proposed by the government."
Observers said that regional Arab involvement could provoke Shia-dominated Iran to try to assist the protesters.
In Tehran, the spokesman for parliament's foreign policy committee,
Kazem Jalali, said the involvement of "foreign forces" in Bahrain to
help crack down on protesters was "a kind of crime". Reports from
Riyadh suggested that the Saudi troops moving into Bahrain were part of
the Peninsula Shield Force, an arm of the GCC first set up as an
anti-Iranian bulwark after the Islamic revolution of 1979.
Even under the GCC umbrella, however, the intervention was likely to
make "a difficult situation even more difficult", said Abdulkhaleq
Abdalla, professor of political science at the United Arab Emirates
University. The Bahraini government said the Peninsula Shield forces
had arrived to "help protect the safety of citizens, residents and
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