• Steve H. Hanke
    05/04/2016 - 08:00
    Authored by Steve H. Hanke of The Johns Hopkins University. Follow him on Twitter @Steve_Hanke. A few weeks ago, the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) sprang a surprise. It announced that a...

The Real "Margin" Threat: $600 Trillion In OTC Derivatives, A Multi-Trillion Variation Margin Call, And A Collateral Scramble That Could Send US Treasurys To All Time Records...

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Sun, 06/05/2011 - 21:46 | 1342245 philgramm
philgramm's picture

600,000,000,000,000? Seriously? It's like a video game. Yay!!!!!!!!

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 22:00 | 1342275 CPL
CPL's picture

Total worldwide derivatives market is around 1.4 Quadrillion dollars.

 

So when the governments of the world mention printing trillions to save themselves, it's true that it's just a drop in the bucket.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 22:10 | 1342291 cat2
cat2's picture

Unwinding that is truly the end game.  Based on past performance it will be bailed out with QE printing.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 22:25 | 1342317 Michael
Michael's picture

 G14 (or Group of 14 dealers that dominate derivatives trading including Bank of America-Merrill Lynch, Barclays Capital, BNP Paribas, Citi, Credit Suisse, Deutsche Bank, Goldman Sachs, HSBC, JP Morgan, Morgan Stanley, RBS, Societe Generale, UBS and Wells Fargo Bank)

I'm glad they narrowed it down to just about 14 with their m&a activity.

It will make the guillotine processing facility job go that much smother.

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 00:23 | 1342507 cara leaf
cara leaf's picture

Here is the $64 question: 

If Dodd-Frank had been in effect, would it have prevented the '08 Crash.

I say....ummmm...No.

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 02:45 | 1342648 Transformer
Transformer's picture

And here's the $128 question.  What happens to this $1.4 quadrillion mess when Hyperinflationary Depression comes a knockin?

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 08:17 | 1342806 TwoShortPlanks
TwoShortPlanks's picture

The system crashes and a new one is invented.

Mind-you, the real owners of this ICU-Bound dying fiat system left the building. They'll just skim while it's still breathing. But when they bothered to clean-out their Petty-Cash draw (US$1 Billion) you know it's gonna tank.
"On 8 January 2001, an Extraordinary General Meeting of the BIS decided to restrict the right to hold shares in the BIS exclusively to central banks and approved the mandatory repurchase of all 72,648 BIS shares held by private shareholders as of that date against payment of compensation of CHF 16,000 per share. The former private shareholders were informed by means of the Notes to Private Shareholders dated 15 September 2000 and 10 January 2001, which described the transaction in more detail; a further Note was sent on 27/28 November 2002 following the Tribunal's 22 November 2002 decision."

http://www.bis.org/about/shareswd.htm

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 08:35 | 1342846 mayhem_korner
mayhem_korner's picture

It feeds a family of four for two weeks...

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 00:26 | 1342508 High Plains Drifter
High Plains Drifter's picture

is it possible to unwind such a mess?    i heard a lot of talk a few years ago about this stuff and it was called the black hole of finance. it is easy to see why?  it is something that cannot be fixed.  even greenie himself said he did not understand it.

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 01:39 | 1342596 BlackholeDivestment
BlackholeDivestment's picture

Black Hole? Never heard of it. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VDQZIWHqUug Ah haa haa haaa!!!

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 02:31 | 1342637 Greyhat
Greyhat's picture

They can not unwind it, thats why they "save Greece". Its all about the CDS contracts. They try to buy time.

http://translate.google.com/translate?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.welt.de%2Fwirts...

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 07:08 | 1342730 YHC-FTSE
YHC-FTSE's picture

Exactly. I was wondering when we'll be touching on this topic again, and it's far worse than I remembered. There is no way to fix this, ever. We'll need another planet full of suckers to shift this mess.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 23:00 | 1342355 Doode
Doode's picture

I spoke with folks in charge of handling all of those positions at a major bank pondering why the numbers were so freakeshly high a few years back - it turns out this number is very deceptive. There is no central clearing house for derivatives so both buy and sell transactions are recorded as separate derivaties. The result that when a bank buys a derivative it records it as a transaction - then to unload that very same derivative they issue a hedge which is yet another separate derivative. Therefore net is 0 (spread), but on books it looks like they have 2 times the exposure - one on a buy side and one on a sell side. Now, the same derivative is recorded at each bank and each time it changes hands so the actual number the same derivative is recorded is equal 2 times the number of transactions this derivative had. Imagine if all that GE stock traded was always recorded as 100 shares bought and 100 shares sold as 200 shares in risk exposure - that is what is happening here. The actual market is much much smaller and does not represent nearly the problem one would derive from the absolute number itself - it is of several orders of magnitude lower than the absolute number.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 23:23 | 1342396 Amish Hacker
Amish Hacker's picture

Yes, but when there is a triggering event and your counterparty defaults, you'll find that notional value becomes all too real.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 23:49 | 1342448 traderjoe
traderjoe's picture

+ aig.

We were hours or days from a collapse of the
system if AIG went under. And what have they fixed since then?

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 00:32 | 1342517 High Plains Drifter
High Plains Drifter's picture

AIG is not fixed. it is the gift that keeps on giving. we don't have any idea what was going on with that company, that is for sure.

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 00:16 | 1342491 Cheater5
Cheater5's picture

Totally agree with you.  Except for one thing.  When you sell a share after the trade clears you dont own any remaining exposure.  Since derivatives are contractural liabilities and are not generally novated when a trade occurs that goes through an intermediary it is booked as you have indicated - ie, in the case of CDS, contract written to the intermediary from "protection selling client" and contract written by the intermediary to "protection buying client."  Net/Net if you look at the intermediary banks book, they should be flat (with obviously their commisions, fees, etc. as a possitive).  And that is true up until the "protection selling client" goes belly up without posting enough collateral (which he is unlikely to be able to secure if SHTF systematically - ie not with one single name).  At this point the intermediary bank is still on the hook (and must post collateral) to the "protection buying client." 

 

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 00:23 | 1342510 bingocat
bingocat's picture

Presumably that is why people think it would be a good thing that they all get cleared on an exchange. Banks don't want that because people like JPM make a LOT of money off the fact that trades are 'customized for you, the client, and therefore we require a higher spread.' The fear is that if trades are put through an exchange, the price transparency will kill their profits. This is not necessarily a valid fear - clearing is not the same thing as execution.

But if it all goes on the exchange, then the offsetting risks will all net out, and it will simply be the net open position of each party vis-a-vis the clearing exchange. This will wake a lot of people up, and this is the real reason why companies want special dispensation to not have to post so much collateral.

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 06:58 | 1342702 Highrev
Highrev's picture

.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 22:50 | 1342348 Concentrated po...
Concentrated power has always been the enemy of liberty.'s picture

Once upon a time a man told a small village, “I will buy monkeys for $10 each.”

Since there were many monkeys in the forest, the villagers caught them and sold them to the man.

As the supply of monkeys diminished, the villagers’ efforts slowed, so the man offered them $20 each.

They renewed their efforts but the supply of monkeys diminished further, so he increased his price to $25.

Soon no one could even find a monkey in the forest.

The man increased his price to $50, but announced, “Since I must go to the city on business, I authorize my assistant to buy monkeys on my behalf.”

As soon as his boss was gone, the assistant told the villagers, “My boss has collected lots of monkeys. I’ll sell them to you for $35 and then, when he returns, you can sell them to him for $50.”

The villagers rounded up all the money they could and bought as many monkeys as possible. Then they had monkeys everywhere…

… but they never saw the man or his assistant again.

And now you understand the workings of the stock market!

 

Moral of the story:  Promises to pay have lots of fine print and monkeys do not equal gold.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 23:27 | 1342410 HungrySeagull
HungrySeagull's picture

That is SO AWESOME!!!!

Mind if I steal this?

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 02:43 | 1342646 terryfuckwit
terryfuckwit's picture

great analogy

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 08:49 | 1342891 4horse
4horse's picture

monkeybusiness. yes

 

yet here to be seen, timestamped, are the same hourly everyday ZH nitpickers engaged in what is no longer mere communal grooming but, me no butts, the vacuous foreplay of something far more obscene . . . and constantly coming

 

fucked. one-at-a-time. while being caged

 

yes, by all means stall-crawl-and-caterwaul in your incessant goose-goose, grunt-grunt and alltalk

 

 

here is it so easily seen-- yeh. obscene --you all make your living with your mouths

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 09:05 | 1342933 Concentrated po...
Concentrated power has always been the enemy of liberty.'s picture

is that a haiku?

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 00:06 | 1342478 decon
decon's picture

After reading this it should be clear to everyone that the world's central banks will do anything, anything! to try and control interest rates!

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 21:43 | 1342246 Dolemite
Dolemite's picture

 

PMs stocks and oil heading lower?

This would certainly support the Treasuries to the moon thesis ;)

http://deadcatbouncing.blogspot.com

 

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 21:56 | 1342272 Monedas
Monedas's picture

Troll alert ! Trying to talk silver down becuz you're short ? "Clever trick Captain !"....Das Boot. Monedas 2011

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 22:01 | 1342281 Dolemite
Dolemite's picture

Lol I wish I had that kind of power, or ability to see the future.

No, I am just a guy who looks at charts and puts in limit orders with stop losses if I am wrong.

I merely offer my opinion and trade it accordingly. (and for the record I am long physical silver... just short the paper for the time being)

http://deadcatbouncing.blogspot.com

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 22:52 | 1342343 Votewithabullet
Votewithabullet's picture

Danke monedas for the troll alert. I might have missed it otherwise. Even though the avatar has your name alongside, adding it again at the bottom  and with the year...pure genius.

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 06:33 | 1342704 Monedas
Monedas's picture

I am over my head with this crowd....I'm just a peasant hoarder from the hinterland....but I do try to protect the PMs with "Capa y Espada" (with my cape and my sword) ! Monedas 2011 Genius is a little over the top, but thanks !

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 21:45 | 1342253 Manthong
Manthong's picture

If you drink the whole bottle, you deserve to puke your guts out.

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 03:33 | 1342663 iNull
iNull's picture

Bukowski would disagree.

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 06:08 | 1342699 Reptil
Reptil's picture

Belushi (John) too :-)

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 08:43 | 1342882 Manthong
Manthong's picture

New paradigm I guess, and this is what we got now (0:37).

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gpDD0eOq-0o

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 21:49 | 1342256 RobotTrader
RobotTrader's picture

Like I said, the commodities are holding up well for now, especially copper which should be getting destroyed with the weak economic data.

The slightest whiff of weakness in copper, gold, oil, etc. could easily send stocks into an epic crash.

If that happens, they you could see the 10-yr. yield completely collapse to world record lows.

By that time, Interactive Brokers will be offering negative margin rates on listed big board stocks to entice more speculators to belly up to the NYSE casino.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 21:58 | 1342277 Spitzer
Spitzer's picture

And how long do you expect this run to treasuries to last ?3 to 6 months ?

Copper is not getting destroyed, the TSX is up on days when the dow is down over 100 points, gold goes up no matter what, even in the summer.

Things are a changin.

Mon, 06/06/2011 - 01:23 | 1342574 DoctoRx
DoctoRx's picture

A good Fight Club entry, Robo.  Tho you're wrong about gold.  And technically you overstated things re "the slightest whiff of weakness".  It'll take more than a whiff.  But as biflation bites in a deflationary direction, the 10 year has massive downside (yield) potential.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 21:52 | 1342261 phungus_mungus
phungus_mungus's picture

a trillion....

 

from here on out everything will be known simple, as, a $$$shitload$$$ 

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 21:49 | 1342262 Belrev
Belrev's picture

This $600T is a misleading discussion. If you credit default swap or interest rate swap contracts are each for $1B notional, then what is the total number of these contracts, what do they net out to? The notional catches the eye, but there is not as much wipe out power under it as people are led to beleive.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 21:55 | 1342267 phungus_mungus
phungus_mungus's picture

Its not real money anyways.... is it.... 

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 22:14 | 1342299 cat2
cat2's picture

The owners of that (influencial rich folks with washington lobbists) will want the value paid to them in $.  Fire up the presses.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 22:21 | 1342302 Pure Evil
Pure Evil's picture

The money may be fiat, but the anarchy unleashed from pandora's box if everything "collapsed spectacularly" would be no illusion.

It would be Greece, Libya, Yemen, Syria, ad infinitim, on a roid rage.

And, that could be either hemorrhoid or steriod, which ever tickles your fancy.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 21:55 | 1342268 Tyler Durden
Tyler Durden's picture

Thank you for pointing out gross vs. net notional 101 (which incidentally worked out how in Lehman Ch.11 when gross was net?). Regardless did you read this part: "we believe, that the full potential shortfall on the up to $600
trillion in gross notional is the full net exposure in the market at any
time. Which we are convinced is well over the $160 billion 0.002% case
(according to some estimates, between CDS (this one is easy - just look
at weekly DTCC data) and IRS (this one is far more complicated), the net
notional at risk at any given moment is anywhere between $2 and 8
trillion.
And this is capital that the G-14 supposedly have handy for a
rainy day?"

Probably not since it took about 6 minutes form the moment the article appeared until your comment...

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 21:57 | 1342276 redguard
redguard's picture

YEEOOCH! lol

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 22:05 | 1342286 Dapper Dan
Dapper Dan's picture

It takes me 10 to 15 minutes to reply to a post,  spell check and all.

Tyler replys in less then 10 sec.

Check the time post on TD's reply. You got a delay button?

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 22:16 | 1342303 cat2
cat2's picture

Well 6 minutes or so.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 22:28 | 1342320 Belrev
Belrev's picture

Tyler, I am not disagreeing with your. But $2 to $8 Trillion of actual wipe out potential is shall we say "manageable" by the Central Bank standards. And they will not be deterred in defending their powerbase and life style.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 22:34 | 1342324 Tyler Durden
Tyler Durden's picture

It will add up eventually. Dumping $5 trillion in USD in the market overnight will leave a mark.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 23:06 | 1342362 Pure Evil
Pure Evil's picture

Would tend to agree, even though the US with the largest GDP, approximately 14 trillion. Dumping $5 trillion overnight would more than just make a mark.

Could be the beginning of an event horizon presaging the implosion of the whole turd fest.

"over the next year and a half exchanges need to onboard over $200 trillion notional in various products, and in doing so, counterparites, better known as the G14  will soon need to post billions in initial margin, and as a brand new BIS report indicates, will likely need significant extra cash to be in compliance with regulatory requirements. Not only that, but once trading on an exchange, the G14 "could face a cash shortfall in very volatile markets when daily margins are increased, triggering demands for several billions of dollars to be paid within a day." Per the BIS "These margin calls could represent as much as 13 percent of a G14 dealer's current holdings of cash and cash equivalents in the case of interest rate swaps."

And, from that I have to suspect it's no coincidence that I read a recommendation somewhere suggesting that it was best to be in cash for the next six months. Of course that means that just possibly these turds are using my cash to back up their bets.

Of course, I'm just a paranoid schizophrenic that sees conspiracies around every corner, but if the proletariate were to start pulling cash from accounts, would there be enough to cover the margin calls for these contracts?

I realize drawing a straight line between these two points would take a hyperbolic curve, but nothing gets published without a hidden agenda behind it, except for Tyler, of course.

At the least, the FED has been pumping money into the banks to help, but even the FED would have to balk at entering $35 trillion at the keyboard at a moments notice.

My only question is, why would they only need to post billions in initial margin when they're onboarding some $200 trillion in notionals? The rubber just ain't hittin' the road on that one.

Sun, 06/05/2011 - 23:14 | 1342380 bigwavedave
bigwavedave's picture

Just a skid mark. Embarassing only if you drop off your own laundry. Which these guys dont... 

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