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What Goldman Expects From Tomorrow's "Watershed" FOMC Press Conference

Tyler Durden's picture





 

From Goldman's Andrew Tilton:

Summary of tomorrow's events:

  • Wednesday afternoon will mark a watershed in Federal Reserve communications strategy. Chairman Bernanke will give his first post-meeting press conference and the Federal Open Market Committee’s “central tendency” economic forecasts will be released at the same time (rather than three weeks later with the minutes, as has been the practice recently).
  • We expect 1) modest revisions to the FOMC’s forecasts to reflect recent news of softer Q1 growth and higher inflation, 2) reiteration of the intent to end QE2 in June, but an indication that reinvestment of maturing securities is likely to continue beyond that time, 3) a relatively dovish tone from Chairman Bernanke in the press conference, given the still-high level of unemployment and the many uncertainties in the growth outlook

Full release:

Wednesday afternoon will mark a watershed in Federal Reserve communications strategy. In addition to the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) policy statement, Chairman Bernanke will give his first post-meeting press conference and the FOMC's “central tendency” economic forecasts will be released. The expected timeline of events is as follows:

12:30pm – FOMC statement released. The Fed’s website gives the time as “around 12:30pm”, which will come as no surprise to Fed watchers used to twiddling their thumbs for several minutes after the scheduled release time. (Just to keep market participants on their toes, the statement does occasionally come out a minute or two before the scheduled time.)

2:15pm – Press conference begins. We expect Fed Chairman Bernanke to make an introductory statement which will feature the FOMC’s projections for growth, unemployment and inflation (but probably not the detailed distribution of these forecasts nor discussion of the staff’s forecasts). An article published today on the Wall Street Journal website (“Federal Reserve Irons Out Details of Post-Meeting Press Conference”, by Jon Hilsenrath) implied that any introduction is likely to be very short. According to the article, additional published information on the FOMC forecasts, along the lines of Table 1 in the Fed minutes from the January 25-26 meeting will be made available on the Fed website at this time. Assuming this is correct, it would imply that detailed information on the distribution of forecasts, and on the staff’s economic forecasts, would not be revealed until the publication of the minutes (though of course these subjects could surface during the question and answer session).

ca. 2:25pm – Question and answer session begins. This is a live session with journalists, who are likely to be well prepared with probing questions. The questions have not been submitted to the Fed in advance.

Sometime around 3pm or slightly after – Press conference ends. The typical length of an ECB press conference in recent years has been about 45 minutes, perhaps a little longer recently (see below). The aforementioned WSJ article suggested a similar length for the Fed’s first conference.

Wednesday’s events are of importance to market participants for at least three reasons, in our view: 1) the information they will provide about the FOMC’s economic outlook, 2) communication of decisions regarding the asset purchase program (“QE2”), and 3) the novelty of the press conference format itself, which should provide at least some insight into the Fed Chairman’s thinking (although he will undoubtedly emphasize the views of the committee rather than his own).

The FOMC’s Economic Outlook

Both the description of the economic outlook in the Fed statement and the formal projections of FOMC members will likely reflect recent news of softer Q1 growth and higher inflation. Although it’s not clear that the recovery is “on a firmer footing” than it was in March, as the lead sentence of the statement implies, we expect the economic writeup in the first two paragraphs of the March 15 policy statement to survive largely intact. The description of the various components of GDP – consumer spending and business equipment and investment “continues to expand”, structures investment “is still weak”, and the housing sector “depressed” – remain accurate. The labor market is clearly improving, so the “gradually” qualifier might be dropped. Commodity inflation remains a problem, but long-term inflation expectations remain stable as well. The unemployment rate is still “elevated” and underlying inflation “somewhat low” relative to mandate-consistent levels.

In terms of numbers, the Blue Chip survey of economic forecasters shows a small decline in 2011 real GDP forecasts (Q4/Q4 basis) from 3.3% prior to the FOMC’s January forecasts to 3.2% in early April. Meanwhile, forecasts for (headline) consumer price inflation in 2011 rose from 1.8% to 2.9%. We expect revisions to the FOMC’s economic projections to follow a similar pattern. The table below displays the last set of forecasts (compiled for the January 25-26 meeting) and our expectations for the numbers to be released Wednesday.

The FOMC's January Economic Projections, and Our Expectations for the April Projections

Source: Federal Reserve. GS Global ECS Research.
The Policy Decision

The immediate policy decision at hand is what to signal with respect to the Fed’s plans for further securities purchases. At the last meeting, the FOMC stated it was “maintaining its existing policy of reinvesting principal payments from its securities holdings and intends to purchase $600 billion of longer-term Treasury securities by the end of the second quarter of 2011”. This wording is an invitation—which we accept—to think about the asset purchase program and principal reinvestment separately.

As for the asset purchase program, all signs point towards conclusion on schedule in June. We see no chance of an expansion of the program at this time, as the political backlash following the announcement of “QE2” was significant, and no one on the FOMC has publicly made the case for an expansion. Likewise we see essentially no chance that the FOMC will end the program early, as this could be seen by some as an implicit admission that it was not necessary—an implication which we think most Fed officials do not believe or would want to convey.) The path of least resistance is clearly to end it on schedule, and recent speeches by key FOMC members are consistent with that course of action. Media reports over the last few days also suggest that it will end on schedule. We do not expect the Fed to taper its purchases in the final weeks of the program, and recent press reports have reinforced our view; our own research implies that whether or not the Fed does so would have little impact on markets (see “QE Progress Report,” Zach Pandl, US Daily, March 24, and “Stocks vs. Flows Revisited: End of QE2 Unlikely to Have Significant Effect on Bond Yields, Jari Stehn, US Daily, April 13, for more on the tapering issue and the impact of QE2 on markets).

The reinvestment of Fed purchases is less important for its asset market effects – reinvestment amounts in the second half of the year will probably be on the order of $20bn per month, a small fraction of the purchase rate currently – than for the signal it sends about future monetary policy. Continuing the reinvestment policy would imply a flat balance sheet in coming months – i.e. neither easing nor tightening. (Board of Governors Vice Chair Janet Yellen gave a speech in February that cited a staff “illustrative baseline scenario” where the balance sheet remained flat for some time after mid-2011. See “Unconventional Monetary Policy and Fed Communications,” February 25.) Ending reinvestment would mean tightening on the margin, albeit extremely gradually, and would immediately raise the question of when the next tightening step (presumably a change in the forward-looking language in the policy statement) might occur. Given the uncertainties about the growth outlook, this is probably not a message Fed officials want to send at the moment. We expect reinvestment to continue, but without any guidance about how long it might go on.

The Press Conference

With Wednesday’s press conference, the Fed joins a number of other central banks – including the European Central Bank and the central banks of Switzerland, Norway, Sweden, the Czech Republic, Poland, New Zealand, and Japan – that have adopted this method of communication with the markets and the public. Research on central bank communication suggests that a) the press conference can convey significant market-moving information beyond the policy decision itself, b) markets tend to move in the same direction during the press conference that they did in reaction to the statement, c) the most important statements during the press conference are those relating to inflationary developments and the committee’s discussion of rate policies. (See “Explaining Monetary Policy in Press Conferences”, Michael Ehrmann and Marcel Fratzscher, International Journal of Central Banking, June 2009, pp. 41-84. Note that the ECB, which was the focus of this analysis, releases only a rate decision and not a policy statement before the press conference, which leaves more information to be revealed at the press conference.)

The press conference presents both risks and opportunities for Chairman Bernanke and the Fed. Although similar in some respects to Congressional testimony, press conferences are likely to feature shorter and perhaps in some cases more technical questions. The academic paper cited in the previous paragraph found that the average press conference over the 2001-2006 period lasted 44 minutes and featured 16 questions; in recent years the conferences seem to have been a little longer (indeed, the last press conference featured 23 questions, of which quite a few were two-part questions). Media coverage, at least for the first press conference, is likely to be intense. Bernanke will be speaking to the public and trying to instill confidence in the Fed’s policies—both conventional and “unconventional”—so demeanor or “body language” may matter as much for the perceived success of the press conferences as the technical precision of his answers.

We see two sets of implications, one fairly straightforward and the other more speculative. It seems clear that press conferences will 1) increase Fed Chairman Bernanke’s ability to control the message relative to the rest of the committee, as he becomes the first and premier interpreter of the Fed statement, 2) decrease the importance of the policy statement itself (on days when a press conference follows), as there is less reason to guess the meaning of vague phrases such as “somewhat weaker” when hard numbers on the FOMC forecasts are to follow, 3) potentially increase the market impact of the FOMC’s forecasts, as they will be timelier when first released, 4) decrease the importance of the minutes (again, following meetings with a press conference), since markets will already have both key details of the FOMC forecasts and color on the meeting discussion, 5) introduce more market volume and volatility during press conferences.

More speculatively, press conferences could 1) reduce the likelihood of a dissent being initiated at the associated meeting, as these will be more likely to put the Chairman in an awkward position and will also be subject to his interpretation without opportunity for an immediate rejoinder by the dissenter, 2) reduce the market’s focus on speeches by other FOMC participants in the immediate aftermath of press conferences, with market interest increasing as the next scheduled press conference approaches, 3) alter the content or timing of speeches or other commentary by other FOMC participants, who might desire or be asked to comment on the Chairman’s interpretations, or alternatively take pains to avoid contradicting the Chairman’s statements from the press conference, 4) create considerable headline risk for future Fed Chairs, as they will conduct their first few press conferences without the extensive experience Bernanke now has with Congressional testimony and media interviews.

During the press conference, Bernanke will likely focus on characterizing the committee’s views rather than his own. The discussion of the FOMC’s central tendency forecasts is an obvious place to begin, and the apparent decision not to release the distribution of individual forecasts until the minutes will contribute to the focus on areas of agreement rather than disagreement.

 


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Tue, 04/26/2011 - 06:34 | Link to Comment smeagol
smeagol's picture

They missed one:

9am Gold and Silver get whacked.

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 09:12 | Link to Comment Long-John-Silver
Long-John-Silver's picture

Load Up Bitchez!

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 10:01 | Link to Comment onesoul
onesoul's picture

spot on! now reached 45, load up time.

Can anyone let me know the option expiry price is based on price at what time? Thanks! Interested to see the price movement before that period.

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 06:38 | Link to Comment slewie the pi-rat
slewie the pi-rat's picture

watershed?

woodshed, BiCHeZ!

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 08:43 | Link to Comment Careless Whisper
Careless Whisper's picture

Q: Mr. Bernank did you have any involvement in the prosecution of Mr. NotHaus for manufacturing 1 ounce silver rounds?

 

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 09:47 | Link to Comment AGuy
AGuy's picture

Ben Bernanke: (Looks down at Podium): "No, I did not.".

FWIW: Benanke is a poor liar. When he lies, he looks down or away from the person when answering question. Although I doubt Ben had anything to do with Mr Nothaus.

QE2 might be ending, but we won't see the end of debt monertization. either QE2-lite, or some other devious plan to hide Fed debt monertization.

 

The Next few week are absolutely crucial for America, perhaps more than the past 235 years. First is Ben's press conference, second is the Debt ceiling limit. I am absolutely sure Congress will raise the debt ceiling, but it will be the discussion and language used. This should prove good indications on how fast the dollar declines.

 

 

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 11:55 | Link to Comment psychologicalmess
psychologicalmess's picture

I have a feeling the Bernanke doesn't have to look down to lie, that he could lie looking someone straight in the eye.  

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 06:37 | Link to Comment absinthejo
absinthejo's picture

Well, Bernanke will certainly give hints in a convoluted way about the FED's future policies.

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 07:12 | Link to Comment Popo
Popo's picture

Expecting dovishness due to high unemployment is idiocy.   Unemployment is going to be permanently high in the USA and it's going to get higher -- unless someone figures out a way to compete with skilled (yes, skilled) workers who work for $10 a day.

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 07:38 | Link to Comment absinthejo
absinthejo's picture

Last time I checked, a significant portion of relatively insightful minds are still sucked into "the myth of the free lunch trade" aka law school. Graduate program in hard science with a majority of US citizens is becoming a rarity.

Engineering is cyclical. The only field I agree with you is of course IT.

 

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 08:01 | Link to Comment aerojet
aerojet's picture

I work with a guy with a PhD in genetics, he can't find any  meaningful work in his field.   You can study all the "hard science" you want, you still won't get a job because there is such a glut of those people.  Or, you can get a job, it jus doesn't pay enough to support a family on.  Law school is even worse, as you pointed out.  IT is the last one standing, and how long will that continue?

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 07:35 | Link to Comment bobby02
bobby02's picture

Fed funds futures indicate a 20% chance of a rate hike by yearend, down from 33% last week. Any less than uber-dovish comments could raise that, putting pressure on assets with negative carry. Double your fun if currently high inflation expectations ease somewhat.

Just sayin'.

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 06:38 | Link to Comment stopthenewworldorder
stopthenewworldorder's picture

Q Dr Bernanke @ FOMC:

"You can't handle the truth"

Reply from the audience:

"Do we still use hemp fibre to make rope with?"

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 06:41 | Link to Comment I am Jobe
I am Jobe's picture

Hang the biatch I say get this crap over with. Failure after failure and the hand jobs with the MOFOS must stop . Hang everyone of them

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 06:49 | Link to Comment bob_dabolina
bob_dabolina's picture

Ben Bernanke is a liar

-we wont monetize the federal debt

-sub-prime is contained

-we are not  printing money

-inflation is low

etc, etc, etc

 

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 06:51 | Link to Comment I am Jobe
I am Jobe's picture

FED Reserve will not monetize the debt is what he is saying. WTF, hang the bastards

 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mys2ocTbmAo&feature=player_embedded#at=21

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 06:49 | Link to Comment Everybodys All ...
Everybodys All American's picture

I just hope someone, anyone, a patriot calls this asshole out.

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 06:50 | Link to Comment I am Jobe
I am Jobe's picture

Listen and watch this

2011-02-03 Food Riots.mp4

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mys2ocTbmAo&feature=player_embedded#at=21

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 06:52 | Link to Comment slaughterer
slaughterer's picture

Most important take-away (anyone brave enough to fade it?) "We see no chance of an expansion of the program at this time, as the political backlash following the announcement of “QE2” was significant, and no one on the FOMC has publicly made the case for an expansion."

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 06:50 | Link to Comment fredquimby
fredquimby's picture

"ca. 2:25pm – Question and answer session begins. This is a live session with journalists, who are likely to be well prepared with probing questions. The questions have not been submitted to the Fed in advance."

Surely news-hacks should be there to "report" not to question??

Shouldn't the questioning be done by leading economists, well known financiers, FOFOA and other relevant persons of note, rather than some "random" news hacks from the MsM!?

 

 

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 06:52 | Link to Comment I am Jobe
I am Jobe's picture

Ben will borrow the Teleprompter from the idiot in the WH.

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 06:57 | Link to Comment I am Jobe
I am Jobe's picture

Ron Paul should question Ben and that should be the end of it. Screw the fucking reporters.

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 07:14 | Link to Comment slaughterer
slaughterer's picture

This whole event is ECB format: usually the fully-vetted top eco journalists from the MSM are there to ask what seems to be tough questions, but the questions are not so tough, since they share the same assumptions as the person they are questioning.  Somehow, it always ends up being kind of like an academic Q&A after a Professorial lecture, with half the questions pointless, or just off track.   I am sure Ron Paul or anyone with opinions remotely similar to Tyler Durden will not be there.   The Inflationary Super-Cycle guys will not be there as well...  Algos will control any sell-off... everything will seem fine ... as the Fed wants it.  No rioting in the street, nobody threatening BB, nothing ugly or awkward.  Just a gentle reinforcement of the ruling ideology.  

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 07:30 | Link to Comment slaughterer
slaughterer's picture

Unless of course a full-blown QE 3 is announced.

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 06:56 | Link to Comment Silverhog
Silverhog's picture

If he starts off with a Fart, Leap and a loud Whistle he might get my attention.

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 07:01 | Link to Comment 10kby2k
10kby2k's picture

 

Many words will be spoken, but nothing will be said.

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 07:13 | Link to Comment goldfeed
goldfeed's picture

An Orellian flavor to this whole thing. Do we need to bow down to the masters?

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 07:16 | Link to Comment I am Jobe
I am Jobe's picture

David Stockman: “Crony Capitalism” Has Killed the Free Market and Democracy

http://finance.yahoo.com/blogs/daily-ticker/david-stockman-crony-capital...

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 07:13 | Link to Comment goldfeed
goldfeed's picture

An Orwellian flavor to this whole thing. Do we need to bow down to the masters?

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 07:17 | Link to Comment I am Jobe
I am Jobe's picture

David Stockman: “Crony Capitalism” Has Killed the Free Market and Democracy

http://finance.yahoo.com/blogs/daily-ticker/david-stockman-crony-capital...

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 07:34 | Link to Comment ivars
ivars's picture

I have updated DJIA price forecast to include positive ( short term) and negative ( deeper crash) effects of QE2:

http://www.saposjoint.net/Forum/viewtopic.php?f=14&t=2626&p=31988#p31988

Its coming, and very soon. Look in the link, there is a chart with dates and prices. Normal in a way after first rebound after crisis ( see 1929, of course, this time is different, it will not be as deep, but deep it will be) .

So the question to Ben will be : Will next recession begin in one year? Have you taken reduced growth into account while playing with increasing emplyoment?

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 07:47 | Link to Comment ivars
ivars's picture

I have updated DJIA price forecast to include positive ( short term) and negative ( deeper crash) effects of QE2:

http://www.saposjoint.net/Forum/viewtopic.php?f=14&t=2626&p=31988#p31988

Its coming, and very soon. Look in the link, there is a chart with dates and prices. Normal in a way after first rebound after crisis ( see 1929, of course, this time is different, it will not be as deep, but deep it will be) .

So the question to Ben will be : Will next recession begin in one year? Have you taken reduced growth into account while playing with increasing emplyoment?

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 08:13 | Link to Comment nathan1234
nathan1234's picture

Bernanke= 1 liar

Goldman = 1 liar

So what can one conclude?

 

 

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 08:44 | Link to Comment buzzsaw99
buzzsaw99's picture

Everyone is waiting to see which word from his last statement will change.

 

BENNIE IS A ROCK START BITCHEZ!

Tue, 04/26/2011 - 09:41 | Link to Comment redpill
redpill's picture

Chairman of the Central Committee. So much for Congress and the President. The Republic is dead.

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!