Squids, Morgans & Counterparty Risk: Blowing Up The World One Tentacle At A Time

Reggie Middleton's picture

I was going to walk my blog subscribers and readers through my recent
thoughts and related developments in the insurance and real estate
industries, but I think I will postpone that until tomorrow for two
companies that I have picked apart in considerably more detail than the
average buyside investor and sell side analyst were featured in
Bloomberg this morning. The questions asked forced one to query whether
more than an editor or two are full time BoomBustBlog subscribers. Yes,
boys and girls... Like it, love it, leave it or hate it... It's now time
to get back to business. We are once again...


and attempting to gain a green card for our entrance into the "Economic Republic of JP Morgan..."


Bloomberg reports (and Reggie clarifies): JPMorgan Joins Goldman Keeping Italy Debt Risk in Dark

JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM) and Goldman Sachs Group Inc. (GS),
among the world’s biggest traders of credit derivatives, disclosed to
shareholders that they have sold protection on more than $5 trillion of
debt globally.

BoomBustBlog annotation...

As excerpted from An Independent Look into JP Morgan:

When considering the staggering level of derivatives employed by JPM, it is frightening to even consider the fact that the
quality of JPM's derivative exposure is even worse than Bear Stearns
and Lehman‘s derivative portfolio just prior to their fall.

Total net derivative exposure rated below BBB and below for JP Morgan
currently stands at 35.4% while the same stood at 17.0% for Bear Stearns
(February 2008) and 9.2% for Lehman (May 2008). We all know what
happened to Bear Stearns and Lehman Brothers, don't we??? I warned all
about Bear Stearns (Is this the Breaking of the Bear?: On Sunday, 27 January 2008) and Lehman ("Is Lehman really a lemming in disguise?":
On February 20th, 2008) months before their collapse by taking a close,
unbiased look at their balance sheet. Both of these companies were
rated investment grade at the time, just like "you know who". Now, I am
not saying JPM is about to collapse, since it is one of the anointed
ones chosen by the government and guaranteed not to fail - unlike Bear
Stearns and Lehman Brothers, and it is (after all) investment grade
rated. Who would you put your faith in, the big ratings agencies or your
favorite blogger? Then again, if it acts like a duck, walks like a
duck, and quacks like a duck, is it a chicken??? I'll leave the rest up
for my readers to decide.

And as excerpted from Hunting the Squid, Part2: Since When Is Enough Derivative Exposure To Blow Up The World Something To Be Ignored?

has the most shortable share price of all the big banks at around $100
and is quite liquid; it is more susceptible to mo-mo traders than it is
to it's own book value, it is highly levered into the European
debt/banking mess, and last but not least, Goldman is the derivatives
risk concentration leader of the world - bar none!

And now
back to our regularly scheduled Bloomberg article on World Dominating
Squids Wielding GDP busting Morgan Explosives with indeterminate

Just don’t ask them how much of that was issued by Greece, Italy, Ireland, Portugal and Spain, known as the GIIPS.

concerns mount that those countries may not be creditworthy, investors
are being kept in the dark about how much risk U.S. banks face from a
default. Firms including Goldman Sachs and JPMorgan don’t provide a full
picture of potential losses and gains in such a scenario, giving only
net numbers or excluding some derivatives altogether.

you don’t have to, generally people don’t see the advantage to doing
it,” said Richard Lindsey, a former director of market regulation at the
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission who worked at Bear Stearns Cos.
from 1999 through 2006. “On the other hand, if there were a run on
Goldman Sachs tomorrow because the rumor was that they had exposure to
Greece, you’d see them produce those numbers.”

A run on the SQUID??? God Forbid! After all, they are doing God's work! In Hunting the Squid, Part2: Since When Is Enough Derivative Exposure To Blow Up The World Something To Be Ignored?" I included a graphic that illustrated Goldman's raw credit exposure...

what is the logical conclusion? More phallic looking charts of blatant,
unbridled, and from a realistic perspective, unhedged RISK starring
none other than Goldman Sachs...


Mr. Middleton discusses JP Morgan and concentrated bank risk.

A case in point: Jefferies Group Inc. (JEF),
the New York-based securities firm, disclosed every long and short
position it held on European debt earlier this month after its shares
plunged more than 20 percent. Jefferies also said it wasn't relying on
credit-default swaps, contracts that promise to pay the buyer if the
underlying debt defaults, as a hedge on European holdings.

would hope not, because ISDA and the EU leaders want to invalidate
those bilateral, privately negotiated contracts, basically making them
worth just a little less than the hard drive they were saved to... As
excerpted from
Is The Entire Global Banking Industry Carrying Naked, Unhedged "Risk
Free" Sovereign Debt Yielding 100-200%? Quick Answer: Probably!

even more interesting is the fact that derivatives concentration and
counterparty risk is rampant in the US, while credit risk in Europe is
literally blowing up. What if CDS really are a faux hedge as I and other
astute (read objective) observers have come to realize? ReferenceThe Banks Have Volunteered (at Gunpoint)…

... let's peruse an email I received from one of my many astute BoomBustBloggers.

a lawyer (and investor). There is no analysis by anyone on the Internet
about whether the announcement last night would in fact trigger CDS
payout. Rather, everyone seems to be accepting the claim by ISDA that
the decision would not trigger it. Because I can't find any legal
analysis worth reading on the Internet I decided to do my own research.
In about 5 minutes I found a case in the 2nd Circuit (USA) that
explained to me what's going on with those contracts. First of all, they
are unregulated private contracts between private parties. In order to
know whether a trigger occurred you have to read each individual
contract. As a result, what the ISDA says about whether a trigger
occurred as to private contracts that are out there is totally

is merit to this assertion since the ISDA contract is simply a
non-binding template, often marked up to accommodate financial
engineering widgets designed to increase profit margin and decrease
transparency to clients and counterparties. By the time all of the
widgets are installed on some of these highly customized deals, the
original ISDA template is a non-issue.

seems to be the issue is whether there is considered to be "economic
coercion" going on if one of the events to trigger is "restructuring." 

Whaaattt!!! Coercion? What Coercion???!!! robbery_gun_1robbery_gun_1

you have to not look at voluntariness in a vacuum but compare the
(Greek) bond with the substitute being offered by EU to determine if
economic coercion or true voluntariness exists. For example, if the EU
will give priority in payment to the substitute it is offering and not
the original bond, that is the proper analysis in determining economic
coercion/voluntariness etc. My analysis here is based upon a very brief
reading of the case and I would need time to analysis fully. Also I'm
not a financial professional I don't understand all the implications of
what the EU announced. The reason I'm contacting you is because I
believe that in the coming days/weeks we will hear of entities that are
buyers of the CDS protection giving notice of a credit event to their
counterparties to seek to collect on the CDS contract. If payouts aren't made lawsuits will be filed. 

had better believe it. I really don't know why everybody is glazing
over this very obvious fact! Imagine if you bought protection on a bond
you acquired at par and you are offered 50% of it back (NPV) to be
considered whole while the CDS writer laughs at and says thanks for the
premiums... You'd probably break your fingers dialing your lawyer - out
of both the swap payments, the CDS payout, and 50% of your investment
that you thought (but really should have known better) was protected!

don't know what a US Court will decide as to whether a trigger has
occurred but there is a 2nd circuit case (the one I mentioned above)
that is the best I've found to give an inkling about this... I'm telling
you all this, because if I am right and there are claims that CDS was
triggered and CDS in fact gets triggered... [it should be made] public
so people start analyzing whether CDS was in fact triggered instead of
blindly accepting the drivel out of Europe that no trigger will occur.
That claim is obviously all about perception management not necessarily

‘Funded’ Exposure

contrast, Goldman Sachs discloses only what it calls “funded” exposure
to GIIPS debt -- $4.16 billion before hedges and $2.46 billion after, as
of Sept. 30. Those amounts exclude commitments or contingent payments,
such as credit-default swaps, said Lucas van Praag, a spokesman for the

Sachs includes CDS in its market-risk calculations, of which
value-at-risk is one measure, and it hedges the swaps and holds
collateral against the hedges, primarily cash and U.S. Treasuries, van
Praag said. The firm doesn’t break out its estimate of the market risk
related to the five countries.

JPMorgan said in its third-quarter SEC filing
that more than 98 percent of the credit-default swaps the New
York-based bank has written on GIIPS debt is balanced by CDS contracts
purchased on the same bonds. The bank said its net exposure was no more
than $1.5 billion, with a portion coming from debt and equity
securities. The company didn’t disclose gross numbers or how much of the
$1.5 billion came from swaps, leaving investors wondering whether the
notional value of CDS sold could be as high as $150 billion or as low as

Yeah, but if the EU and ISDA are correct that a 60%
devaluation/haircut in Greek debt does not constitute a credit event,
then JPM and GS are essentially undhedged, RIGHT!!!!????

the question du jour - Can Goldmans Sachs Derivative Exposure,
realistically unhedged, cause the biggest run on the bank in Financial

As excerpted from Hunting the Squid, Part2: Since When Is Enough Derivative Exposure To Blow Up The World Something To Be Ignored?

The notional amount of derivatives held by insured U.S. commercial banks have increased at a CAGR of 22% since 2005, which naturally begs the question
“Has the value or the economic quantity of the underlying increased at a
similar pace, and if not does this indicate that everyone on the street
has doubled and tripled up their ‘bets’ on the SAME HORSE?”

Think about what happens if (or more aptly put, "when") that horse loses! Would there be anybody around to pay up?

Sequentially, the derivatives have increased every quarter since Q1-05 except for Q4-07, Q3-08 (Lehman crisis) and Q4-10 while on a YoY basis the growth has been positive throughout recorded history.  In Q2-2011, the notional value of derivative contracts increased 2% sequentially to $249 trillion. The notional value of derivatives was 12% higher than a year ago.
The notional amount of a derivative contract is a reference amount from
which contractual payments will be derived, but it is generally not an
amount at risk. However, the changes in notional volumes can provide
insight into potential revenue, and operational issues and potentially
the contagion risk that banks and financial institutions poses to the
wider economy – particularly in the form of counterparty risk delta. The
top four banks with the most derivatives activity hold 94% of all
derivatives, while the largest 25 banks account for nearly 100% of all
.  Overall, the US banks derivative exposure is $249 trillion and is more than four folds of World’s GDP at $58 trillion.

absolute terms, JPM leads this list with total notional value of
derivative contracts at $78 trillion, or 1.3x times the Wolds GDP.
However, in relative terms, Goldman Sachs leads the list with
total value of notional derivatives at 537 times is total assets
compared with 44x for JPM, 46x for Citi and 23x for US Banks (average).

what does this mean? Well, it should be assumed that Goldman is well
hedged for its exposure, at least on academic basis. The problem is its
academic. AIG has taught as that bilateral netting is tantamount to
bullshit at this level without government bailout intervention. If there
is any entity at risk of counterparty default or who is at the behest
of a government bailout if the proverbial feces hits the fan blades…
Ladies and gentlemen, that entity would be known as Goldman Sachs.

As excerpted from Goldmans Sachs Derivative Exposure: The Squid in the Coal Mine?, pages 2 and 3...


is much more highly leveraged into the derivatives trade than ANY and
ALL of its peers as to actually be difficult to chart. That stalk
representing Goldman's risk relative to EVERY OTHER banks is damn near
phallic in stature!


As opined earlier through the links "The Next Step in the Bank Implosion Cycle???"and As the markets climb on top of one big, incestuous pool of concentrated risk... ,
this is not a new phenomenon. Quite to the contrary, it has been a
constant trend through the bubble, and amazingly enough even through the
crash as banks have actually ratcheted up risk and assets in a blind
race to become TBTF (to big to fail), under the auspices of the
regulatory capture (see Lehman Dies While Getting Away With Murder: Introducing Regulatory Capture).
So, what is the logical conclusion? More phallic looking charts of
blatant, unbridled, and from a realistic perspective, unhedged RISK
starring none other than Goldman Sachs...


to think, many thought that JPM exposure vs World GDP chart was
provocative. I query thee, exactly how will GS put a real workable
hedge, a counterparty risk mitigating prophylactic if you will, over
that big green stalk that is representative of Total Credit Exposure to
Risk Based Capital? Short answer, Goldman may very well be to big for a
counterparty condom. If that's truly the case, all of you pretty, brand name Goldman counterparties
out there (and yes, there are a lot of y'all - GS really gets around),
expect to get burned at the culmination of that French banking party
I've been talking about for the last few quarters. Oh yeah, that
perpetually printing clinic also known as the Federal Reserve just might
be running a little low on that cheap liquidity antibiotic... Just
giving y'all a heads up ahead of time...


you remember France? That country that no on is really paying attention
to, but whose exposure and risk is so systemic that it can literally
and unilaterally blow up the entire European continent? I post again,
for effect...

In a further worrying sign, French borrowing costs rose, lifting the premium it pays over Germany to a fresh euro-era record of 135bp. Investors are increasingly worried that France could lose its triple A rating, which in turn would threaten the status of the European financial stability facility, the eurozone’s rescue fund.

Counterparty Clarity

position is you don’t need to know the risks, which is why they’re
giving you net numbers,” said Nomi Prins, a managing director at New
York-based Goldman Sachs until she left in 2002 to become a writer. “Net
is only as good as the counterparties on each side of the net -- that’s
why it’s misleading in a fluid, dynamic market.”

This is so true... So true. Lest we forget, Lehman and Bear Stearns were hedged!

Investors should want to know how much defaulted debt the banks could be forced to repay because of credit derivatives
and how much they’d be in line to receive from other counterparties,
Prins said. In addition, they should seek to find out who those
counterparties are, she said.

Hey, just ask your local BoomBustBlog subscriber!

sought to allay concerns that its counterparties are unreliable by
saying in the filing that it buys protection only from firms outside the
five countries that are “either investment-grade or well-supported by
collateral arrangements.” The bank doesn’t identify the counterparties.

Spare me the bullshit. Please click the link "Is
The Entire Global Banking Industry Carrying Naked, Unhedged "Risk Free"
Sovereign Debt Yielding 100-200%? Quick Answer: Probably!"
and read..

top four banks with the most derivatives activity hold 94% of all
derivatives, while the largest 25 banks account for nearly 100% of all
.  Overall, the US banks derivative exposure is $249 trillion and is more than four folds of World’s GDP at $58 trillion.

If there are only 4 banks carrying 94% of the risk, then
there is roughly a 6% chance that JPM bought protection from a bank
outside of a cartel that is guaranteed to collapse if anyone its members
fall. To make matters even worse, even if we win with only 6% odds, contagion will drag those other 25 banks along for the ride. Basically, that means that there is rougly a 100% chance that that JPM statement is...


Bungee Cords

the value of Italian bonds drops, as it did last week, a U.S. firm that
sold a credit-default swap on that debt to a French bank would have to
provide more collateral. The same U.S. company might be collecting
collateral from a British bank because it bought a swap from that firm.

long as all three banks can make good on their promises, the trade
doesn’t have much risk. It could all unravel if the British firm runs
into trouble because it’s waiting for a payment from an Italian company
that defaults. The collapse of Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. in 2008 demonstrated some of the ripple effects that one failure can have in the market.

learned from Lehman that all of these firms are tied together with
bungee cords -- you can’t just lift one out without it affecting
everyone else in the group,” said Brad Hintz, an analyst at Sanford C.
Bernstein & Co. in New York
who previously worked at Lehman Brothers and Morgan Stanley. More
disclosure “may push the stock prices down when it becomes clear how big
the bungee cords are. But it certainly would be a welcome addition for
an analyst.”

BoomBustBlog subscribers covered this scenario months ago.

Italy has a funding issue that nobody was able to foresee, right? Wrong! After Warning Of Italy Woes Nearly Two Years Ago, No One Should Be Surprised As It Implodes Bringing The EU With It

France is heavily levered into Italy and Franco-Italiano fortunes are closely linked, right? Italy’s Woes Spell ‘Nightmare’ for BNP - Just As I Predicted But Everybody Is Missing The Point!!!

American banks (like Goldman) are on the hook for protecting the damn near doomed French banks right?  French Banks Can Set Off Contagion That Will Make Central Bankers Long For The Good 'Ole Lehman Collapse Days!


But in the end of one, or two, three big banks go down, it's basically a giant pan-global clusterfuck, no?

"The Next Step in the Bank Implosion Cycle???"and As the markets climb on top of one big, incestuous pool of concentrated risk... 

Guarantees provided by U.S. lenders on government, bank and corporate debt in Greece, Italy, Ireland, Portugal and Spain rose by $80.7 billion to $518 billion in the first half of 2011, according to the Bank for International Settlements.

‘Longs and Shorts’

either have netting agreements, or they foot, or they cancel each other
out, or they’re longs and shorts on the same instrument,” he said,
answering a question about how the firm manages so many contracts in a
crisis. “The only way you can run a business like that is to have these
systems work so they can aggregate stuff, so you can run the business on
a macro basis, and also so you can get the details quickly if you need
them. And that’s all systems and technology.”

the former SEC official who’s now president of New York-based Callcott
Group LLC, which consults on markets and market operations, said few
firms have systems that can portray their real-time exposure to trading

very difficult for any firm to have a good handle on all of that -- you
know large positions and you know what certain positions are, but to be
able to say I’ve adequately aggregated all of my long exposure and all
of my short exposure to a specific counterparty may be very difficult,”
Lindsey said. “I don’t know of a firm where it’s not pulled together by a
phone call, where somebody says, ‘OK, we need to know our exposure to
X,’ and a lot of people stop their day jobs and try to find an answer.”

‘Needlessly Cause Reaction’

said banks may be wary of disclosures that could confuse investors.
Figures such as gross notional exposure -- the total amount of debt
insured by credit derivatives -- give investors an exaggerated sense of
the risk and could “needlessly cause reaction,” he said.

methods, such as stress-testing, scenario analysis or so-called
value-at-risk estimates, rely on models that may underestimate risk
because historical data on sovereign defaults show them to be unlikely.

you’re looking at your exposure to a defaulting sovereign, there’s a
relatively low frequency rate,” Lindsey said. “So it really depends on
what they’ve done internally to back up their ideas of what their
assessment of the probability of default is.”

"...Give investors an exaggerated sense of the risk and could “needlessly cause reaction...

"...historical data on sovereign defaults show them to be unlikely..."

"...If you’re looking at your exposure to a defaulting sovereign, there’s a relatively low frequency rate"



I know these Goldilocks guys may not mean any harm, but do they know what happened to the Bull that Shitted too much?dead_bull_run

I query, How Long Does It Take For Losing Money To Result In Lost Money? The Effects Of Rampant Bond Selling on Devalued Sovereign Debt


including losses on Spanish, Italian, Irish and Portuguese capital
losses realized upon disposition, and the ongoing losses on Greek debt,
what then????

see, the truly under appreciate problem here is that the private banks
rampant selling is driving down the prices of already highly distressed
and rapidly devaluing bonds. Reference Bloomberg's European Banks Selling Sovereign Bond Holdings Threatens to Worsen Crisis.

Those trillions in swaps are "guaranteed" to get called on!

More from Reggie Middleton...

The Street's Most Intellectually Aggressive Analysis: We've Found What Bank of America Hid In Your Bank Account!

This Bank Is Much Worse Than the Rest and the (Guaranteed?) Bust Will Probably Be Funded Right Out Of Your Bank Account!

French Banks Can Set Off Contagion That Will Make Central Bankers Long For The Good 'Ole Lehman Collapse Days!

What Was That I Heard About Squids Raising Capital Because They Can't Trade?

ZeroHedge Is Good In Uncovering BS, But I Will Not Be Outdone In Busting BS Bank Reporting - I Simply Refuse, Right BNP?

BNP, the Fastest Running Bank In Europe? Banque BNP Exécuter


Hunting the Squid, Part 5: Sometimes Your Local Superhero Doesn't Look Like What They Show You In The Movies

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phal·lic (flk) adj. 1. Of, relating to, or resembling a phallus. 2. Of or relating to the cult of the phallus as an embodiment of generative power: phallic worship. 3. Of or relating to the third stage of psychosexual development in psychoanalytic theory, from about ages three to six, during which gratification is focused on sensations associated with the genital organs. The phallic stage is preceded by the anal stage and followed by the latency period.


Shizzmoney's picture

I wait, even cherish, the day to see if these TBTF banks try to ask us for cash again. 

Then we can finally get the anger to feather and tar Lloyd Blankfein's ass.

dizzyfingers's picture


I'm liking certain ideas in your post, and agree. Heard any  tumbril wheels yet?

CustomersMan's picture





   And when these "elite" institutions, the TBTF Banks have the nerve to ask for additional TRILLIONS in bailouts from the already overburdened, many times robbed and screwed taxpayers, of their representative countries, that is when they will understand the strength of the 99%, and the beheading s will begin in earnest.


  If they even have the nerve to try and collect on these scamming designed pillaging constructs, derivatives.


  The global public knows alot more about 2008,2009 that it did at the time and they are not going to be screwed by a factor of 10X or 100X this time around, not even 1X.


 I would say they (the contracts) are worth far less than the hard drives on which they reside, because having one, or having written one, post 2008 - 2009 may seal your fate and force you to relinquish your head.


Just my impression.

pineyard's picture

OK ... thats a lot of FICTIONAL Money ...US TOP BANKS hold as DERIVATIVES .

I would very much like to know what those Derivates are .                                                                       I have long time been wondering where all the Capital comes from which is able to attcak even Big Countries .Is it in this enourmous DERIVATIVE MOUNTAIN of FICTIONAL MONEY which is the used in lack of REAL CAPITAL to dominate markets ? If such should be the case .. it would explain a lot of things !

Well .. i dont know .. but find it prudent that THE NATURE OF THE DERIVATIVES OF THE BIG US BANKS ARE MADE PUBLIC

terryfuckwit's picture

yes and good luck to the Germans...we have seen countless movies..where the villains cheats and thieves seem invincible because they are so many and so powerful.. but they all kill each other when they find out who's been scamming who...keep stackimg and buy the popcorn..

Mister Ponzi's picture

There is one point, I don't understand. If you are hedged with CDS on your sovereign exposure, how can you be naked as the haircut is voluntary? You are not forced to tender your bonds. EU officials threatened that in this case there will be a hard default - but in this case the CDS would pay out. So, what's the point? If you are hedged with CDS, simply do not tender your bonds. Simple!

Zero Govt's picture

JP Morgan Chase and Goldman Sucks Group among the world’s biggest (snip*traders*snip) mistakes

there fixed it for you Reggie

Steroid's picture


You are wonderful as always. As I figured

You are saying that small movements in risk events can still be managed by the derivative bungee network.

Could you tell what is "small" and quantify the threshold in these movements for the specific events?

In other words, what are the trigger events and their size for a collapse.

Zero Govt's picture

Can I suggest a small event ...Greece is about 3% of the European Govt debt market and the 50% haircuts (to date!) are defaults in name and defaults in nature

But they have not triggered pay-outs in the Credit Default Swaps market!!

Even though Greek CDS's are 3% of the market the implications of the CDS's not being triggered has sent corporate Executives, Risk Officers, lawyers and accountants scurrying to their calculators re-working their financial projections and burning candles in late meetings

Greeces 3% have sent shockwaves through the other 97% of the derivitives market i'm sure ...amongst them the now naked Emperor with no clothes, Lloyd Blankfein



Steroid's picture

So it was handled! That is the point. The market could prepare for Greece for months so when it came the speed was attenuated. 

We have these events globally almost every day now.

What I am saying is it is not the size of the derivatives what matters but the momentum of their movement. Even huge events can be handled if it moves slowly to give time for transactions. However, real time information flow and financial transactions does not allow for delays as used to do when larger events come.

The momentum equals the size multiplied by the speed of the event. Of course, the bigger the size the smaller is the critical speed.

It was the second, the speed of the event what I was asking about.

Zero Govt's picture

this mountain of trouble cannot be controlled by stretching time.. the debt is beyond the means of their economies to repay.

The crude measure is to hold Govt debt up against GDP with most countries now above the 100% Debt/GDP mark considered beyond repayable... I'd put any country above 20% Debt/GDP as already beyond its means and their Govt insolvent!

But regards time this sovereign debt problem has (already) been a slow-mo trainwreck but politicians have zero discipline with their junky credit card spending habits and lack of any plans when raising the money to do more than service the interest let alone repay the capital

They lost control then and there.. what's happening now is out of their control... they're fingers in the dyke of a tsunami ...funny to watch but futile

Steroid's picture

You are absolutely right. There is too much debt.

But the article is about derivatives, monies owed to each other. No new net debt is created as the net is negligible.  

Net is important when the movements are slow, but with the current fast changes systemic risks arise. That is when the gross exposure becomes important.

I think that is what Reggie is talking about. And what I was asking is what event momentum becomes critical? What momentum does separate the risks that still be handled (net events)from those that can not be (gross events)?

Pitchman's picture

Counter Party Risk?  The inevitable result: http://kuroiso.org/

See how $trillions, created out of thin air has exploded the worlds financial sector and how it can disappear as if it never existed:

Evaporation of Wealth on a Vast Scale: How $Millions - Trillions Can Disappear

Also: Life After An EMP Attack: No Power, No Food, No Tr...

- Inflection Point

falak pema's picture

well GS runs the world and surfs the ponzi bubble...can Merkel unseat it before it blows up the Eurozone?...The geopolitics of the race to the bottom. Our wars today are fought with the bodies of the unemployed and the bullets we fire are our fiat spiels spewed out in derivative plays and sudden ambushes. Will the world look like Berlin 1945 and Hiroshima on a global scale when this war is over?

Mediocritas's picture

In essence, what we have right now behind the scenes simplifies to a political battle between Goldman Sachs and Germany. Who will win? The odds are stacked against Germany because Goldman has a whole bunch of bankster allies including Deutsche Bank and most of the Eurocrats.

Reggie makes a compelling case demonstrating just how insanely over-exposed GS is, but let's not forget why they got that way: the confidence of owning US congress. GS is a political beast, more than any other bank, only Germany can slay it.