U.S. Should Downgrade S&P

EconMatters's picture

By EconMatters

The biggest news last week (other than the $2.5-trillion that got wiped off global stock markets) is that Standard & Poor’s made good on its tough talk and downgraded the United States long-term credit rating one notch from AAA to AA+. S&P also has kept the outlook at “negative” meaning the U.S. has little chance of regaining the top rating in the near term.

Moody’s and Fitch both affirmed their AAA credit ratings on Aug. 2, after President Obama signed a bill that ended the debt-ceiling impasse. This downgrade by S&P is the first ever in the rating history as the United States has held S&P’s top triple-A rating since 1941.

On one hand, Washington probably had it coming by handing S&P one necessary ammunition--the Political Soap of the American debt ceiling debate, but on the other hand, I would not give that much credence to S&P’s claim that “it's our duty to make that call" either.

The $2-Trillion Dispute

First, there is this ‘basic math error’ of $2 trillion made by S&P that the U.S. Treasury found (and acknowledged by S&P). But is this $2-trillion error significant? S&P apparently does not think so. However, a lot of the much publicized rationale behind a downgrade action is that S&P is expecting a $4-trillion deficit cut from the U.S. in order to keep the AAA rating, whereas only $2 trillion reduction (over the next 10 years) was included in the debt ceiling deal. So it would seem with this $2 trillion error corrected, the U.S. would have made that $4-trillion mark S&P is looking for.

Here is the rebuff from the U.S. Treasury Dept. (emphasis ours),

“S&P has said their decision to downgrade the U.S. was based in part on the fact that the Budget Control Act, which will reduce projected deficits by more than $2 trillion over the next 10 years, fell short of their $4 trillion expectation for deficit reduction. Clearly, in that context, S&P considers a $2 trillion change to projected deficits to be very significant. Yet, although S&P's math error understated the deficit reduction in the Budget Control Act by $2 trillion, they found this same sum insignificant in this instance….. Yet after acknowledging their mistake, S&P simply removed a prominent discussion of the economic justification from their document.”

Basically, according to Treasury Department’s account, after its ace card got taken away, S&P still went ahead with the downgrade, and deleted the justification portion in its document referencing how the U.S. misses the $4-trillion deficit cut that S&P deems necessary to maintain the AAA rating.

Treasury Department’s dispute aside, what is not in dispute is the error made by S&P, so this whole drama just makes S&P’s findings less credible (i.e. what else might have been wrong?) considering the agency has had weeks and months to work their numbers for such an important decision, yet it only took the Treasury Dept. a few hours to spot the glaring error.

Primary Focus is 3-5 years, not 10 years?

According to a CNBC report, amid the $2 trillion controversy, S&P put out a statement last Friday evening saying that its primary focus in judging creditworthiness is ‘3 to 5 years, not 10 years’. That’s even more questionable as S&P affirmed the top short-term rating of the U.S., but downgraded the long-term credit rating.

So the $2-trillion error, dismissed by S&P, should have been a significant factor in the long-term credit risk profile of the U.S., which is the one got downgraded.  This simply demonstrated more inconsistency, and seemed to suggest that S&P had made up its mind beforehand with its own agenda.

Politically Unsophisticated

Secondly, according to S&P’s final research report, the main rationale of the downgrade action now becomes “the gulf between the political parties over fiscal policy” evidenced by “the prolonged controversy over raising the statutory debt ceiling and the related fiscal policy debate.”

Not to defend or affirm Washington politics, but this is how the U.S. political system operates since the beginning of time, and just about how every other Western government works as well—two sides agree, disagree, and argue--that’s the democratic system.

Neither the GOP, nor the Democrat would really risk a historical watershed event such as a technical default; it was just a political power showdown. It is flawed, but nevertheless does not really add to the credit risk of the U.S.

And if S&P does not understand the intricacies of the U.S. political system, and cites it as the main downgrade rationale, then the frustration expressed by the Whitehouse that S&P is quite unsophisticated when it comes to the U.S. political process does ring true. .

The Leak and Scramble

Moreover, I find the scramble at S&P after the $2 trillion error was identified, very curious. As reported by CNBC (which, by the way, would make an excellent pitch for a network TV mini-drama),

“Told they had a $2 trillion error in their calculation of US deficits over a 10-year period, Standard and Poor’s scrambled in the afternoon Friday to reconsider its historic decision to downgrade the United States government. Sources familiar with the situation say S&P had to rouse several of its European committee members from bed to hold an emergency conference call as markets headed toward their close in the US.”

Why such a rush to a cross-continent ‘emergency conference call’? Why not just take a few more days, or even a week to re-crunch the numbers? As it turned out, there might be a reason for the mad dash. According to the Wall Street Journal, word of an imminent downgrade was already ‘leaked’ on the morning of Friday, Aug. 5, which was one of the factors for the stock markets selloff. 

As usual, retail investors were the last to know, and once again, Wall Street seemed somehow to know way ahead of even the Whitehouse and Secretary Geithner as nobody sells off 500 points on Dow based on 'rumors'.  The market selling action was so decisive which suggests the downgrade decision was leaked earlier in the week, and most likely a few powerful players with 'previleged information' made tons of money on the kindness of somewhere or someone that probably could be traced back to an S&P source. 

With markets already acting on and anticipating the downgrade, S&P’s hands were tied and basically had to deliver--$2 trillion math error notwithstanding--by Friday or the agency’s street cred (what’s left of it after the subprime debacle), would be in real jeopardy.

Spain As Creditworthy As The U.S.?

Furthermore, it is a total joke when S&P put the U.S. in the same 'Double A' family with Spain. Yes, Spain, the 'S' of Europe’s debt-ridden PIIGS countries, has a 20% unemployment rate, a far more severe NEAR-TERM debt crisis and ongoing bond rout.

S&P has given Spain a long term credit rating of AA, just one notch below the U.S., and the same top notch rating for Spain’s transfer and convertibility (T&C) assessment, which represents S&P’s “assessment of the likelihood of official interference in the ability of U.S.-based public- and private-sector issuers to secure foreign exchange for debt service.”

Given that $187.3 billion, or almost 23%, of Spain’s debt is due in less than a year (see chart from Thomson Reuters), and considering the Euro Zone crisis contagion fear, I seriously doubt the Spanish risk profile is comparable to that of the U.S. thus putting into question the basis of S&P’s rating methodology. 

Spain, after all, is hard pressed to be even mentioned in the same sentence (regarding credit risk), let along sharing a similar credit rating as the U.S.

Bond Market Rebuff

With hundreds billions worth of U.S. Treasury traded daily in the markets, the creditworthiness of Uncle Sam is under constant scrutiny by many with vested interests. A

s I noted before, ultimately the markets hold the key to a sovereign’s creditworthiness. Judging from the U.S. Treasury yield curve (see chart), the markets do not see a problem with U.S. solvency. So the bond markets are also disputing S&P’s downgrade.

Chart Source: CNNMoney, as of Aug. 6, 2011

Some Accomplishments

Not to totally discount the work by S&P, here are some of the notable achievements from the S&P downgrade:

  • Providing years of rhetoric material between these pairs--GOP/ Dems; Washington / Beijing.
  • Giving countries like UK and France bragging rights with their AAA ratings, despite the fact that their fiscal risk profiles are considered worse than that of the U.S. by the fiscal riak index from Maplecroft based on their demgraphic and productivity profiles.    
  • Last but not least, Dagong Global of China has finally found a comrade in the Big 3 Western rating agencies

Nothing Constructive 

The consequences of U.S. credit downgrade could include higher interest costs for the federal, states and local governments, business and consumers, higher inflation, lower GDP growth (learn more here).

Granted the U.S. does have some serious debt and deficit problems that need to be addressed with an inefficient government structure in serious need of an overhauled, and probably would warrant a credit downgrade, BUT NOT for the rational cited by S&P.

This S&P downgrade not only provides very little that's constructive to the already known facts, but also could send shock waves and disruptions through the global financial system as markets are already fragile and spooked by global stock market’s biggest drop since 2008 in last week.

Near Term Downward Pressure But Should Stabilize

Market-wise, we could expect some near-term downward pressure (probably with the exception of gold and maybe silver) due to this downgrade, and if Europe does not get their act together, it remains to be seen if global markets could handle a twin crises, and from that persective, a global coordinated QE could not be ruled out. 

For now, Bloomberg cited major iBanks including JPMorgan Chase & Co., Citigroup Inc., Barclays, and UBS AG that a drop of the Treasury, dollar from the ratings cut is unlikely to be "sustained," or "significant".

In addition, because S&P left the U.S. short-term credit rating unchanged, U.S. long term AAA rating is intact at the other two major rating agencies, along with the joint statement by bank regulators including the Federal Reserve, and FDIC that S&P’s downgrade decision won’t affect the capital positions of the nation’s banks, hopefully should all provide further support and stability.

Further Reading:

What Happens If The U.S. Gets A Sovereign Credit Downgrade?

The New World Order of Global Sovereigns

Top 12 Countries Most Likely To Go Belly Up

EconMatters, Aug. 7, 2011 | Facebook Page | Twitter | Post Alert |2 Kindle

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Joseph Jones's picture

If Al Qaeda has one nuclear weapon and two peoples to destroy (USA citizens or Spaniards) which do you predict they'd choose? 

cbxer55's picture

Why? S & P said that if certain conditions were not met, this downgrade would occur. Those conditions were not met, and the downgrade happened. Gee, who'da thunk it? And then to boot, the losers here (obama, senate, congress,etc.) all try there best to make it out like it was S & P's fault, for doing what they said they would do in the first place.

1. They warned early in the year.

2. They needed to see 4 trillion dollars in debt reduction, and that was only a down payment, not the entire solution.

3. They reiterated when the debate got contentious.

You win some, you lose some. S & P won this one.

Plumplechook's picture

Why the fuck does S&P still exist let alone think it has the right to be taken serioiusly on anything?   After being one of the main catalysts of the Great Recession,  with their tripple-A rating of toxic shit,  the entire managment of S&P should have been rounded up like pigs and shot like dogs.

As another commentater said on Friday:

"Apparently we’re supposed to care about what some idiots at some corrupt organization think about anything."

StychoKiller's picture

You should read "The Big Short" by Michael Lewis, ISBN: 978-0-393-07223-5, wherein it's revealed that the sellers of CDO's figured out how to game the ratings agencies' algorithms.  The only thing they're guilty of is incompetence.

Ms. Erable's picture

An article like this probably buys the lying douchebag a seat on the last plane out.

Soundtrack courtesy of the late, great Kevin Gilbert: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xyTdtf0LFMk

automato's picture

This is a horrible movie! You know the line from the "American President" when Robin McCall: I think the important thing is not to make it look like we're panicking. 

President Andrew Shepherd: See, and I think the important thing is actually not to BE panicking. Well every time some government bozo or economics clown or wildman from omaha opens their stupid mouth they ALL look like they are panicking. I just wish they would all SHUT THE FUCK UP!

JustACitizen's picture

Methodology? These guys?

It is more likely that S&P downgraded over whatever their political ideology is - or their master's...

Of course it could also be that they collect no direct fees on sovereign debt - unlike their totally awesome performance on MBS/ABS etc.

The U.S. probably deserved a downgrade - just on the basis of no real cuts and no new taxes - err I mean revenue - but perhaps S&P might have been a tad more circumspect about it.

DaveGillie's picture

so, the US that prints it's own money as needed, has the same chance of default as other Countries who can not,

sounds a bit ABSURD to me

gorillaonyourback's picture

this article is a joke,  compare new zeland and uncle sam see if that makes any sense

Ace's picture

You mean the fact that New Zealand had a tax surplus for 15 of the last 17 years, and the US did not?


IQ 145's picture

I'm surprised you're satisfied to call it a joke. I found myself wondering how much someone paid him to write this crap.

Derpin USA's picture

S&P's involvement in the debt debate and subsequent downgrade smack of political motivation.

The question shouldn't be about whose fault this is.

It should be why S&P was involved in manufacturing the debt crisis and insisting on their downgrade even after their premise was shot to shreds.

Great article. Sure to get a lot of hateful bile spewed by the ZH crowd.

Snidley Whipsnae's picture

This article stinks... Kudos to S&P for finally stating the obvious... The US debt will never be repaid, therefore how can it be rated AAA? All the whining, charts and verbiage in the world is not going to change the fact that S&P did the right thing even if they did it for all the wrong reasons. Let's get on with getting rid of the Fed, all the crooks in DC, all the bankers that are leaching the life blood from America, and build anew with regional banks that are competitive with each other and have sufficient regulation (Glass Steagle) to hold them in check when they issue too much credit and overheat the economy... Better yet, let's return to sound money, screw the fiat!

Peter Schiff has a video on Max Keiser's site that give a much more concise and accurate picture of what is going on with the down grade... and neither Schiff nor I are fans of S&P.


wang's picture
wang (not verified) Derpin USA Aug 7, 2011 8:03 PM


math error or selecting from an array of options for the base

your article is straight from the adminstration's talking points

Credit to ZH for allowing  a range of opinions to be presented and if this is the best that those who are protecting the administration can come up with then they are even in deeper trouble than I would have guessed



LawsofPhysics's picture

Yep.  It should be abundantly clear to everyone now that the central planners are starting to turn on one another.  If only we could get them to destroy each other so that we can all get back to sound money.

IQ 145's picture

Yeah, exactly; as a defense it's an embarrassing.