Guest Post: On The Economic Calculation Of "Fair Share"

Tyler Durden's picture

Via Dusan Petrovski of the Ludwig von Mises Institute of Canada,

When one speaks of a concept it is important that it is properly qualified so as to be correctly understood. Failure to accomplish that makes impossible for either the problem to be identified or a desired solution to be found. Perhaps this is why politicians have a tendency to speak of ill-defined and oft muddled concepts, like “social justice,” “a living wage” or “fair share.” These concepts are impossible to define in a way consistent with how they are represented, since their proponents represent them as definite, rather than abstract matters. In our time the demand for “the rich” to pay their “fair share” through higher taxes has become a standard war cry broadcast from every public and crony source of media. Yet, there is no objective means of defining either what constitutes “the rich” or “fair share.” Politicians and demagogues alike may debate these issues for as long or as short as they may desire, but whatever level they agree on is sure to be arbitrary, save for the only objective conclusion that such concepts are impossible to quantify.

Given a communistic ownership of schools, roads, streets, parks, healthcare institutions, libraries, schools and universities, how is one to be able to calculate each person’s use - “fair share” - of each? What share of a road belongs to a particular taxpayer? What usage is “fair share”? How many books in any given library belong to a specific person and which specific books? Who owns the walls and who owns the library’s carpets? Does the person paying more in taxes own more of the roads, libraries or schools than the person who pays less? What of the person who pays no tax at all? What of the person who desires to use his claim on a gymnasium, and of nothing else? Does the state university graduate owe a particular service to the taxpayer that subsidized or paid for the operation of the university? A typical example of who “fair share” proponents see the world is given to us by US Sen. Elizabeth Warren:

There is nobody in this country who got rich on his own. Nobody. You built a factory out there? Good for you. But I want to be clear: you moved your goods to market on the roads the rest of us paid for; you hired workers the rest of us paid to educate; you were safe in your factory because of police forces and fire forces that the rest of us paid for.

As communistic concepts go, the idea of the “fair share” is simply a reiteration of the “from each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs” idea. The first question that poses itself is who is “the rest of us,” and how much did each of “the rest of us” contribute to the end of providing the goods and services Warren talks about? Furthermore, how are we to know that “the rest of us” get a market return on their investment in the public roads, schools, police and firefighting forces? In presenting the issue like that, we discover that we are unable to perform the critical task of economic calculation.

We will not even try to right everything that is wrong with Mrs. Warren’s statement and reasoning, just some of it. (Here we will ignore that fact that the majority of taxes in the US and Canada are paid by a very small percentage of the population.) According to Warren’s logic, a shovel making entrepreneur who never attended a university, and built up his business through his own work, acumen and sacrifice, saving and wise investment, still reaps the benefits of the university he never attended, by virtue of the fact that someone who did can now be employed by the shovel maker as an accountant. While true that the shovel maker reaps the benefits of the accountant’s services, if he is hiring the accountant, it must follow that the entrepreneur is paying for those services. Once the shovel maker puts the university graduate under his employ, the first pays the second for the services he performs for him.

Despite their outward dissimilarity in how they accumulated their abilities, the university graduate is no different from the shovel maker who learned his trade outside the educational system. The university graduate went to school for four years and accumulated knowledge. The shovel maker paid for his training either through the process of apprenticeship or through trial and error, or perhaps even attended a shovel making school. Either way, the shovel maker gave up some of his own savings or earnings in order to find more efficient ways of producing a more marketable product.

If the graduate was paid to be educated by virtue of taxpayer subsidies, and then paid to dispense his knowledge, he is investing nothing and gaining everything. Who owes what to whom here? Is the shovel maker—a taxpayer—part of “the rest of us” or is it the tax consuming university graduate? If the goods and services listed by Warren are paid for by taxes, then contributing to the tax revenues of a jurisdiction makes one a member of “the rest of us”—the body of people that paid for the goods and services in question. Yet, still we cannot calculate to what extent the shovel maker’s taxes paid for the accountant’s education, and what portion of the shovel maker’s taxes contributed to road construction.

What is the “fair share” that the university graduate owes to the shovel maker? Here we need to extend the scope, and ask “What is the ‘fair share’ that the shovel maker owes to the baker for the construction of the roads?”; “Why not have shovel maker pay the baker for the use of the road?”; “What is the ‘fair share’ that an obese alcoholic owes to a health-nut?” and so on. While it is possible to calculate the university graduate’s marginal value product in his function as an accountant employed by the shovel maker, it is not possible to calculate how much this shovel maker contributed to the training and education of this particular university graduate. The same principle can be applied to roads, libraries, police and fire departments and any other “public” good or service. It follows that the “fair share” doctrine is an indefinable political tool intended to be used as needed, when needed, by office seekers. It is not a policy to be sought in order to bring equality under the law or economic prosperity, as it is a concept that runs against the principle of private property.

Comment viewing options

Select your preferred way to display the comments and click "Save settings" to activate your changes.
nmewn's picture

I am not my brothers keeper, I am his executioner...otherwise known as Stalin.

philipat's picture

I made a comment which has simply disappeared from this thread. It did not involve any profanity. It has also disappeared from my posting history. Can anyone help explain? Does ZH delete comments for whatever reason(s)?

Just to repeat the comment, it was:

"I didn't think that Private Property was relevant in the modern Marxist State" (+10 at last count)

buzzsaw99's picture

I'm waiting for the shovel maker IPO so I can invest and he can cash out billions because he is just that much damn smarter than me. [/sarc.]

surf0766's picture

Just wait until they start the 'we need a 10% wealth tax' talk.


It should start in the next few weeks.. as a way to reduce the debt.

buzzsaw99's picture

if they did that the stock market would crash and the bernank would have to buy a bunch more bonds. just hang the fuckers.

otto skorzeny's picture

right about the time Dianne Jewstein grabs everybody's guns.

Salon's picture

Wealth taxes wouldnt be necessary if we had allowed the banking system to implode.

Depressions and revolutions are the best reset button. Even if a wealth tax were passed the super rich 0.01 percent have so many shell companies and nominee corporations amid layer after layer of offshore trusts that there would be no way to tax it.

Vampyroteuthis infernalis's picture

Capitalism will purify the excesses. We have crony capitalism which is nothing more than the good ole boy society robbing everyone else.

Seer's picture

"Capitalism will purify the excesses."

And when is this to occur?

Further, what is "excess," and who is going to to purify it?

Really, statements such as this border on fantasy, as though "Capitalism" is some caped-crusader that's lurking in the wings.

The ABUSES that exist are the result of POWER.  POWER doesn't cede itself without a fight.  The "good ole boys" command the military.

Opinionated Ass's picture

Capitalism is an economic system respecting private property rights.

Capitalism depends on law being applied by a third party contractually chosen by participants in advance of conflict, eg. for-profit arbitration courts. Currently, for example, if a government tax collector steals your property, a government court will decide whether or not he acted legally. This is not capitalism.

We indeed do not have capitalism anywhere on earth now and it would be awesome and sure, "purifying", if it were to show up somehow. If you want to imagine a "Captain Capitalism" as a glorious caped crusader that's fine with me. Every step we take to educate others about true capitalism is a step closer to bringing him swooping over the land and maximizing freedom and prosperity.

Is power needed? Sure. Have you heard that the pen is mightier than the sword?

otto skorzeny's picture

that guy that the FD and PD watched die in that retention pond in Champaign IL the other day must not have paid his fair share to the collective. maybe that's why the cops threatened to arrest any citizen that offered to help the guy out.

ebworthen's picture

Over ten minutes to even get a rope to him.

Overtrained like SWAT teams; who will spend 20 minutes "cordoning off" a shooting scene which means everyone will be shot and dead before they even think about preventing anything.


Oh, I feel so safe with my overtrained heavily lawyered up liability limited "peace officers" and "first responders" protecting me.

Fucking worse than the Middle Ages in this fucked up Kleptoligarchial shit-storm.

Kimo's picture

The result they hope for?  Everyone is dead.  No workmans comp issues, unless some turd trips over the front steps.

Acet's picture

Reminds of a story I heard the other day when I was selling my car and was chatting to a potential client on the phone. He was telling me how a neighbour who "has two Ashton Martins" and a very big house had a police car parked outside his house for 2 weeks with two officers in it because he had received a phone call demanding that he paid money or otherwise be kidnapped.

I just kept thinking: would they ever park a car with 2 police officers for two weeks outside the house of a poor single mother whose ex-boyfriend had threatened to kill her?

(This being the UK, the answer is "No!").

I bet the guy that drowned wasn't one of the elite ... had somebody shouted "He's the son of the Mayor/Reporter/Local-Industrialist" he would've been saved promptly.

Same thing for the Justice System: your local Public Prossecution Office will only ever take to Court those people who have no connnections and that can't afford high-priced lawyers.

Ghordius's picture

+1 acet, I agree. to bring the dying discussion back to the "Fair Share" issue - and of course taxes

I had a look at the United Kingdom's Independence Party's website and found something interesting 

"UKIP believes in merging income tax and national insurance into a flat rate income tax to greatly simplify our tax code, which currently stands at over 11,000 pages.

At the last election we opted to merge 20% basic income tax with 11% national insurance to create a 31% flat tax on all earned incomes over £11,500.  As a tax cut for all, with a higher threshold, it would also take the poorest paid out of income tax altogether. 

It would also mean abolishing the existing 40% and 50% income tax brackets, the latter actually costing the economy rather than taking in revenue. 

For employers, UKIP aims to abolish employers’ national insurance across a parliament to end the tax on jobs.  This will undoubtedly boost employment and simplify the process of employing people"

Now this is refreshing - as you know I'm usually lambasting Nigel Farage for the City of London bankster lobbyist that he is (and an official Fellow of that old corporation, of course)

but now I wonder: UKIP is in favour of A) a 31% flat tax rate AND they have made noises for B) an international harmonization of taxes around the level of 31% to 33% for all income (sorry, I'm missing a link for this)

Question: from the point of view of our US Libertarians posting here on ZH, can UKIP still to be counted as libertarian? the B) proposal is usually seen as a "globalist" scam - even Tyler makes some noises against it and some further evil lurking behind it

btw, personally I support flat tax rates and simplifications of the tax code (embellishments are usually scams). note the shift from "labour income" to just "total income"

Opinionated Ass's picture

Tax is legalized theft. I support private property rights. Period.

Ghordius's picture

Opinionated Ass, here in the Old World we don't see private property rights in conflict with taxes. but I do see that where you come from this view has changed. have fun with it, then, and all the best ;-)

Colonial Intent's picture

Some in the uk dont give two hoots for his economic policy, they are far more angry that UKIP and the BNP collude when choosing politicians in elections.


BNP do not put up candidates against UKIP and vice versa.

All smells a bit fishy.

Ghordius's picture

they are two small parties on the right in a first-around-the-post electoral system - you can't really blame them, it's either this or no chances of seats

look how many non-Democrats and non-Republicans get seats in the US and compare

Panafrican Funktron Robot's picture

It's still a tax on income, which is ass backwards and fuck-withable ("total income" can still have a shitload of carve-outs/loopholes).  Taxing sales only is the way to get to the proper end result.  I know there is a lot of crying about sales taxes being effectively regressive, but that's fairly easy to manage through existing transfer payments and other goodies already doled out.  

ramacers's picture

hone the blade for the smug, elitist, theivin' political master classers.

Joebloinvestor's picture

Life isn't fair.

I learned that along time ago and nobody is gonna change it.

Politicians make a bunch of noise about it, but I always see these guys better off then me so fuck um.


Why do people think it takes a person of higher "stature" to decide what's "fair"?

flacon's picture

Why do people think it takes a person of higher "stature" to decide what's "fair"?


Because people are so damned lazy, jealous, envious, contentious, but puny cowards so they need a god-man to commit their sins for them, so they form "GOVERNments" to steal on their behalf. 


I'm becoming more convinced that Doug Casey is right, An-Archy is the wave of the future survivors. I mean how stupid does one have to be to admit that they are incapable of GOVERNing their own life - and to give up PERSONAL SOVEREIGNTY to another who has a fancy title and a claim to GOVERN you. 


FrankDrakman's picture

My friend, you are aware that just over 100 years ago, most Americans lived on farms, and were barely capable of reading and writing? Outside of western Europe and North America, literacy was rare. In such circumstances, most people had little practical choice but to cede some portion of governance to people who were slightly more edumacated, as Homer might say.

In today's world of near universal literacy and near instant access to information, such a tradeoff may well appear irrational. But, in terms of human existence, the intratubes haven't even achieved blip status. And, as an old mentor once told me, it takes a long time to turn a big ship around.

FerretBrain's picture

Thank you!  "Fair" is a 4-letter word.

Seer's picture

"Why do people think it takes a person of higher "stature" to decide what's "fair"?"

Because those of higher stature tend to have connection to/or ARE POWER.

"Politicians make a bunch of noise about it, but I always see these guys better off then me so fuck um."

I see that as a flawed trait.  If you're comparing yourself to others then you're likely trying to be MORE like them (which, you pretty much qualify by stating they are "better off" than you).

The bigger they are the harder they are going to fall.  The more disconnected from reality they are the more they are going to be smacked by it when it hits them.  People may believe that such people are doing well now, but, as we know, things change...

The meek shall inherit the earth.  If you want it (the earth) there's your tip...

conspicio's picture

All this...and no mention of the Mount Laurel doctrine? Housing has been the bastion of "fairness doctrine" for decades. Even Congress called it the Fair Housing Act. Now, considering that, versus some hypothetical shovel-maker, we have real results, examples, and a basis for outcomes based on a desire for fairness. Ignoring that whole body of failure, let's go to union labor for their general definition in contractual talks:

"Fair Share: Under a union security clause of a union contract, the amount a nonunion member must contribute to a union to support collective bargaining activities. This arrangement is justified on the grounds that the union is obliged to represent all employees faithfully."

Unions, housing, and a thousand court cases of interpretive dance...errr, law, I mean...ripe for feeding pablum to the masses.


And of course, there is this...



Cabreado's picture

As we squirm,

I cry bullshit,

In a free society, "fair share" is a useless term.

Get with the program, cut down on your complicity... stop the enabling.

Wake up.
Stop being fodder for "of course we failed."

Seer's picture

Sadly, there's no "free society."  And, as long as there are centers of power there will be corruption that ensures that some are a little more fair than others...

But, yes, action is better than words.

cxl9's picture

Obviously, "fair share" depends on which side of the check you sign.

alentia's picture

It is interesting how Warren change the effect vs the reason.


The reason a factory is opened because:


1. There are roads to transport goods

2. There are educated labor force

3. There are laws, police and fire department to protect the factory (property)


In the absense of the 3 above the factory would not be opened there, but somewhere else where 3 conditions as above are met.

If 3 above would not be there, current factory employees, would be otherwise unemployed collecting government (other peoples money) benefits to do nothing. The effect is at least tripple negative to country's budget: - corp taxes - personal taxes - welfare.

It is somewhat interesting how politicians can turn words around and masses would not even notice the gimmick used, but accept it as a true and reasonable statement.

otto skorzeny's picture

kind of like in "1984" when it switched Eurasia being our enemy to our former ally Eastasia becoming our enemy in the course of one speech

proLiberty's picture

It is not a far distance from "you didn't build that" to "you don't own that", to "you owe me that", to "be glad we let you keep what we did".


AU5K's picture

All your base are belong to us.

ghengis86's picture

I think we're already there.

You didn't build that (business).
You don't own that (if you don't pay your taxes).
You owe me that job (or you'll pay for my welfare).
Be glad we let you keep what we did (because we could just raise taxes even more)

We're so fucked.

Never One Roach's picture

Everythng is mine.


That sounds "fair" to me.

thatonekid13's picture

The best refutation against the Warren quote is also the simplest yet most often overlooked. It is arises from the nature of public goods. Public goods are by definition non-excludable and non-rivalrous meaning that individuals cannot be prohibited from availing themselves of whatever the public good or service may be. For example, anyone can walk into the library or drive on the highways. Therefore, how can a feature common to everyone be a differentiating factor regarding someone's success and another's non-success? Public goods are non-incremental and irrelevant to the discussion. Why don't the sheeple grasp this basic logical point?

Opinionated Ass's picture

The tooth fairy doesn't exist. Public goods don't exist. It is propaganda to make you agree to government theft of private property.


If I own a library, I can charge an entrance fee. If I own a highway, I can charge a toll. If I own a lighthouse, I can turn it off when my customers are not around.

LibertarianMenace's picture

I'm sorry, but I couldn't force myself to read through all of Petrovski's apparently fine arguments. The fact that he(she?) had to make them at all in an attempt to counter the stupidity of someone like Warren, is pathetic. Unfortunately, she does represent what passes for convention. Stick a fork in us Jerry, we're done.

gould's fisker's picture

Government's calculation of "fair share" is entirely scientific--it's based on an exacting calibration of how far the victim is willing to bend over.

ebworthen's picture

I'm all for keeping what you earn as long as you don't do it with the FED's help, or the Treasury's, or your Congress(whore)person, or a Judge, or a crooked cop or Justice Department, or subsuming bondholder's rights, or bailouts, or crony capitalism.

Until such time, the whole kleptoligarchy can go off the cliff, and the into the abyss of HELL for all I care.

I owe NOTHING to this crooked country from my perspective and have lost all allegiance.

Both sides of the aisle can go fuck themselves, better yet swing from a lamp post.

Uber Vandal's picture

Back in the day, and even to this very day, I listened to Megadeth, Metallica, Slayer, Anthrax, Suicidal Tendencies, Dead Kennedys, Type O Negative, Nine Inch Nails, Marilyn Manson, Skinny Puppy, Ministry, and other bands that were often dismissed as being noise, or worse.

Funny thing is, so much of what was said in the music by those groups 10, 20, and 30 years ago is still true today, if not very, very accurate.

The lyrics of Megadeth, the song Dread and the Fugitive Mind pretty much sum up this article tonight:

Let me introduce myself I'm a social disease
I've come for your wealth, leave you on your knees
No time for feeling sorry, I got here on my own
I won't ask for mercy, I choose to walk alone

What's yours is mine and what's mine is mine too
If you shake my hand better count your fingers

What if I do get caught? What if there is no judgment?
If I'm right I lose nothing, if you're right I lose it all
I ought to get caught because I'm doing something wicked
I'm guilty haunted by my fear and the only consequences
Are Dread and the Fugitive Mind

You built walls to protect you so no one will infect you
Pursued by those out there that vanish in thin air
Come a long way to find what you really left behind
You don't know when the end is but it's coming fast


And, Hook in Mouth was simply great, about revisionists....


A cockroach in the concrete, courthouse tan and beady eyes
A slouch with fallen arches, purging truths into great lies
A little man with a big eraser, changing history
Procedures that he's programmed to, all he hears and sees
Altering the facts and figures, events and every issue
Make a person disappear, and no one will ever miss you

Rewrites every story, every poem that ever was
Eliminates incompetence, and those who break the laws
Follow the instructions of the New Way's Evil Book of Rules
Replacing rights with wrongs, the files and records in the schools

spooz's picture

Chris Hedges, 2008:

" The corporate forces that are looting the Treasury and have plunged us into a depression will not be contained by the two main political parties. The Democratic and Republican parties have become little more than squalid clubs of privilege and wealth, whores to money and corporate interests, hostage to a massive arms industry, and so adept at deception and self-delusion they no longer know truth from lies. We will either find our way out of this mess by embracing an uncompromising democratic socialism—one that will insist on massive government relief and work programs, the nationalization of electricity and gas companies, a universal, not-for-profit government health care program, the outlawing of hedge funds, a radical reduction of our bloated military budget and an end to imperial wars—or we will continue to be fleeced and impoverished by our bankrupt elite and shackled and chained by our surveillance state."

Seer's picture

I like Chris for his outing of the crimes of militarization and his desire to crusade for justice, but I think that he still misses the fact that all of the underlying problems stem from growth.

No matter the solution, whether it's "pure capitalism" or his "uncompromising democratic socialism," the same end will become of us as long as we continue to miss the flaw in the driving premise.

I suppose that I could say that it would be like two sheep and a wolf voting on what's for dinner.  Well, um... I'm starting to think that sheep need to be armed...

spooz's picture

Chris Hedges on GROWTH:

"The ceaseless expansion of economic exploitation, the engine of global capitalism, has come to an end. The futile and myopic effort to resurrect this expansion—a fallacy embraced by most economists—means that we respond to illusion rather than reality. We invest our efforts into bringing back what is gone forever. This strange twilight moment, in which our experts and systems managers squander resources in attempting to re-create an expanding economic system that is moribund, will inevitably lead to systems collapse. The steady depletion of natural resources, especially fossil fuels, along with the accelerated pace of climate change, will combine with crippling levels of personal and national debt to thrust us into a global depression that will dwarf any in the history of capitalism. And very few of us are prepared.

“Our solution is our problem,” Richard Heinberg, the author of “The End of Growth: Adapting to Our New Economic Reality,” told me when I reached him by phone in California. “Its name is growth. But growth has become uneconomic. We are worse off because of growth. To achieve growth now means mounting debt, more pollution, an accelerated loss of biodiversity and the continued destabilization of the climate. But we are addicted to growth. If there is no growth there are insufficient tax revenues and jobs. If there is no growth existing debt levels become unsustainable. The elites see the current economic crisis as a temporary impediment. They are desperately trying to fix it. But this crisis signals an irreversible change for civilization itself. We cannot prevent it. We can only decide whether we will adapt to it or not.”

This rest of the piece details his discussion with Heinberg.

H E D G E H O G's picture

EWE  might not be armed, but this sheeple is. Thanks in advance for the green arrows.

KingTut's picture

E. Warren is right when she says you didn't get rich alone.  The idea doesn't even make sense.  If you have money, that money was created by a bank, not you. So unless you're counterfeiter, you didn't make that money yourself.  We live in a society, and we have to utilize the skills and labor of other people to accomplish big things. 

However, without the entrepreneurs, all those workers would be sitting on their ass collecting welfare.  It takes leadership, vision, courage, and a lot of very hard work to build a factory and run it.  Everyone tells you how, but couldn't do it themselves.  Nobody tells you what to make, you have to figure that out for yourself.  And nobody tells you how to manage a business for a profit, because if they could they would.

It is a simple fact, that all people are NOT created equal.  We should all be equal under the law, but we are obvisouly all different in reality. Some of us are very intelligent, others have great people skills.  Some of us can pitch a baseball, run 100 meters or drive a race car like no one else.  Some of us are artists, singers and writers.  And some of us create vast amounts of new value by organizing and inspiring others in a productive way.

And if by taking a tiny fraction of the monetary profit for ourselves, we have not committed a crime.  We have not broken a covenant with our fellow men.  So should rich people pay more tax?  Sure.  A flat tax would be the fariest, but since there are a lot of hard working lower class people, we give them a tax break so they can become wealthier, educate their kids,  buy a house or start a busnesses.  When it works its a win win for everybody.

It pisses me off that Mitt Romney paid a 13% tax rate because he could leave money in the company for a year, and the captial gain status was passed through to him.  That's bullshit.  He should pay the max rate, 35%, like other poeple who can't shelter their income.   It pisses me off that dividends are taxed twice, they should tax free to the corporation, and ordinary income to the recipient.  Social security sould be taxed at 100% for the wealthy.  

But the idea that an entrepreneur that builds a factory and employ's 100's of people because he KNEW what to build and HOW to build it, takes more than he gives is ABSURD beyond belief.  Without people willing to take huge risks for their personal welfare, and work their butts off for years, we would all be eating acorns and cockroaches and living in a cave.  Then Ms Warren would really have something to complain about.

Seer's picture

It's all insanity because it's all built on top of a fucking HUGE LIE: that we can have perpetual growth on a finite planet.  No "side" here, if operating from this premise, can really claim to be any "solution."

"However, without the entrepreneurs, all those workers would be sitting on their ass collecting welfare. "

Bull shit.

Look around and see what nature does.  "Workers" work, and, there's little in the way to suggest that "workers" are engaged as such via "entrepreneurs."

"Entrepreneur" is just another word used to condition the masses to engage in the hierarchical structure that TPTB requires.

All of this is just PURE distraction from looking that the REAL problem, the problem of basing our collective systems on the necessity of maintaining the aim of perpetual growth on a finite planet.

"Without people willing to take huge risks for their personal welfare, and work their butts off for years, we would all be eating acorns and cockroaches and living in a cave."

Um... in nature (the world that isn't subject to our intellectual distortions) living things have to SURVIVE by whatever means necessary.  "Risk" isn't, per se, some sort of calculation to base some notion of a "future" on.

Nature has been here far longer than we, and, will be here long after we're gone.  When viewed through the lens of this undeniable reality the notion of "working" one's "butts off for years" in order to keep from "earing acorns and cockroaches and living in a cave" seems a bit more than fragile.

Having said all the above, I have no problem with the IDEA of "entrepreneur."  I believe that the REAL essence of this word is in ACTION, as in applying one's energies toward "constructive" purposes, with SURVIVAL being the supreme target of "constructive purpose."  I do not, however, buy in to it as TPTB wish us to: as a method of maintaining THEIR hierarchy.

Ghordius's picture

seer, I was making some direct support noises in your direction lately because I very often agree with you - keep posting

nevertheless beware, this "perpetual growth" thing is a bit misleading, imho

"growth" is measured in "units of value" (I know, I know)

when something becomes more scarce, it's often valued more - and so economic agents start to look for substitutes

so it is theoretically possible to achieve "eternal growth", just not in that form that was envisioning a couple of badly insulated mansions and a huge gas-guzzler car park for everyone, with an helicopter and a plane as 21st century add-on

even now you'll find youngsters that value their smartphones more than a car, as a stupid example

generational preferences might shift and adapt in an economy still valuing today's output more than yesterday's