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Bundesbank Official Statement On Gold Repatriation

Tyler Durden's picture


When we first heard about it, we thought Handelsblatt had gotten something very wrong. The implications were just so staggering. Turns out the news was spot on. Here is the official announcement from the Bundesbank, which roundly refutes all the spin the Frankfurt bank spoon-fed the people in October and November when it repeated time after time that there is nothing wrong with keeping German gold in NY and Paris, and on the contrary, it was better for everyone involved.

From the Bundesbank:

By 2020, the Bundesbank intends to store half of Germany’s gold reserves in its own vaults in Germany. The other half will remain in storage at its partner central banks in New York and London. With this new storage plan, the Bundesbank is focusing on the two primary functions of the gold reserves: to build trust and confidence domestically, and the ability to exchange gold for foreign currencies at gold trading centres abroad within a short space of time.

The following table shows the current and the envisaged future allocation of Germany’s gold reserves across the various storage locations:

  31 December 2012 31 December 2020
Frankfurt am Main 31 % 50 %
New York 45 % 37 %
London 13 % 13 %
Paris 11 % 0 %


To this end, the Bundesbank is planning a phased relocation of 300 tonnes of gold from New York to Frankfurt as well as an additional 374 tonnes from Paris to Frankfurt by 2020.

The withdrawal of the reserves from the storage location in Paris reflects the change in the framework conditions since the introduction of the euro. Given that France, like Germany, also has the euro as its national currency, the Bundesbank is no longer dependent on Paris as a financial centre in which to exchange gold for an international reserve currency should the need arise. As capacity has now become available in the Bundesbank’s own vaults in Germany, the gold stocks can now be relocated from Paris to Frankfurt.

* * *

So it took the Bundesbank over 10 years to figure out that "the Bundesbank is no longer dependent on Paris as a financial centre in which to exchange gold for an international reserve currency should the need arise."

Well, as long as it has nothing to do with the recent political schism between socialist beggar France and the only country left in Europe that is not an all out parasite, all is well.

Finally, compare the above statement with the following from November:

Remarks On German Gold Reserves:


Please let me also comment on the bizarre public discussion we are currently facing in Germany on the safety of our gold deposits outside Germany – a discussion which is driven by irrational fears.


In this context, I wish to warn against voluntarily adding fuel to the general sense of uncertainty among the German public in times like these by conducting a “phantom debate” on the safety of our gold reserves.


The arguments raised are not really convincing. And I am glad that this is common sense for most Germans. Following the statement by the President of the Federal Court of Auditors in Germany, the discussion is now likely to come to an end – and it should do so before it causes harm to the excellent relationship between the Bundesbank and the US Fed.


Let’s get back to facts and figures: I would like to remind you that our gold reserves are part of the German currency reserves. These were accumulated over time thanks, in part, to Germany’s economic boom in the 1950s and 1960s. Germany’s growing economic strength, especially its strong external position, resulted in rather large trade account surpluses, most of them acquired in US dollars. At that time, the International Monetary System, known as the Bretton Woods System, was dominated by the US currency. As long as this system was in force, which was up until 1971, the US Fed was obliged to exchange its currency for gold.


Any current account surplus thus resulted in an increase in Germany’s gold reserves. This gold was stored in US vaults for obvious reasons [ZH: sorry, we don't have an econ PhD: what are the "obvious reasons"?]. This was not only the case for the gold hold by the Bundesbank – it was, in fact, common practice. By the way: it was the only practical thing to do, since running a trade account deficit meant a decrease in gold stocks.


Thus, we are now looking back at sixty years not only of fruitful cooperation in many fields and international fora, but also of storing gold and trading via the New York Fed. As a matter of fact, it is sensible for us to do so in New York, as Frankfurt is not a gold trading venue.


Throughout these sixty years, we have never encountered the slightest problem, let alone had any doubts concerning the credibility of the Fed [ZH may, and likely will, soon provide a few historical facts which will cast some serious doubts on this claim. Very serious doubts]. And for this, Bill, I would like to thank you personally. I am also grateful for your uncomplicated cooperation in so many matters. The Bundesbank will remain the Fed’s trusted partner in future, and we will continue to take advantage of the Fed’s services by storing some of our currency reserves as gold in New York.


At the same time, you can be assured that we are confident that our gold is in safe hands with you. The days in which Hollywood Germans such as Gerd Fröbe, better known as Goldfinger, and East German terrorist Simon Gruber, masterminded gold heists in US vaults are long gone. Nobody can seriously imagine scenarios like these, which are reminiscent of a James Bond movie with Goldfinger playing the role of a US Fed accounting clerk.


While gold is important, we have to combat a crisis of confidence in the euro area. This is the task we need to concentrate on. And we will do so.

Until we don't, three months later, and decide to repatriate said gold after all...


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Wed, 01/16/2013 - 11:03 | Link to Comment Vlad Tepid
Vlad Tepid's picture


I liked the part when you called him a fraudulent motherfucker.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 09:54 | Link to Comment jomama
jomama's picture

and of course Au and Ag are down on the news in this ass-backwards world of ours.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 09:56 | Link to Comment stateside
stateside's picture

This might give Barrick (FED) enough time to produce gold from their "deep storage deposits" in Latin America and Africa so that some of this gold will be available by 2020.


Wed, 01/16/2013 - 09:56 | Link to Comment rsnoble
rsnoble's picture

Why anyone would let the world's biggest theives watch over their treasure is beyond me.  I would like to say my usual Fk the US gov't but then again most gov'ts in this world do suck ass.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:28 | Link to Comment bunnyswanson
bunnyswanson's picture

Roger that (who would entrust their nation's treasures with admitted thieves? Makes no sense at all.)

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 09:59 | Link to Comment busted by the b...
busted by the bailout's picture

He who has the most gold will win the fiat game.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:00 | Link to Comment Bahamas
Bahamas's picture

Why bothering so much after such a barbarous relic..didn't they hear what Princeton University expert said about gold.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 09:59 | Link to Comment orangegeek
orangegeek's picture

Reads like the Angles and the Saxons are done with the French.  France is probably the next Spain/Greece.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:57 | Link to Comment sdmjake
sdmjake's picture


Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:02 | Link to Comment topshelfstuff
topshelfstuff's picture

 Exactly, saying "by 2020", and also saying "to build trust and confidence domestically", followed by

the Bundesbank intends to store half of Germany’s gold reserves in its own vaults in Germany.

The other half will remain in storage at its partner central banks in New York and London.

While capacity has now become available in the Bundesbank’s own vaults in Germany, the gold stocks can now be relocated to Frankfurt

All this maks no sense, and certainly Not going to build Trust & Confidence. Meanwhile, the request to View, Inspect and Audit their US supposed Holdings has slowly evaporated and not mentioned

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:04 | Link to Comment q99x2
q99x2's picture

Blythe can only come up with 1% per year out of the US and 0 out of the City of London.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:04 | Link to Comment MyBrothersKeeper
MyBrothersKeeper's picture

The statement makes sense.  UK not part of Euro and US still reserve currency.  What it also tells me is that if the US dollar even is in jeapordy of not being the reserve currency, Germany will take back that gold as well.  London is close enough that when push comes to shove they could just go over there and get it if need be.

side note: the obvious reason to leave the money in US  when on gold standard based on trade surpluses is that every time the time came to match the gold hold with the trade surpluses, why would you want gold being shipped back and forth at incremental intervals.  The Fed Rreservce could easily move the gold within the vaults without shipping back and forth.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:10 | Link to Comment dcj98gst
dcj98gst's picture

Then by that reasoning the US should have an equal amount of gold stored at BUBA.  Not going to happen.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:07 | Link to Comment wcvarones
wcvarones's picture

Why take eight years?   Is it going to take the Fed that long to find that much gold?

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:12 | Link to Comment GetZeeGold
GetZeeGold's picture



7 years, 8 years, infinity.......what's the difference?

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:46 | Link to Comment SWCroaker
SWCroaker's picture

8 years seems long enuff to finish a term in office, fade into the background, and quietly disappear.   The "event" then happens on some *other* sucker's watch.

Hey, has anyone actually *seen* Hank Paulson recently?

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:12 | Link to Comment dcj98gst
dcj98gst's picture

Sounds like a trial ballon was shot down by the FED.  They negotiated it down to this.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:13 | Link to Comment ziggy59
ziggy59's picture

White House now requires ‘We the People’ petitions to have 100,000 signatures for official response

Im sure its a coincidence with the pending gold petition...

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:15 | Link to Comment Mad Mohel
Mad Mohel's picture

Time to play guess the quote. Who said?

"Look motherfuckers, we get 50%. You want half in 7 years or nothing ever?"

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:25 | Link to Comment Eugend66
Eugend66's picture

Or, who said: Look, Mfuckers we will buy gold on the market using USD and then trade only in EUR with you?

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:14 | Link to Comment youngman
youngman's picture

I could not see it....but did they put a couple of those little icon faces with the wink wink on the letterhead.......just askin??????

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:17 | Link to Comment fuu
fuu's picture

" As capacity has now become available in the Bundesbank’s own vaults in Germany, the gold stocks can now be relocated from Paris to Frankfurt."

So how did they manage to free up vault space?

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:28 | Link to Comment Winston of Oceania
Winston of Oceania's picture

They had to give their money to the piigs banksters, er I mean throw it down a rat hole or something like that so they have extra room now...

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:21 | Link to Comment dcj98gst
dcj98gst's picture

At this rate the FED would need to come up with 37.5 tons or 1.2 million oz. ($2B) a year.  World production is about 80 million oz per year.  

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:27 | Link to Comment cxp
cxp's picture

The Indian stocks have serious downside from here 


The infosys results seems to suggest that US recovery is doing well. 

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:31 | Link to Comment Mad Mohel
Mad Mohel's picture

"The days in which Hollywood Germans such as Gerd Fröbe, better known as Goldfinger, and East German terrorist Simon Gruber, masterminded gold heists in US vaults are long gone."

Seriously? There was ever a time that Diehard 3 was an actual fear? They are fictional characters motherfuckers. Don't insult everyone's intelligence, we all know who the real bad guys are. The shit is turning into farce.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:31 | Link to Comment magpie
magpie's picture

Will there still be a Buba in 2020

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:32 | Link to Comment UncleFurker
UncleFurker's picture


Soooooooo, yesterday Germany said it's going to repatriate gold from the USA and France, and then today it's just France?

I wonder who the "don't even THINK about it" phone call came from?


Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:41 | Link to Comment Antifederalist
Antifederalist's picture

Sorry France. It 's a small club and you are not in it.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:47 | Link to Comment sunnyside
sunnyside's picture

Why should the Germans announce what they are doing?  Why not wait until after they bring it back?

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:53 | Link to Comment MillionDollarBoner_
MillionDollarBoner_'s picture

Its so Gerd and Simon can crew up for the heist. 

"It was in there when we locked the doors, guys, but..."

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:51 | Link to Comment Vlad Tepid
Vlad Tepid's picture


"As capacity has now become available in the Bundesbank’s own vaults in Germany..."

What a joke - a ton of gold is about the size as a good ice chest...they couldn't find space for 600 ice chests in the Bundesbank storage vault?    

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 11:44 | Link to Comment MFLTucson
MFLTucson's picture

Got to give these scumbags the time to confiscate Gold from the GLD and the public because chances are that Clinton and Rubin leased all of Germanys Gold too.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:53 | Link to Comment Papasmurf
Papasmurf's picture

Gold was their SHTF currency to hedge against currencies other than the Euro.  Once France had the Euro, holding SHTF currency in France provided no diversification.  Gold held in France can only be converted back to Euro since all gold in central banks is paper gold and must be settled in fiat. 

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 10:58 | Link to Comment fijisailor
fijisailor's picture

That gives the FED time to shuffle around its questionable stores of gold and send Germany about 43 tonnes a year.  Doesn't sound like a gold shock to me nor any extreme pressure to the upside.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 11:04 | Link to Comment AgAu_man
AgAu_man's picture

Are they dumb, do they think we are, or are they sending a subtext message, when they say that they want to keep AU in London and NY to trade for currency!?

Well, better keep some in China, etc, eh?

The point is: trade AU for 'fiat'???


Wed, 01/16/2013 - 11:05 | Link to Comment Papasmurf
Papasmurf's picture

Central bank gold is always traded for fiat because it's like Comex.  Settlement is in fiat when the metal can not be located.  Like Comex, there are multiple contracts against each ficticious lump of metal.  Reserve ratio, bitchez!

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 11:05 | Link to Comment JohnGaltsChild
JohnGaltsChild's picture

The irony is that pressure from outside the USA is the USA's best hope for a legitimate monetary revision.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 11:07 | Link to Comment Fix It Again Timmy
Fix It Again Timmy's picture

The gold will be moved by the Hindenburg II...

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 11:12 | Link to Comment Sizzurp
Sizzurp's picture

I don't think this will be good enough for the electorate in Germany.  They don't trust our Fed, and who can blame them.  This is going to be a continual slide towards 100% by 2014 as public outrage grows.  Each new press release will make it look worse. Then again, maybe the Fed privately told Buba no dice on the gold.  The gold swaps must be a real mess for them to try and unwind, if they are able to at all.  It sure would be interesting to know exactly how that phone call went between Buba and the Fed, I imagine there were some spincter clenching moments on each end of that conversation.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 11:28 | Link to Comment Volaille de Bresse
Volaille de Bresse's picture

NYC from 45 to 37%

Paris from 11 to 0%

"Well, as long as it has nothing to do with the recent political schism between socialist beggar France and the only country left in Europe that is not an all out parasite, all is well."

I'd see it differently : Merkel knows the French have properly stored her gold for all these years and they can deliver the yellow stuff ovenight without a hike...


As for the Yanks... Merkel knows it's better ask them to cough out the yellow stuff progessively and give them enough time to gather 1 barre here 1 barre there. Otherwise Fort Knox is going to shut down you know...

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 11:43 | Link to Comment MFLTucson
MFLTucson's picture

Just enough time for the US criminals circus to raid the GLD.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 11:43 | Link to Comment Germany4Liberty
Germany4Liberty's picture

2020....just in time

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 11:45 | Link to Comment Meat Hammer
Meat Hammer's picture

7 years to do an electronic transfer?  What, do they have dial-up?

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 12:08 | Link to Comment Ralph Spoilsport
Ralph Spoilsport's picture

It helps to read the article before you comment on it. Germany plans to move actual Gold bars/ingots from France and the US to its vaults in Germany (If there's any left and hopefully isn't mostly Tungsten).

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 14:02 | Link to Comment Monedas
Monedas's picture

There is a total disconnect between the headline and the reality .... if it takes 8 years to repatriate 19% (19%/8 = 2.375% per year) .... it will take 21 years (50%/2.375% = 21.05 years) to repatriate the remaining 50% ?   29 years of repatriation .... payable to the bearer on demand ?  

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 12:15 | Link to Comment Jeepers Creepers
Jeepers Creepers's picture

Would love to see a rundown on how much gold the US allegedly stores for which nations.  I could easily see this being the equivalent of a "run on the banks" with other nations.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 12:20 | Link to Comment americanspirit
americanspirit's picture

I fail to see how anyone could consider anything as valuable as gold bars safe in NYC, even supposedly deep underground in vaults. How many people do you think are spending 24/7 trying to figure a way into those vaults? Has to be in the thousands. Sooner or later - voila.

Or, a few clever banksters ( there are at least a few) have already figured out how to liberate all that gold, and already done it, and the whole point is moot.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 12:29 | Link to Comment yogibear
yogibear's picture

In other words we make a statement to calm the sheep.

Look at the actions, not the statement. It comes down to an event that's coming that risk the gold being stored at the fed.

What event might that be?

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 12:32 | Link to Comment Son of Loki
Son of Loki's picture

I guess that MF Global thing really got to the Germans. It took them time to look up the word, "Corzined."

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 12:34 | Link to Comment topshelfstuff
topshelfstuff's picture

This story avoids and distracts away from the start of the demand by German legislators in Oct 2012.

German Court Demands Bundesbank Audit Sovereign Gold ...

Oct 22, 2012 – In an 'audit-the-fed' style effort, the court wants to ensure that the nearly ... The Bank of England, The Bank of France, and the US Federal Reserve. ... has demanded that the Bundesbank undertake an audit of its gold reserves.


The report also noted that the Federal Reserve Bank of New York refuses to allow the gold's owners to view their own reserves.


Wed, 01/16/2013 - 12:40 | Link to Comment Bicycle Repairman
Bicycle Repairman's picture

The pile of gold world tour begins.  The pile stops in your capitol for a week.  Everyone gets to take pictures.  Then on to the next city.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 13:01 | Link to Comment atoast2toast
atoast2toast's picture

makes a change from "it no longer exists" 

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 13:14 | Link to Comment Lmo Mutton
Lmo Mutton's picture

And when France doesn't give Germany their gold we have the "Invasion: Part Deux".

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 13:28 | Link to Comment KnightTakesKing
KnightTakesKing's picture

Ok, but where will they store the tungsten?

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 13:36 | Link to Comment shovelhead
shovelhead's picture

"Well Fritz...the truth is that we kinda 'borrowed' it and the damn Chinese cheated and wanted their paper turned into real gold bars. They weren't buying that cash settlement bullshit we usually get away with because they got us by the balls and they're squeezin hard.

Yeah, well the funny part is WE don't have any gold of our own anymore, so we'll have to dig some up for you. Keep that on the low down, right?

Just tell em by 2020, ya know, stall em. Ok, Bye"

Ya know Tim, this Ponzi shit is getting harder to pull off.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 13:48 | Link to Comment KingTut
KingTut's picture

You KNOW Bernanke tried to talk them out out of this ...

"Gold has no value. I don't know who told it's money, but, boy, are they stupid!"

"It's perfectly safe in NYC.  It will be expensive to tranport, you'll have to update your vaults, think of all the bother." 

"Why waste your time"?

Seriously, this changes everything.  The little game of trying to keep gold out of the monetary system is over.  Of course, it always has been part of the system, but they actually had the general public bamboozled.  We really thought it was a barbaric relic.

What scares CB jocky's about gold is not the signal it sends, but the fact that its price can rise to any level without screwing up the economy.  Since we don't use it for anything, no indsutry gets shut down if the price goes way up.  What this means is people can decide they'd rather have gold than dollars (pick your fiat), and gold can rise in price to consume ALL the dollars, thereby becoming a repudiation of the currecy in fact.  This is much easier than everybody trading dollars for houses, for example.  

But all those dollars are still stting somewhere, in somebody's account, going nowhere.  This is the express lane to hyperinflation. 

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 13:49 | Link to Comment DutchR
DutchR's picture

At this rate the FED would need to come up with 37.5 tons or 1.2 million oz. ($2B) a year. (quote)


Last year Turkey's direct gold exports to Iran was between $1.2 billion and about $1.8 billion, April to August not to mention the courier trips.


That is EMBARGOED Iran, not uber organised Germany.



Wed, 01/16/2013 - 13:53 | Link to Comment Temporalist
Temporalist's picture


 Germany gold: Central bank to bring home some reserves

"According to the BBC's Berlin correspondent, Stephen Evans, the German audit office has criticised the government for not keeping a proper track of the bars,

It has even suggested some of the bars may not have been checked to see if they are real, he added."

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 13:52 | Link to Comment Bansters-in-my-...
Bansters-in-my- feces's picture

Germany says by 2020 they wiil store half of Germanys Gold in their own vaults.

Ya I bet,cause thats all that is left ,and it's the Paper Half.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 14:55 | Link to Comment From Germany Wi...
From Germany With Love's picture

It's a start though. Goals can be moved onwards from here. Tyler is right in remarking that this marks a paradigm shift and that this is the significance of it.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 14:32 | Link to Comment Likstane
Likstane's picture

Much of the worlds gold is being delivered to vaults in Israel.  That's why an invasion of Israel will commence when enough countries are aware of this.  A major invading force will be the Russians.  Obviously, I haven't figured out a lot of the details yet, but when I do, I will announce it on ZH first. 


Wed, 01/16/2013 - 14:44 | Link to Comment robnume
robnume's picture

The Bundesbank has no problem(s) with the credibility of the New York Fed? WTF? Deutschland, we need to have a talk. I'm just a regular ol' citoyen, but, for me, there is no end to the problem with New York Fed credibility.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 14:54 | Link to Comment From Germany Wi...
From Germany With Love's picture

I am going to repeat myself: The repatriation of gold is necessary to have the threat of currency reform on the horizon be credible. The Irish and Italians lately believe that the balance of power in the Euro zone has swung in their favor.

(Translation mine)
"The really important aspect of the exit threat of Italy and Ireland is, to me, a different one anyway: Obviously more and more people believe that one can successfully coerce the Euro zone -and in particular Germany- to making transfer payments. It is being assumed that Germany will suffer the greatest damage [in the case of a collapse - FGWL]. This assumption is the consequence of the failed rescue policy. For the rescue policy is based on the irreversibility of both the Euro zone as well as the Euro itself."

Original text:
"Das wirklich wichtige Merkmal der Austrittsdrohung von Italien und Irland ist für mich ohnehin ein anderes: Offenbar glauben mehr und mehr Leute, dass man die Eurozone und insbesondere Deutschland erfolgreich mit einem Austritt zu Transferzahlungen erpressen kann. Es wird angenommen, Deutschland habe den größten Schaden. Diese Annahme ist die Folge der verfehlten Rettungsschirmpolitik.Denn die Rettungspolitik beruht darauf, dass die Eurozone unumkehrbar sein soll und der Euro irreversibel ist."


Wed, 01/16/2013 - 14:56 | Link to Comment dadichris
dadichris's picture

so they've got 8 years to sort out how to repatriate nonexistent gold without the public finding out - seems legit.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 15:29 | Link to Comment Bansters-in-my-...
Bansters-in-my- feces's picture

USA has to cough up 8% of the 45% they are said to be holding and it is still going to take 8 years...???

And London don't have to cough up NONE.  (Rothschilds would be mad)

Something sounds pretty fishy here.

The saying "Fish On"...comes to mind....Suckers.....Hook Line and Sinker.

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 15:12 | Link to Comment Marc To Market
Marc To Market's picture

Contrary to some claims, this not about trust between central banks or anything like that.  The dollar value of the gold is minor in terms of the broad financial relationship.   If the BBK sold $20 bln worth of Treasuries, there would not be so much ink spilled on the issue.  The fact that the move is not taking place imminently also tells you that there is no urgency here.    There issue emerged in Germany and was a distraction.  Germany's gold holdings are a small fraction of its wealth.  Depsite the best efforts to make this into a major issue of international trust and fiat currencies (who doesn't have a fiat currency?), it is hardly even a minor event in terms of magnitude and implications.  It is a non-story, "inside baseball".  It does not impact the price of gold.  It does not reflect the US-German or the German-French relationship.  There are vastly more important issues.   No more plantinum coin farce   The fact 27 bln euros of German gold that will be eventually brought back to Germany will be but a small footnote in the history of the barbaric relic. 

Wed, 01/16/2013 - 17:07 | Link to Comment Kokulakai
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"As capacity has now become available in the Bundesbank’s own vaults in Germany..."


Wed, 01/16/2013 - 19:47 | Link to Comment Glass Seagull
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"excellent relationship between bundesbank and the federal reserve"

When you fuck the world together, you grow close.

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