Movements in equity prices are driven by many factors, such as the economy, government policy, earnings, interest rates and valuation. But we think tactical moves (<3 months) are often better explained by sentiment, positioning and technicals. While macro, policy and valuations matter, sentiment has worked well in recent years as a contrarian tool to identify short-term inflection points in asset prices. According to BofAML's new Bull & Bear Index investor sentiment toward risk assets is at a more bullish level today than 99% of all readings since 2002. The current reading of 9.6 (out of 10) is close to max bullish and thus triggers a contrarian "sell" signal for risk assets. In their view, the relative risk-reward of owning equities is unfavorable at this juncture. Since 2002 a "sell" signal of 8.0+ was on average followed by a 12% peak-to-trough correction in global equities within three months.
We believe risk is the permanent impairment of capital and that reducing risk when sentiment is bullish is fundamental to effective risk management.
The current level is extreme by any measure...
with a very clear divergence between sentiment and economic data...
Chart 4 below shows periods (grey bars) when B&B was in EXTREME BULL territory (8.0 or above). During these periods, we believe risk should have been taken off the table.
The red lines in the chart show the maximum drawdowns for global equities that occurred within three months. The drawdown, defined as the peak-to-trough decline in MSCI ACWI within three months of a “sell” signal, would have been 12%. The forgone upside, defined as the upside return from the initial trigger to the subsequent market peak, would have been 3.0%...
1. Flows: investor risk appetite as indicated by flows to EM equity funds, EM debt funds and high-yield bond funds
2. Positioning: investor risk exposure as measured by long-only fund manager cash levels, equity vs bond allocation, cyclical vs defensive sector allocation and futures positioning across fixed income, commodities, FX and equities
3. Price action: market technicals as implied by global equity market breadth and relative performance of global credit markets to US treasuries