Ice Under The Ice: Diamonds Discovered In Antarctica

Tyler Durden's picture




 

With climate change impacting the poles, the potential for trade routes and resource extraction are improving.. and with that the world's powers are rattling sabres over who owns what. From Canada's claims to Russia's defense forces and China's purposeful dependence-building aid to small Arctic states, everyone knows the stakes. So, with very few big new diamond mines having been developed in recent years, the FT reports that scientists have found a site containing the rocks that often produce diamonds – in Antarctica. The problem is that the frozen continent is protected from mining for decades under an international treaty.

 

Some color on the climate change impact on arctic resource extraction...

 

Via The FT,

In a frustrating discovery, scientists have found a site containing the rocks that often produce diamonds – in Antarctica. The problem is that the frozen continent is protected from mining for decades under an international treaty. Even if it were not, the prospect of drilling through layers of ice in a harsh climate is likely to deter many would-be miners.

 

Still, the discovery is scientifically significant...

 

“It’s the first kimberlite occurrence reported in Antarctica,” he said, referring to the carrot-shaped volcanic rock formations that have been found on other continents and have been a significant source of diamonds in places such as South Africa.

 

“It’s really not very surprising there are kimberlites there. We were lucky enough to be the first ones to find one.”

 

...

 

“You could see some mining companies might argue, ‘We can do this; we don’t have to waste this resource’,” said Dr Robert Larter of the British Antarctic Survey.

 

However, the physical obstacles are immense in a continent that is 99 per cent covered in ice, some of which is 3-4km thick, he said.

 

...

 

Very few big new diamond mines have been developed in recent years, leading to expectations of a squeeze in supply by the end of the decade. At present levels of output, existing reserves will sustain global diamond production for 18 years, according to research by Bain & Co this year. About 70 per cent of the world’s 2.3bn carats of diamond reserves are in Russia and Africa.

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Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:25 | 4255728 navy62802
navy62802's picture

Quick, get De Beers in there!!

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:30 | 4255735 knukles
knukles's picture

With enough campaign contributions we'll see DeBeers following right behind the massive tunnel boring machines digging 40 miles below the surface to the old alien bases and find a dozen or so Nazi subs made of pure gold, the emergency flotation devices in which are untouched highly inflatable money supplies.
Meaning more taxes for the Alien Peace and Defense Fund as well as continued and expanded Central Bank interventions in gold and currency markets as well as new efforts in diamonds.

Damn....

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:39 | 4255757 Harbanger
Harbanger's picture

boring machines?  Al Gore is proposing lifting the mining treaty to study and document the effects of buried diamonds on the icecap.

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:51 | 4255786 ACP
ACP's picture

Oil AND diamonds?

Ah yeeeeah nigga!

It's on like donkey kong!

Let's get ready to rumbuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuule!

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:57 | 4255807 Rory_Breaker
Rory_Breaker's picture

I thought we could make diamonds in a lab, then why do we dig them out of the ground?

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 23:02 | 4255816 SilverIsKing
SilverIsKing's picture

Next the FED will bury a couple hundred ounces of gold somewhere and have it "discovered" and claim the discovery is estimated to be a kajillion tonnes. That plus the dumping of a few thousand COMEX contracts will keep them in business a while longer.

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 23:33 | 4255868 clymer
clymer's picture

"with climate change impacting the poles.."

tuned out right there.

it's gonna suck if ZH turns out to be another psyop

http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20130727102003AAXv4WT

 

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 23:55 | 4255941 Tarheel
Tarheel's picture

I agree with clymer. If ZH starts endorsing and promoting the global warming hoax then I will certainly stop reading and donating advert dollars.

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 09:04 | 4256614 overmedicatedun...
overmedicatedundersexed's picture

To all the AGW is fixed science: predictions from year 2000 and earlier:

"1. Within a few years "children just aren't going to know what snow is." Snowfall will be "a very rare and exciting event." Dr. David Viner, senior research scientist at the climatic research unit (CRU) of the University of East Anglia, interviewed by the UK Independent, March 20, 2000.

When it didn't get cold the CRU changed their minds. Now they are saying that the horribly cold/snowy winters are caused by Global Warming

2. "[By] 1995, the greenhouse effect would be desolating the heartlands of North America and Eurasia with horrific drought, causing crop failures and food riots…[By 1996] The Platte River of Nebraska would be dry, while a continent-wide black blizzard of prairie topsoil will stop traffic on interstates, strip paint from houses and shut down computers." Michael Oppenheimer, published in "Dead Heat," St. Martin's Press, 1990.

Actually if there are crop failures it is because of the cold and bad weather. And as far as the drought NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center shows that precipitation -- rain and snow -- has increased slightly over the century.

3. "Arctic specialist Bernt Balchen says a general warming trend over the North Pole is melting the polar ice cap and may produce an ice-free Arctic Ocean by the year 2000." Christian Science Monitor, June 8, 1972. In 2008 Dr. David Barber of Manitoba University said "We're actually projecting this year that the North Pole may be free of ice for the first time," (ignoring the many earlier times the Pole has been ice free).

Actually Arctic Ice, is thicker and temperatures are not rising.


4. "Using computer models, researchers concluded that global warming would raise average annual temperatures nationwide two degrees by 2010." Associated Press, May 15, 1989.

Status of prediction: According to NASA, global temperature has increased by about 0.7 degrees Fahrenheit since 1989. And U.S. temperature has increased even less over the same period. And thats the NASA numbers which have been known to have a problem accuracy, because instead of collecting data from temperature stations, NASA makes assumptions regarding what the temperatures should be.



5. "By 1985, air pollution will have reduced the amount of sunlight reaching earth by one half." Life magazine, January 1970.

Life Magazine also noted that some people disagree, "but scientists have solid experimental and historical evidence to support each of the following predictions." With the possible exception of the atmosphere directly over congress,  air quality has actually improved since 1970. Studies find that sunlight reaching the Earth fell by somewhere between 3 and 5 percent over the period in question.

6. "If present trends continue, the world will be ... eleven degrees colder by the year 2000. This is about twice what it would take to put us in an ice age." Kenneth E.F. Watt, in "Earth Day," 1970. Remember before we were warned about global warming, we were told that the Earth was facing an Ice age.

7. "By the year 2000 the United Kingdom will be simply a small group of impoverished islands, inhabited by some 70 million hungry people ... If I were a gambler, I would take even money that England will not exist in the year 2000." Ehrlich, Speech at British Institute For Biology, September 1971.

Granted, Obama is no fan of our close friends across the pond, but according to today's news, England was still there.

8. "In ten years all important animal life in the sea will be extinct. Large areas of coastline will have to be evacuated because of the stench of dead fish." Ehrlich, speech during Earth Day, 1970

Maybe he was talking about the US Gulf Coast during the BP oil spill?

9. Al Gore sold his scary global warming film, An Inconvenient Truth, shown in almost every school in the country, with a poster of a terrible hurricane. Former US president Bill Clinton later gloated: "It is now generally recognized that while Al Gore and I were ridiculed, we were right about global warming. . . It's going to lead to more hurricanes."

Contrary to the hysterical nonsense being spewed by global warming experts, the past 50 years has been about the quietest on record for US hurricanes. The 1940s was the worst. Researchers at Florida State University concluded that the 2007 and 2008 hurricane seasons had the least tropical activity in the Northern Hemisphere in 30 years. This year there were plenty of hurricanes in the Atlantic, but they were generally weak and did not hit land. Pacific hurricanes were at a record low in 2010.

10. The Silly Stuff- Those Global Warming Moonbats figure out ways to blame the dumbest things on global warming. I call it the official crazy list of things Moonbats say global warming causes. The list contains, Incredible shrinking sheep, Invasion of jellyfish in the Mediterranean, Surge in fatal shark attack, Boy Scout tornado deaths, Severe acne, Global conflictBeer tasting different, Suicide of farmers in Australia, Bigger tuna fish,Longer days, Shorter daysCollapse of gingerbread houses in Sweden, Cow infertility, UFO sightings in the UK, Rise in insurance premiums, and Heroin addiction and a rise in bear attacks in Japan  and Frigid Cold Winters in Great Britain, and Cancer, Death  from heart disease, diabetes, stroke, respiratory disease and even accidents, homicide, suicide,water -borne disease outbreaks,heavier, wetter snowstorms treacherous for travel and ambulation, Lyme disease, swarms of allergy-inducing, stinging insects, along with mosquitoes and devastating pine bark beetle infestations and the spread of forest and crop pests just to name a few.

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 00:01 | 4255955 Crawdaddy
Crawdaddy's picture

yep that is the tell.

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 01:33 | 4256136 ThirdWorldDude
ThirdWorldDude's picture

+ 1  Thanks for filling in the blanks.

Sad to see ZH jumping on the IPCC bandwagon, but I guess it's the new corporate policy. ABC Media LTC. is probably owned by cheesepopes heavily "invested" in Al Gore's GIM and BTC...

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 05:41 | 4256379 Gumbum
Gumbum's picture

Yes...this is why Russia is placing troops in the Arctic and why Canada is filing claim to expand their territory in the Arctic.

It's because it's COOLING so much and the ice is getting sooo thick that they just MUST have it!...you know...for drinks and sh1t.

Dumbass...

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 12:36 | 4257366 Melin
Melin's picture

ZH has always and often posted the slippery statist solutions of others.  

 

The call for more, bigger, better regulation is relentless around here.  The term "unregulated" is a four-letter word.

 

 

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 08:34 | 4256531 Sudden Debt
Sudden Debt's picture

because digging them up is hard and making them is easy and for pussies!

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 09:09 | 4256621 Disenchanted
Disenchanted's picture

re: "I thought we could make diamonds in a lab, then why do we dig them out of the ground?"

To maximize DeBeer's profits...

 

 

In the 1930's, Sir Ernest Oppenheimer, the chairman of De Beers Group and leader of Anglo American, came up with the idea of "single channel marketing" which he defined as "a producers' co-operative including the major outside, or non-De Beers producers in accordance with the belief that only by limiting the quantity of diamonds put on the market, in accordance with the demand, and by selling through one channel, can the stability of the diamond trade be maintained."

 

This new single channel marketing structure eventually came to be known as the Central Selling Organisation (CSO) (DeBeers.com) Basically, Oppenheimer formed a cartel on the premise that he was operating a legitimate enterprise. He stomped out all competition and kept a stranglehold on the supply of diamonds, upping their value and rarity through a limited supply that De Beers doled out carefully. It is safe to say that during this time De Beers Group owned and controlled about 90% of diamond production in the world; thus they could control the "rarity" and value and keep a hold on the lucrative industry. Many of their dealings were shady, and they were known for particular ruthlessness against their competitors.

 

quote from:

A Brief History of Blood Diamonds

 

 

btw "Central Selling Organisation" sounds a lot like Central Banking, s/but I'm sure there's no connection. /s

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:41 | 4255758 Yes_Questions
Yes_Questions's picture

 

 

Alien Peace and Defense Fund

 

..and After the fall of the Arctic, doublespeak will reign supreme..

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:35 | 4255747 Bobbyrib
Bobbyrib's picture

First thing I thought of: "When will DeBeers own the rights?"

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 23:01 | 4255808 Serfs Up
Serfs Up's picture

Who cares?

Diamonds are 100% carbon and that's not exactly an element in short supply.  And multicarat flawless diamonds can be easily created in the lab with a relatively low capex investment.

But...leave it to humans to fight over a non-rare item in a hostile, remote location becasue the Debeers family managed to create artificial scarcity.  

Anybody who dies over that squabble deserves to die, in a Darwin sort of way, but here we're talking about the unsurvival of the dumbest.

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 00:03 | 4255965 Crawdaddy
Crawdaddy's picture

So says the single man..,or the married guy who convinced his wife cubic zirconium is just as good.

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 01:36 | 4256140 Tim_
Tim_'s picture

Gemesis Diamond Company

"Gemesis lab-created diamonds are real, carbon crystal-growth diamonds, only they are cultured by man, not mined like traditional diamonds."

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 11:17 | 4257051 tarsubil
tarsubil's picture

Are you bragging about falling for this total sham so you could get married?

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 01:11 | 4256105 TheLoveArtist
TheLoveArtist's picture

The JEWS hate the cold, their yahmukas would give them frostbite.  No problem they have enslaved tons of Gentiles especially in Ukraine where all the oligarchs are JEWS.  Send the gentiles to work the ice mines, after all the Ukrainians are used to the cold, they have been without gas more than once.

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 01:13 | 4256106 TheLoveArtist
TheLoveArtist's picture

The JEWS hate the cold, their yahmukas would give them frostbite.  No problem they have enslaved tons of Gentiles especially in Ukraine where all the oligarchs are JEWS.  Send the gentiles to work the ice mines, after all the Ukrainians are used to the cold, they have been without gas more than once.

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 11:45 | 4257132 Sweet Chicken
Sweet Chicken's picture

multicarat flawless diamonds can be easily created in the lab

 

Link please? 

 

I'd like to point out that they cannot produce colorless material of this size and clarity. I've worked for GIA for many years and other laboratories. These mandmade stones in no way look like what your girlfriend expects you to put on her finger so don't get your hopes up. They are however a great innovation with tons of industrial possibilities.

Thu, 12/19/2013 - 04:08 | 4259994 prmths2
prmths2's picture

 The two most common impurities in diamond are carbon-13 and nitrogen. Isotopically pure diamonds have been produced that have 50% greater thermal conductivity than diamond with a normal isotope ratio (~99:1). These are useful as heat sinks. Large synthetic diamonds that are purer than natural diamonds can be produced in a laboratory, but they will not command the same price as a natural diamond since they are synthetic. The nitrogen atoms contained in natural diamond produce local stresses in the lattice and over very long periods of time they diffuse to form clusters that reduce the overall lattice strain. Synthetic diamonds do not have these clusters. The clusters have a flourescence that is different from individual atoms, allowing natural diamond that contains nitrogen to be distinguished from synthetic diamond. The purest natural diamonds have negligible nitrogen and are more difficult to distinguish from synthetic diamonds. DeBeers has put considerable marketing effort into maintaining the cachet of natural diamonds and considerable research into developing sophisticated techniques for differentiating natural diamonds from synthetic. You can find a brief discussion at:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synthetic_diamond. The manufacture of synthetic diamonds is kind of like counting cards in Las Vegas, you will be more successful if nobody knows what you are doing. DeBeers has always been very vigilant when it comes to following technological developments in synthetic diamond manufacture, and I expect that the leading edge manufacturing and analytical techniques are closely guarded.

 

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 02:32 | 4256226 RafterManFMJ
RafterManFMJ's picture

Poor, simple fucks; only an idiot digs for diamonds...

Read now, thanks me later.

http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/11.09/diamond.html

Fri, 12/20/2013 - 01:13 | 4262980 matrix2012
matrix2012's picture

Combining the read of this Wired article "The New Diamond Age" with Disenchanted's link above on "A Brief History of Blood Diamonds", these two articles constitute a cool duet material as a good starter kit (light, concise yet fascinating topic to catch their attention, imo)  to enlighten the sheeples what's so-called propaganda what's truth :-)

Lovely... thanks to both of you for the links :-)

 

matrix

 

----------

"If you look for the social-economic motive, you will not have to wait for history to tell you what was propaganda and what was truth." - George Seldes

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:28 | 4255731 Big Corked Boots
Big Corked Boots's picture

Meh. Wake me when they find oil.

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:30 | 4255740 FieldingMellish
FieldingMellish's picture

The problem is that the frozen continent is protected from mining for decades under an international treaty

 


Nothing a war and a few hundred thousand civilian deaths won't solve.

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:34 | 4255744 Ignatius
Ignatius's picture

No shortage of diamonds.  Follow the treaty, no mining.

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:52 | 4255779 nmewn
nmewn's picture

"I hold in my hand a piece of paper." - Neville Chamberlain

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 23:02 | 4255804 Dr. Engali
Dr. Engali's picture

That's the same thing most members of government say about the constitution just before they burn it.

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:42 | 4255759 A Lunatic
A Lunatic's picture

Treaties don't mean shit when it comes to glorious riches. Just ask them heathen 'merican injuns.......

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:47 | 4255770 Yes_Questions
Yes_Questions's picture

 

 

Haow

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 03:19 | 4256285 SilverRhino
SilverRhino's picture

Were that truly the case then the asteroid belt would be getting mined like crazy right now.   Why the fuck we're still stuck on this rockball when there are multiple Earths of fresh water and natural resources floating around waiting to be taken is just fucking BUG NUTS. 

 

UN Outer Space Treaty .... 1967 and it's still holding us back.

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 18:52 | 4258959 DFCtomm
DFCtomm's picture

Two reasons. They're just now learning how to find those earth like planets, and the second problem is that nobody other than governments have been involved in space exploration. Those two problems are beginning to be resolved. We've already found a planet that is close enough for our current technology to make a one way trip. I think it's within 60 light years, and commercial companies are just now entering the field. It's changing but won't change fast enough for you to see it.

Thu, 12/19/2013 - 23:07 | 4262696 SilverRhino
SilverRhino's picture

A VIABLE colony could be established on Europa with today's technology and private property rights.    You really think that the Saudi's wouldnt LOVE to have a nice fat set of ice asteroids dropped into their desert on a zero relative speed re-entry trajectory for water recovery?  

 

 

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:57 | 4255775 Dr. Engali
Dr. Engali's picture

It is of the utmost importance to forgo any diamond mining in the Antarctic. The African blood diamond business must be protected by any means necessary.

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 23:23 | 4255857 kchrisc
kchrisc's picture

Sorry to tell you this, but you seem to have fallen for the "blood diamond" lie.

There is no such thing, as is very often the case with things that originate in power and are disseminated via the propaganda media.

What is really going on is that De Beers and the rest of the 'tribe' diamond monopoly control the diamond prices by keeping part of the world's yearly supply of diamonds off of the market. They literally buy up and perpetually store diamonds as needed to control their price. (Look it up.)

As more poor people, especially in Africa, have turned to diamond mining to survive, the monopoly was having to buy more and more diamonds to hold. That was putting a crimp on profits, so the "blood diamond" BS was born.

Of course the bigger picture is a bit more complicated--fascism. puppet states, etc.--, but that is the basic jest.

 

Or think about it another way. What is the best way to stop and/or prevent conflicts in poor African countries, control the mining and sale of a consumer item like diamonds or the arms trade to same said countries?

Wed, 12/18/2013 - 02:04 | 4256183 Tim_
Tim_'s picture

Have You Ever Tried to Sell a Diamond?

"The diamond invention is far more than a monopoly for fixing diamond prices; it is a mechanism for converting tiny crystals of carbon into universally recognized tokens of wealth, power, and romance. To achieve this goal, De Beers had to control demand as well as supply. Both women and men had to be made to perceive diamonds not as marketable precious stones but as an inseparable part of courtship and married life. To stabilize the market, De Beers had to endow these stones with a sentiment that would inhibit the public from ever reselling them. The illusion had to be created that diamonds were forever -- 'forever' in the sense that they should never be resold."

"Specifically, the Ayer study stressed the need to strengthen the association in the public's mind of diamonds with romance. Since 'young men buy over 90% of all engagement rings' it would be crucial to inculcate in them the idea that diamonds were a gift of love: the larger and finer the diamond, the greater the expression of love. Similarly, young women had to be encouraged to view diamonds as an integral part of any romantic courtship."

"'There's going to come a day when all those doctors, lawyers, and other fools who bought diamonds over the phone take them out of their strongboxes, or wherever, and try to sell them,' one dealer predicted last year."

"Even in the midst of this crisis, De Beers's executives in London have been maneuvering to save the diamond invention by buying up loose diamonds. The inventory of diamonds in De Beers's vault [in 1982] has swollen to a value of over a billion dollars—twice the value of the 1979 inventory."

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:53 | 4255785 Evil Bugeyes
Evil Bugeyes's picture

Antarctica and South Africa were once part of a single continent and were right next to each other according to the theory of continental drift. So it isn't surprising that they have similar rocks.

Which leads to the more important question: Is there gold in Antarctica like there is (was) in South Africa?

If there is, it's mine! I dubbs it.

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:54 | 4255797 kchrisc
kchrisc's picture

"With climate change impacting the poles..." I guess the author hasn't yet heard of ClimateGate.

 

I am American not US.

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 23:11 | 4255835 LetThemEatRand
LetThemEatRand's picture

I guess the facts discussed in this story haven't, either.

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 23:52 | 4255932 clymer
clymer's picture

http://www.breitbart.com/Big-Peace/2013/12/17/CryoSat-Satellite%20-Findi...

 

sick joke.

 

Let's get on with free energy already. It's there

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 22:55 | 4255799 orez65
orez65's picture

"With climate change impacting the poles ..."

You are "assuming" that the world is warming up, but cover your ass by saying "climate change". I say "shit or get off the pot". 

If you have proof of global climate show it otherwise shut the fuck up.

Incidentally, pray to whatever your God is or to your recycling shrine that the world will not get colder.

It's tough when it gets cold. I've been freezing my ass while in Arkansas and that's the South.

In the last ice age there was a 5 mile wall of ice all the way down to Arkansas.

You fucking liberals are a bunch of pathetic shit heads.

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 23:10 | 4255834 chubbar
chubbar's picture

Orez, great fucking rant, laughing my FAO, LOL! I don't even care of the accuracy, which is probably good.

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 23:18 | 4255841 LetThemEatRand
LetThemEatRand's picture

"I've been freezing my ass while in Arkansas and that's the South."

They started calling it climate change after realizing that people would look out their window for proof of "global warming," and not seeing it in their backyards every single fucking day (and convinced by global corporate propaganda that it does not exist), conclude it is a farce.  It is a long-term global trend, and even when it was called "global warming" the scientific papers discussed the fact that it would also include colder winters in some parts of the globe.  Perhaps the old addage about the boiling frogs has more literal meaning than intended.

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 23:20 | 4255854 dark pools of soros
dark pools of soros's picture

the polution will kill everyone before any warming amounts to anything... but then that might make certain entities liable for medical bills if they push that too much

 

perhaps Earth should get a lawyer?

 

 

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 23:26 | 4255864 LetThemEatRand
LetThemEatRand's picture

I'm pretty sure the Earth doesn't care.  As for pollution killing people, people adapt.  But it is ironic to me that so many people who otherwise "follow the money" don't see the force behind the denial of global warming.  Yes there is money to be made on both sides of the "debate," but the really, really, really big money is the energy industry and everything it feeds including the MIC that exists largely to keep the oil flowing.  

Tue, 12/17/2013 - 23:39 | 4255891 knukles
knukles's picture

Who gives a Fuck

 

On a long enough time line, the survival rate for everyone drops to zero.
That includes all mankind.
Even as the collective species.

Take care of that which you can.
All other things will take care of themselves.

Mother Earth will be here long after mankind is gone.

The primary driver of "climate change" is the sun.
And Momma Universe don't pay taxes.

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!