Fukushima's Legacy: Understanding The Difference Between Nuclear Radiation & Contamination

Tyler Durden's picture

Submitted by Chris Martenson of Peak Prosperity,

Are fish from the Pacific safe to eat?  What about the elevated background radiation readings detected in Japan, and recently in California? Are these harmful levels?

Should we be worried? And if so, what should be done about these potential health threats? What steps should we take to protect ourselves?

As many of you know, I'm a scientist by training. In this report, I'll lay out the facts and data that explain the actual risks. I'll start by pointing out that Fukushima-related fears have been both overblown as well as heavily downplayed by parties on each side of the discussion.

Much of this stems from ignorance of the underlying science. But some of it, sadly, seems to be purposefully misleading. Again, on both sides.

To assess the true risks accurately, you need to know about the difference between radiation and contamination.  The distinction is vital and, unfortunately, one of the most glossed-over and misused facets of the reporting on nuclear energy.

Starting With The Bottom Line

All of my research and understanding of the risks of radiation at this point indicate that people living in the west coast of the US or in Hawaii are currently not in danger from the radiation released in the wake of the Fukushima tragedy. 

While the background levels are elevated somewhat, those detected so far remain well within what I consider to be a safe zone.  However, should there be another accident at the damaged facility leading to the release of another large plume of radioactive matter, then this assessment could, understandably, change.

The exception to this assessment is for those living within a hundred kilometers of Fukushima. For those people, my analysis points to serious risks, especially for those living with a kilometer or two of the coast, extending 100 kilometers in either direction. The details behind my assessment are contained in the full report below.

The intent of this report is to help readers understand the likely implications of the Fukushima situation with more clarity, as well as to provide a useful framework for identifying the risks posed by any future nuclear incidents and what your response to them should be.

The most important takeaway from this analysis should be this: Radiation, itself, is less a threat than most people imagine. But radioactive contamination is an entirely different and far more dangerous beast. 

While both deliver a ‘dose’ of radiation, it's contamination -- especially ingested contamination -- that has the greatest odds of delivering a concentrated dose to human tissue in a way that can lead to serious acute and/or chronic damage.

The difference between these two will be explained in detail. For those who chose not to read the full report and just want the punchline, it's this: Contamination is the process of acquiring radioactive particles that then become lodged on, or more dangerously in, your body. Do all you can to protect yourself against it.

Should you find yourself nearby during a nuclear accident, your first order of business is to avoid breathing or ingesting any contaminated particulate matter.  This usually involves sheltering in place and is when duct tape and plastic sheeting become your best friends.  While it may sound silly to use such a dime-store defense against a nuclear hazard, it is in fact both remarkably effective and entirely necessary. Merely keeping you and your family away from the fallout for a matter of 2-3 days, possibly a bit longer depending on conditions, can make an enormous difference in your survival odds. 

For now, the levels of radiation that have been detected and reported outside of Japan are between two and three orders of magnitude below what I would personally consider to be worrisome. And there’s no concrete evidence the the bigger concern, contamination, has traveled to countries outside of Japan.

And within Japan, the story takes on its own complexity (just as happened in the areas surrounding Chernobyl), where local wind patterns in the days after the accident created a complex quilt of danger and (relative) safety.  

For those who wish to engage with the context and details of the post-Fukushima world, the journey begins by understanding what ‘radiation’ actually is. 

Radiation Types

What do we mean when we say 'radiation'?  It turns out, that word can mean any number of things. 

You are bathed in radiation every day: from sunlight, radio waves, wifi, etc. Some radiation is electromagnetic (in the case of light) and some is composed of particles (matter).

When we hear about ‘radiation’ in the press, what’s typically being referred to are potentially harmful forms of energetic emissions, both electromagnetic and particulate, that can damage biological organisms.

The main distinction between harmful and benign radiation lies in the ability of the radioactive wave or particle to ionize a molecule in your body. Technically, 'ionizing' means "to create an ion", which involves forcibly stripping an electron off of a molecule or atom. This leaves the molecule or atom in a charged state (referred to as 'ionic form'), and thus can cause the affected particle to break apart or otherwise not work as it did before. 

For example, the hemoglobin in your blood is a very complex molecule. Breaking even one of its internal bonds can completely destroy its ability to carry oxygen.  

Every cell in your body is an enormously complex machine with thousands of different molecules each with a crucial function. Wreck enough of these molecules through the process of ionization and the cell dies. Destroy or disrupt the DNA at the center of the cell, and malfunction will result; one dramatic form being the loss of the ability to self-regulate its growth, which we call cancer. 

Radioactive substances emit various forms of energy. Some of the energetic releases are in the form of photon waves (such as gamma or X-rays) while some are in the form of actual fast moving particles (such as alpha and beta particles, and neutrons).

We lump them all together and call them ‘radiation’. But when it comes to their impact on living organisms, not all forms of radiation are created equally. Some are far more effective 'disrupters of life' than others.

The basic types of radiation you would encounter as a consequence of a nuclear accident like Fukushima are:

  • Alpha particles.  These are fast moving nuclei of helium, meaning they consist of two protons and two neutrons.  The electron shell is missing, so these are charged particles in search of electrons to strip from some other hapless molecule or atom. In the subatomic world, these are very large particles and so are the most easily stopped. They cannot penetrate even a single sheet of paper or the layer of dead skin cells on the outside of your body. As a result, they are quite easy to protect against with minimal effort. However, we shouldn't take total comfort in this fact. The deadly toxin Polonium 210, the one used to kill various enimies of the Russians over the years, emits alpha particles and is quite effective as a poison. The reason for this lies in the fact that, once ingested, it works its damage in close proximity to a person's cells. On the outside of a body, alpha particles bump into already-dead skin cells, so no harmful damage results.  On the inside, they careen straight into living cells and are quite damaging.
  • Beta particles.  These are electrons that have been ejected through a radioactive decay process (technically, it's when a neutron decays yielding both a proton and an electron).   Beta radiation can penetrate a sheet of paper easily, and requires something along the lines of an aluminum plate a few millimeters thick to stop it. Beta particles have medium ionizing power and medium penetrating power, but there is a very wide spectrum of potential power intensities depending on exactly which radioactive substance is emitting the beta particle. One very common radioactive substance found in nuclear plants, tritium, is a beta emitter.
  • Gamma rays.  These are high-energy photons with strong penetrating power and high ionizing potential.  In the past, they were distinguished from x-rays on the basis of their energy potential, but they are really the same thing (they are both high-energy photons). Although, what we call an x-ray generally carries a lot less energy than a gamma ray. That is, an x-ray is at the low end of the energetic spectrum while a gamma ray is at the higher end. This is exactly analogous to the difference between visible sunlight and UV rays, which are the radiation (composed of high-energy photons) that burn your skin.  Just place gamma rays a lot further along that same spectrum all the way at the point where, instead of being stopped by your underlay of skin, the gamma rays can create an equivalent ‘sunburn’ on tissues all the way through your body. Gamma rays vary in strength and actually occupy a spectrum of energies (not unlike how white light includes the spectrum of all the colors of the rainbow), so we need to know more about the specific gamma rays in question to know how damaging they might be. 
  • Neutrons.  Neutrons are the bad boys of the radiation story; and are only found as a consequence of a nuclear reaction (controlled or uncontrolled).  Their penetrating power is extraordinary, requiring several meters of solid substance to stop them. They work their harm by indirect ionization, which is not unlike a pool ball smashing into a lamp. A typical example would be the capture of a neutron by a hydrogen nucleus consisting of a single proton, which is then ripped away from its position by the kinetic energy contained by the neutron, and then, like our billiard ball, careens about breaking things, ionizing some atoms/molecules, or shattering the bonds between atoms. In terms of biological damage, neutrons are horrific -- roughly ten times more damaging than beta or gamma radiation on a per unit of energy basis.

Of course, there's a lot of complexity buried within each of these 'buckets' of radiation types; especially given the uncertainty that each bucket has a range of energies associated with it. 

To help clarify this, imagine that we're talking about radiation as if it were vehicles traveling on a highway. It's not really possible to predict how destructive it would be to collide with 'a vehicle' because that answer depends on knowing factors like the vehicle’s size, weight and speed.

Bumping into a small car traveling slowly in your same direction will be far less damaging than slamming head-on into a large fully-loaded Mack truck going 80 mph.

The way this is technically measured is by the energy that each type of radiation carries, measured in units called 'electron volts' (eV).  Think of the eV rating as combining both the speed and the mass of the vehicle we are trying to rank. 

To the eV designation, we'll add the scientific shorthand of K for 'kilo' signifying 1,000 and M for Mega signifying 1,000,000. So 1 KeV = 1,000 eV, and 1 MeV = 1,000,000 eV

Along our radiation 'highway' we find that x-rays carry the least energy and are in the vicinity of 1.2 KeV.  They are small, light cars. Think Fiat.

Gamma rays are not a single vehicle type because they can have energies anywhere from a few KeV all the way up to 25 MeV.  They are everything and anything from tiny TR-6s to massive, fully loaded, Peterbuilt double trailer trucks traveling 80 mph. For reference, the gamma rays emitted by Cesium 137, a very common byproduct of nuclear reactors and a main component of the Fukushima releases, is 700 KeV, hundreds of times more energetic than your typical dentist x-ray, but not nearly the most potent gamma ray you could encounter.

Some common gamma emitters are cesium-137, cobalt-60 and technetium-99.  Also, about 10% of the radioactivity of iodine-131 is gamma, the rest is beta (making this is a mixed radioelement).

Alpha particles have very high kinetic energies standing at about 5 MeV. However, they have exceptionally poor penetrating power, so we might think of them as very large steamrollers that can lurch forwards violently, but only for a few feet. If you are right next to it, you're in big trouble; but otherwise you're safe.

In years years,  a potent alpha emitter, polonium-210, was used to assassinate both Yasser Arafat and Russian critic Alexander Litvinenko. Because polonium-210 only emits alpha particles, you could carry it in a glass vial in your pocket and slip though radiation detectors at any facility because none of the alpha particles would make it through the vial wall (and even if they somehow did, they’d be stopped by the fabric of your pants pocket). In fact, you could merrily rub it on your skin and suffer no ill effects. 

But if ingested? Just a few milligrams, a speck the size of a small grain of salt, would be sufficient to kill. All those gigantic lurching steamrollers would be positioned right next to your living cells, crashing into them and destroying your tissues one cell at a time.

Common alpha emitters include radium, radon, polonium, uranium and thorium.

Beta particles are electrons ejected during proton decay, and they travel at high speed. They can range anywhere between 5 KeV and 20 MeV. For our purposes, the isotopes most commonly associated with nuclear reactions are in the range of 19 KeV (tritium) to 600 KeV (iodine-131 and strontium-90) to 2.3 MeV (yttrium-90).  So these range from medium-sized cars to tractor trailers in our analogy.

Beta particles have medium penetrating power and they can easily get through your skin to the living tissues beneath. Think of them as being able to give you a very harsh sunburn from the outside-inwards if you were exposed long enough. Again, their worst effects come if ingested, where they can cause lots of damage.

Some common beta emitters are strontium-90, yttrium-90, iodine-131, carbon-14, and tritium.

Neutrons are a very wide topic, so we'll just talk about them in terms of a nuclear reactor. The moderate to fast neutrons emitted as a product of fission are extraordinarily dangerous and can penetrate lead shields and many meters of concrete. They are most readily stopped by interacting with hydrogen, so water and wax (and human bodies)-- which contain lots of hydrogen atoms -- are better at stopping neutrons than concrete. 

Neutrons are not part of the radioactive release from Fukushima. They really aren't ever an issue unless you somehow find yourself near an open, uncontained source of fission -- like inside the containment shell of an operating reactor, or in the vicinity of an exploding nuclear bomb. Then neutrons are a BIG problem.

Of note: in the early stages of the Fukushima meltdown, neutron 'beams' were detected 13 times from outside the reactors. This understandably caused the TEPCO workers a lot of worry and slowed their response efforts. This was a certain indication that there was spontaneous fission happening outside of a sealed containment vessel, something that TEPCO was busily assuring the world had not happened. They were still claiming that the vessels were intact and full of pumped cooling water. 

The bottom line is that the topic of radioactivity is complex. If we want to make intelligent decisions, then we need to know which type of radiation we are talking about. 

For example, there are folks walking about with mail-order radiation detectors and reporting ‘counts per minute’ readings. But counts of what exactly?  Is each ‘count’ a low-energy beta particle or a high-energy gamma ray? There’s a world of difference between the two.

So we owe it to ourselves to dig into the context before coming to conclusions. To determine how concerned we should be about any new data, we have to translate ‘counts’ of any particle into their potential health effects. 

Radiation's Effect On Our Health

Okay, here's the thing most people don't know about radiation: we are surrounded by it and have evolved with it over billions of years. The body can deal with exposure to a certain amount of ionizing radiation without any difficulty at all. Naturally occurring radioactive elements such as uranium and radon and carbon-14 have been a part of life since the very beginning. Gamma rays rain down from the celestial heavens every day.

So radiation alone is not a cause for concern for me.  Even temporary radiation levels that are significantly above my normal background baseline, as much as ten or twenty times, are not a concern of mine as a healthy adult.

But as our vehicle analogy above showed, first we have to know what kind of radiation we are talking about. Is it alpha, beta, or gamma?  How much energy is it carrying?

We also need to know about the person being exposed to the radiation. Tolerance levels for what's "safe" will be lower for kids, the old, and the frail.

For these reasons, science has struggled to come up with a universal measurement for the health impact caused by radiation. As a result, we have several different measurement methodologies parked into a few slightly different, but essentially related, scales. Each attempts to combine the acute effects of radiation exposure into a single 'dose' that is a measure of both the intensity and the duration of the exposure.

As mentioned previously, some radiation has the ability to travel right through our bodies entirely without being absorbed. So, the ‘dose’ reading needs to focus on the amount of any specific radiation type that will be absorbed (or stopped) by the body and thereby have opportunity to impact the molecules in that body.

The radiation absorbed dose is measured in the Gray, rad, rem and Sievert

Rads and Grays are related to each other. One Gray is a huge dose; and the rad just breaks the Grays down into finer units. One Gray = 100 rads (rad stands for Radiation Absorbed Dose). These measure the amount of energy that ionizing radiation imparts to matter.  This matter could be anything: a block of cement, or a human.  

Sieverts and rems are likewise related. One Sievert = 100 rems, but these are adjusted to provide a measure of the impact of the absorbed dose of ionizing radiation on biological tissue. To equate the two systems, the absorbed dose in Grays or rads is multiplied by a 'quality factor' that is specific to each type of radiation to account for their different biological impacts: the result is Sieverts or rems.  Thus, using our vehicle analogy from before, our small sedans get an adjustment factor of 1, while heavier vehicles get an adjustment factor as high as 10-20 times greater. 


Based on this table, it's no wonder that polonium-210 is such a devastating radiological poison, because alpha particle get an adjustment factor of 20(!) making them twice as deadly as fast neutrons even. But, again, the alpha particles have to be ingested to have that impact; whereas neutrons can travel through ten feet of concrete and still be dangerous.

Keep in mind this table is a huge simplification of a very complicated field of study. For example, it also matters which tissues are being exposed, as they have very different sensitivities to radiation. 

However, if we are talking about an episode of external exposure to radiation, like a worker at Fukushima might get, then we care about the Sievert or rem scale:

  • 1 Sievert (or 1 Sv), or 100 rem, will induce nausea and reduce the white blood cell count
  • 5 Sv, or 500 rems, would cause death for 50% of those exposed in a matter of months
  • 10 Sv, or 1,000 rems, is 100% fatal within weeks

The above table leaves out the element of time, so if you are standing near a source of ionizing radiation that is hitting you at the rate of 1 SV per hour, after ten hours you will have received 10 Sv, a fatal dose.  If you stand next to that source for an hour you will get nauseous, and destroy some of your white blood cells.  If you only stand there for ten minutes, you'll receive something like 100 mS (the maximum yearly allowed dose for US nuclear workers) and likely not feel any adverse effects.

Thus, dose is a function of intensity and time. You may recall seeing the grainy footage of Chernobyl ‘workers’ ducking out from behind cover and racing to move a single wheelbarrow of rubble from point A to point B. In those few seconds, they may have received a lifetime maximum dose of radiation and were (hopefully) sent home after accomplishing that one task.

The average global background radiation is 0.27 microS/hour (that's millionths of a Sievert). If we multiply that number by 24x365, it yields an average yearly dose of 2.4 mS/yr.  TEPCO workers are permitted to receive 250 mS/yr, while US nuclear worker standards are 100 mS/yr, which is roughly 25 times greater than background.

The average airport security screening device delivers a dose of 0.25 microS, or the equivalent of a full day's background radiation.  If that alarms you, just know that during the actual flight you take, the average exposure is ten times higher than that -- providing 2.7 microS per hour of flight at cruising altitude, or ten times normal background. So a 5-hour flight at cruising altitude will provide you with a dose of gamma radiation that measures 54 times more than you get at the airport screening itself, or two full days worth of background radiation.

Again, at these levels I am not even remotely concerned.  It there were something to worry about then the epidemiological data from flight attendants and pilots would have long ago revealed a health concern. That's one reason why I'm not worried about periodic episodes of 10x normal background radiation.

Of course, the Sievert is a very crude scale, developed a long time ago. One might argue that the biological impact of airport screeners and whole-body gamma irradiation might be more subtle and complex due to differences in tissue responses and how the radiation is concentrated on the surface of the skin by airport scanners.  All of that remains an open question to me, but no enough of one to concern me.

Still, the point here is that we are surrounded by radiation all the time and we absorb a yearly dose no matter where we live, but Denver-ites get a lot more than people living in Miami due to the altitude (less atmospheric protection from extra planetary gamma arrays).

Here's a link to a super useful graphic that visually shows the Sievert doses of both ordinary life and the Fukushima accident in relation to each other.

Based on this chart, plus all of the information above, even if your background radiation goes up by a factor of ten or twenty, I wouldn't be concerned.

Contamination Is The Real Danger

But radioactive contamination?  That's a whole different beast. 

By "contamination", I mean ingesting some radioactive isotopes or particles that become lodged in the body somehow.  Perhaps it's a small speck of radioactive dust that gets lodged in the lung where it will persist (like coal dust and asbestos do), or perhaps it's a substance that our bodies try to accumulate because it resembles a biologically useful element (as is the case with iodine or strontium).

In Part II: The Contamination Threat, we examine in depth the threats posed by radioactive contamination, including the most prevalent contaminants to be wary of, and the compounding effects of bioaccumulation and biomagnification. One of the most nefarious aspects of contamination is how it uses Nature's processes against itself.

For the record, we are aware of no imminent public health threat from nuclear contamination outside of already-identified "hot zones". But for those who wish to better understand the risks and prudent protection measures related to the real dangers of a similar Fukushima-type event in the future (or an unfortunate escalation of the current Fukushima situation), being forewarned is forearmed.

Click here to access Part II of this report (free executive summary; enrollment required for full access).

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Boris Alatovkrap's picture

Boris is explain nuclear radiation and difference of contamination...

Radiation is stand in front of refrigerator with door open. Contamination is store mayonnaise next to Cesium 137 and then is spread on sandwich.

wretch's picture

Nice article.  The early explosions in the Fukushima reactors spewed plutonium into all over the place, for miles.  And into the atmosphere.  One atom of plutonium can disrupt cellular behavior, cause cancer.  Lots of organisms continue to ingest it, and it bioaccumulates.

JohnnyBriefcase's picture

Nope. Sorry, they said it was safe.

They wouldn't lie to us to protect their multi billion dollar investments.

They care about you and me.

Fukushima Sam's picture

Don't worry!  Everything is just fine!

wee-weed up's picture



"Are fish from the Pacific safe to eat?  What about the elevated background radiation readings detected in Japan, and recently in California? Are these harmful levels?

Should we be worried? And if so, what should be done about these potential health threats? What steps should we take to protect ourselves?"


There's not a government on earth with nuclear plants on its soil which will answer those questions honestly.

Mister Kitty's picture

All that radiation is killing the sushi market.  Bitches.

Gankfest's picture

Well written, and informative!

X_mloclaM's picture

bioaccumulation in "hot area" sells "hot" tea "hot" exports with "hot" particle, u injest, and u see no threat to Japanese people outside your special ring? No threat to those injesting your gamma decaying particles sucked up the stems of plants?

Many will come to regret the sentiment expressed in first few lines of this piece

Hottest items in decending order of danger to human life (excuse me... future human life risks)


Green Tea and mushrooms grown in Japan

N Japanese dairy and green leaf vegetables grown in north

Japanese regional fish (their NE/E coast obviously being the worst)

North and Central American fish & mushrooms

North American green leaf vegetables and milk (not at risk, but can be 'prepped')

zhandax's picture

"All that radiation is killing the sushi market."

Means it gets cheaper.  I realized early on that irradiated fish may have a shortened lifespan, and contain contaminants in it's stomach, but should not pose harm to those consuming the flesh.  Not far removed from irradiated vegetables intended to eliminate harmful bacteria.  Pacific seafood may become extinct, which is bad enough, but it shouldn't kill those enjoying the last of it.  I have also noticed that shortly after Fukishima, my Kroger starting importing fish from the Honolulu fish market.  Those imports have been interrupted frequently this winter, and I wonder how much of this is weather and how much is diminution of supply?

SafelyGraze's picture

contamination is cesium *in* the mayonnaise

when it's merely next to the mayonnaise, you just have some irradiated (but non-radioactive) sandwich spread

Boris Alatovkrap's picture

Da, da, you are correct, but Boris is not so stupid as put Cesium 137 in mayonnaise. Boris is not KGB.

Urban Roman's picture

For another example, suppose you have one of those little radiation meters everybody carries around in Japan these days.

Further suppose you were there in the restaurant with Litvenenko that day. You could wave your meter over the fatal cup of tea and it would show nothing. Just the odd click or two now and then from cosmic rays or natural radioactivity. Those little meters can't pick up alpha radiation.

If you had the right kind of detector, and hold it right over the teacup, almost getting it wet, it would show a lot of radiation. If the speaker were on it would roar.

But again, move it ten inches away from the teacup and it would sense nothing. Alpha particles don't go that far in air.

Just don't drink any of the tea.

Whalley World's picture

Radchick on youtube has a gallery of mutated plant life going back to 2012 here in Canada and USA

I won't paddle in the Pacific anymore as i have watched the jellyfish melt on the surface last summer and all of the starfish are gone.

Obama said their was no chance of the radiation from Fuku hitting N America, but he scooted off to Brazil when the plant blew

check out the chernobyl diet and look up the benefits of dandelion,

this is a nightmare that has no end, this article is in support of the nuke industry which has to go

X_mloclaM's picture

however, to credit, did do the Corexit EC9500A and Corexit EC9527A dip with the fam

A good man doin that there for Gulf sentiment

Clycntct's picture

If I recall it wasn't in contaminated waters but inlet or alcove?

Visual propaganda.

tyrone's picture

wretch said: The early explosions in the Fukushima reactors spewed plutonium into all over the place

WRONG!   reactors at Fukushima are "BOILING WATER REACTORS" and as such, they use enriched uranium as fuel. The long-lived radioactive decay products produced by those Fukushima reactors which escaped into the earth's atmosphere were Cesium-134 and Cesium-137 which have lives of 2 years and 30 years respectively.  Other short-lived radioactive decay products including Iodine-131, Iodine-132, Technitium-132, Xenon-133, and Lanthanum-140 were also in the released material but have lives measured in days or hours. Obviously, the life of a radioactive product and the detected amounts are the important concerns here.

The "other kind" of commercial power reactors in common use are called "BREEDER REACTORS" and THOSE ones use plutonium as fuel.

Tijuana Donkey Show's picture

But did they reload the reactors? To build options for weapons? (Yes, they did) That is the hidden issue here.

verbot's picture

i like how much attention is paid to syntax .. boris.... and thanks zh for another fukushima story link.. you all are my heros...

Boris Alatovkrap's picture

You are very thank you! Boris is take great care of exactness in syntax.

Radical Marijuana's picture

The way Boris writes is so classically amusing, that I keep on suspecting that he is doing it on purpose?

Boris Alatovkrap's picture

To quote great playwright Anton Chekhov, "if there is gun on mantle in first act, is better go off by third act." Boris is to do everything with much purpose.

Pool Shark's picture



You're not planning on 'going off' are you Boris?

Boris Alatovkrap's picture

Boris is alway to be just little bit off.

Droel's picture

The correct terminology is radiation exposure vs contamination. An easy analogy is dog shit. If you smell it, you've been exposed, if you step in it, you're contaminated.

Boris Alatovkrap's picture

Is remind Boris of funny Russia army joke. General and corporal are walk along and General is stop. Is look down. "What is this!?" as point to ground. "Is look it like canine feces", is respond corporal. "Please to smell", General is command. "Is smell it like canine feces", respond Corporal "Please to touch", General is command. "Is feel like canine feces", respond Corporal. "Please to taste", General is command. "Is taste it like canine feces", respond Corporal. General is step around and is saying, "Good thing we are not step in."

Jadr's picture

Boris, you have all the answers, do you know where the original Tyler's went? Did they stop writting entirely or can we find them somewhere else?

Jadr's picture

Even assuming you lurked here long before registering (your account is only 7 weeks old), I doubt you were here long enough to really notice the difference in writing styles and content.  I've been here a lot longer than my account age and my account is over 3 years old.  I agree with the idea that the site was sold based on what I have seen, which is sad because this was my favorite source of information for so long.  It is still good in my opinion but it was not where it once was in quality.

Canoe Driver's picture

Boris' explanation is more valuable than the article posted, especially if we are going to be hit up for "enrollment" at the end. What kind of person does a bait and switch with potentially life-saving information, and does it for money?

max2205's picture

So I shouldn't under cook my salmon

El Oregonian's picture

Don't worry your salmon has all ready been nuked (pre-cooked).

Boris Alatovkrap's picture

Boris is prefer smoke salmon, but is much difficult with soggy rolling paper.

Son of Loki's picture

"Your Sushi May Be Impacted by Fukishima.  If you live within the area impacted by Radiation, your safety and the viability of your Family are important to us. We can  assure you, these fish are safe to eat despite their faint glow.

What you can't see can't hurt you."

Moe Hamhead's picture

Can't something be contaminated with radiation ?

prmths2's picture

Neutron capture can cause a stable atom (e.g., gold) to become an unstable isotope that subsequently decays at some point, releasing radiation. On the other hand some atoms can capture a neutron and remain stable (e.g., boron).

Canoe Driver's picture

Some non-emitter substances can become temporarily radioactive from exposure. A good idea to research this.

suteibu's picture

2 things...

1)  Disclosure.  What is your exposure to the nuclear industry and its supply chain.

2)  It might be more instructive to describe what has been "overblown as well as heavily downplayed by parties on each side of the discussion."  in order to put this information in context to the actual and ongoing event.

LetThemEatRand's picture

The only thing anyone needs to know on this subject is that the nuclear plants were deliberately built at great expense to avoid any radioactive waste entering the ocean, because any nuclear scientist who doesn't work for GE knows that would be bad.  And to get beyond the few who give a shit, those who built said plants had to convince regulators that it would never happen.   But now we're told "no big deal" that radioactive water is pouring in the ocean in great quantities.  Daily.  Now we're told the ocean is big.  And apparently "containment" buildings were just built for fun.

dexter_morgan's picture

In the old days the saying was "dilution is the solution to pollution" - that line of thinking is making a comeback apparently

wretch's picture

Convinced the regulators it would never happen?  The NRC is mandated to support and promote the nuclear industry.


No.  They told us it would never happen.  No convincing really happened.  Meanwhile, they all got insured against any disasters -- those are the public's problem now.

X_mloclaM's picture

ya know right, ya think the author'da mentioned the fact TEPCO says they 'have to' dump Tritium (unfiterable) into the Pacific as tank building (s)pace/$?? not enough. So yes, they're gunna be polluting much more than merely the uncaptured ground water cooling the reactions flowing into the ocean. It was announced. Surrounding comments are correct. Why?

So no water municipal water intakes are near that portion of the ocean? Tokyo?

As author mentions, neutrons are/were a risk! for TEPCO workers near the reactors with corium out of primary containment as a lack of water brings about an acceleration -- thus they keep em pumped full, and thus the contaminated water goes on. What isn't mentioned, is how this circlular issue of cooling rogue cores to pollute the ocean, will be tapered, then wound down


X_mloclaM's picture

I'm sure some reader (or the author) would warn of hyping every article on that site, however, I'd say in return to focus back on those 4 and my 'claims' in the paragraph above.

TuPhat's picture

Why would municipalities pump seawater into their water systems.  Do Japanese drink saltwater?  Is any of your post correct?

Judge Crater's picture

Radiation is akin to listening to Obama as he tells you what he is going to do to make your life better.  Contamination is believing him.

suteibu's picture

Actually, I believe that contamination can occur even if you don't believe him.  You still have to live with his EOs.

Droel's picture

Same as the dog shit analogy.