Behind The Fed's Monetary Curtain: Wizards? Or Scarecrows Who "Do An Awful Lot Of Talking"

Tyler Durden's picture


Submitted by Joseph Calhoun via Alhambra Partners,

The Wizard: I AM OZ…the Great and Powerful! Who are you?

The Wizard: Pay no attention to that man behind the curtain! The Great Oz has spoken!

Dorothy: How can you talk if you haven’t got a brain?

Scarecrow: I don’t know. But some people without brains do an awful lot of talking, don’t they?

All lines from Frank Baum’s The Wizard of Oz

The last few years the underlying theme of the markets is one of central bank omnipotence. Don’t worry about X, the Fed or the ECB or the BOJ has your back and will do whatever it takes to make sure nothing bad happens. The acceptance of this meme by market players has pushed all manner of assets to prices that in more normal times would make no sense whatsoever. It has been a wholesale rejection of safety and prudence in favor of the risk taking the central banks believe is necessary for the global or local economy to improve. The BOJ has convinced not only themselves but the world that currency devaluation and inflation will cure what has ailed Japan’s economy for over two decades. The ECB has somehow convinced the world that Greece is a worthy borrower for 5 years at less than 5% per annum. And the Fed has convinced themselves and the entire world that a rising stock market is evidence that their policies are working in the real economy. No matter that the economic data doesn’t support that conclusion and that it gets the causation backward.

Of course, it hasn’t just been empty headed scarecrow talk that has produced this effect. The BOJ and the Fed (and maybe soon the ECB) have been buying assets in the open market to back up their talk and create the illusion of activity, the equivalent of the Wizard of Oz’s smoke and mirrors. In the case of the Fed, it is almost all illusion as the cash produced by QE has largely ended up back at the Fed in the form of excess reserves. The BOJ has been more aggressive, buying not just JGBs but also stocks and REITs on the stock exchange, something the Fed is prevented from doing (sarcasm alert) only by their strict adherence to the statutes that govern their behavior. For the ECB the threat of intervention has so far allowed them to avoid having to do much but recent emanations from the Draghi hint at a Yen to join the party. Leave it to the Europeans to be fashionably late and arrive just as the lampshades have become party hats.

The ability to talk markets into doing what he wanted without saying much that was comprehensible was a talent that Alan Greenspan had in spades and earned him the nickname of The Shy Wizard of Money. Ben Bernanke, even though he looks more like a garden gnome than a wizard, spent years building up something resembling credibility that he used to extend Greenspan’s powers of persuasion even through a financial crisis largely of his own making. Bernanke got the party going and like a lot of men, left the mess for a woman to clean up. So far, it seems Janet Yellen’s words don’t carry quite the same weight as her wizard predecessors and the market Toto has a firm grip on the curtain hiding the levers of monetary policy.

When language and illusion become so important to market outcomes it doesn’t take much to upset the market applecart and Yellen started her tenure with what at the time seemed a minor faux pas. Until her first press conference the accepted scenario for monetary policy was that QE would wind down and at some point in the far future, the Fed would start to normalize interest rates (whatever normal is in this economy). Her faux pas was to provide unusual clarity for a Fed chair about what the phrase “considerable period” actually means. It turns out that for Yellen that unspecified epoch of Fed tightening could be as little as six months, something the market obviously wasn’t expecting. Except for a head fake breakout in the S&P 500, it has been downhill for stocks – especially the high beta, NASDAQ momentum darlings – ever since.

Yellen has spent the intervening time trying her best to convince the market that she didn’t actually say what she so obviously did. At a Chicago event on unemployment she said the Fed’s “extraordinary commitment” to “improving the labor market is still needed and will be for some time and I believe that this view is widely held by my fellow policymakers at the Fed.” Unfortunately for Yellen, the market, at least for now, isn’t buying it and once the momentum shifts in a market driven exclusively by that ephemeral emotion it is hard to reverse. For the traders who have moved this market for years now – HFT or actual human – momentum is momentum whether it is up or down and once they get something moving in one direction they’ll push it that way as hard as they can. For the last few weeks that direction has been down and so far Yellen hasn’t been able to change that. Or maybe she doesn’t really want to – yet. After all, there has been some angst on the FOMC recently about “financial stability” or what everyone else calls bubble behavior.

As the Fed continues to wind down QE to its inevitable conclusion, the markets will be left with the reality of our current circumstances. That reality is one that is very hard to read right now with the economic data still mixed after the winter weather distortions. The problem for Yellen and the Fed is that the only thing that will be kind to the stock market is data that is not too good but also not too bad. Data that is too strong will be seen as hastening the day of reckoning while data that is too weak will raise the fears of recession and a Fed with no policy levers left to pull. Only data that continues to show an economy growing slowly but below potential keeps the Fed in the game and the stock market going higher. And that is assuming the market continues to believe Fed policy is actually effective.

Right now, I see some indications that could push the Fed to tighten even sooner than now expected and also some indications that the economy is slipping into recession. Recent data on credit indicates that banks are finally ramping up lending. Commercial and Industrial loans are rising at a double digit annual rate of change although it is unclear whether this is an indication of business optimism or stress. After all, we did see a big jump in these loans leading into the last recession. Total bank credit has also accelerated, the annualized pace roughly doubling since the beginning of the year. Again, though it is hard to say why credit is rising other than that there is obvious demand and banks are meeting it with supply.

On the flip side, the bond market and the US dollar index seem to be flashing some warning signs about future growth. I wrote a post yesterday that covers this in more detail, but the gist is that it seems highly unlikely that the long end of the bond market would be rallying so furiously if the market was expecting a burst of growth. Similarly, if the nation’s currency is a reflection of growth expectations – and I think that is certainly one thing it reflects – then the fall in the dollar index indicates that expectations for growth are, at a minimum, better outside the US than in.

So the outlook for the economy is decidedly uncertain right now and I think so is the confidence in Janet Yellen. I think the more dire outcome for stocks would be if Toto fully pulled back the curtain on monetary policy and revealed it to be nothing more than a bunch clueless economists sitting in a conference room with no ability to control the economy or the markets. If US growth disappoints after all the Fed has done, how could anyone continue to view the Fed wizards as omnipotent? That would send the stock market back over the rainbow to the reality of an economy with big structural problems that can only be solved through political negotiation, something that has been notable only by its absence over – at least – the last 6 years. Are we headed back to Kansas?

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Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:12 | 4658306 zaphod
zaphod's picture

The FED is omnipotent, they are going to time the crash for 2016 just in time for the elections.

It's what they did in 2008, they expanded the money supply like crazy till 2006, then cut back and essentially halted M2/3 growth, then signaled they would let one major IB fail (Bear) but would contain it to that (i.e. would print to stop a run on anyone else), then watched the resulting credit contraction wipe out a political party.

Now it's time to do it all over again. 

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:32 | 4658354 VD
VD's picture

Yellen of Oz brought to u by VD :



Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:27 | 4658361 NotApplicable
NotApplicable's picture

Blog posts with the beginning of nearly every paragraph bolded makes Baby Jebus cry.

Some people just don't understand emphasis, AT ALL!

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:25 | 4658310 ebworthen
ebworthen's picture

One thing for certain that is not behind the FED curtain - Gold.

Follow the yellow brick road.

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:10 | 4658314 ZippyBananaPants
ZippyBananaPants's picture

I think this would have turned out better if you could have linked it to lines from 'STRIPES'


Recruiter: Now, are either of you homosexuals?
John Winger: You mean like flaming? Or part time?
Recruiter: Well, it's a question we have to ask of all our new recruits.
Russell Ziskey: No, we're not homosexual, but we are *willing to learn*.

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:12 | 4658319 fooshorter
Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:18 | 4658334 Rainman
Rainman's picture

Here's another guy who thinks QE will end . . .. hahaha

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:22 | 4658341 seek
seek's picture

Hey, it inevitably will end... Just not in the way they think it does.

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:41 | 4658403 grekko
grekko's picture

You are so right!  God save us all (Smith & Wesson can help a little too).

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:18 | 4658335 TrustWho
TrustWho's picture

Everybody knows The Fed policies have been tried before and failed. I must admit that I have been surprised how people smarter than I like the lie and were willing to sacrifice this nation to make short term profits. The corruption of USA's political, regulatory, judicial and corporate runs much deeper than my best conspiracy theories prior to 2008. The Federal Reserve must be terminated yesterday. President Andrew Jackson had great foresight!

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:26 | 4658346 buzzsaw99
buzzsaw99's picture

No levers left for the fed to pull, now that's funny. Rates on the long end are going down because certain ahem, people know that when overt qe is over that's when stealth qe kicks in. Stealth qe, it's what's for breakfast. There shall be MOAR.

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:26 | 4658353 Doubleguns
Doubleguns's picture

Apparently the magic wand is broken. Where is the repair man for that!!!

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:29 | 4658366 QQQBall
QQQBall's picture

C&I loan volume might be cratering at double digit rate, but double digit gains AIN'T happening in the first 6 months of 2014.  

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:32 | 4658377 eddiebe
eddiebe's picture

Yeah, they are buying assets in the open market. Great,huh. They get to buy real shit for monopoly money and make us believe it is in our best interest to let them. 

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:36 | 4658390 BrigstockBoy
BrigstockBoy's picture

True of all central bankers. Take a look at Draghi, all he does is jawboning. Click your heels three times and recite after me...there's no OMT, there's no OMT...

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:39 | 4658392 grekko
grekko's picture

Perfect, Bernanke, Greenspan, and Yellen singing a trio of "If I only had a brain."  Monty Python could do the intro for them.  After the song, I'd love to see Michael Palin interview the Bernank.

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:40 | 4658400 Cattender
Cattender's picture

Wizards and shit... Fucking Awesome Recovery going on Ben and Janet!!!!

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 18:01 | 4658404 Ham-bone
Ham-bone's picture

Fed now owns $4.3 T of assets...

thanks to low low rates, US corporations have been borrowing to repurchase their own stawk much faster than new issuance (in excess of $1 T total in reduced float)

"foreigners", aka foreign central banks, also removed another $4T in US Treasury debt since '08. 

Lotsa debt created in Treasury's paid for in funny money and then T's repurchased by Fed and CB's just leaving all the new dollars with nowhere to go.

This is simply to say over $9 T of investible assets (at a minimum) have been removed from the marketplace. 

Moar money and ever less to buy.  Is it so hard to see why the market can only go up???

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:44 | 4658417 grekko
grekko's picture

Gonna need a lot of viagra to sleep with that bitch.  Triple bagger, actually coyote case, and might saw off the last arm cause she'll be looking for a guy with one arm.

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 17:47 | 4658432 Tall Tom
Tall Tom's picture

Scarecrows. They certainly are not wizards. And they lack a brain.


"Hey...Hey...Can I talk to someone...with a brain?"

That is one of my favorite lines when calling for Technical Support, especially since they are clueless. (At least I have a clue BEFORE I call them.)

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 18:02 | 4658465 Goldilocks
Goldilocks's picture

The Wiz (3/8) Movie CLIP - Ease on Down the Road (1978) HD (3:10)

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 18:24 | 4658514 TalkToLind
TalkToLind's picture

Glitchez, bitchez.

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 18:24 | 4658515 TalkToLind
TalkToLind's picture

It's Quatitative Easing's theme song!

Say, wasn't Diana Ross like 48 years old when she stared as Dorothy?

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 18:02 | 4658467 Tinky
Tinky's picture

If the Wizard appears to be a bit unsettled, it's because Toto has a tight hold of his ankle already.

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 18:10 | 4658482 TalkToLind
TalkToLind's picture

Pay no attention to the woman behind the printing press!  Okay you can behold her well groomed beard, but that's it.

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 18:18 | 4658499 Goldilocks
Mon, 04/14/2014 - 18:40 | 4658562 rsnoble
rsnoble's picture

I am in Kansas bitches and let me tell you....Dorothy turns into a real bitch after about 30 years.

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 20:37 | 4658989 khakuda
khakuda's picture

The Fed will keep their word and QE 3 is likely to continue to be tapered. Remember, QE1 QE2 and the twist all got tapered as well. Didn't mean shit.

Mon, 04/14/2014 - 21:47 | 4659212 AdvancingTime
AdvancingTime's picture

The study of economics is often baffling and confusing. Many economic theories exist but many are full of holes and conundrums. Much of how people react to a policy may have to do with timing and perception instead of reality. Economics is full of loops that feed back upon themselves and unexpected pitfalls based on expectations. All this can become quite abstract.

Economist predict events that never tend to unfold as expected or planned. Many of the "modern monetary theories" in use today have not been proven over time, but reflect an attitude that we can control  economic cycles better than in the past. The Fed is living proof that those making policy don't understand a damn thing. More on this in the article below.

Tue, 04/15/2014 - 20:19 | 4663480 rex-lacrymarum
rex-lacrymarum's picture

The author errs in thinking that the BoJ has been 'more successful' in creating additions to the money supply than the Fed. The opposite is true. Due to their different modus operandi, 'QE' by the Fed always creates new deposit money in amounts similar to the increase in bank reserves. In fact, the US true money supply has increased by over 90% since the 2008 crisis, a surge the BoJ cannot match even remotely (Japan has experienced less than a 20% increase in the money supply since the 2008 crisis). 

The problem is that most people apparently don't understand fully how the fractionally reserved system works, and more to the point, how the Fed actually works. First of all, the level of excess reserves amassing on a central bank's balance sheet in the course of debt monetization is not a sign that banks are 'not lending the money out' or that no new deposit money is created. In fact, the banks have very little control over the level of excess reserves. Such reserves can only be used for two purposes: interbank lending, and paying out of cash to depositors withdrawing money from their demand accounts. Since there must be something on both the asset and liablities side of the central bank's balance sheet when it monetizes debt, reserves will always grow when 'QE' is undertaken. This growth in reserves however tells one essentially nothing about the growth in deposit money or bank lending policies. 

So what is actually the difference between BoJ and Fed QE? When the BoJ buys REITS and other assets on the stock market, it does indeed create both bank reserves and deposit money, as long as the sellers are non-banks. Any securities the BoJ buys directly from banks will create only new reserves, but no new deposit money (unless the banks increase their inflationary lending afterward). It is different with the Fed for a technical reason: the primary dealers - even though most of them belong to banks - are actually legally non-banks. Hence, the Fed's 'QE' creates both excess reserves and new deposit money concurrently. And this is why US money supply growth has trumped both Japanese and euro area money supply growth by multiples since 2008. 


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