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On The 100th Anniversary Of WWI: Its Senseless Origins And Lessons For Today

Tyler Durden's picture




 

Submitted by Eric Margolis via David Stockman's Contra Corner blog,

The 100th anniversary of the beginning of World War I is upon us. Well we should mourn this cataclysmic event and continue to draw lessons from it.

As a former soldier and military historian, I’ve always felt that WWI was the most tragic conflict in modern history:  a totally avoidable madness that wrecked Europe’s glittering civilization and led directly to World War II, Hitler and Stalin.

This mournful anniversary has reopened fierce debate over who was responsible for the Great War.

On one side of the debate is historian Margaret MacMillan, whose new book “The War That Ended Peace,” lays primary blame on Germany’s military and commercial ambitions. MacMillan is a nice lady – I’ve debated her on TV – but her tedious new book is so steeped in traditional  British/Anglo-Saxon bias against Germany as to be of limited  value.

On the other is “The Sleepwalkers – How Europe Went to War in 1914” by Cambridge professor Christopher Clark. This brilliant book is the finest, most instructive, best balanced book ever written on the origins of the Great War.

I say this as holder of a degree in the diplomatic history of World War I, and as one who has walked most of the battlefields of the Western Front.

Prof. Clark deftly and elegantly weaves a tapestry of events that conclusively shows that Germany’s role in the conflict was no greater than the other belligerents, and perhaps less than commonly believed.  Starved into submission by Britain’s naval blockade, Germany was unfairly and foolishly saddled with total war guilt, and saw 10% of its territory and 7 million of its people torn away at Versailles by the war’s rapacious victors.

Adolf Hitler rose to power on his vow to return Germany’s lost lands and peoples who had been given to Poland, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.  Stalin was determined to regain Russian territory lost at the 1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.

Most of today’s Mideast’s problems flowed directly from the diplomatic lynching of Germany at Versailles led by France and Britain. Both of these imperial powers feared Germany’s  growing commercial and military power (just as the US today fears China’s rise).   Germany’s vibrant social democracy with its worker’s rights and concern for the poor  posed a threat to the capitalists of Britain and France.  Britain’s imperialists were deeply worried by the creation of a feeble little German Empire based in Africa.   At the time they controlled a quarter of the globe and all of its oceans.

Clark’s book  shows precisely how Serbia’s militarist-nationalist-religious cabal, known as the Black Hand, carefully planned and provoked the war by assassinating Austria-Hungary’s heir to the throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife at Sarajevo, Bosnia, on 28 June, 1914.

The Serb ultra-nationalists objective was to annex Bosnia, Macedonia, Albanian Kosovo, and northern Albania to create a Greater Serbia. The Serb’s sought to provoke war between Russia and the decrepit Austro-Hungarian Empire in order to drive Vienna’s influence from the Balkans and allow the creation of Greater Serbia. The first two Balkan Wars, 1912 and 1913, expanded Serbia but failed to give it control of the entire Balkans and the strategic Albanian ports of Durres and Vlore on the Adriatic. Serbia remained landlocked.

In the late 1980’s, the Serb extremists, led by Slobodan Milosevic, who attempted ethnic cleansing of the Muslims of  Bosnia and Kosovo, were carbon copies of the Black Hand with the very same racist-nationalist geopolitical goals.

Austria-Hungary’s aggressive military chief, General Franz Conrad von Hotzendorf, rushed his ill-prepared army into war to punish Serbia. Russia mobilized to support old ally Serbia.

Germany, deeply fearing a two-front war made possible by the 1894 Franco-Russian Entente, had to mobilize before Russia’s armies could overrun East Prussia.  France, Russia’s ally, mobilized, burning for revenge for its humiliating defeat in the 1870 Franco-Prussian War and loss of Alsace and Lorraine.

A total conflagration could still have been averted if Great Britain, which had been playing neutral, had boldly demanded the rush to war cease. France would have been unlikely to go to war without Britain’s supporting its left flank in Flanders.

But Prof. Clark deftly portrays how a coterie of anti-German officials in Britain, led by the duplicitous  foreign secretary Sir Edward Grey and the ambitious, war-yearning imperialist, Winston Churchill, pushed the British Empire to war against Germany. They were joined by a cabal of German-haters in the French government.  British and French industrialists, fearful of German competition, and seeing huge profits to be made, backed the war party.

The British and French anti-German cliques played the same role as the pro-war American neoconservatives in the Bush administration, planting phony stories in the press and promoting pro-war allies into positions of power.

Clark also shows how almost 40 years of petty European rivalries, intrigues and power games – all contained while separate – finally ran disastrously together in 1914.

We see the same dangers today in the petty but growing conflict over Ukraine between the US and its European satraps and Russia.  Every week seems to bring the US and Russia closer to a collision as the Washington seeks to dominate Ukraine and use it as a weapon against Russia. Once again, neocons in Washington, allied to Ukraine’s hard right and neocons, are promoting the growing Russo-American conflict.

A conflict over a quasi-nation of absolutely no strategic interest to the United States. American neocons and their Congressional mouthpieces are now calling for NATO to take control of Moldova and Georgia. Conrad von Hotzendorf would have approved.

No one in the west is ready to die for Luhansk or Donetsk, but few in 1914 Europe were ready to die for Verdun or Ypres – but millions did.

 

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Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:16 | 5037446 highly debtful
highly debtful's picture

Seems to me the memories of those atrocities have grown old, hence the renewed sabre rattling. Capital mistake. 

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:40 | 5037493 KnuckleDragger-X
KnuckleDragger-X's picture

Considering the quality of modern education, especially things like history, it really isn't surprising we're going to screw up...again and it'll be done by another alleged super genius collrge professor president.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:03 | 5037556 johny2
johny2's picture

Excuse, instead  of replying your comment, just wanted to express my opinion about the book and article. Lots of rubish.

 

the WW1 was a war to make profit, like most of them.

fuck all assholes that think they have right to rule land where other people live, by force.whatever reason their crazy ego invents

and fuck those who help play these assholes against each other.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:26 | 5037656 Latina Lover
Latina Lover's picture

All Wars are Bankster Wars.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:53 | 5037739 Slave
Slave's picture

No one in the west is ready to die for Luhansk or Donetsk

This is not what I've been hearing, and it disgusts me. The chickenhawks around here can't wait to murder and pillage. But they, of course, won't go do it.

SUPPORT OUR TROOPS. rofl /s

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 13:10 | 5037819 Escrava Isaura
Escrava Isaura's picture

Latina,

Your cliché is nonsense! Humanity is much more complex than that.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 13:12 | 5037831 NickVegas
NickVegas's picture

It is the truth, yet over and over, they attempt to reinforce other narratives.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 13:13 | 5037835 Escrava Isaura
Escrava Isaura's picture

NickVegas,

Who are they?

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 13:58 | 5037970 algol_dog
algol_dog's picture

I'll take a stab at that - "They" is the the term used by the simple majority who don't have either the capacity, or endurance, to see the complexity and orchestration of any situation. Much easier to boil it down to a simple catch all phrase, or association, ala, "they", equates to fill in the blank with one's favorite bigotry, or fashionable hatred of the day.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:16 | 5038029 Escrava Isaura
Escrava Isaura's picture

Thanks dog. That summarizes it "they" pretty well.... in my opinion.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:59 | 5038164 Bendromeda Strain
Bendromeda Strain's picture

Well then, you both don't have a clue what you refer to, hence you denigrate it. All Wars Are Banker's Wars is not some mindless phrase that Latina threw away to make you feel superior. It is the name of a video that you obviously haven't bothered to crawl out of your cave to peruse.

"Dog" appreciates your comraderie... he's tired of licking his own balls.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:18 | 5038037 johny2
johny2's picture

Actually, if you read better, it was written above who they are. Let me give you a clue. They control credit and issuance of credit. When is the time when countries take on most of the credit? 

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:55 | 5038157 Escrava Isaura
Escrava Isaura's picture

johny2,

I got it! I got it!

Thanks for the clue.... Human greed, Right?

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:06 | 5037999 johny2
johny2's picture

Exactly. The profit is the reason. Religion, democracy etc are just the propaganda for the feeble minded. When the bet is on war, it matters little which puppet writes history afterwards, if all the pupets are financed by party making a bet. Once more, any article or book talking about puppets without mentioning strings pulling them, is rubish.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:21 | 5038050 Iwanttoknow
Iwanttoknow's picture

Jhonny2,Couldn't agree with you more.History is intentionally obfuscated.Pondering over that opened my eyes to"Conspiracy theories".

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:33 | 5037689 HardAssets
HardAssets's picture

History, civics, and critical thinking skills are no longer taught in the 'schools'. That's not an accident. ( See John Taylor Gatto. )

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:27 | 5037536 Escrava Isaura
Escrava Isaura's picture

Mr. Margolis,

You said: No one in the west is ready to die for Luhansk or Donetsk, but few in 1914 Europe were ready to die for Verdun or Ypres – but millions did. 

So consider this: By P. Eisenman:

The methods may have changed, but the purpose is the same--get what you need from wherever you can grab it before the other guy beats you to it, in order for you to remain atop the global heap of political power.

 

Big fish eat small fish. The smarter class manipulates the ignorant class. The demagogues manipulate the weaker/believers.

Tell us something that we don’t, already, know?

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:12 | 5037594 JohninMK
JohninMK's picture

Reich Marshal Hermann Goering once said “of course the people don’t want war. But after all, it’s the leaders of the country who determine the policy, and it’s always a simple matter to drag the people along whether it’s a democracy, a fascist dictatorship, or a parliament, or a communist dictatorship. Voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked, and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism, and exposing the country to greater danger.”

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:33 | 5037987 algol_dog
algol_dog's picture

FOX news station moto -

 

"tell them they are being attacked, and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism, and exposing the country to greater danger.”

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 15:05 | 5038194 Bendromeda Strain
Bendromeda Strain's picture

Dear partisan douchebag - pull your head out of your ass long enough to see the demonization of Putin on every "major" magazine cover in July. All of them lefty tripe mongers like you. Now fall forward into your hand and choke yourself.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 17:01 | 5038554 August
August's picture

OMG!  Fox News and National Review are both Nazi! 

Next you'll be claiming that CNN is in on it, too.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 13:57 | 5037973 Brutlstrudl
Brutlstrudl's picture

After the war, The Kaiser was asked what it was about. He said," Damned if I know".

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:43 | 5038122 DogOfSinope
DogOfSinope's picture

Memories have certainly grown old and the revisionist history NWO pamphlet titled "Sleepwalkers" certainly proves that.

Also the author of the article, who allegedly "walked the battlefields" failed to notice that not a single one of them is on German territory. 

So, a dirt-poor 19 years old from Bosnia, who watched his 5 siblings die of malnourishment under brutal occupier regime, killed the commander in chief of the occupying army, on occupied territory, while he was visiting to oversee military manoeuvres. That's labeled terrorism. Then, what's not terrorism? Crime it was, terrorism - it wasn't. Young Bosnian's group consisted of Orthodox, Muslims and Catholics, yet let's blame it on "Serbian nationalism". More convenient that way. Let's invent "Black Hand" and whatnot. A 3 million country wanted a war with 70 million country. Right... And then, in retaliation to acts of evil Serbia, let's run over - Belgium? You can't make this shit up...

And then, the rest of BS: "German lands of Yugoslavia" - what may those be?; "Albanian Kosovo" - not a single toponym on it is Albanian and christian population was majority there until the genocide / ethnic cleansing during the WWII (guess on which side were Albanians?)...

Followed by the pathetic/cynical parallels to the chaos created in the region by CIA/NATO. The reality is that Bosnia is still a protectorate (20 years after the war) ruled by the "High Commissioner" (unelected EU bureaucrat), only Serbian and Croatian entities functioning, Muslim entity being recruitment ground for Mujahideen. Kosovo (a.k.a. "Bondsteel Republic") is ethnically cleansed from christians, more than 100 churches dynamited (some UNESCO World Heritage sites), practically run by the Heroin mafia, recruitment ground for ISIS.

Serbia, US ally in two World Wars, place where people genuinely liked America and Americans - alienated.

Well done USA. Well done.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:20 | 5037451 Beam Me Up Scotty
Beam Me Up Scotty's picture

Nuclear weapons, and nuclear reactors that will melt down when the grid goes offline makes the stakes one hell of alot higher.  Today, we have all kinds of "lets go kick their ass" armchair generals, who think you respawn 20 times a game after you get shot who have no clue how high the stakes really are.  Russia is neither Iraq, or Afghanistan.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:15 | 5037609 Maxter
Maxter's picture

Few people realise that every nuclear reactor in a country can be targeted in case of war.

Country like France or Germany could be made inabitable pretty much permanently without anyone firing a single nuke.

 

Map of nuke plant location in europe: http://news.bbc.co.uk/nol/shared/bsp/hi/image_maps/09/1239000000/1239806310/img/nuc_power_sites_466.gif

 

I agree with your "armchair generals" comment.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:40 | 5037714 beaglebog
beaglebog's picture

I figure that, if you were really determined, you might target the reactors of non-combatants.

 

Let's say North Korea, for instance ... wants to punish the Western Imperialists, but doesn't have the clout to nuke DC.  Well, it could nuke the relatively undefended installations in Japan, or maybe China or India.

 

The end result would be the same for the global population.

 

Is that too crazy?  Is there some sane way to fight such conflict?

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:20 | 5037453 goldhedge
goldhedge's picture

100 years.  No point in remembrance because we will never learn and mankind will make the same mistakes.

Suck it up and enjoy the ride.

 

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:57 | 5037533 Urban Redneck
Urban Redneck's picture

But at least TPTB are celebrating the anniversary in proper style by opening up another front on the rapidly warming war between the USSA & USSR.

(h/t DC&H)

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-08-01/azerbaijan-armenia-border-skirm...

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:05 | 5037994 Harbanger
Harbanger's picture

As a dog returns to his vomit, so a fool repeats his folly- proverbs 26:11

And I set my mind to seek and explore by wisdom concerning all that has been done under heaven. It is a grievous task which God has given to the sons of men to be afflicted with. I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun, and behold, all is vanity and striving after wind. What is crooked cannot be straightened and what is lacking cannot be counted.…-Ecclesiastes 1:14

Sun, 08/03/2014 - 18:36 | 5041702 LibertarianMenace
LibertarianMenace's picture

"...all is vanity and striving after wind. What is crooked cannot be straightened and what is lacking cannot be counted."

 

But proggy don't play dat!

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:23 | 5037456 Anarchy 99
Anarchy 99's picture

and who really runs the US?

http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/U/US_UNITED_STATES_MIDEAST?SITE=AP&...

Sources familiar with conversations between Netanyahu and senior U.S. officials, including Secretary of State John Kerry, say the Israeli leader advised the Obama administration "not to ever second guess me again" on the matter.

In a phone call with U.S. Ambassador to Israel Dan Shapiro, Netanyahu vented his anger, according to people familiar with the call.

Netanyahu told Shapiro the Obama administration was "not to ever second-guess me again" and that Washington should trust his judgment on how to deal with Hamas, according to the people. Netanyahu added that he now "expected" the U.S. and other countries to fully support Israel's offensive in Gaza, according to those familiar with the call. They spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the matter by name

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:41 | 5037474 tony wilson
tony wilson's picture
Insane Israeli sniper Brags on Instagram I killed 13 Palestinian kids today

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sf8WDYUvDDk&list=UUE2rZOVPBHBY3mS0mBwwqZw

 

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:04 | 5037554 TrustWho
TrustWho's picture

Wilson,...the first step the people must take to stop our leaders from sacrificing our youth is to view ALL unverified videos as PROPOGANDA!

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:31 | 5037476 lemosbrasil
lemosbrasil's picture

Bull-Market of Dow Jones at the jeopardy.....At last day of July , at monthly close, Dow Jones broke an uptrendline of 6 years !....6 years !!....more...if we connect the 2 tops of 2000 and 2007, we will reach a new top at 17.000-17.200 now !! So....we had a 2 trendlines to Dow Jones in last 15 years......the 2 trendlines were broken yesterday at monthly close !....see here: http://pracompraroupravender.blogspot.com.br/2014/08/grafico-da-semana-d... 

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:34 | 5037480 Fix It Again Timmy
Fix It Again Timmy's picture

Forget the Pledge of Allegiance, the Star Spangled Banner and all other patriotic nonsense, young children need to be taught the following:

"Wars can be prevented just as surely as they can be provoked, and we who fail to prevent them must share the guilt for the dead."   Omar Bradley

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:35 | 5037481 IronShield
IronShield's picture

No child of mine will EVER fight in a war not directly threatening the USA.  And I mean the homeland, not some distant corporate/gov 'interest'.  Fuck you tools.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:56 | 5037529 HardAssets
HardAssets's picture

The UNITED STATES is a corporation (thus the legalized all caps spelling).

This is a lot of ground to cover - just look it up.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:09 | 5038013 algol_dog
algol_dog's picture

Let the polititions send their ass-hole kids to fight abroad, if they're so concerned -

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:39 | 5037490 kchrisc
kchrisc's picture

War is about money and power for them that profit from it, but caused by the obedience by those that don't.

End war, quit obeying.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:38 | 5037491 q99x2
q99x2's picture

To cover their crimes Central Bankers create wars. Don't let Blankfein, Dimon, Greenspan, Bernanke and Yellen get away with it this time.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:43 | 5037503 Youri Carma
Youri Carma's picture

I urge everyone, who hasn’t seen the movie yet, and since it’s weekend, to take a look at Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sherlock_Holmes:_A_Game_of_Shadows since it has many interesting learning moments of truth besides the very crafted entertainment, including a Franz Ferdinand assassination moment, which started off WWI.

“You used the anarchists and their bombs to create a crises in Europe of nation against nation …” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s2RdC0-6V7U is said in the movie. If one knows that both ISIS and Al Qaeda are funded by the U.S. and the miserable Arab, one can easy see the parallel.

Although I am a big fan of Jeremy Brett as Sherlock Homes I adore this ‘Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows’ movie also because of the excellent performance of Jared Harris as Professor James Moriarty. The IMDB audience gave it a 7,5 but I would give it at least an 8.

Other example of a astounding parallel “what better to start a war than at a peace summit” – What better to start a war than with a Nobel peace prize winner.

Meet the man with a WW1 trench in his back garden https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IitKjI4NA_g

World War One biplanes dogfight in the skies above New York https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JTlRZZd_99s

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:42 | 5037718 beaglebog
beaglebog's picture

Yeah, Brett is good.

 

Will look up your recommended movie.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:52 | 5037522 just-my-opinion
just-my-opinion's picture

If you don't learn from the past....you have no future

You forget about war....you want war(why?)

Human nature...when you destroy everything around you

global warming takes 10's of thousands of years or millions....not years....we be the cause of this next mass exticntion

Time to be a smart monkey

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:16 | 5037531 rwe2late
rwe2late's picture

Good WW1 era history summary.

But the passages about more recent events need refinement.

The Yugoslavia-Serbia-Kosovo-US-NATO story is not best described as mainly one about Serbian expansionism.

Nor should the recent travails between Russia and the US-NATO  be thought as due to petty squabbles brought on by a rogue neocon clique, hence relatively easily avoidable.
Not when US-Pentagon-NATO basic ambitions are for full-spectrum global domination and the containment/collapse of China and Russia. Not when the US-NATO is conducting military invasions, occupations, and assaults throughout the globe. Not when a super-sized MIC both drains the world's resources and demands aggressive expansion to self-servingly guarantee its  future sustenance.

Not when those ambitions are fully supported by most all in current leadership positions, neoCON or neoLIB.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 11:57 | 5037532 dizzyfingers
dizzyfingers's picture

 "Beware the leader who bangs the drums of war in order to whip the
citizenry into a patriotic fervor, for patriotism is indeed a double-edged
sword.  It both emboldens the blood, just it narrows the mind.  And when the
drums of war have reached a fever pitch and the blood boils with hate and
the mind has closed, the leader will have no need in seizing the rights of
the citizenry.  Rather, the citizenry, infused with fear and blinded by
partiotism, will offer up all of their rights unto the leader and gladly so.
How do I know?  For this is what I have done.  And I am Caesar."--Julius
Caesar.  http://www.apfn.net/Doc-100_bankruptcy31.htm

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:04 | 5037555 tbd108
tbd108's picture

The banker version of the roots of the war has been bought. It is and always has been nonsense. The war was between the British Empire (i.e. Bank of England) and the rising German Empire. The first shots were in 1870 when the Germans won the Franco-German War and the English devils realized that there was a threat to their unholy empire. The two sides sparred until 1912 when the Germans realized that only with fighting would that get any further. This is the short version. The Archduke business is complete crap.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 19:51 | 5038981 Seek_Truth
Seek_Truth's picture

Actually you left out some important details:

Condensed version (4 minutes): The_real_reason_for_WWI

Extended version (45 minutes): A_history_of_oil

 

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:09 | 5037567 pain_and_soros
pain_and_soros's picture

From Benjamin Freedman speech in 1961....

Benjamin H. Freedman was one of the most intriguing and amazing individuals of the 20th century.

     Mr. Freedman, born in 1890, was a successful Jewish businessman of New York City who was at one time the principal owner of the Woodbury Soap Company. He broke with organized Jewry after the Judeo-Communist victory of 1945, and spent the remainder of his life and the great preponderance of his considerable fortune, at least 2.5 million dollars, exposing the Jewish tyranny which has enveloped the United States.

     Mr. Freedman knew what he was talking about because he had been an insider at the highest levels of Jewish organizations and Jewish machinations to gain power over our nation. Mr. Freedman was personally acquainted with Bernard Baruch, Samuel Untermyer, Woodrow Wilson, Franklin Roosevelt, Joseph Kennedy, and John F. Kennedy, and many more movers and shakers of our times.

This speech was given before a patriotic audience in 1961 at the Willard Hotel in Washington, D.C., on behalf of Conde McGinley's patriotic newspaper of that time, Common Sense.  Though in some minor ways this wide-ranging and extemporaneous speech has become dated, Mr. Freedman's essential message to us -- his warning to the West -- is more urgent than ever before. -- K.A.S. ---

excerpt...

"And what is the reason?  The reason is that here in the United States, the Zionists and their co-religionists have complete control of our government.  For many reasons too many and too complex to go into here at this -- time I'll be glad to answer questions, however, to support that statement -- the Zionists and their co-religionists rule this United States as though they were the absolute monarchs of this country.  


 Now, you say, 'well, that's a very broad statement to make', but let me show what happened while you were -- I don't want to wear that out --- let me show what happened while WE were all asleep.  I'm including myself with you. We were all asleep.  What happened? 

     World War I broke out in the summer of 1914.  Nineteen-hundred and fourteen was the year in which World War One broke out.  There are few people here my age who remember that. Now that war was waged on one side by Great Britain, France, and Russia; and on the other side by Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey. What happened?

     Within two years Germany had won that war:  not alone won it nominally, but won it actually. The German submarines, which were a surprise to the world, had swept all the convoys from the Atlantic Ocean, and Great Britain stood there without ammunition for her soldiers, stood there with one week's food supply  facing her -- and after that, starvation.  

     At that time, the French army had mutinied.  They lost 600,000 of the flower of French youth in the defense of Verdun on the Somme.  The Russian army was defecting.  They were picking up their toys and going home, they didn't want to play war anymore, they didn't like the Czar.  And the Italian army had collapsed.

     Now Germany -- not a shot had been fired on the German soil.  Not an enemy soldier had crossed the border into Germany.  And yet, here was Germany offering England peace terms.  They offered England a negotiated peace on what the lawyers call a status quo ante basis.  That means: “Let's call the war off, and let everything be as it was before the war started.”   

    Well, England, in the summer of 1916 was considering that. Seriously!   They had no choice.  It was either accepting this negotiated peace that Germany was magnanimously offering them, or going on with the war and being totally defeated.

    While that was going on, the Zionists in Germany, who represented the Zionists from Eastern Europe, went to the British War Cabinet and -- I am going to be brief because this is a long story, but I have all the documents to prove any statement that I make  if anyone here is curious, or doesn't believe what I'm saying is at all possible -- the Zionists in London went to the British war cabinet and they said: “Look here.  You can yet win this war.  You don't have to give up.  You don't have to accept the negotiated peace offered to you now by Germany.  You can win this war if the United States will come in as your ally.”

The United States was not in the war at that time.  We were fresh; we were young; we were rich; we were powerful.  They [Zionists] told England: “We will guarantee to bring the United States into the war as your ally, to fight with you on your side, if you will promise us Palestine after you win the war.”

     In other words, they made this deal:  “We will get the United States into this war as your ally. The price you must pay us  is Palestine after you have won the war and defeated Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Turkey.”

     Now England had as much right to promise Palestine to anybody, as the United States would have to promise Japan to Ireland for any reason whatsoever.   It's absolutely absurd that Great Britain -- that never had any connection or any interest or any right in what is known as Palestine -- should offer it as coin of the realm to pay the Zionists for bringing the United States into the war.

      However, they made that promise, in October of 1916.   October, nineteen hundred and sixteen. And shortly after that -- I don't know how many here remember it -- the United States, which was almost totally pro-German -- totally pro-German -- because the newspapers here were controlled by Jews, the bankers were Jews, all the media of mass communications in this country were controlled by Jews, and they were pro-German because their people, in the majority of cases came from Germany, and they wanted to see Germany lick the Czar.

       The Jews didn't like the Czar, and they didn't want Russia to win this war.  So the German bankers -- the German-Jews -- Kuhn Loeb and the other big banking firms in the United States refused to finance France or England to the extent of one dollar.   They stood aside and they said: “As long as France and England are tied up with Russia, not one cent!”  But they poured money into Germany, they fought with Germany against Russia, trying to lick the Czarist regime.

     Now those same Jews, when they saw the possibility of getting Palestine, they went to England and they made this deal.  At that time, everything changed, like the traffic light that changes from red to green.  Where the newspapers had been all pro-German, where they'd been telling the people of the difficulties that Germany was having fighting Great Britain commercially and in other respects, all of a sudden the Germans were no good.   They were villains.   They were Huns. They were shooting Red Cross nurses.  They were cutting off babies' hands.  And they were no good.

     Well, shortly after that, Mr. Wilson declared war on Germany.

    The Zionists in London sent these cables to the United States, to Justice Brandeis: “Go to work on President Wilson.  We're getting from England what we want.  Now you go to work, and you go to work on President Wilson and get the United States into the war."  And that did happen. That's how the United States got into the war.  We had no more interest in it; we had no more right to be in it than we have to be on the moon tonight instead of in this room.

     Now the war -- World War One -- in which the United States participated had absolutely no reason to be our war. We went in there -- we were railroaded into it -- if I can be vulgar, we were suckered into -- that war merely so that the Zionists of the world could obtain Palestine.   Now, that is something that the people  in the United States have never been told. They never knew why we went into World War One. Now, what happened?

    After we got into the war, the Zionists went to Great Britain and they said: “Well, we performed our part of the agreement.  Let's have something in writing that shows that you are going to keep your bargain and give us Palestine after you win the war.”   Because they didn't know whether the war would last another year or another ten years.   So they started to work out a receipt.   The receipt took the form of a letter, and it was worded in very cryptic language so that the world at large wouldn't know what it was all about.   And that was called the Balfour Declaration.

    The Balfour Declaration was merely Great Britain's promise to pay the Zionists what they had agreed upon as a consideration for getting the United States into the war.   So this great Balfour Declaration, that you hear so much about, is just as phony as a three dollar bill.   And I don't think I could make it more emphatic than that.

     Now, that is where all the trouble started.  The United States went in the war.  The United States crushed Germany.  We went in there, and it's history. You know what happened.  Now, when the war was ended, and the Germans went to Paris, to the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, there were 117 Jews there, as a delegation representing the Jews, headed by Bernard Baruch.  I was there: I ought to know. Now what happened?  

    The Jews at that peace conference, when they were cutting up Germany and parceling out Europe to all these nations that claimed a right to a certain part of European territory, the Jews said, “How about Palestine for us?”  And they produced, for the first time to the knowledge of the Germans, this Balfour Declaration.   So the Germans, for the first time realized, “Oh, that was the game!  That's why the United States came into the war.”  And the Germans for the first time realized that they were defeated, they suffered this terrific reparation that was slapped onto them, because the Zionists wanted Palestine and they were determined to get it at any cost.

     Now, that brings us to another very interesting point.  When the Germans realized this, they naturally resented it.  Up to that time, the Jews had never been better off in any country in the world than they had been in Germany.

     You had Mr. Rathenau there, who was maybe 100 times as important in industry and finance as is Bernard Baruch in this country.   You had Mr. Balin, who owned the two big steamship lines, the North German Lloyd's and the Hamburg-American Lines. You had Mr. Bleichroder, who was the banker for the Hohenzollern family.  You had the Warburgs in Hamburg, who were the big merchant bankers -- the biggest in the world.  The Jews were doing very well in Germany. No question about that.  Now, the Germans felt: “Well, that was quite a sellout.”

    It was a sellout that I can best compare -- suppose the United States was at war today with the Soviet Union.  And we were winning.  And we told the Soviet Union: “Well, let's quit.  We offer you peace terms.  Let's forget the whole thing.” And all of a sudden Red China came into the war as an ally of the Soviet Union.  And throwing them into the war brought about our defeat.  A crushing defeat, with reparations the likes of which man's imagination cannot encompass.

     Imagine, then, after that defeat, if we found out that it was the Chinese in this country, our Chinese citizens, who all the time we thought they were loyal citizens working with us, were selling us out to the Soviet Union and that it was through them that Red China was brought into the war against us. How would we feel, in the United States against Chinese?  I don't think that one of them would dare show his face on any street.  There wouldn't be lampposts enough, convenient, to take care of them. Imagine how we would feel.

     Well, that's how the Germans felt towards these Jews.  "We've been so nice to them"; and from 1905 on, when the first Communist revolution in Russia failed, and the Jews had to scramble out of Russia, they all went to Germany.  And Germany gave them refuge.  And they were treated very nicely.  And here they sold Germany down the river for no reason at all other than they wanted Palestine as a so-called “Jewish commonwealth.”

http://www.sweetliberty.org/issues/israel/freedman.htm


Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:31 | 5038080 algol_dog
algol_dog's picture

Yes, I suppose the "good Germans" were seeking peace and making the world a better place, with their U boat sinking of the Lusitania, and other unarmed ships, and American cargo boats. 

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 15:47 | 5038301 laomei
laomei's picture

Lusitania and others were carrying arms and ammunition and were legitimate targets.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 19:18 | 5038914 hot sauce technician
hot sauce technician's picture

You forgot to mention that Benjamin Freedman was a convert to Roman Catholicism. That alone should disqualify his ability to distinguish fact from fiction. But people will believe what they want to believe.... 

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:17 | 5037568 HardAssets
HardAssets's picture

If you want an interesting perspective on WW1, read F. William Engdahl. The war wasn't a 'mistake'. After the London banksters drained England, the nation was no longer competitive against a scientifically & industrially vibrant Germany. England was in decline and the banksters needed a war.
This also fit in with the interests of certain parties to create 'a new world order' out of the chaos & destruction. (That moronic dupe Wilson didn't come up with the League of Nations himself.)

The psychopaths see the millions of dead as only pawns in their game. They repeat the old strategies because they are effective.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 13:16 | 5037824 Youri Carma
Youri Carma's picture

I presume you are referring to:

'A Century of War: Anglo-American Oil Politics and the New World Order' by F. William Engdahl http://www.takeoverworld.info/pdf/Engdahl__Century_of_War_book.pdf

Also see: Banking With Hitler (Full Length) British http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=veQfroRUWdM

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 17:30 | 5038628 Shepp
Shepp's picture

Very telling that this comment receive the most likes. Perhaps symptomatic of a great awakening out there?

As I said in my post above, THE WORLD HAS NOT YET SEEN CAPITALISM

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 19:39 | 5038953 Monty Burns
Monty Burns's picture

The well-known 'investor' and 'philanthropist' Bernard Baruch based his investment strategy for several years on the basis of America's entry into the 'forthcoming world war'.  One year before America's entry to that war he 'entered public service to advise President Wilson'.  Wasn't that so civic-spirited of him?  He must have been the inspiration for Morgenthau and Cheney in later wars.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:16 | 5037610 Doctor Faustus
Doctor Faustus's picture

Sad to say, but there are no lessons to learn from this. Even if we remember history (and really, who studies history anymore?), evidence shows we are STILL doomed to repeat it. 

The quest for power will never cease until Mankind ceases. Until then, appreciate what you have and work towards bettering yourself and those immediately around you.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:44 | 5037650 HardAssets
HardAssets's picture

This evil will end when their elders teach 18 year olds "young, dumb, & full of cum" not to go off to wars to prove their 'manhood'.

What worked for small, tribal groups doesn't work in a world filled with horrible 'conventional' and thermonuclear weapons.

The psychopath manipulators are far fewer in number than the general population. They can only fight wars because we stupidly go along with it.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:22 | 5037637 Duffy Duck
Duffy Duck's picture

Having Jewish bankers on both sides of both the war and both sides of the peace guaranteed more war. 

The Balfour Declaration was in truth a death warrant for hundreds of thousands of American men who had no reason to become involved in Europe's continuation of 19th century alliance wars, and was a guarantee of a Second.

Had there been no Hitler, and no Stalin, there would have been a second world war after the peace terms of the first.

But had Zionist and Bolshevik Jews not had such power in the US, UK, Russia, and elsewhere in the early 1900s, there would have been neither Hitler or Stalin.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:23 | 5037639 smacker
smacker's picture

"A conflict over a quasi-nation [Ukraine] of absolutely no strategic interest to the United States"

Wrong Mr Margolis.

Whilst Ukraine may not have any natural resources and stuff that the USG wants, it most certainly is strategic to instal NATO inside its borders to further surround Russia. Crimea would have been a huge bonus for it to locate US warships, but Putin got there first after seeing what Washington's gameplan was.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:49 | 5037742 HardAssets
HardAssets's picture

Of course, you have to define what is meant by 'the United States'.

People will go off to kill & be killed without thinking very much about such words at all.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:54 | 5037758 booboo
booboo's picture

"Crimea would have been a huge bonus for it to locate US warships, but Putin got there first after seeing what Washington's gameplan was."

The naval port in Crimea was always a Soviet/Russian naval port. Even after the break up of the Soviet Union the Russian navy had/have lease agreements. In other words they didn't annex what they already had.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:26 | 5037657 Kina
Kina's picture

TPTB and allies and general public have a Hollywood view of justice war good and bad......they always believe that who they think bad and a 'black hat' will in the end always lose. The good guys win in the end...thats how Hollywood wars end.

They don't fear war, the don't fear what the US is doing in Ukraine nowhere near enough. They think the US is unbeatable, the good guy, guaranteed of final victory.

What the US lacked was the European experience of total destruction death and chaos on their home soil.

So the public, Congress and so on will allow the provocation and games to progress thinking they can pull back if it gets too hot for them, and let Europe suffer.

 

What is different this time is the US is economicall bankrupt, its currency a weakling and only a change of circumstance away from crashing. They are not the white hats or the good guys, those terms are meaningless. They wont win, nobody will.

 

So the bankster and the politician imagine they will be safe, that they can crawl away to a safe backyard, a long way away from their enemy. BUT the chaos and justice sought at home is what will do them in. The US public wont like what happens to their world, these desperates will drag the politicians, banksters and so forth out onto the streets.....aka the China's purges.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 18:49 | 5038834 August
August's picture

>>>(TPTB and allies and general public) don't fear war, the don't fear what the US is doing in Ukraine nowhere near enough. They think the US is unbeatable, the good guy, guaranteed of final victory.

What the US lacked was the European experience of total destruction death and chaos on their home soil.

Tangentially, the above is why I've always had a certain love and respect for the traditions of the American South, where I grew up.  Though the memory appears to be fading now, Southerners of my generation had a knowledge of what war was, where it can lead... and that one's own cause may not be entirely just. 

America's current bozo "leadership" class has no perspective as to what they are actually doing to other nations, or any concept that their chosen course might, just possibly, be wrong.  Sooner or later, they WILL find out.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 12:44 | 5037727 Kina
Kina's picture

Nth Korea could just bomb the heck out of Fukushima to make a mess of the world, eventually

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:02 | 5037840 DerAdler
DerAdler's picture

The two world wars were huge, horrible mistakes. We were supposedly fighting fascism but we ended up with something even worse. We threw our lot in with communists and now they have run the West into the ground. We murdered 10's of millions of our own brothers, sisters, mothers, fathers, cousins, aunts, and uncles. The Tribe claims victim status throughout this senseless slaughter, when the fact is that they are the clear winners. 

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 19:28 | 5038926 Monty Burns
Monty Burns's picture

Well said brother.  Our very own version of Monomorium made us do it. 

It floods the brain of the worker ant, grabs the reins of her muscles, woos her from deeply ingrained duties and turns her against her own mother. For ants, matricide is an act of special genetic madness and formidable indeed must be the drug that drives them to it.

http://irishsavant.blogspot.ie/2014/02/perhaps-i-can-be-of-assistance-here.html

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 13:54 | 5037960 Otto Zitte
Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:08 | 5038010 AnAnonymous
AnAnonymous's picture

No one in the west is ready to die for Luhansk or Donetsk, but few in 1914 Europe were ready to die for Verdun or Ypres – but millions did.
______________________

This article is the usual 'american' clap trap, filled with 'american' agenda exhibited as truth.

Just one example: ready to die? No kidding.

Why not ask the question fitting the 'american' nature: no one in 'american' nations ready to kill?

Today, 'american' militaries are for the 'american' middle class, of the 'american' middle class, by the 'american' middle class.

That 'american' keeps using paradigms from the past to escape facing the fact that this is an 'american' world.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:34 | 5038067 earleflorida
earleflorida's picture

'Dynasty's no Moar: Russia, Ottoman, Qing... of Eurasia'        

'The Causes and War Aims of World War I (three part series)'   

 http://europeanhistory.about.com/od/worldwar1/a/The-Cause-And-War-Aims-Of-World-War-One.htm

`*'at the end of the 19th century, three World Empires had fallen, and a nascent industrial revolution was about to change the planet forever...'

1a)   'Prelude to the Russian Revolution'       http://history1900s.about.com/od/Russian-Revolution/a/Prelude-Russia-Revolution.htm          

1b)   'The Ruussian Revolution of 1917'                                                http://history1900s.about.com/od/Russian-revolution

2a)   'Historigraphy of the Fall of the Ottoman Empire'                  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fall_of_the-Ottoman_Empire

'The Chinese Civil War' (autarky is all one needs ot know?) {(A Regional War inside a Civil War?)}     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_Civil_War

Note:   Three Empires/Dynasty's go missing? Why at the turn of the 20th Century.

Note2:   The USSA stays neutral in both WWI and WWII until...?

Note3:  The Ottoman's, British, French, and Russia dominated global trade and politics in the 19th Century. America had yet made it's presence on the global stage, but wisely remained semi-isolationist! Why?

Note4:   The Conclusion`ial Resolution:  It takes multiple generations to sort out just one failure, regarding a collapsed dynasty-- but, to have the entire Eurasia collapse within a decade will take at least a century or two to really understand why the flat world we live on,... perhaps by 2050 will no longer exist in a modern 'Nuclear Age', where tyme has indeed sped-up...?  

ps. excellent read

ps2) atimes... pepe escobar gave a nice H/T to your blog David :-)) 

jmo

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 14:29 | 5038072 world_debt_slave
world_debt_slave's picture

you can play the video game Verdun and relive the past

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VqrRVr8aD8k

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 15:32 | 5038235 earleflorida
earleflorida's picture

'Pre-Israel State': The Ottoman Empire Enters WWII 1914'    http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/ottoww1.html

Historical Map of Ottoman Empire 1914 (RR system)         http://www.emersonkent.com/map_archive/ottoman_empire_1914.htm

'Transformation of Russia in the 19th Century'      http://countrystudies.us/russia/6.htm

'Puyi: The Last Chinese Emporer'    http://asianhistory.about.com/od/modernchina/fl/Puyi.htm

"The Fall of the Ottoman empire"       http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fall_of_the_Ottoman_Empire

Ps.      somehow, many links never made first post

http://europeanhistory.about.com/od/worldwar1/a/The-Cause-And-War-Aims-Of-World-War-One_3.htm

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 15:22 | 5038249 pupdog1
pupdog1's picture

Read your Smedley Butler.

Simple as pie.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 15:40 | 5038287 laomei
laomei's picture

It wasn't senseless, it actually made a lot of sense.

Here's the war in a nutshell:

Austria was gonna lose their "great power" status in Europe and got into bed with Hungary to keep it.

Hungary was full of dipshits, but Austria had to give them some berth to keep up relations.

The arch duke got whacked in Sarajevo by Serbian separatists... could have been a wider conspiracy, but let's pretend it wasn't cus it's easier that way.

Meanwhile, Germany saw Russia modernizing the military and geared up for war.. hey, if there's gonna be a war, it's gotta be while it's still winnable.

Russia allied with France, which put Germany in a bit of a spot, which is why they went with the Ottomans to counter and got tight with Aus-Hun.

Current situation: France was sore losing to Germany earlier.  Russia was pissed about not being able to defend Serbs. The modernization and alliance was out of necessity.  A-H was still fucking pissed about losing in 1903 to Serbia

German strategy was focused on Russia relying on a fast KO of France and that meant they had to go through Belgium

 

So, anyways, A-H is HIGHLY multi-cultural, which means the leaders have to pander to fucking everyone, react to the duke getting capped by basically demanding that Serbia surrender sovereignty.  Russia advises them to give in to some of it (they cannot defend em yet), and the rest of it should brush over.  A-H rejects, invades.  This brings Russia into the picture to defend.  Oh fuck, now Germany has to defend A-H by going against Russia, but attacking Russia will trigger France, so they gotta knock that shit out ASAP.  That violates Belgium's neutrality however, which pisses off the UK.

With industrialization going on, it means that mobilization is MUCH faster.  But it also means time schedules.  Once shit starts moving, it can't be stopped, and because everyone can mobilize much faster, you are forced to mobilize immediately in response to a threat or risk losing quickly.  If you stry and stop a mobilization... you fuck yourself causing a delay in remobilization of a week or so... long enough to expose yourself to the enemy and having to trust that they won't fuck you in your wet exposed asshole.

 

That's the shit on surface.  Subsurface shit now:

Germany teamed up with Ottoman because A-H wanted some of their shit, and Germany wanted to exploit their oil.  Imperialsm was having all kinds of fun with brit colonies and everyone else wanting to play the same sorta game.  Ottoman's were already kinda fucked and saw the German alliance as a way to boost revenues and stabilize against being eaten alive.  Berlin-Baghdad railroad fucked with UK interests in gobbling up that oil source though.  War, at the time, was a stroll in the park for the most part.  It wasn't all that serious.  Send out the army, pound down on a rival a bit, get some concessions.  Germany saw their shot with Russia and just took it more or less.  The UK got into the war not because of pieces of paper, but because of oil.  The US didn't give a shit and just saw it as a chance to export crap with zero risk.  When it was all just about wrapped up, the US jumps in, because if they don't they don't get to claim any spoils or pull bullshit to entrench the economic gains.

 

In short, the causes of WW1: Oil, multi-ethnic idiocy, imperialism, desire for war.  What made it stand out was the fact that technology had gotten ahead of tactics.

 

Looking at it today: The EU is A-H complete with the multi-ethnic idiocy, but all the other pieces really don't fall into place if you are trying to make a comparison.  If you really want to sub the Ukraine in for Serbia, I guess you can try.  But it's not in any way a parallel to 100 years ago.  The overlapping treaties and shit make it similar, but even then, it's not really.  

 

The real threat is this:

Russia has fucking nukes and would love to beat the shit out of the Ukraine to eat the eastern half of it.  The US broke agreements with Russia over NATO shit.  If NATO expands to claim Russian interests, and Russia decides to attack anyways.  NATO sure as shit ain't gonna go nuclear over it.  Just isn't going to happen.  That breaks NATO.  The EU is fucked because it's stupid.  Economically it's horrible for anyone who isn't Germany, and realistically it has no teeth.  It's become little more than a ponzi scam, requiring the devouring up of more nations to keep from falling apart.  The UK... eh, pretty much a joke at this point.  The entire region more or less relies on the US/NATO umbrella and that umbrella is starting to look like it's in tatters.  Economically, everything is on a knife's edge and being levitated by bullshit at this point.  Russia holds all the real cards in Europe and good luck trying to take those away... they have diversified enough that hurting them hurts you more and with a shit economy you can't shrug it off.

Meanwhile, China's happily gobbling up shit the US can't do anymore.  War? Haha, not fucking likely, peace is far more profitable.  Which is why the US is going all out in the propaganda department to try and make China look like some imperialist power looking for war.  China doesn't need to go to war with Japan, China fucking owns Japan, just as it owns Australia and SEA.  Africa is next on the plate and it's coming along nicely, as is South America.  The only competition for China is India (which is just laughable in every way), Russia (not anymore because they decided to tag team), and the US (which is broke and relies on a system that is decaying)

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 15:59 | 5038339 css1971
css1971's picture

War always is the citizenry vs their own leadership. The leadership need people to die for them, because... they don't want to die themselves.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 16:11 | 5038386 falak pema
falak pema's picture

On that note here is a reminder about a war that occurred much later but stays very relevant :

http://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2014/08/gulf-tonkin-vietnam-war-matters-5...

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 17:19 | 5038600 Joe A
Joe A's picture

Clark's book that wants to put the blame of the war on the Serbs is utter BS. It is historical revisionism. True, Serbian elements in the army supported Young Bosnia which consisted out of Serbs, Croats and Muslims whose aim was to kick the Austrians out of Bosnia (Bosnia was annexed by Austria) and unite all Yugoslavs. Just because some military had links to Young Bosnia does not mean it was government policy. That was never proven. Do you think that Obama knows what his military are up to all the time? Why would a small country such as Serbia want to create a war with a big empire such as Austrian-Hungarian empire backed by Germany? Does not make sense.

Equating the Black Hand with Slobodan Milosevic (called Serbian extremist) is another example of BS. Milosevic was a crook for sure but he mostly wanted to keep communist Yugoslavia together. If he wanted 'Greater Serbia' (so based on Serbian ethnicity) then why did Serbia not invade Croatia? Why then did it not invade Bosnia? Milosevic turned his back on Serbs in Croatia and Bosnia and allowed them to be expelled from these countries during Operation Storm. Does not sound like the behavior of someone who wants to create a 'Greater Serbia' now, does it? Milosevic tried to prevent the slaughter at Srebrenica. He warned Karadzic and Mladic not to attack the enclave and do something to the locals there. He even expressed this to Richard Holbrooke. Does not sound like someone who wants to expel Croats and Muslims from Bosnia now, does it? During the Yugoslav wars of the 90s, Milosevic and Tudjman of Croatia met dozens of time probably to do business. Does not sound like someone who wants to destroy Croatia now, does it? Serbia btw is a country with many nationalities ranging from Serbs to Hungarians, Romanians, Bosniaks, Montenegrins, Albanians, Slovaks, Slovens, Roma and even a Russian minority.

Milosevic cracked down hard on Kosovo because the KLA was killing Serb officials, police and minorities. The KLA until 1997 was on the US list of terrorist organizations, in 1998 it was off and in 1999 Yugoslavia was bombed to pieces while Clinton had his cigar in Monica Lewinsky. Camp Bondsteel in Kosovo is one of the largest US bases and is there not to keep the peace in Kosovo but to guard interests in the Black Sea and Caspian Sea. Coincidence? I think not.

It was Germany in 1914 that pressured the Austrians to make demands on Serbia that everybody knew they would not accept. Telegrams and correspondence proving this diplomatic effort exist. In 1999 NATO would do the same. Yugoslavia could not possibly accept these terms. No one would. Even Kissinger said it was wrong. Kissinger of all people! NATO thought they would need 48 hours but they needed 78 days and Milosevic only gave in after NATO changed its campaign from military targets to civilian targets including open market, hospitals, tractors with refugees, commuter trains and random houses in random villages using cluster bombs and DU weapons. After that the real ethnic cleansing of Kosovo started with well over 100,000 Serbs driven from their home under the watchful eye of KFOR. Yugoslavia had to disappear because after the fall of the Iron Curtain Yugoslavia had lost its purpose to the West of forming a buffer to the Warsaw Pact. Germany was working on undermining Yugoslavia since the 70s stoking up Croatian nationalism.

WWI was about who was going to be boss in Europe. Britain and France feared Germany but Germany had aspirations. To portray them as victims of British and France containment is utter BS.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 17:24 | 5038615 Shepp
Shepp's picture

Truly capitalist countries have absolutely no interest in starting wars; its bad for business.

Ergo, more countries that are truly capitalist, the fewer wars.

Why? There is enough for everyone: comparative advantage would rule the day.

Its never the citizens who march for war, at least not without being prompted by propaganda. Its always governments.

So. What KIND of government does not START wars?

THE WORLD HAS NOT YET SEEN CAPITALISM IN ALL ITS POTENTIAL GLORY.

Sat, 08/02/2014 - 18:16 | 5038762 RazvanM
RazvanM's picture

And in the meantime the Evil socialist empires were created: the Soviet Russia was the first. People became again slaves used and killed by their Masters in the name of a greater future. But that future never came. Instead there was more pain and more killings, because the people were not good enough to reach for the greater future. In the end, the last century was a competition between mass murderers, using the most advanced discoveries of science and organization to kill efficiently. Turkey, Serbia, Germany, China, Japan, Cambodgia and then whole continents joined the murdering circus, in the name of every excuse imaginable.

To analyze the WW1, we should check the evolution of the economies of the main actors: France, Britain, Germany, Russia, Austro-Hungary, Turkey, United States, Japan. Some of these countries were great colonial powers, extracting resources from the territories they exploited savagely, most of the time. Germany had the most to lose from the war, yet they were surrounded by enemies and had little choice.

France, Britain, Russia hoped to cripple the Germany economic machine before it was too powerful.

United States was the main beneficiary of this war, as it was again in the WW2.

Now it is the right time again for some countries to assert more powers on the world stage. China is ready to expand again in Asia, Russia is expanding again in Europe and maybe eyeing some Asia territories.

France is mostly black now, in Britain the most used name for newborns is Mohammed, United States acknowledged being a socialist paradise, with a black-latino culture getting more and more proeminence. Japan is slowly dying.

Germany is part of a failed EU experiment, with an economy that is starved for resources.

The small countries are being again invaded and destabilized by their more powerful neighbours.

 

The problem with this whole picture is the existence of the means to destroy the whole world a few times over. The world should better start to negociate soon.

Sun, 08/03/2014 - 10:39 | 5040121 Analyse2
Analyse2's picture

While France was fighting since August 1914, the United States entered in the war only in April 1917 (more than 2 years and 8 months later), not to rescue the French (who by the way were not at all defeated in 1918), but because, President Wilson judged it was the US national interest to do it in response to the declaration by Germany of a total submarine war against US ships.

The United States came significantly in action (1 division) at the battle of Seicheprey in April 1918 (only 7 months before the end of the war) and then at the Battle of Belleau Wood in June 1918. They also had a sucessful offensive at St. Mihiel salient in Sept. 1918 ...

Therefore the US intervention had not the character of a rescue for the French; Was it the last drop which made the cup run over? No, for the French it has always been considered as a precious and appreciated help, which allowed shortening the war.

It was indeed very desirable, regarding the enormous human cost of the war for France *

* World War I cost France 1,697,800 dead, 4,266,000 wounded (of whom 1.5 million were permanently maimed) and 537,000 made prisoner or missing — exactly 73% of the 8,410,000 men mobilized (for a total population of 40 million). This means that 60% of men between the ages of 18 and 28 died or were permanently maimed.

You can have an idea of what these figures woud represent for the present population of the US:

13,412,000 dead and 33,701,400 wounded (of whom 11,850,000 permanently maimed) and 4,242,000 made prisoner or missing. Can you imagine US reaction to casualties on that scale?

And the French did not surrender ...

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