Moody's Downgrades China's Credit Outlook From Stable To Negative - Full Text

Tyler Durden's picture

It is likely just a coincidence that just a month after we reported that China's real consolidated debt/GDP was far greater than the 280% or so accepted conventionally, and was really up to 350% if not higher after the recent record loan issuance surge, moments ago Moody's officially downgraded its outlook of China's credit rating from stable to negative, citing three key risks:

  1. The ongoing and prospective weakening of fiscal metrics, as reflected in rising government debt and in large and rising contingent liabilities on the government balance sheet;
  2. A continuing fall in reserve buffers due to capital outflows, which highlight policy, currency and growth risks;
  3. Uncertainty about the authorities' capacity to implement reforms - given the scale of reform challenges - to address imbalances in the economy.

While these were topical about a year ago for the financial media, and about 6 months ago for everyone else, we can't help but notice that as expected Moody's has said nothing at all about China's biggest current risk factor - its collapsing labor market and surging unemployment. That's ok, we are confident even the rating agencies will be up to speed with what we have been reporting since last November before the year is done.

Below is the full report:

Moody's changes outlook on China's Aa3 government bond rating to negative from stable; affirms Aa3 rating

Singapore, March 02, 2016 -- Moody's Investors Service has today changed the outlook to negative from stable on China's government credit ratings, while affirming the Aa3 long-term senior unsecured debt, issuer ratings, and (P)Aa3 senior unsecured shelf rating.

The key drivers of the outlook revision are:

  1. The ongoing and prospective weakening of fiscal metrics, as reflected in rising government debt and in large and rising contingent liabilities on the government balance sheet.
  2. A continuing fall in reserve buffers due to capital outflows, which highlight policy, currency and growth risks.
  3. Uncertainty about the authorities' capacity to implement reforms -- given the scale of reform challenges -- to address imbalances in the economy.

At the same time, China's fiscal and foreign exchange reserve buffers remain sizeable, giving the authorities time to implement some reforms and gradually address imbalances in the economy. This underpins the decision to affirm China's Aa3 rating.




The first driver of the negative outlook on China's rating relates to the government's fiscal strength which has weakened and which we expect to diminish further, albeit from very high levels.

The government's balance sheet is exposed to contingent liabilities through regional and local governments, policy banks and state-owned enterprises (SOEs). The ongoing increase in leverage across the economy and financial system and the stress in the SOE sector imply a rising probability that some of the contingent liabilities will crystallize on the government's balance sheet. In addition, we believe that continuing growth in contingent liabilities -- along with stated government objectives to introduce more market discipline -- suggests that support from the government and the banking system will increasingly be prioritized, based on the relative importance of each entity for the implementation of strategic national policy goals.

While not our base case scenario, the government's fiscal strength would be exposed to additional weakening if underlying growth, excluding policy-supported economic activity, remained weak. In such an environment, the liabilities of policy banks would likely increase to fund government-sponsored investment, while the leverage of SOEs -- already under stress -- would rise further.

We do not expect all or even a significant proportion of contingent liabilities to crystallize on the government's balance sheet in the short term. However, their existence and increase in size reflect economic imbalances. In particular, high and rising SOE leverage raises the risk of either a sharp slowdown in economic growth, as debt servicing constrains other spending, or a marked deterioration of bank asset quality. Either of these developments could ultimately result in higher government debt and additional downward pressure on the government's credit profile.

In addition, government debt has risen markedly, to 40.6% of GDP at the end of 2015, according to our estimates, from 32.5% in 2012. We expect a further increase to 43.0% by 2017, consistent with an accommodative fiscal stance that will likely involve higher government spending and possible reductions in the overall tax burden.

At the same time, we expect debt affordability to remain high as large domestic savings will continue to fund government debt.


The second driver relates to China's external vulnerability. China's foreign exchange reserves have fallen markedly over the last 18 months, to $3.2 trillion in January 2016, $762 billion below their peak in June 2014.

At the same time, reserves remain ample, particularly in relation to the size of China's external debt. However, their decline highlights the possibility that pressure on the exchange rate and weakening confidence in the ability of the authorities to maintain economic growth and implement reforms could fuel further capital outflows. In particular, a fall in reserves -- corresponding to sustained deposit outflows -- could raise pressure on the deposit-funded banking sector.

Measures to address falling foreign exchange reserves and downward pressure on the renminbi have negative implications for the economy and financial sector. First, a tightening of capital controls in response to sustained outflows would damage the credibility of the authorities' commitment to liberalizing the capital account, an essential element of financial sector reform.

Second, allowing reserves to fall to preserve the value of the currency -- when pressures exist -- would tighten liquidity conditions in China at a time when parts of the economy are slowing sharply and when the debt-servicing capability of some corporates is impaired.

Third, preserving foreign exchange reserves and allowing a sharp depreciation of the currency would likely fuel further capital outflows.


The third driver concerns institutional strength. China's institutions are being tested by the challenges stemming from the multiple policy objectives of maintaining economic growth, implementing reform, and mitigating market volatility. Fiscal and monetary policy support to achieve the government's economic growth target of 6.5% may slow planned reforms, including those related to SOEs.

Incomplete implementation or partial reversals of some reforms risk undermining the credibility of policymakers. Interventions in the equity and foreign exchange markets over the past year suggest that ensuring financial and economic stability is also an objective, but there is considerably uncertainty about policy priorities.

Without credible and efficient reforms, China's GDP growth would slow more markedly as a high debt burden dampens business investment and demographics turn increasingly unfavourable. Government debt would increase more sharply than we currently expect. These developments would likely fuel further capital outflows.


The very large size of China's economy contributes to its credit strength. Moreover, although GDP growth is slowing, it will remain markedly higher than most of China's rating peers. The size of the buffers available to face current fiscal and capital outflow challenges allows for a gradual implementation of reform and therefore supports an affirmation of the rating at Aa3. These buffers include a relatively moderate level of government debt, which is financed at low cost, and high domestic savings and still substantial foreign exchange reserves.

We expect a gradual economic slowdown, made possible by the capacity and willingness of the authorities to support growth. Moreover, although contingent liabilities are large, they do not pose an imminent risk to the government's balance sheet. In a largely closed financial system, buffer erosion would most likely be gradual, providing time to address key areas of reform.


Moody's could revise the rating outlook to stable if we concluded that government policy was likely to succeed in balancing competing priorities and thereby arrest the deterioration in China's fiscal metrics and reduce contingent liabilities for the sovereign most likely through effective restructuring of SOEs in overcapacity sectors.

Moreover, a moderation in capital outflows due to improved confidence in the economy and policies as well as advancement of reforms -- in particular in the SOE and financial sectors, including some further opening of the capital account -- would be consistent with returning the outlook to stable.

Conversely, Moody's could downgrade the rating if we observed a slowing pace in the adoption of reforms needed to support sustainable growth and to protect the government's balance sheet. Tangibly, this could happen if debt metrics weaken, contingent liabilities increase, or progress on SOE reform stalls. Sustained capital outflows or a marked tightening in capital controls without tangible progress on reform implementation would also be consistent with a downgrade of the rating.

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Duc888's picture




Moody's, yea, lotsa cred there.

Overfed's picture

Fuck Moody's. What does Egan-Jones have to say?

TeamDepends's picture

Who has the gold shiny, roundeye?

OneOfUs's picture

Unfortunately China does

brada1013567's picture

That is good for another 50 S&P points to the upside!


2,025 here we come!

brada1013567's picture

If your debt/GDP is not > than 300%, you just are not doing it right!

MarkD's picture

 china needs to learn from the best...... hand out food, iPhones, free lodging, healthcare, retirement, transportation, education....etc

ThroxxOfVron's picture

<--- Uncle Warren = Rubber Ducky

<--- Uncle Warren = Marat

treksis's picture

Moody is always too late

treksis's picture

Moody is always too late

Mr. Magoo's picture

Sir Moody the dragon slayer 

JustObserving's picture

Time for Chinese rating agency, Dagong, to downgrade US debt.

nmewn's picture

Surely Vice Public Security Minister Meng Qingfeng can point to a comparable, reliable ratings agency in communist China that can easily refute this! ;-)

GCT's picture

Roflmao Moodies is a joke.  How about the USA debt?  How about our finances?    Rating agencies rate to the highest payer and many of them should have been closed and jailed when they rated MBS and other real estate financial products AAA.

Soul Glow's picture

Wait, so I shouldn't buy any Chinese junk bonds?

brada1013567's picture

All Sovereign Bonds are Junk Bonds.

Yen Cross's picture

 Moodies, Fitch, S&P, are all a fucking joke!

 That's NOT to say Chinese credit isn't a farce.

Aquarius's picture

Don't believe anything from or under USA influence, especially Moody's; the USA "stool".

Don't believe MSM

Don't believe Western Politicians, Bureaucrats, Bankers, Spokesmen/women, heroes, financial investors "consultants" and advisors, apologists, NEOCONS, the Wealthy and or the United Nations, NATO, and those of similar ilk. Lying Parasites all. 

America LIES a priori - everything that comes from America carries the 95% Probability of Lies.

This means - don't believe anything American.

For example: Hank Paulsen - Alan Greenspan - Ben Bernanke and the Supremo, Larry Summers - proto-Humans at best suffering the neuroses of primitive barbarism and fear induced Cowardice to the extremism of perversions. Their Collective hate for Humanity and natural evolution.

Which means: Don't believe anythign attached to the West.

Disclaimer: except Yourself. Risk on.

China is in Growth.

USA is in absolute and final Decline... In fact, the USA is already DEAD.

... to Demise and Desperation but, who f*****ng cares anymore.

If you want to survive, either live in Asia or Buy Gold (and Silver) physical.

The wretched West is dead but remains in "extremis". The Death Frenzy.


Moody's = PHHHlaaaatttt!

Ho hum

Chad_the_short_seller's picture
Chad_the_short_seller (not verified) Mar 1, 2016 8:13 PM


CHoward's picture

Better not push China too much or else they'll feel like they have to start making shit up.  Hahahahahahahahahahahaha

Yen Cross's picture

  O/T I'm sitting here watching Fake News, while trying to cut through the fake---pre- planned, innuendoes.

  These fucking clowns have gone ful NEO-CON today.  Pat Buchanan? Are you fucking kidding me?

 Maria Barferomo looks like a Barbara Walters RINO.

  Yeah, we want Dumbio the rino Rubio in the big house?

TheAntiProgressive's picture

ooooopsss. wha happin?

me or you's picture

At least China has more gold than all US banks combined including the FED and Fort Knox.

Holy Roller Empire's picture

Moody's - no more nookie for you!

joego1's picture

Dead floating pig debt bomb about to blow bad gas.

Chad_the_short_seller's picture
Chad_the_short_seller (not verified) Mar 2, 2016 12:57 AM

Chink markets are up over 3% on this news. 

lemontree2's picture

Once again guys, dont't worry. This is bullish for stawks. Just another bulltrap. This means nothing rather than moar stimuli from central Banksters. EVERTHING is awsome. Move along. Buy stawks. Get rich. Nevermind the mindblowing sovereign debt building. They'll never pay back anyway. Moar moar soar. CTRL + p

Shed Boy's picture

So what does this all mean to the average Chinese guy on the street? Nothing, nada, zip. Life will go on same as it ever was.

No different then America except for one thing: Americans are in debt up to their eyeballs and pack around 7 or 8 credit cards which are mostly maxed out. Home mortgages, car mortgages, and paying on a handful of credit cards, Obama care, cell phone bills, cable TV...

If anybody will weather any kind of a collapse, it will be the chinese people. China barely has one full generation of "silver spoon fed" kids. America has almost 4....the fall will be hard and painful for America.