The Birth Of Cultural Marxism: How The "Frankfurt School" Changed America

Tyler Durden's picture

Submitted by David Galland via,

The 1950s were a simple, romantic, and golden time in America.

California beaches, suburbia, and style. Atlas Shrugged was published, NASA was formed, and Elvis rocked the nation. Every year from 1950–1959 saw over 4 million babies born. The nation stood atop the world in every field.

It was an era of great economic prosperity in The Land of the Free.


So, what happened to the American traits of confidence, pride, and accountability?

The roots of Western cultural decay are very deep, having first sprouted a century ago. It began with a loose clan of ideologues inside Europe’s communist movement. Today, it is known as the Frankfurt School, and its ideals have perverted American society.

When Outcomes Fail, Just Change the Theory

Before WWI, Marxist theory held that if war broke out in Europe, the working classes would rise up against the bourgeoisie and create a communist revolution.

Well, as is the case with much of Marxist theory, things didn’t go too well. When war broke out in 1914, instead of starting a revolution, the proletariat put on their uniforms and went off to war.

After the war ended, Marxist theorists were left to ask, “What went wrong?”

Two very prominent Marxists thinkers of the day were Antonio Gramsci and Georg Lukács. Each man, on his own, concluded that the working class of Europe had been blinded by the success of Western democracy and capitalism. They reasoned that until both had been destroyed, a communist revolution was not possible.

Gramsci and Lukács were both active in the Communist party, but their lives took very different paths.

Gramsci was jailed by Mussolini in Italy where he died in 1937 due to poor health. 

In 1918, Lukács became minister of culture in Bolshevik Hungary. During this time, Lukács realized that if the family unit and sexual morals were eroded, society could be broken down.

Lukács implemented a policy he titled “cultural terrorism,” which focused on these two objectives. A major part of the policy was to target children’s minds through lectures that encouraged them to deride and reject Christian ethics.

In these lectures, graphic sexual matter was presented to children, and they were taught about loose sexual conduct.

Here again, a Marxist theory had failed to take hold in the real world. The people were outraged at Lukács’ program, and he fled Hungary when Romania invaded in 1919.

The Birth of Cultural Marxism

All was quiet on the Marxist front until 1923 when the cultural terrorist turned up for a “Marxist study week” in Frankfurt, Germany. There, Lukács met a young, wealthy Marxist named Felix Weil.

Until Lukács showed up, classical Marxist theory was based solely on the economic changes needed to overthrow class conflict. Weil was enthused by Lukács’ cultural angle on Marxism.

Weil’s interest led him to fund a new Marxist think tank—the Institute for Social Research. It would later come to be known as simply The Frankfurt School.

In 1930, the school changed course under new director Max Horkheimer. The team began mixing the ideas of Sigmund Freud with those of Marx, and cultural Marxism was born.

In classical Marxism, the workers of the world were oppressed by the ruling classes. The new theory was that everyone in society was psychologically oppressed by the institutions of Western culture. The school concluded that this new focus would need new vanguards to spur the change. The workers were not able to rise up on their own.

As fate would have it, the National Socialists came to power in Germany in 1933. It was a bad time and place to be a Jewish Marxist, as most of the school’s faculty was. So, the school moved to New York City, the bastion of Western culture at the time.

Coming to America

In 1934, the school was reborn at Columbia University. Its members began to exert their ideas on American culture.

It was at Columbia University that the school honed the tool it would use to destroy Western culture: the printed word.

The school published a lot of popular material. The first of these was Critical Theory.

Critical Theory is a play on semantics. The theory was simple: criticize every pillar of Western culture—family, democracy, common law, freedom of speech, and others. The hope was that these pillars would crumble under the pressure.

Next was a book Theodor Adorno co-authored, The Authoritarian Personality. It redefined traditional American views on gender roles and sexual mores as “prejudice.” Adorno compared them to the traditions that led to the rise of fascism in Europe.

Is it just a coincidence that the go-to slur for the politically correct today is “fascist”?

The school pushed its shift away from economics and toward Freud by publishing works on psychological repression.

Their works split society into two main groups: the oppressors and the victims. They argued that history and reality were shaped by those groups who controlled traditional institutions. At the time, that was code for males of European descent.

From there, they argued that the social roles of men and women were due to gender differences defined by the “oppressors.” In other words, gender did not exist in reality but was merely a “social construct.”

A Coalition of Victims

Adorno and Horkheimer returned to Germany when WWII ended. Herbert Marcuse, another member of the school, stayed in America. In 1955, he published Eros and Civilization.

In the book, Marcuse argued that Western culture was inherently repressive because it gave up happiness for social progress.

The book called for “polymorphous perversity,” a concept crafted by Freud. It posed the idea of sexual pleasure outside the traditional norms. Eros and Civilization would become very influential in shaping the sexual revolution of the 1960s.

Marcuse would be the one to answer Horkheimer’s question from the 1930s: Who would replace the working class as the new vanguards of the Marxist revolution?

Marcuse believed that it would be a victim coalition of minorities—blacks, women, and homosexuals.

The social movements of the 1960s—black power, feminism, gay rights, sexual liberation—gave Marcuse a unique vehicle to release cultural Marxist ideas into the mainstream. Railing against all things “establishment,” The Frankfurt School’s ideals caught on like wildfire across American universities.

Marcuse then published Repressive Tolerance in 1965 as the various social movements in America were in full swing. In it, he argued that tolerance of all values and ideas meant the repression of “correct” ideas.

It was here that Marcuse coined the term “liberating tolerance.” It called for tolerance of any ideas coming from the left but intolerance of those from the right. One of the overarching themes of the Frankfurt School was total intolerance for any viewpoint but its own. That is also a basic trait of today’s political-correctness believers.

To quote Max Horkheimer, “Logic is not independent of content.”

Recalling the Words of Winston (Not That One)

The Frankfurt School’s work has had a deep impact on American culture. It has recast the homogenous America of the 1950s into today’s divided, animosity-filled nation.

In turn, this has contributed to the undeniable breakdown of the family unit, as well as identity politics, radical feminism, and racial polarization in America.

It’s hard to decide if today’s culture is more like Orwell’s 1984 or Huxley’s Brave New World.

Never one to buck a populist trend, the political establishment in America has fully embraced the ideas of the Frankfurt School and has pushed them on American society through public miseducation.

Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton, the beacons of progressivism, are both disciples of Saul Alinsky, a devoted cultural Marxist.

And so we now live in a hyper-sensitive society in which social memes and feelings have overtaken biological and objective reality as the main determinants of right and wrong.

Political correctness is a war on logic and reason.

To quote Winston, the protagonist in Orwell’s dystopia, “Freedom is the freedom to say that 2+2=4.”

Today, America is not free.

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chosen's picture

It was not the Frankfurt School that did it, it was the Hamburger School.

Kirk2NCC1701's picture

Zio-school is more like it, trying to pass off as something else.

Funded by the Moneychangers from "Zum Rothen Schild, Judengasse, Frankfurt am Main", their descendants and close, like-minded Clansmen.

Stainless Steel Rat's picture
Stainless Steel Rat (not verified) Kirk2NCC1701 Aug 12, 2016 8:50 PM

That was a pretty weak article...

Wilhelm Reich was the cornerstone of the intellectual foundation of "the sexual revolution".  A jew who was born in the part of Austria-Hungary that is now the Ukraine, he attended the University of Vienna where he became one of Freud's disciples.  After visiting the Soviet Union he became more convinced of the link between sexual and economic oppression, and of the need to integrate Marx and Freud.  He initially wrote a well known article titled: "Dialectical Materialism and Psychoanalysis", and then went on to write several major treatises: The Imposition of Sexual Morality (1932), The Sexual Struggle of Youth (1932), The Mass Psychology of Fascism (1933), “What is Class Consciousness?” (1934) and The Sexual Revolution (1936)

His ideas found fertile ground among three very notable people (among others):  Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, and William Burroughs.  These three people strongly influenced the people at Pacifica's pilot station: KPFA, who strongly influenced the kids at Berkeley.  All of this started laying the groundwork for the sexual revolution as early as the late 50s.  It is all in the pamphlet: "Protocols for Kids"

His work "Mass Psychology of Fascism" I think really hits the nail on the head with Hitler, and plays into my own pet theory that he had contracted syphillus and played out the dynamic outlined by Reich so well as a result of it.

gargoylian's picture

I wonder who started Marxism...

tmosley's picture

This is exactly why Jews have been kicked out of every country in history. This particular assault on non-Jews is so great and aggregeous, one wonders what the punishment will be this time.

Manthong's picture

Frankfurt School.....

.and Kurt Godel sat in the back of the room listening to the German socialists yammer and just being only second to Einstein in genius.


Chris Dakota's picture
Chris Dakota (not verified) Manthong Aug 12, 2016 10:51 PM

This is why I told you guys a year ago this was 1933 all over again.

When the bastards showed up not only Columbia but UC Berkeley, France and England.

We are fighting them right now, trying to kick them out.

chosen's picture

Okay, so it was really the "Gefilte Fish School".

BennyBoy's picture

They forgot to list:

The Mass Orgasm of Cronyism (1933)

Stuck on Zero's picture

Don't forget Margaret Mead, the phony baloney cultural anthropologist who set the sexual movement in motion with her fraudulent accounts of Samoa. She was outed as a fraud by Derek Freeman and the Samoan government but the cultural Marxists kept her theories going.

Stainless Steel Rat's picture
Stainless Steel Rat (not verified) Stuck on Zero Aug 13, 2016 9:33 AM

No one wrote on the subject as much as he did, and in terms of influence on broader culture, the rest of them are practically a footnote by comparison.

That said, the vast quantity of his influence was the result of one man: Allen Ginsberg.

Ginsberg was influenced by much more than Reich, and interestingly, his influences became his generation's influences without fail.

Similar to Reich, he fought for the "genital rights" of adolescents:

Another interesting thing about Reich is that he murdered a patient of his with whom he was having an affair by botching an abortion attempt.

TheReplacement's picture

Was Allen related to Ruth?  A quick google search does not give a difinitive answer.

Chris Dakota's picture
Chris Dakota (not verified) BennyBoy Aug 13, 2016 10:48 AM

Tale of two rallies in Penn yesterday.

Clinton vs Donald


XCantrekker's picture

I suspect from his writing that Wilhelm Reich had an orgasm while he was writing "The Mass Psychology of Facism."

A Nanny Moose's picture

Hitler was on to these Marxist fucks. So were Mussolini, Franco, and Pinochet.

opport.knocks's picture

... and Jesus was not a christian.

Both would be appalled at what has been attributed to their names. Well, maybe not Jesus because he would not understand a word of it. 

Joe A's picture

Reich also believed he could make rain and made a machine called Organon. The US government locked him up for it and destroyed his work. You need to google this to know more about it.

Escrava Isaura's picture

Wow,  thanks. A must read, especially after reading Tony Thomas post at Amazon:

In this book, a product of Reich's active struggle against Hitler, Reich traces the links between sexual repression, patriarchal society, and conservative and right wing ideology. He explains how patriarchy attempts to create the neurotic mental health that dominates modern capitalist society to use it to reign over working people. He shows the etiology of religion as a pathological outgrowth of patriarchy, and how conservative "family values" are decisive to conservatism.


fleur de lis's picture

The control group for sexual experimentation were Hungarian teens in 1919 in the aftermath of WW1.

In addition, Bela Kun terrorized the entire nation of Hungary until his ousting.

He was such an out of control Bolshevik pest that even with his return to his ilk in the new Soviet Russia he antagonized his Bolshevik handlers to the point that they whacked him just to shut him up.

Pomkiwi's picture

Just been reading about the beat generation (later morphed into beatnik) and my inteerst was the way popular music was used to break down morality. Found myself researching Pete Seeger and his father and the connections through Guthrie, Zimmerman, ramblin Jack Elliot and the protest movement. After that the hippie movement spawned out of Laurel canyon. Fascinating stuff.

Chris Dakota's picture
Chris Dakota (not verified) Pomkiwi Aug 12, 2016 10:56 PM

Music is a perfect tool. The Laurel Canyon group were all very friendly with Charles Manson, all of them had fathers in military intelligence. There is/was some CIA place up there too. Some were members of the Process Church that was a Satan worshiping outfit.

Jim Morrison's father was an admiral in the US Navy involved in the Gulf of Tonkin incident.


Mustafa Kemal's picture

Music is indeed the perfect tool. It does it for me!

Itinerant's picture

Indeed, the article is drivel. How could a bunch of Jewish intelligentsia just pick up and move to the Columbia campus, set up school, and corrupt generations of American students with their terrible socialist ideas? That makes no sense. Why doesn't somebody else move to the Columbia campus and indoctrinate all those little American brains with "true" ideas?

The idea that a guy named Horkheimer derailed America's cultural destiny and Marcuse hijacked their youth is ... crazy and inane.

  • Interest in the authoritarian personality has nothing to do with redefining American traditions about gender. The interest stemmed from the question of how one crazy guy (Hitler) could get so many people to obey him and commit so much evil (WWII, genocide, holocaust, etc).
  • Critical theory doesn't mean you criticize cultural artefacts, but it means that you question how and why people hold certain views: it's not about logical arguments for/against certain issues, but about how certain notions have come to develop and why people elect to have certain views. This is where the connection with psychological and social/economic theories comes into play: people have an interest in certain views apart from philosophical and rational arguments for or against.
    e.g., Hitler may have come to his anti-Semitic views because he had an immature personality and felt rejected by a pretty Jewish girl with whom he had a relationship (but only in his little stalker imagination), but she married somebody else, probably because she didn't even know who Adolf was, seeing as he didn't have the balls, let alone the game, to approach her and get to know her.
Tallest Skil's picture

We see straight through you, and that's terrifying, isn't it?

any_mouse's picture

All working for deep intelligence. Hitler was assigned by the German Army to infiltrate the German Workers Party to detect and prevent Communist revolution. He ends up turning them into the national socialist party. Western industrialists win big time. Hitler becomes a scapegoat. All evil is attributed to Hitler. Never look behind the curtain.

How can so many think Hillary is a viable POTUS?

Maybe that is overreach on their part or it is all by design.

Escrava Isaura's picture

Itinerant, found your post right on the money.


Your wrote: how one crazy guy (Hitler) could get so many people to obey him……how certain notions have come to develop and why people elect to have certain views.


It’s how the brain ages. I have this personal experience in my home with my father, my mother, and my brother. Their brains develop two conflicted believes


Let me see if I can articulate:


My brother believes that Brazil lost the soccer world cup because “some” of the players were paid to lose. He will prove to you by telling how much money was deposited in their “hidden” accounts offshore. He goes on saying something like there’s no way these Brazilians players could afford all the stuff they were buying and so on and so forth.


The irony: My brother wasn’t like that when he was young. And my brother has an amazing memory, making it impossible for me to argue with him. My brother can tells a passage on the bible and the page number. He remember the plate numbers of my cars 30 some years ago. I don’t even know the plate numbers of my car sitting in garage now.


Now our father: As far as I was told by the people close to my father that our father wasn’t religious or extremist. My father was a very good at rowing. He almost made to the Olympics. Anyway, as he got old he started believing in spiritism, that people don’t die. So he would go to these locations where people would talk to the dead. He took my brother and I many times to these locations. Even that I was small I remember. By the way, my father was perfect functional. He had a grocery store, a bakery, first travel agency on our state, kindergarten school, land.


My mother was the least intelligent, but she was the strongest. She raised/bought chickens and pork. She would kill them and save all their parts for food. She knew how to preserve meat without freezers. But then she got involved with religion and everything would work around that.  


So, why that this nonsense that my family didn’t believe growing up, they believe now. What happen to them?


They became paranoid with age and within their environment. It’s generic combined with social pressure.       


Ballin D's picture

Your family history helps explain you

Escrava Isaura's picture

My family has more in common with ‘some’ Hedgers than with me, honey.


LowerSlowerDelaware_LSD's picture
LowerSlowerDelaware_LSD (not verified) Escrava Isaura Aug 13, 2016 10:30 AM

Many change as they acquire wisdom with age. The narcissists like Obama and Hillary might have education but they completely lack wisdom. They don't strive for wisdom as it has little use in their never ending quest for power/money (free shit for everybody(!!!) does not come from wisdom).


Even the brightest scientific minds will state that the galaxy and humanity are too complex to have just happened by chance. Some say it is from god. Some say that it's from a powerful being, just not god. Interesting reading their takes on it.

Escrava Isaura's picture

Obama, Hilary, and Trump are all doing god’s work. Can’t you tell?


Otherwise god would have had stop them, wouldn’t he?


Of course he would stop, if he only could be found.


omniversling's picture

For insight into Columbia start here:

?Patrick Wood: Technocracy Rising Interview (Part 1 of 3)?

ebworthen's picture

They had to destroy the Natural Family, and get the Women into the workforce and consuming so the kids could go into the pubic school system and daycare, and after school indoctrination programs.

More consumption, more STD's, more bastard children in need of government, fewer self-reliant individuals and family units and more dependent upon .gov and the banks/corporations/insurers.

fleur de lis's picture

Agree 100%.

The basic family unit is the cornerstone of any society.

That is why our "leaders" are hell bent on destroying it in every way.

Strong families make strong communities, and the groups become more cohesive.

Our "leaders" have altered the definitions of parents and marriage.

They teach children about sex and contraception as early as possibe and in contradiction to traditional social mores. 

They create the problems so they can in turn manage them.

This in turn allows our "leaders" to ask for more financial assistance to "help" with rapidly increasing teen venereal diseases pregnancies and the attendant social problems.

Then of course there's the media.

Anyone who even questions the wisdom of encouraging such destructive behavior on teens gets pilloried as anti- this or that.

The media culture is carnal in itself and identifies with deviant social policies.

So promoting destructive sexual behavior on teens whose academics are below standard is perfectly acceptible.


any_mouse's picture

One dollar says these three, Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, and William Burroughs were intelligence assets. Just as were Marx, Lenin, and Hitler.

Marx's job was to keep real revolution from happening. He pitted the middle class against the lower class to prevent them from blocking the industrialists from taking over from the aristocracy. 

Anytime there was pressure for action, Marx wrote yet another dissertation that fractured the movement creating dissension and draining revolutionary energy.

Aristocracy funded arts and culture.

Industrialists funded modern "art" and the death of culture.

The Russian revolution happened when the industrialists had finished looting the Russian treasury. Then it just happened.

Kerensky was in on it.

Note how the USA middle class is drained of wealth going up to the rich. The lower class is used to scare the crap out the middle class. "Dictatorship of the Proletariat" must have sounded "nice" to the Bourgeoisie.

Always returning to slavery/feudalism whatever flag they fly.


Jeffersonian Liberal's picture

Just to clarify, the "Frankfurt School" (which wasn't an actual school in Germany but an association of academics), moved to NY to escape the NAZIs (whose ideology and tactics they would adopt). When they came to America, they founded The New School of Social Research (an actual school), now called The New School.

Search Youtube for "cultural Marxism" and "critical theory."

There is more than enough evidence out there that the attack on not just American culture but on the culture of Western Cvilization (which is to say, an attack on Christian whites) was not a natural evolution but a subversive war that totalitarians have been waging against us for a century.

The goal has always been the same: the destruction of the middle class, of the freedom (civil liberty as well as freedom of thought) that allows people to rise up from the lower classes to the middle class.

With this gone, the totalitarians would get what they want: a two-tiered "social" structure consisting of the ruling overlords and the serfs.

This helps to explain why so many Capitalist barons and captains of industry supported and still support this "Marxist" revolution. They despise that our traditional culture not only allows but encourages the "serfs" to enjoy a standard of living that is not too far off from the elites and they hate the "serfs" do not feel the power and do not live in fear of the Iron Fist of the ruling elite.

Escrava Isaura's picture

He’s brilliant. Very smart. But, because of his religion, he’s a bigot and hypocrite.


HedgeJunkie's picture

Fuck all this political shit, where's the white bitches at?

Seriously, where's the white women at.  What's their take?  You ladies have a voice in this.  Do you want us to defend or allow?


Normalcy Bias's picture

Why are Jewish people always involved in this kind of garbage? They're a very small percentage of the population, yet they always seem to turn up.

Just trying to have an honest discussion...

Aleksi22's picture

I've concluded that they have the blood of Satan running through their veins.

Armee Catholique et Royale's picture

God forsook them after they forsook God. Keep in mind that Jews were very numerous in the world at the time of Christ, and many converted to Christianity. Furthermore many lost their identity after the destruction of the temple. The Jews of today are a hardened remnant. Jews engaged in this kind of cultural warfare now are caught up in a neverending war with their historical oppressors, whom they are all too happy to oppress in turn given the chance. This is true of a lot of non-Jews as well, but honestly some Jews are quite fanatical in their desire to destroy the West, where the West is understood as a secularized Christendom. This hatred is most unholy.

Jesus was rejected because he was not the Messiah the Jews wanted. The fact that Jews wanted a conquering Messiah who would build an earthly empire for the Jews, rather than an empire of the heart for all, is strong evidence that Judaism was deeply corrupted by the time of Christ, if it ever was a lasting vessel of Salvation. The Jews then assumed, as some still do now, that God's covenant with Abraham gave them special privileges. That the old covenant was some sort of divinely sanctioned ethnic chauvinism. In this they greatly misunderstood God's plan.

Judaism, by not emphasizing forgiveness, can become caught up in vendetta, much like Islam. Pagan Europeans were the same before they were civilized by Christianity. There are real consequences for an unwillingness to forgive, and a dismissal of forgiveness as weakness.

cheka's picture

can be caught upin vendetta?  forever..

Liberty2012's picture

Yes, forgiveness and the surrounding philosophy is key to civilization.

translator zero's picture

The Jews of today are not a hardened remnant. They are Ashkenazi Jews of Eastern European stock.


Ironically, the Ashkenazi Jews are not Semitic. Further, they did their best to destroy the native Semitic peoples of Palestine, so they are the ultimate anti-Semites.


The hardened remnants of Semitic Jews were nearly wiped out during WWII, in part due to collaboration between the Zionists and the Nazis (taking out the competition).

TuPhat's picture

Satan doesn't have blood.  You need to rethink your evil beings ideas.

Kirk2NCC1701's picture

Maybe because they believe the stuff that their Rabbis have told them and have written millenia ago: that they were 'chosen' by their sky god (Yahweh, Elohim) to rule over others.

Your sky god and his army of middlemen OTOH, told you that you're Sheep that's meant to be ruled.

Self-fulfilling feedback loops, dude.

Tallest Skil's picture

Sorry, you know absolutely nothing about either Talmudic or Christian doctrine or Jewish or Christian behavior.