The Great "Fake News" Scare Of 1530

Tyler Durden's picture

Submitted by Rick Falkvinge via,

Fake news has always been around for humor purposes, but the real “fake news” scares happen when the establishment is so used to getting away with lying, that any alternate narrative is demonized as factually false, irresponsible, and dangerous.

“The Onion” was next to “The Economist” in the newspaper stands for almost two decades. “Weekly World News”, which one-ups most British tabloids with regular Elvis sightings and vivid descriptions of two-mile fish orbiting in the rings of Jupiter, is still next to “Foreign Policy” in the same newspaper stands. This was never considered problematic in the slightest. Why, then, is a unified establishment screaming bloody murder about “fake news” all of a sudden?

To see the pattern here, it helps to know a little history – let’s look at the great “Fake News” scare of 1530. It has a lot of elements similar to ours today.

After the Black Death hit Europe hard around 1350, the monasteries were chronically short on manpower. The families that had used to send a child or two to become monks or nuns simply needed all their kids to work in the fields, to ensure food production, before such luxuries as manning the monasteries could even be considered. Therefore, any work that required involving monasteries became increasingly steep or scarce for the coming century.

This is relevant as those monasteries were the only places that produced books, all of which were in Latin, and all of which were in complete synchronization with the messages of the Catholic Church, the owner of the monasteries and therefore the owner of all mass media at the time. To compound the situation, the same owner also employed all the news anchors – the village preachers, who were the ones who read the books (in Latin) and translated them to the common tongue in villages.

A book was hideously expensive to produce. Not only was each page copied by hand, but the pages were made from animal hides: it was estimated that a single book may require the hides of as much as 300 calves. We don’t have a lot of comparative numbers from Europe of the time, but we do have them from elsewhere: a fine book in the Islamic world of the time could cost 100 dinars, with the annual paycheck required to support a middle-class family being about 25 dinars. Put differently, the prospect of buying one single book would consume an entire family income for four years – or in the $500k to $1M range in today’s value.

To the day, almost a century later, Johannes Gutenberg combined the four inventions of the squeeze press, oil-based inks, metal movable type, and cheap rag-based pages to produce the first printing press. All of a sudden, books could be mass produced cheaply, and there was an enormous profit motive to be made in producing books for the common people. You could accurately and shamelessly call it an undercutting of the monastery business. (“How will the monks get paid if we allow cheap copying technologies?”)

Gutenberg was convinced his invention would strengthen the Church, as the ability to mass produce books from a single original would eliminate all the small copying errors invariably introduced in the manual book production process. The result was the exact opposite, through mechanisms Gutenberg did not foresee.

It’s important to remember here, that through the media cartel of the medieval ages (where the Catholic Church produced all news and reported all news), that there was an absolute gatekeeper position over the narrative. The Church could essentially claim that something was true, and everybody would believe it. This is a very powerful position, being the gatekeeper of true and false – one that is prone to abuse without any opposition, or competition, in reporting. As it turned out, the Catholic Church would indeed come to abuse this power quite egregiously, and paid the price for it.

In the late 1400s, the Catholic Church needed to raise money, and came up with the idea of selling forgiveness for sins, the basic idea being that you didn’t need to be a good person to gain the favor of the Church (and divine beings), you only needed to be Rich. A priest, monk, and theologist named Martin Luther took particular exception to this message, seeing how it stood in complete opposition to everything the Church was supposed to be about, and nailed his 95 theses to the church door in 1517.

These 95 theses outlined how the entire practice of selling divine forgiveness was based on falsehoods, fabrications, and fiction. However, it’s important to look at the bigger picture here: what Martin Luther protested was only superficially the selling of salvation to raise funds. More fundamentally, he was objecting to abuse of the gatekeeper position over truth and lie to twist the narrative for the gatekeeper’s material benefit.

This is where the story should start to feel familiar with modern day conflicts over the Power of Narrative.

Luther was excommunicated – banished, exiled – in 1521. This was one of the graver punishments administered, short of the death penalty, and the only thing remaining for somebody thus punished was normally to leave for foreign lands. However, in Luther’s case, he was given refuge in lands siding with him instead of the Catholic regime, ultimately setting off a century of civil war over the Power of Narrative.

The final death knell came when Luther published bibles in German and French using the new printing press, the so-called Luther Bibles, first published in 1522. These set off shockwaves, as they were 1) distributed by the cartload in the streets of Paris and France, 2) were readable by the common people without translation by the clergy, and 3) didn’t cost the equivalent of a million dollars each.

The Church immediately went into a panic, as they had instantly lost their gatekeeper position. No longer were they able to stand unchallenged when they were reading from the Bible in Latin, as people could – and would – verify the claims made, using their own direct sources. And as it turned out, a lot of the things that had been claimed – selling salvation among them – had been baloney of the highest order with no support in the Christian Bible as claimed.

The Catholic church went on a rampage and a crusade against this new spread of ideas that would challenge its narrative, and in particular, against the technology which enabled people to challenge its narrative. Copying books cheaply and efficiently instead of paying four annual salaries for a single book – the audacity, the outrageous heresy! How dared people copy books themselves without respecting the Church? Obviously, books could only be properly copied in monasteries, to ensure proper quality.

(“How will the monks copying books get paid otherwise?” was as much a smokescreen then as it is today.)

The church kept up the pressure against the printing press, as it saw all the resulting non-sanctioned news channels as completely fake, not just being wrong, but being dangerous. They were irresponsible. They were deliberately spreading misinformation – at least the Church saw it that way, a Church which was institutionally incapable of unlearning that it was no longer the single source of information and would no longer have whatever outlandish claim accepted without question.

However, the nobility and royalty of the time were certainly paying attention to the Church. After all, the Archbishop installed Kings, so there was a mutual dependence for power between the clergy and royalty at the time. Therefore, when the Church exclaimed the sky is falling (“there is fake news everywhere! We must do something!!!!!!!”), the royalty tended to listen.

As a result, on January 13, 1535, the French King Francis I signed into law the death penalty by hanging for using a printing press at all. Yes, you read that right: there was a death penalty for making unauthorized copies. The justification for the law, as still readable in the preserved logs from 1535, was to “prevent the spread of misinformation and false news”.

So the gatekeepers of knowledge and culture in 1530, on losing their gatekeeper position over the narrative, didn’t counter with higher-quality reporting, but instead attacked the technology enabling competition, calling it out as spreading misinformation and irresponsible fake reports. Does any of this seem… familiar?

The law was a complete fiasco. Once people had learned to read competing reporting, there was no unlearning it. The law was repealed shortly thereafter. England went another route to prevent the success of the printing press by establishing a censorship regime with printing monopolies, known as copyright, but that’s a story for another day.

As a final touch, let’s consider the words of Paul Graham, in his excellent essay “what you can’t say”:

“No one gets in trouble for saying that 2 + 2 is 5, or that people in Pittsburgh are ten feet tall. Such obviously false statements might be treated as jokes, or at worst as evidence of insanity, but they are not likely to make anyone mad. The statements that make people mad are the ones they worry might be believed. I suspect the statements that make people maddest are those they worry might be true. […] If Galileo had said that people in Padua were ten feet tall, he would have been regarded as a harmless eccentric. Saying the earth orbited the sun was another matter. The church knew this would set people thinking.

Privacy and narrative remain your own responsibility.

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NoDebt's picture

Good article.

Didn't know about King Francis I signing a death penalty law against use of a printing press.  That's a pretty cool factoid.  

As it has always been- if you want to know who's in charge, just figure out who you're not allowed to criticize.

Nekoti's picture

Kind of similar with Obummer and his panic over the internet.

NoDebt's picture

Yep.  I just thought I'd point out that by 1535 (when that law was created) the Renaissance was already pretty much in full swing, though Galileo and certainly Newton were a ways off still- probably the two people most responsible for dragging us finally out of the "dark ages" into what you would call "modern times".  

I guess they just keep getting more desperate as their power structure becomes less and less tenable.  But DAMN can they hold on to that power for a long time.


Stuck on Zero's picture

The church did not care that Galileo claimed that the earth went around the sun. That had been established by the Greeks. What they wanted was Galileo to acknowledge that God (with the helpp of the Church) created it that way.  Kindo of like our government wanting every scientist to acknowledge global warming in every published paper or the Soviets wanting every science text to dedicate the text to the "principles of dialectic materialism."


stacking12321's picture

the author is rick falkvinge, great guy, founder of the swedish pirate party.

Nekoti's picture

Hold on to power they must, for they would not like a visit to their local lamp post.

wisehiney's picture


Interesting, informative and timely.

Another great find by Tyler.

Fake news wins again.


Citizen_x's picture


"Fake News"  The favorite scape goat of those illustrious think-tanks. 

You put more than 40 million able body people out of work to hide the trillions your patrons stole.

You recommend borrowing 9 trillion more to fix the economy(Obama), but only to prop up the stock market.

And when you give 40 plus million people ample time to read up on your ruses and schemes. You now proclaim...

"Fake News"

Oh, they went to work alright, on disassembled your decades of propaganda and rhetoric.  

To gain employment in a you have to be able to think ?

Happy New Year....useless eaters.

are we there yet's picture

Free speech...Putin is sometimes deceptive, Allah is imaginary and evil,
America is owned by the banks, The banks start wars for profit and create ISIS, the US congress is owned by lobbyists, Trump...not sure about him yet, but maybe ok.

ducksinarow's picture

My dad had a more eloquent saying : hit dog hollers. Meaning to us kids the one who squeals the loudest is probably the one who actually did the deed.

Son of Captain Nemo's picture

"Earth revolving around the sun in 1530"?...

How about the refutation of Newton's third-law of motion 315 years later by the the U.S. military (!

"Stupid is as Stupid does"!!... When you obey a Zionist "Kike" for money as opposed to your own reality!!!

New_Meat's picture

151 proof and after a few I'm certainly flat ;-)

peddling-fiction's picture

Maybe it's good to take a swig or two before taking this plunge into the extended plain we call home.

Cognitive dissonance could get in the way.

Childhood memories of that globe in your classroom...

iAmerican3's picture
iAmerican3 (not verified) peddling-fiction Dec 27, 2016 11:08 PM

Having rounded the globe a number of times, and aware Truth is only of God, wonder what is really being sold here:

peddling-fiction's picture

I have circled the Earth myself countless times, but you can circle a flat extended plain as well.

Take a look yourself at this map that also coincides with the UN logo.

Miami to Miami is doable many different ways.

iAmerican3's picture
iAmerican3 (not verified) peddling-fiction Dec 28, 2016 12:00 AM

The Creator, God Almighty, would not allow you to stumble on this matter were grace upon you. Earth is as round as every other planet. Repent and learn something new every day. Perhaps a little brush-up with an ephemeris and tide chart to study the empirically ascertained movement of the tides around the world - in conjunction with heavenly bodies - would be in good order. Satan is the author of confusion.

peddling-fiction's picture

Confirming Thomas Jefferson as God's prophet sounds highly confused to me and to lots of people. Still I try to keep an open mind and do try to understand what you are trying to convey.

Protestants arose out of secret brotherhoods to boot.

If I am right, then you would be the one lacking the discernment. Are you willing to find out with simple experiments that you can do at home?

Take a look at what the Bible says on this subject, even though scientific facts are what helped me confirm Flat Earth.

It is nice to see the Bible confirming it.


Wulfkind's picture





logicalman's picture

History rhymes - a lot.

Kina's picture

Ahh the President does this now.


  • In the late 1400s, the Catholic Church needed to raise money, and came up with the idea of selling forgiveness for sins
New_Meat's picture

These days you go to the Church of St. AlGore and buy carbon credits instead of indulgences.

peddling-fiction's picture

Not kosher nor halal-->You've got a good sense of humor, considering it just was Christmas.

polyb1123's picture

no, its the clinton foundation you are looking for!  pay to play baby!

East Indian's picture

Carbon credits = Papal Indulgences

blueberry100's picture

Great Article!!!! Many thanks.

wisehiney's picture

Those damned Anglo Saxon Protestants just had to blow their cover.

peddling-fiction's picture

What most people are unaware of, is who Martin Luther was working for behind the scenes.

Crawdaddy's picture

Ok I'll take a nibble at this baited lede - who was Martin Luther working for behind the scenes?

peddling-fiction's picture

Follow the rose and then your heart, my crustacean friend.

Crawdaddy's picture

Don't tell me rosecrusians....I'll come over there and throw your shit on the ground and kick you in the nuts for good measure.

peddling-fiction's picture

Concerning  people wanting to hurt me, go take a ticket and stand in line, my crustacean friend.

As for the topic, would that be a disturbing prospect to consider?

Kina's picture

Fake news of the past..




..and one guy suggested to Pharo that the waters of the Nile flooding came from meltwater and rains in the mountains down the line, got ridiculed , because everybody knew it was the tears of Isis that caused the flooding.

New_Meat's picture

Bbbbbut the "Flat Earth" was "Settled Science."  How can this be????

polyb1123's picture

welcome to guttenburg 2.0, things are about to get really interesting!


FU, this is my first post at ZH!  ive lingered like a bad fart in a long elevator ride long enough!

flacorps's picture

In my time line the Weekly World News ceased publication in 2007.

Dilluminati's picture

I worship 127.0.01


"What forbids us to tell the truth, laughingly?"--Horace, Satires, I.24
iAmerican3's picture
iAmerican3 (not verified) Dilluminati Dec 29, 2016 2:58 AM

A man tells the God's truth dead seriously. Horace was a homo.

SHRAGS's picture

Some more  excellent historical background.

An excellent history of copying technology, copyright, censorship & control of printed book distribuition channels  by Richard Stallman.  Richard Stallman at UofC

Stallman's talk appears to be based on Elizabeth Eisenstein's The Printing Press as an Agent of Change Elizabeth

This links to a talk by Quentin Skinner (How Machiavellian was Machiavelli  He demostrates that Machiavelli distilled his poltical views because of the availability of printed material thanks to the printing press.



Skiprrrdog's picture

What would the Amish do...

peddling-fiction's picture

Maybe fertilize their fields with the interloper.

InternetToughGuy's picture

More protestant disinformation. The church never sold forgiveness of sins. That was always free. Indulgences are remission of punishment due to sins. Indulgences are available for free by doing holy things like praying the rosary.  But greedy church men started selling Indulgences for money. That was an abuse and was a topped. That was the only thing Luther was correct about.

The church published his

A bible in German bwit the bible before Luther was even born. Luther was not happy wIthaca the bible because it did not agree with his heresy. For example he wanted to eliminate James because it says that faith without works is dead.

There are probably more errors in here , like a protestantotal bible, but you get the picture. Fake news.

Crawdaddy's picture

When you die what happens to your soul?

iAmerican3's picture
iAmerican3 (not verified) Crawdaddy Dec 27, 2016 11:35 PM

As a Matrix Algebra-like linear transformation our individuated soul's "hxh" matrix reunites with the Godhead's Infinity x Infinity Matrix for "processing" and progress. (bad car wreck afforded this shared witness) 

peddling-fiction's picture

Please define progress in this context

iAmerican3's picture
iAmerican3 (not verified) peddling-fiction Dec 28, 2016 12:02 AM

Most cultures deny God completely and reject spiritual advancement toward God's divine prescription as outlined by the Hebrew prophets, Christ Immanuel, and Thomas Jefferson. God is perfect and deals with them accordingly.