Wikileaks Unveils 'Vault 7': "The Largest Ever Publication Of Confidential CIA Documents"; Another Snowden Emerges

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WikiLeaks has published what it claims is the largest ever release of confidential documents on the CIA. It includes more than 8,000 documents as part of ‘Vault 7’, a series of leaks on the agency, which have allegedly emerged from the CIA's Center For Cyber Intelligence in Langley, and which can be seen on the org chart below, which Wikileaks also released:

A total of 8,761 documents have been published as part of ‘Year Zero’, the first in a series of leaks the whistleblower organization has dubbed ‘Vault 7.’ WikiLeaks said that ‘Year Zero’ revealed details of the CIA’s “global covert hacking program,” including “weaponized exploits” used against company products including “Apple's iPhone, Google's Android and Microsoft's Windows and even Samsung TVs, which are turned into covert microphones.”

WikiLeaks tweeted the leak, which it claims came from a network inside the CIA’s Center for Cyber Intelligence in Langley, Virginia.

Among the more notable disclosures which, if confirmed, "would rock the technology world", the CIA had managed to bypass encryption on popular phone and messaging services such as Signal, WhatsApp and Telegram. According to the statement from WikiLeaks, government hackers can penetrate Android phones and collect “audio and message traffic before encryption is applied.”

Another profound revelation is that the CIA can engage in "false flag" cyberattacks which portray Russia as the assailant. Discussing the CIA's Remote Devices Branch's UMBRAGE group, Wikileaks' source notes that it "collects and maintains a substantial library of attack techniques 'stolen' from malware produced in other states including the Russian Federation.

"With UMBRAGE and related projects the CIA cannot only increase its total number of attack types but also misdirect attribution by leaving behind the "fingerprints" of the groups that the attack techniques were stolen from. UMBRAGE components cover keyloggers, password collection, webcam capture, data destruction, persistence, privilege escalation, stealth, anti-virus (PSP) avoidance and survey techniques."

As Kim Dotcom summarizes this finding, "CIA uses techniques to make cyber attacks look like they originated from enemy state. It turns DNC/Russia hack allegation by CIA into a JOKE"

But perhaps what is most notable is the purported emergence of another Snowden-type whistleblower: the source of the information told WikiLeaks in a statement that they wish to initiate a public debate about the “security, creation, use, proliferation and democratic control of cyberweapons.”  Policy questions that should be debated in public include “whether the CIA's hacking capabilities exceed its mandated powers and the problem of public oversight of the agency,” WikiLeaks claims the source said.

The FAQ section of the release, shown below, provides further details on the extent of the leak, which was “obtained recently and covers through 2016”. The time period covered in the latest leak is between the years 2013 and 2016, according to the CIA timestamps on the documents themselves. Secondly, WikiLeaks has asserted that it has not mined the entire leak and has only verified it, asking that journalists and activists do the leg work.

Among the various techniques profiled by WikiLeaks is “Weeping Angel”, developed by the CIA's Embedded Devices Branch (EDB), which infests smart TVs, transforming them into covert microphones. After infestation, Weeping Angel places the target TV in a 'Fake-Off' mode, so that the owner falsely believes the TV is off when it is on. In 'Fake-Off' mode the TV operates as a bug, recording conversations in the room and sending them over the Internet to a covert CIA server.

As Kim Dotcom chimed in on Twitter, "CIA turns Smart TVs, iPhones, gaming consoles and many other consumer gadgets into open microphones" and added " CIA turned every Microsoft Windows PC in the world into spyware. Can activate backdoors on demand, including via Windows update"

Dotcom also added that "Obama accused Russia of cyberattacks while his CIA turned all internet enabled consumer electronics in Russia into listening devices. Wow!"

Julian Assange, WikiLeaks editor stated that "There is an extreme proliferation risk in the development of cyber 'weapons'. Comparisons can be drawn between the uncontrolled proliferation of such 'weapons', which results from the inability to contain them combined with their high market value, and the global arms trade. But the significance of "Year Zero" goes well beyond the choice between cyberwar and cyberpeace. The disclosure is also exceptional from a political, legal and forensic perspective."

Key Highlights from the Vault 7 release so far:

  • "Year Zero" introduces the scope and direction of the CIA's global covert hacking program, its malware arsenal and dozens of "zero day" weaponized exploits against a wide range of U.S. and European company products, include Apple's iPhone, Google's Android and Microsoft's Windows and even Samsung TVs, which are turned into covert microphones.
  • Wikileaks claims that the CIA lost control of the majority of its hacking arsenal including malware, viruses, trojans, weaponized "zero day" exploits, malware remote control systems and associated documentation. This extraordinary collection, which amounts to more than several hundred million lines of code, gives its possessor the entire hacking capacity of the CIA. The archive appears to have been circulated among former U.S. government hackers and contractors in an unauthorized manner, one of whom has provided WikiLeaks with portions of the archive.
  • By the end of 2016, the CIA's hacking division, which formally falls under the agency's Center for Cyber Intelligence (CCI), had over 5000 registered users and had produced more than a thousand hacking systems, trojans, viruses, and other "weaponized" malware. Such is the scale of the CIA's undertaking that by 2016, its hackers had utilized more code than that used to run Facebook.
  • The CIA had created, in effect, its "own NSA" with even less accountability and without publicly answering the question as to whether such a massive budgetary spend on duplicating the capacities of a rival agency could be justified.
  • Once a single cyber 'weapon' is 'loose' it can spread around the world in seconds, to be used by rival states, cyber mafia and teenage hackers alike.

Snowden 2.0?

  • In a statement to WikiLeaks the source details policy questions that they say urgently need to be debated in public, including whether the CIA's hacking capabilities exceed its mandated powers and the problem of public oversight of the agency. The source wishes to initiate a public debate about the security, creation, use, proliferation and democratic control of cyberweapons.

CIA targets iPhones, Androids, smart TVs:

  • CIA malware and hacking tools are built by EDG (Engineering Development Group), a software development group within CCI (Center for Cyber Intelligence), a department belonging to the CIA's DDI (Directorate for Digital Innovation). The DDI is one of the five major directorates of the CIA (see this organizational chart of the CIA for more details).
  • The increasing sophistication of surveillance techniques has drawn comparisons with George Orwell's 1984, but "Weeping Angel", developed by the CIA's Embedded Devices Branch (EDB), which infests smart TVs, transforming them into covert microphones, is surely its most emblematic realization.

Also cars, suggesting that the CIA may have a role in the death of Michael Hastings:

  • As of October 2014 the CIA was also looking at infecting the vehicle control systems used by modern cars and trucks.
  • The purpose of such control is not specified, but it would permit the CIA to engage in nearly undetectable assassinations.

And computers:

  • The CIA also runs a very substantial effort to infect and control Microsoft Windows users with its malware. This includes multiple local and remote weaponized "zero days", air gap jumping viruses such as "Hammer Drill" which infects software distributed on CD/DVDs, infectors for removable media such as USBs, systems to hide data in images or in covert disk areas ( "Brutal Kangaroo") and to keep its malware infestations going.

Hoarding of Zero Day exploits:

  • In the wake of Edward Snowden's leaks about the NSA, the U.S. technology industry secured a commitment from the Obama administration that the executive would disclose on an ongoing basis — rather than hoard — serious vulnerabilities, exploits, bugs or "zero days" to Apple, Google, Microsoft, and other US-based manufacturers.
  • Serious vulnerabilities not disclosed to the manufacturers places huge swathes of the population and critical infrastructure at risk to foreign intelligence or cyber criminals who independently discover or hear rumors of the vulnerability. If the CIA can discover such vulnerabilities so can others.

Proliferation of leaked/hacked Cyberwar programs:

  • While nuclear proliferation has been restrained by the enormous costs and visible infrastructure involved in assembling enough fissile material to produce a critical nuclear mass, cyber 'weapons', once developed, are very hard to retain. Cyber 'weapons' are in fact just computer programs which can be pirated like any other. Since they are entirely comprised of information they can be copied quickly with no marginal cost.
  • Over the last three years the United States intelligence sector, which consists of government agencies such as the CIA and NSA and their contractors, such as Booze Allan Hamilton, has been subject to unprecedented series of data exfiltrations by its own workers.
  • Once a single cyber 'weapon' is 'loose' it can spread around the world in seconds, to be used by peer states, cyber mafia and teenage hackers alike.

The U.S. Consulate in Frankfurt is a covert CIA hacker base

  • In addition to its operations in Langley, Virginia the CIA also uses the U.S. consulate in Frankfurt as a covert base for its hackers covering Europe, the Middle East and Africa. CIA hackers operating out of the Frankfurt consulate ( "Center for Cyber Intelligence Europe" or CCIE) are given diplomatic ("black") passports and State Department cover.
  • The instructions for incoming CIA hackers make Germany's counter-intelligence efforts appear inconsequential: "Breeze through German Customs because you have your cover-for-action story down pat, and all they did was stamp your passport"

Examples of CIA projects

  • The CIA's Engineering Development Group (EDG) management system contains around 500 different projects (only some of which are documented by "Year Zero") each with their own sub-projects, malware and hacker tools. The majority of these projects relate to tools that are used for penetration, infestation ("implanting"), control, and exfiltration.
  • Umbrage: The CIA's Remote Devices Branch's UMBRAGE group collects and maintains a substantial library of attack techniques 'stolen' from malware produced in other states including the Russian Federation. With UMBRAGE and related projects the CIA cannot only increase its total number of attack types but also misdirect attribution by leaving behind the "fingerprints" of the groups that the attack techniques were stolen from.
  • Fine Dining:  Fine Dining comes with a standardized questionnaire i.e menu that CIA case officers fill out. The questionnaire is used by the agency's OSB (Operational Support Branch) to transform the requests of case officers into technical requirements for hacking attacks (typically "exfiltrating" information from computer systems) for specific operations.  Among the list of possible targets of the collection are 'Asset', 'Liason Asset', 'System Administrator', 'Foreign Information Operations', 'Foreign Intelligence Agencies' and 'Foreign Government Entities'. Notably absent is any reference to extremists or transnational criminals.
  • 'Improvise'; a toolset for configuration, post-processing, payload setup and execution vector selection for survey/exfiltration tools supporting all major operating systems like Windows (Bartender), MacOS (JukeBox) and Linux (DanceFloor).
  • HIVE: HIVE is a multi-platform CIA malware suite and its associated control software. The project provides customizable implants for Windows, Solaris, MikroTik (used in internet routers) and Linux platforms and a Listening Post (LP)/Command and Control (C2) infrastructure to communicate with these implants. The implants are configured to communicate via HTTPS with the webserver of a cover domain; each operation utilizing these implants has a separate cover domain and the infrastructure can handle any number of cover domains.

And some key sections from the FAQ:

  • What time period is covered? The years 2013 to 2016. The sort order of the pages within each level is determined by date (oldest first). WikiLeaks has obtained the CIA's creation/last modification date for each page but these do not yet appear for technical reasons. Usually the date can be discerned or approximated from the content and the page order. If it is critical to know the exact time/date contact WikiLeaks.
  • What is "Vault 7" "Vault 7" is a substantial collection of material about CIA activities obtained by WikiLeaks.
  • What is the total size of "Vault 7"? The series is the largest intelligence publication in history.
  • When was each part of "Vault 7" obtained?: Part one was obtained recently and covers through 2016. Details on the other parts will be available at the time of publication.
  • Is each part of "Vault 7" from a different source? Details on the other parts will be available at the time of publication.
  • How did WikiLeaks obtain each part of "Vault 7"? Sources trust WikiLeaks to not reveal information that might help identify them.
  • Isn't WikiLeaks worried that the CIA will act against its staff to stop the series? No. That would be certainly counter-productive.

* * *

PREVIOUSLY

As a reminder, last night Wikileaks announced that it has released an encrypted torrent file which reportedly contains information on the mysterious "Vault 7", and which we now know is the biggest "collection of material about CIA activities obtained by WikiLeaks.publication in history." It can be downloaded now at the following URL, and accessed using the password "SplinterItIntoAThousandPiecesAndScatterItIntoTheWinds"

Wikileaks had previously announced that it would hold an 8am Eastern press conference, as part of the unveiling.

However, there appeared to have been some complications, with Wikileaks tweeting that "the press conference is under attack: Facebook+Periscope video used by WikiLeaks' editor Julian Assange have been attacked. Activating contingency plans"

Wikileaks then announced that "As Mr. Assange's Perscipe+Facebook video stream links are under attack his video press conference will be rescheduled."

In a separate tweet, Wikileaks has just released the passphrase to decrypt the torrent file: RELEASE: CIA Vault 7 Year Zero decryption passphrase:

SplinterItIntoAThousandPiecesAndScatterItIntoTheWinds

As a result, since Assange appears to have been unable to launch his previously scheduled press conference, he has gone ahead and issued the press release on Vault 7 Part 1 "Year Zero, which is titled: Inside the CIA's global hacking force:

Press Release

Vault 7: CIA Hacking Tools Revealed

Today, Tuesday 7 March 2017, WikiLeaks begins its new series of leaks on the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Code-named "Vault 7" by WikiLeaks, it is the largest ever publication of confidential documents on the agency.

The first full part of the series, "Year Zero", comprises 8,761 documents and files from an isolated, high-security network situated inside the CIA's Center for Cyber Intelligence in Langley, Virgina. It follows an introductory disclosure last month of CIA targeting French political parties and candidates in the lead up to the 2012 presidential election.

Recently, the CIA lost control of the majority of its hacking arsenal including malware, viruses, trojans, weaponized "zero day" exploits, malware remote control systems and associated documentation. This extraordinary collection, which amounts to more than several hundred million lines of code, gives its possessor the entire hacking capacity of the CIA. The archive appears to have been circulated among former U.S. government hackers and contractors in an unauthorized manner, one of whom has provided WikiLeaks with portions of the archive.

"Year Zero" introduces the scope and direction of the CIA's global covert hacking program, its malware arsenal and dozens of "zero day" weaponized exploits against a wide range of U.S. and European company products, include Apple's iPhone, Google's Android and Microsoft's Windows and even Samsung TVs, which are turned into covert microphones.

Since 2001 the CIA has gained political and budgetary preeminence over the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA). The CIA found itself building not just its now infamous drone fleet, but a very different type of covert, globe-spanning force — its own substantial fleet of hackers. The agency's hacking division freed it from having to disclose its often controversial operations to the NSA (its primary bureaucratic rival) in order to draw on the NSA's hacking capacities.

By the end of 2016, the CIA's hacking division, which formally falls under the agency's Center for Cyber Intelligence (CCI), had over 5000 registered users and had produced more than a thousand hacking systems, trojans, viruses, and other "weaponized" malware. Such is the scale of the CIA's undertaking that by 2016, its hackers had utilized more code than that used to run Facebook. The CIA had created, in effect, its "own NSA" with even less accountability and without publicly answering the question as to whether such a massive budgetary spend on duplicating the capacities of a rival agency could be justified.

In a statement to WikiLeaks the source details policy questions that they say urgently need to be debated in public, including whether the CIA's hacking capabilities exceed its mandated powers and the problem of public oversight of the agency. The source wishes to initiate a public debate about the security, creation, use, proliferation and democratic control of cyberweapons.

Once a single cyber 'weapon' is 'loose' it can spread around the world in seconds, to be used by rival states, cyber mafia and teenage hackers alike.

Julian Assange, WikiLeaks editor stated that "There is an extreme proliferation risk in the development of cyber 'weapons'. Comparisons can be drawn between the uncontrolled proliferation of such 'weapons', which results from the inability to contain them combined with their high market value, and the global arms trade. But the significance of "Year Zero" goes well beyond the choice between cyberwar and cyberpeace. The disclosure is also exceptional from a political, legal and forensic perspective."

Wikileaks has carefully reviewed the "Year Zero" disclosure and published substantive CIA documentation while avoiding the distribution of 'armed' cyberweapons until a consensus emerges on the technical and political nature of the CIA's program and how such 'weapons' should analyzed, disarmed and published.

Wikileaks has also decided to redact and anonymise some identifying information in "Year Zero" for in depth analysis. These redactions include ten of thousands of CIA targets and attack machines throughout Latin America, Europe and the United States. While we are aware of the imperfect results of any approach chosen, we remain committed to our publishing model and note that the quantity of published pages in "Vault 7" part one (“Year Zero”) already eclipses the total number of pages published over the first three years of the Edward Snowden NSA leaks.

* * *

Analysis

CIA malware targets iPhone, Android, smart TVs

CIA malware and hacking tools are built by EDG (Engineering Development Group), a software development group within CCI (Center for Cyber Intelligence), a department belonging to the CIA's DDI (Directorate for Digital Innovation). The DDI is one of the five major directorates of the CIA (see this organizational chart of the CIA for more details).

The EDG is responsible for the development, testing and operational support of all backdoors, exploits, malicious payloads, trojans, viruses and any other kind of malware used by the CIA in its covert operations world-wide.

The increasing sophistication of surveillance techniques has drawn comparisons with George Orwell's 1984, but "Weeping Angel", developed by the CIA's Embedded Devices Branch (EDB), which infests smart TVs, transforming them into covert microphones, is surely its most emblematic realization.

The attack against Samsung smart TVs was developed in cooperation with the United Kingdom's MI5/BTSS. After infestation, Weeping Angel places the target TV in a 'Fake-Off' mode, so that the owner falsely believes the TV is off when it is on. In 'Fake-Off' mode the TV operates as a bug, recording conversations in the room and sending them over the Internet to a covert CIA server.

As of October 2014 the CIA was also looking at infecting the vehicle control systems used by modern cars and trucks. The purpose of such control is not specified, but it would permit the CIA to engage in nearly undetectable assassinations.

The CIA's Mobile Devices Branch (MDB) developed numerous attacks to remotely hack and control popular smart phones. Infected phones can be instructed to send the CIA the user's geolocation, audio and text communications as well as covertly activate the phone's camera and microphone.

Despite iPhone's minority share (14.5%) of the global smart phone market in 2016, a specialized unit in the CIA's Mobile Development Branch produces malware to infest, control and exfiltrate data from iPhones and other Apple products running iOS, such as iPads. CIA's arsenal includes numerous local and remote "zero days" developed by CIA or obtained from GCHQ, NSA, FBI or purchased from cyber arms contractors such as Baitshop. The disproportionate focus on iOS may be explained by the popularity of the iPhone among social, political, diplomatic and business elites.

A similar unit targets Google's Android which is used to run the majority of the world's smart phones (~85%) including Samsung, HTC and Sony. 1.15 billion Android powered phones were sold last year. "Year Zero" shows that as of 2016 the CIA had 24 "weaponized" Android "zero days" which it has developed itself and obtained from GCHQ, NSA and cyber arms contractors.

These techniques permit the CIA to bypass the encryption of WhatsApp, Signal, Telegram, Wiebo, Confide and Cloackman by hacking the "smart" phones that they run on and collecting audio and message traffic before encryption is applied.

 

CIA malware targets Windows, OSx, Linux, routers

The CIA also runs a very substantial effort to infect and control Microsoft Windows users with its malware. This includes multiple local and remote weaponized "zero days", air gap jumping viruses such as "Hammer Drill" which infects software distributed on CD/DVDs, infectors for removable media such as USBs, systems to hide data in images or in covert disk areas ( "Brutal Kangaroo") and to keep its malware infestations going.

Many of these infection efforts are pulled together by the CIA's Automated Implant Branch (AIB), which has developed several attack systems for automated infestation and control of CIA malware, such as "Assassin" and "Medusa".

Attacks against Internet infrastructure and webservers are developed by the CIA's Network Devices Branch (NDB).

The CIA has developed automated multi-platform malware attack and control systems covering Windows, Mac OS X, Solaris, Linux and more, such as EDB's "HIVE" and the related "Cutthroat" and "Swindle" tools, which are described in the examples section below.

 

CIA 'hoarded' vulnerabilities ("zero days")

In the wake of Edward Snowden's leaks about the NSA, the U.S. technology industry secured a commitment from the Obama administration that the executive would disclose on an ongoing basis — rather than hoard — serious vulnerabilities, exploits, bugs or "zero days" to Apple, Google, Microsoft, and other US-based manufacturers.

Serious vulnerabilities not disclosed to the manufacturers places huge swathes of the population and critical infrastructure at risk to foreign intelligence or cyber criminals who independently discover or hear rumors of the vulnerability. If the CIA can discover such vulnerabilities so can others.

The U.S. government's commitment to the Vulnerabilities Equities Process came after significant lobbying by US technology companies, who risk losing their share of the global market over real and perceived hidden vulnerabilities. The government stated that it would disclose all pervasive vulnerabilities discovered after 2010 on an ongoing basis.

"Year Zero" documents show that the CIA breached the Obama administration's commitments. Many of the vulnerabilities used in the CIA's cyber arsenal are pervasive and some may already have been found by rival intelligence agencies or cyber criminals.

As an example, specific CIA malware revealed in "Year Zero" is able to penetrate, infest and control both the Android phone and iPhone software that runs or has run presidential Twitter accounts. The CIA attacks this software by using undisclosed security vulnerabilities ("zero days") possessed by the CIA but if the CIA can hack these phones then so can everyone else who has obtained or discovered the vulnerability. As long as the CIA keeps these vulnerabilities concealed from Apple and Google (who make the phones) they will not be fixed, and the phones will remain hackable.

The same vulnerabilities exist for the population at large, including the U.S. Cabinet, Congress, top CEOs, system administrators, security officers and engineers. By hiding these security flaws from manufacturers like Apple and Google the CIA ensures that it can hack everyone &mdsh; at the expense of leaving everyone hackable.

 

'Cyberwar' programs are a serious proliferation risk

Cyber 'weapons' are not possible to keep under effective control.

While nuclear proliferation has been restrained by the enormous costs and visible infrastructure involved in assembling enough fissile material to produce a critical nuclear mass, cyber 'weapons', once developed, are very hard to retain.

Cyber 'weapons' are in fact just computer programs which can be pirated like any other. Since they are entirely comprised of information they can be copied quickly with no marginal cost.

Securing such 'weapons' is particularly difficult since the same people who develop and use them have the skills to exfiltrate copies without leaving traces — sometimes by using the very same 'weapons' against the organizations that contain them. There are substantial price incentives for government hackers and consultants to obtain copies since there is a global "vulnerability market" that will pay hundreds of thousands to millions of dollars for copies of such 'weapons'. Similarly, contractors and companies who obtain such 'weapons' sometimes use them for their own purposes, obtaining advantage over their competitors in selling 'hacking' services.

Over the last three years the United States intelligence sector, which consists of government agencies such as the CIA and NSA and their contractors, such as Booze Allan Hamilton, has been subject to unprecedented series of data exfiltrations by its own workers.

A number of intelligence community members not yet publicly named have been arrested or subject to federal criminal investigations in separate incidents.

Most visibly, on February 8, 2017 a U.S. federal grand jury indicted Harold T. Martin III with 20 counts of mishandling classified information. The Department of Justice alleged that it seized some 50,000 gigabytes of information from Harold T. Martin III that he had obtained from classified programs at NSA and CIA, including the source code for numerous hacking tools.

Once a single cyber 'weapon' is 'loose' it can spread around the world in seconds, to be used by peer states, cyber mafia and teenage hackers alike.

 

U.S. Consulate in Frankfurt is a covert CIA hacker base

In addition to its operations in Langley, Virginia the CIA also uses the U.S. consulate in Frankfurt as a covert base for its hackers covering Europe, the Middle East and Africa.

CIA hackers operating out of the Frankfurt consulate ( "Center for Cyber Intelligence Europe" or CCIE) are given diplomatic ("black") passports and State Department cover. The instructions for incoming CIA hackers make Germany's counter-intelligence efforts appear inconsequential: "Breeze through German Customs because you have your cover-for-action story down pat, and all they did was stamp your passport"

 

Your Cover Story (for this trip)
Q: Why are you here?
A: Supporting technical consultations at the Consulate.

Two earlier WikiLeaks publications give further detail on CIA approaches to customs and secondary screening procedures.

Once in Frankfurt CIA hackers can travel without further border checks to the 25 European countries that are part of the Shengen open border area — including France, Italy and Switzerland.

A number of the CIA's electronic attack methods are designed for physical proximity. These attack methods are able to penetrate high security networks that are disconnected from the internet, such as police record database. In these cases, a CIA officer, agent or allied intelligence officer acting under instructions, physically infiltrates the targeted workplace. The attacker is provided with a USB containing malware developed for the CIA for this purpose, which is inserted into the targeted computer. The attacker then infects and exfiltrates data to removable media. For example, the CIA attack system Fine Dining, provides 24 decoy applications for CIA spies to use. To witnesses, the spy appears to be running a program showing videos (e.g VLC), presenting slides (Prezi), playing a computer game (Breakout2, 2048) or even running a fake virus scanner (Kaspersky, McAfee, Sophos). But while the decoy application is on the screen, the underlaying system is automatically infected and ransacked.

 

How the CIA dramatically increased proliferation risks

In what is surely one of the most astounding intelligence own goals in living memory, the CIA structured its classification regime such that for the most market valuable part of "Vault 7" — the CIA's weaponized malware (implants + zero days), Listening Posts (LP), and Command and Control (C2) systems — the agency has little legal recourse.

The CIA made these systems unclassified.

Why the CIA chose to make its cyberarsenal unclassified reveals how concepts developed for military use do not easily crossover to the 'battlefield' of cyber 'war'.

To attack its targets, the CIA usually requires that its implants communicate with their control programs over the internet. If CIA implants, Command & Control and Listening Post software were classified, then CIA officers could be prosecuted or dismissed for violating rules that prohibit placing classified information onto the Internet. Consequently the CIA has secretly made most of its cyber spying/war code unclassified. The U.S. government is not able to assert copyright either, due to restrictions in the U.S. Constitution. This means that cyber 'arms' manufactures and computer hackers can freely "pirate" these 'weapons' if they are obtained. The CIA has primarily had to rely on obfuscation to protect its malware secrets.

Conventional weapons such as missiles may be fired at the enemy (i.e into an unsecured area). Proximity to or impact with the target detonates the ordnance including its classified parts. Hence military personnel do not violate classification rules by firing ordnance with classified parts. Ordnance will likely explode. If it does not, that is not the operator's intent.

Over the last decade U.S. hacking operations have been increasingly dressed up in military jargon to tap into Department of Defense funding streams. For instance, attempted "malware injections" (commercial jargon) or "implant drops" (NSA jargon) are being called "fires" as if a weapon was being fired. However the analogy is questionable.

Unlike bullets, bombs or missiles, most CIA malware is designed to live for days or even years after it has reached its 'target'. CIA malware does not "explode on impact" but rather permanently infests its target. In order to infect target's device, copies of the malware must be placed on the target's devices, giving physical possession of the malware to the target. To exfiltrate data back to the CIA or to await further instructions the malware must communicate with CIA Command & Control (C2) systems placed on internet connected servers. But such servers are typically not approved to hold classified information, so CIA command and control systems are also made unclassified.

A successful 'attack' on a target's computer system is more like a series of complex stock maneuvers in a hostile take-over bid or the careful planting of rumors in order to gain control over an organization's leadership rather than the firing of a weapons system. If there is a military analogy to be made, the infestation of a target is perhaps akin to the execution of a whole series of military maneuvers against the target's territory including observation, infiltration, occupation and exploitation.

 

Evading forensics and anti-virus

A series of standards lay out CIA malware infestation patterns which are likely to assist forensic crime scene investigators as well as Apple, Microsoft, Google, Samsung, Nokia, Blackberry, Siemens and anti-virus companies attribute and defend against attacks.

"Tradecraft DO's and DON'Ts" contains CIA rules on how its malware should be written to avoid fingerprints implicating the "CIA, US government, or its witting partner companies" in "forensic review". Similar secret standards cover the use of encryption to hide CIA hacker and malware communication (pdf), describing targets & exfiltrated data (pdf) as well as executing payloads (pdf) and persisting (pdf) in the target's machines over time.

CIA hackers developed successful attacks against most well known anti-virus programs. These are documented in AV defeats, Personal Security Products, Detecting and defeating PSPs and PSP/Debugger/RE Avoidance. For example, Comodo was defeated by CIA malware placing itself in the Window's "Recycle Bin". While Comodo 6.x has a "Gaping Hole of DOOM".

CIA hackers discussed what the NSA's "Equation Group" hackers did wrong and how the CIA's malware makers could avoid similar exposure.

 

Examples

The CIA's Engineering Development Group (EDG) management system contains around 500 different projects (only some of which are documented by "Year Zero") each with their own sub-projects, malware and hacker tools.

The majority of these projects relate to tools that are used for penetration, infestation ("implanting"), control, and exfiltration.

Another branch of development focuses on the development and operation of Listening Posts (LP) and Command and Control (C2) systems used to communicate with and control CIA implants; special projects are used to target specific hardware from routers to smart TVs.

Some example projects are described below, but see the table of contents for the full list of projects described by WikiLeaks' "Year Zero".

 

UMBRAGE

The CIA's hand crafted hacking techniques pose a problem for the agency. Each technique it has created forms a "fingerprint" that can be used by forensic investigators to attribute multiple different attacks to the same entity.

This is analogous to finding the same distinctive knife wound on multiple separate murder victims. The unique wounding style creates suspicion that a single murderer is responsible. As soon one murder in the set is solved then the other murders also find likely attribution.

The CIA's Remote Devices Branch's UMBRAGE group collects and maintains a substantial library of attack techniques 'stolen' from malware produced in other states including the Russian Federation.

With UMBRAGE and related projects the CIA cannot only increase its total number of attack types but also misdirect attribution by leaving behind the "fingerprints" of the groups that the attack techniques were stolen from.

UMBRAGE components cover keyloggers, password collection, webcam capture, data destruction, persistence, privilege escalation, stealth, anti-virus (PSP) avoidance and survey techniques.

 

Fine Dining

Fine Dining comes with a standardized questionnaire i.e menu that CIA case officers fill out. The questionnaire is used by the agency's OSB (Operational Support Branch) to transform the requests of case officers into technical requirements for hacking attacks (typically "exfiltrating" information from computer systems) for specific operations. The questionnaire allows the OSB to identify how to adapt existing tools for the operation, and communicate this to CIA malware configuration staff. The OSB functions as the interface between CIA operational staff and the relevant technical support staff.

Among the list of possible targets of the collection are 'Asset', 'Liason Asset', 'System Administrator', 'Foreign Information Operations', 'Foreign Intelligence Agencies' and 'Foreign Government Entities'. Notably absent is any reference to extremists or transnational criminals. The 'Case Officer' is also asked to specify the environment of the target like the type of computer, operating system used, Internet connectivity and installed anti-virus utilities (PSPs) as well as a list of file types to be exfiltrated like Office documents, audio, video, images or custom file types. The 'menu' also asks for information if recurring access to the target is possible and how long unobserved access to the computer can be maintained. This information is used by the CIA's 'JQJIMPROVISE' software (see below) to configure a set of CIA malware suited to the specific needs of an operation.

 

Improvise (JQJIMPROVISE)

'Improvise' is a toolset for configuration, post-processing, payload setup and execution vector selection for survey/exfiltration tools supporting all major operating systems like Windows (Bartender), MacOS (JukeBox) and Linux (DanceFloor). Its configuration utilities like Margarita allows the NOC (Network Operation Center) to customize tools based on requirements from 'Fine Dining' questionairies.

 

HIVE

HIVE is a multi-platform CIA malware suite and its associated control software. The project provides customizable implants for Windows, Solaris, MikroTik (used in internet routers) and Linux platforms and a Listening Post (LP)/Command and Control (C2) infrastructure to communicate with these implants.

The implants are configured to communicate via HTTPS with the webserver of a cover domain; each operation utilizing these implants has a separate cover domain and the infrastructure can handle any number of cover domains.

Each cover domain resolves to an IP address that is located at a commercial VPS (Virtual Private Server) provider. The public-facing server forwards all incoming traffic via a VPN to a 'Blot' server that handles actual connection requests from clients. It is setup for optional SSL client authentication: if a client sends a valid client certificate (only implants can do that), the connection is forwarded to the 'Honeycomb' toolserver that communicates with the implant; if a valid certificate is missing (which is the case if someone tries to open the cover domain website by accident), the traffic is forwarded to a cover server that delivers an unsuspicious looking website.

The Honeycomb toolserver receives exfiltrated information from the implant; an operator can also task the implant to execute jobs on the target computer, so the toolserver acts as a C2 (command and control) server for the implant.

Similar functionality (though limited to Windows) is provided by the RickBobby project.

See the classified user and developer guides for HIVE.

 

* * *

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Why now?

WikiLeaks published as soon as its verification and analysis were ready.

In Febuary the Trump administration has issued an Executive Order calling for a "Cyberwar" review to be prepared within 30 days.

While the review increases the timeliness and relevance of the publication it did not play a role in setting the publication date.

Redactions

Names, email addresses and external IP addresses have been redacted in the released pages (70,875 redactions in total) until further analysis is complete.

  1. Over-redaction: Some items may have been redacted that are not employees, contractors, targets or otherwise related to the agency, but are, for example, authors of documentation for otherwise public projects that are used by the agency.
  2. Identity vs. person: the redacted names are replaced by user IDs (numbers) to allow readers to assign multiple pages to a single author. Given the redaction process used a single person may be represented by more than one assigned identifier but no identifier refers to more than one real person.
  3. Archive attachments (zip, tar.gz, ...) are replaced with a PDF listing all the file names in the archive. As the archive content is assessed it may be made available; until then the archive is redacted.
  4. Attachments with other binary content are replaced by a hex dump of the content to prevent accidental invocation of binaries that may have been infected with weaponized CIA malware. As the content is assessed it may be made available; until then the content is redacted.
  5. The tens of thousands of routable IP addresses references (including more than 22 thousand within the United States) that correspond to possible targets, CIA covert listening post servers, intermediary and test systems, are redacted for further exclusive investigation.
  6. Binary files of non-public origin are only available as dumps to prevent accidental invocation of CIA malware infected binaries.

Organizational Chart

The organizational chart corresponds to the material published by WikiLeaks so far.

Since the organizational structure of the CIA below the level of Directorates is not public, the placement of the EDG and its branches within the org chart of the agency is reconstructed from information contained in the documents released so far. It is intended to be used as a rough outline of the internal organization; please be aware that the reconstructed org chart is incomplete and that internal reorganizations occur frequently.

Wiki pages

"Year Zero" contains 7818 web pages with 943 attachments from the internal development groupware. The software used for this purpose is called Confluence, a proprietary software from Atlassian. Webpages in this system (like in Wikipedia) have a version history that can provide interesting insights on how a document evolved over time; the 7818 documents include these page histories for 1136 latest versions.

The order of named pages within each level is determined by date (oldest first). Page content is not present if it was originally dynamically created by the Confluence software (as indicated on the re-constructed page).

What time period is covered?

The years 2013 to 2016. The sort order of the pages within each level is determined by date (oldest first).

WikiLeaks has obtained the CIA's creation/last modification date for each page but these do not yet appear for technical reasons. Usually the date can be discerned or approximated from the content and the page order. If it is critical to know the exact time/date contact WikiLeaks.

What is "Vault 7"

"Vault 7" is a substantial collection of material about CIA activities obtained by WikiLeaks.

When was each part of "Vault 7" obtained?

Part one was obtained recently and covers through 2016. Details on the other parts will be available at the time of publication.

Is each part of "Vault 7" from a different source?

Details on the other parts will be available at the time of publication.

What is the total size of "Vault 7"?

The series is the largest intelligence publication in history.

How did WikiLeaks obtain each part of "Vault 7"?

Sources trust WikiLeaks to not reveal information that might help identify them.

Isn't WikiLeaks worried that the CIA will act against its staff to stop the series?

No. That would be certainly counter-productive.

Has WikiLeaks already 'mined' all the best stories?

No. WikiLeaks has intentionally not written up hundreds of impactful stories to encourage others to find them and so create expertise in the area for subsequent parts in the series. They're there. Look. Those who demonstrate journalistic excellence may be considered for early access to future parts.

Won't other journalists find all the best stories before me?

Unlikely. There are very considerably more stories than there are journalists or academics who are in a position to write them.

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Anasteus's picture

Don't worry, CIA. Nothing to hide, nothing to fear.

Orc from Mordor's picture

Just in case, the whole vault as .torrent:

https://t.co/gpBxJAoYD5

Password for the archive:

SplinterItIntoAThousandPiecesAndScatterItIntoTheWinds

 

tmosley's picture

They did talk about Fight Club. That is the name of one of their kiddie scripts.

jus_lite_reading's picture

Search term: ZeroHedge.

Oh, there WE ARE! ;)

DeadFred's picture

AAPL is holding up well to the revelation that it got more than its share of hacks.

Logan 5's picture
Logan 5 (not verified) DeadFred Mar 7, 2017 10:26 AM

No need to spy on Apple users. They're basically statist dimwits by nature.

new game's picture

but we luv our apples...

ThanksChump's picture

iPhones are feature-poor vs Android, Nokia's linux/Qtopia, or even Windows Mobile. The only outstanding qualities of some iPhones are those billet alloy frames. That's nice stuff if you appreciate complex machining.

 

Your statist dimwits are also slaves to fashion, so, they're statist dimwit poseurs.

WillyGroper's picture

while you're extolling the virtues of brands/features...every one of them is killing you cell by cell.

biologically, not the thermal bullshit sar readings.

winning!

Logan 5's picture
Logan 5 (not verified) ThanksChump Mar 7, 2017 11:51 AM

"Your statist dimwits are also slaves to fashion, so, they're statist dimwit poseurs"

 

I might have opted for coquettish ingénue

logicalman's picture

Sweeping generalization. Tempting to say they are always wrong ;-)

I'm an anarchist.

I've had Macs since 1991. My present desktop is set up to triple boot Mac OS, Windows and Ubuntu.

I don't have a tracking device, I mean cellphone or a TV. My personal mode of travel has 2 wheels and pedals.

 

 

Logan 5's picture
Logan 5 (not verified) logicalman Mar 7, 2017 12:07 PM

So basically ~ You're Fred Flintstone.

logicalman's picture

I feed the monster less this way.

 

IndyPat's picture

The monster has already nutralized you.
You did so voluntarily.

DollarMenu's picture

I do not understand "neutralized" in your context.

Apple desktops have been the feature drivers for all other manufacturers.

What use a cellphone except a Tracfone type device for emergencies?

They are time suckers and tools of those who are afraid of being alone.

And television, what use here except as an advertising hose?

To bike everywhere, well I only wish I could.

Maybe neutral is a good thing in these times.

logicalman's picture

I don't think I'm neutralized.

I have spent thousands of hours of research and educationg others in matters of taxation and banking.

Here's a link to something I've been involved with for quite a while, with a good friend of mine.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bmL4Qfj_vCA

 

55 men's picture

CIA has tools to remote control chips in cars, trucks, planes, medical devices and hospital tech with assassination potential. # Michael Hastings

MsCreant's picture

His name was Michael Hastings...

Brace for impact, Hastings has been connected to this dump and is being retweeted on Twitter.

mkkby's picture

This is all OLD NEWS.  I say don't sweat it.  As long as they keep us in cheap oil, these guys are okay by me.

The MIC allows americans to live far beyond their means, while batshit muzzies in the ME are kept under control by their princes and kings.  You ZHers think only the rich are benefiting, but the poor are too.  They get a minimal living paid by petro dollars far in excess of taxation.

It's frustrating that banksters get so much, but that it the price we pay to be winners of the world.  I do not want the alternative.

To all you arrogant fucks who think the 5-letter agencies give a rat's ass about you -- no, they don't.  You can put away the tin foil.  Nobody gives a shit who you fuck, or what your god-damned cat is doing.  Grow up.

Low-Withers's picture

Trump wins again.

Announces Obama spying.

Lets MSM go full retard and make it front page news.

Then Wikileaks releases CIA spying methods already in place for years.

Trump is either a Genius or has amazing dumb luck.

How many times have we seen this now..

But time for MSM to Double, Triple, Quadruple Down on more BS/ Progressive Propaganda.

 

 

jake at state faem's picture

Seems like Trump has done this for the past 2 years. Everytime he say's something whether it happened or not, within a few days it always happens. Just look at his Sweden remarks a couple weeks ago. I think it's ESP 

OverTheHedge's picture

Or he is managing the news, and the events? Did he have a heads-up about Wikileaks?

Is Assange Trump's secret love-child? Obama probably has info on that....

 

Tjmax's picture

This I said why trump is being attacked by all active branches of the government that didn't have to leave due to appointments. Democrats and republican establishment embed people's in the justice department and state department that can't really be fired when a new president is elected. Because of this, the longer a party is in power in the executive branch, the more ticks they can put in place. These ticks grow in power throughout the years and help secure their position by succumbing or obeying to the POTUS's party demands. Now. Trump is not in the establishment.
Which threatens the livelihoods of MANY legislative and state department officials. Limiting congressional terms, lobbyist and getting rid of departments within the state make people rely on dirty tactics to secure their careers. Trump has shaken up the entire government by pursing to but a stop to the current trend in Washington.
Senators and representatives are scared. But they don't have what trump has, and that's the people.
So they resort to secret meetings and basically treason to try and consolidate their careers. They will make sacrificial lambs, they will create elaborate fallacies, misinformation, manipulations, and most importantly, distractions in order to create a constant disruption to trumps agenda. For christs sake, even bush is being hailed by the media and entertainment world. This alone should be an eye opener, considering he is the establishment and a war criminal.
Being a president was always like being in a secret society. They are all friends and stayed away from other presidents agendas after they left office. But trump isn't apart of the club. He isn't enthralled but the glitz and glamour of high society (because he's done it before he was elected into office) and the balls and body guards and luxury isn't new to him.
This alone keeps him at a work ethic and drive. He wakes up at 5am every morning and ends his day at 1am. He meets with with heads of states on weekends if his schedule is full. He is a total animal on work ethic, far more than our last presidents. Trump is being handed over a complete mess globally and fiscally. And the establishments (R&Ds) are trying to make it hell on him so they can retake the vote in four years AND try to save as many seats as they can in the midterm elections.

techpriest's picture

In the case of the Obama spying, Trump already has access to the FISA court, so presumably he already knows because he has the clearance to demand the records. Watching Obama and Schumer dance around the issue has been hilarious.

Jack.Lincoln's picture

"Shit! I still don't understand any of the who, what why, clues!"

You're looking at a declaration of War against Russia.

Tjmax's picture

Holy shit. Had no idea about this doc. I knew about the incident and about the topic, but had no idea there was a documentary. Thank you stackers for sharing and enlightening me. Much love.

AVmaster's picture

Yea...

 

I think I'll just copy n paste that password, thanks...

 

^.^

new game's picture

cat is out of the bag. herding cats, good luck gov.org

let the truth take down the cia- cocks in ass. every ass on the globe

Mr.Sono's picture

CIA, what does it really stand for? Corrupt intelligence agency

Whoa Dammit's picture

Sorry, but to me this is just a snore. Everybody already knows the CIA spies on everyone and everything 24/7 through electronic devices. Unless they start assassinating people via their refrigerators no one is going to care.

Thought Processor's picture

 

 

 

There are no more limits to what any of the intelligence agencies in the US can access now, as there are no more individual legal rights to any privacy left in the U.S.  Furthermore the CIA / NSA has had free reign on the rest of the world from inception.

 

 

Chupacabra-322's picture

@ Thought,

Question is. Since there is obviously no need for one of them. Which one gets Eliminated? CIA or NSA?

There is definitely no need for two entities that function in the exact same capacity.

Logan 5's picture
Logan 5 (not verified) Chupacabra-322 Mar 7, 2017 10:27 AM

Frankly ~ I don't think theres a need for either one, but that's just me.

Luc X. Ifer's picture

Hopefully NSA will become raging jealous on CIA and will jump at its throat initiating an inter-agencies bloody war, that would be epic.

Chupacabra-322's picture

The Deep State Internal War is happening right now right before our eyes.

WillyGroper's picture

beauty, eh?

now one has to wonder, just who besides the disgusted NYPD has the "insurance" file?

nonclaim's picture

The original owner must have one since he is still around (is he?).

MsCreant's picture

THIS DUMP IS GOING TO GIVE TRUMP WHAT HE NEEDS TO DRAIN THE SWAMP, IF HE USES IT WISELY.

KILL THE CIA OR KILL THE NSA.

WHAT IF THE NSA LEAKED THIS TO KILL THE CIA?

detached.amusement's picture

why then it'd be one down, 16 to go

chindit13's picture

I had been under the impression that you had some degree of rationality. Have I misjudged?

First, capability does not equate to ubiquitous use. Having such capability, however, has benefits. Even Trump's 'bad hombres' sometimes use devices that can be accessed, and they speak out of school. That can save lives. It has saved lives (though I now wonder if it was worth it, and perhaps letting Darwin do his work is better).

Trump, on the other hand, has no filters and no controls. During the transition, Trump was briefed on this capability, and it excited him more than any other part of his job-to-be.

I guarantee this: On 21 January 2017, his first full day in office, Trump (with Bannon and Miller in tow) tasked the White House legal staff with finding ways around the laws and prohibitions that prevent this to be used against US Persons. Trump wants to turn it on you, Meryl Streep, Chuck Schumer and everyone else in the US. If you are any judge of character, you can look at him for five minutes and know he would be incapable of NOT using such capability if it existed and was legal.

I could not stand Hillary, but even she had minimal filters and would have abused her power less than Trump fully intends to abuse his. Given how much I have long disliked Hillary, it is difficult to admit that.

Go ahead and join the moonbats, or THINK. Look at the guy. He and Bannon have no filter, save for those who will stand against them.

I used to wonder how a population could turn so evil or just stupid, or how the masses could be enticed into following a REAL miscreant.

I now know. Snowflakes=Trumpflakes.

Sweet Chicken's picture

"I could not stand Hillary, but even she had minimal filters and would have abused her power less than Trump fully intends to abuse his. Given how much I have long disliked Hillary, it is difficult to admit that."

 

Holy shit, pass to the left. 

PT's picture

Make no mistake, with Trump or without him, one way or another, the same hell was coming anyway.  "You didn't want black therefore you wanted gun-metal grey".  Be grateful for the little wins he gives you, but keep calling him out on the losses.  Note that Trump's noisiest opposition is still homing in on the lies and trivial and still ignoring the stuff that matters.  It's not that Trump is / was a Hitler, more than TPTB are hell-bent on creating conditions under which it is impossible to survive unless you are a Hitler.  It may not be Trump, it may be further down the line but it is all ratcheting in the one direction.

Withdrawn Sanction's picture

"I could not stand Hillary, but even she had minimal filters and would have abused her power less than Trump fully intends to abuse his."

Minimal?  She was nothing but filters, as in you have to have a public position and private position on issues.  Meaning you have to lie in order to do things to people they may not like. 

Yes, DJT's lack of filters can be abrasive but he unflinchingly says what's on his mind.  He might be wrong and uncouth, but he says it...straight out. I find it at once both refreshing and funny.  Refreshing to hear and see truth spoken to power (like the gasbag media), and funny to watch them then squirm and squeal when someone wont play the game by their "rules."

At bottom, the desire for filtered information is simply a request to be lied to (albeit softly and soothingly) by cowards who are afraid of the truth.  Good luck w/that. 

 

MsCreant's picture

I have not jumped on the band wagon dissing you here, though I have watched the evolution of it with some interest and dismay. I have read your contributor material. I listen to what you post with an open mind. I don't want to live in an echo chamber. I respect your wisdom. 

I don't have any connections so I can't call someone in DC and check a story.

I do have common sense.

Trump is scary, that is just true, yet I find myself joining the foray and on his side at times because the whole system is so corrupt that we might need a wrecking ball to spread all the bits to the wind. There may not be a way in the system to correct the system because it is too far gone.

What we do (the USA) is morally and ethically wrong on multiple fronts. We live on the backs of other's misery. I can KNOW that. Why else does the world hate us? It's not for our freedoms. It is for our arrogance and our willingness to lie to them and ourselves about just how badly we are abusing our power. 

Most of them are corrupt, probably because absolute power corrupts absolutely. It is a natural evolution of a system that has grown too large; those at the top do not have compassion for those on the lower rungs because they are either 1. Sociopaths 2. Narcissists 3. Out of touch with the lived experiences of those they are supposed to be serving because they have access to better resources and they don't "really" get it any more (or never did). Furthermore, 4. Large systems will be stupid systems because the left hand is not aware of what the right hand is doing. Chaos ensues. Out of touch, stupid, ignorant, selfish, it all adds up to an unmonitored mess.

The longer you are in, the more you have compromised, the more jaded you become, the more you give up your ideals and sell out your integrity. Abusing power becomes mundane, no big deal, business as usual, second nature. 

I must disagree with you. I think this power will be abused if you leave mentally ill people alone with it. They are mostly mentally ill, from my frame of reference (see what I conceded there?).

My common sense says don't trust Trump 100% and don't trust them, either.  This is too much power, period. 

 

Shemp 4 Victory's picture

There are all the signs of a person with the twilight consciousness living in a fantasy world.

TheMeatTrapper's picture

Why should truth need a filter? The fact that you state that Hillary is a more moral person than Trump illustrates just how flawed your perception of reality is. You worship at the alter of the corrupt State. Sad.

Sweet Chicken's picture

That's why I told him to pass that killer joint to the left. It must be some good shit. 

gaoptimize's picture

Am I the only one that thinks 90% of this is a violation of the 4th Amendment, or are we all already past caring about that?  Why aren't there congressional hearings, a special prosecuter, and civil law suits against the companies participating in and contributing to this?  I know that names were replaced with serial numbers in the redactions, but Wikileaks must name names so the prosecutions can commence.  BTW:  Does the CIA use the FISA court for any of this?  It sounds like they don't.  The FISA court is a fig leaf used for parallel construction of cases they (the Gov.) want to prosecute.  This whole thing is Orwellian.

chindit13's picture

If it is used on US Persons, which is currently illegal against Trump gets his way, it is as you say. Trump is trying to get around that.

You might also remember that during the meeting Trump had with Sheriffs in the White House, he seemed to express support for civil asset forfeiture, which CLEARLY is a violation.

I simply cannot understand how Trump can have any support among those who claim freedom is important to them. I guess such things matter little to Trumpflakes.