Oregon Officials Threaten To Seize 2,000 Acre Organic Farm, Spray It With Roundup

Tyler Durden's picture

Authored by Mike Shedlock via MishTalk.com,

Sherman County Oregon believes the 2,000 acre Azure Farms is not doing enough to control Canada Thistle, a noxious weed. In this case, not doing enough means not spraying weeds with herbicides.

To remedy the alleged problem, the county proposes seizing the farm and spraying everything with Roundup and other herbicides. Azure Farms is certified organic. Of course, organic farms cannot by definition use herbicides, so the farm would be forced out of business by the county government.

Adding insult to injury, the county would place a lien on the property forcing it to pay for the herbicides.

Details of the proposed takeover can be found at Keep Azure Farm Organic

An Organic Farm Under Threat

Azure Farms is a working, Certified Organic farm located in Moro, Central Oregon, in Sherman County. It has been Certified Organic for about 18 years. The farm produces almost all the organic wheat, field peas, barley, Einkorn, and beef for Azure Standard.


Sherman County is changing the interpretation of its statutory code from controlling noxious weeds to eradicating noxious weeds. These weeds include Morning Glory, Canada Thistle, and Whitetop, all of which have been on the farm for many years, but that only toxic chemicals will eradicate.


Organic farming methods – at least as far as we know today – can only control noxious weeds—it is very difficult to eradicate them.


What’s Happening?

Sherman County may be issuing a Court Order on May 22, 2017, to quarantine Azure Farms and possibly to spray the whole farm with poisonous herbicides, contaminating them with Milestone, Escort and Roundup herbicides.


This will destroy all the efforts Azure Farms has made for years to produce the very cleanest and healthiest food humanly possible. About 2,000 organic acres would be impacted; that is about 2.8 times the size of the City of London, England, and 1.5 times the size of the city center of Philadelphia that could be sprayed with noxious, toxic, polluting herbicides.


The county would then put a lien on the farm to pay for the expense of the labor and chemicals used.


Take Action Now

If you are concerned about where your food comes from, enjoy Organic and non-GMO food grown in the United States, and support organic farmers, contact Sherman County Court before May 22, 2017 (and preferably before May 17 when the next court discussion will be held).


Contact info:

  1. Via email at lhernandez@co.sherman.or.us or…
  2. Call Lauren at 541-565-3416.


Raise your voice and speak up for you and your families and communities.


This proposed action is completely unreasonable and would destroy an organic farm and pollute a massive area. If enough voices that benefit from organic produce speak up, the county will understand that there are people that care about their food NOT containing toxic chemicals. And if the supporters of healthy food can have a louder voice than the supporters of toxic chemicals, every politician will listen. PLEASE take action today and share this message. Overwhelm the Sherman County representatives with your voice.



Nathan Stelzer
Azure Farm Manager

Agricultural Scientist Responds

Alos consider Will There be Mandatory Herbicide Spraying on Organic Farms in Sherman County, Oregon? by Charles Benbrook, PhD.

He sent a letter to Lauren Hernandez (email above).

Dear Ms. Hernandez et al:


I live in Wallowa County. I learned today of the recent, dramatic change in the Sherman County noxious weed control program and the plan to forcibly spray a 2,000-acre organic farm in the county.


Over a long career, I have studied herbicide use and efficacy, public and private weed control efforts, the linkages between herbicide use and the emergence and spread of resistant weeds, and the public health and environmental impacts of herbicide use and other weed management strategies.


I served for six years, along with fellow Oregonian Barry Bushue, past-president of the Oregon Farm Bureau, on the USDA’s AC 21 Agricultural Biotechnology Advisory Committee. Issues arising from herbicide use were a frequent topic of discussion during our Committee’s deliberations.


I have published multiple scientific papers in peer-reviewed journals on glyphosate, its human health risks, and the impact of genetically engineered crops on overall herbicide use and the spread of resistant weeds. In a separate email, I will forward you copies of my published research relevant to the use of herbicides, and glyphosate in particular.


The notion that Sherman County can eradicate noxious weeds by blanket herbicide spraying is deeply misguided. I cannot imagine a single, reputable university weed scientist in the State supporting the idea that an herbicide-based noxious weed eradication program would work (i.e., eradicate the target weeds) in Oregon, or any other state.


There is near-universal agreement in the weed science community nationwide, and surely as well in the PNW, that over-reliance on glyphosate (Roundup) over the last two decades has created multiple, new noxious weeds posing serious economic, environmental, and public health threats.


In fact, over 120 million acres of cultivated cropland in the U.S. is now infested with one or more glyphosate-resistant weed (for details, see http://cehn-healthykids.org/herbicide-use/resistant-weeds/).


The majority of glyphosate-resistant weeds are in the Southeast and Midwest, where routine, year-after-year planting of Roundup Ready crops has led to heavy and continuous selection pressure on weed populations, pressure that over three-to-six years typically leads to the evolution of genetically resistant weed phenotypes, that can then take off, spreading across tens of millions of acres in just a few years.


Ask any farmer in Georgia, or Iowa, or Arkansas whether they would call “noxious” the glyphosate-resistant kochia, Palmer amaranth, Johnson grass, marestail, or any of a dozen other glyphosate-resistant weeds in their fields.


It is virtually certain that an herbicide-based attempt to eradicate noxious weeds in Sherman County would fail. It would also be extremely costly, and would pose hard-to-predict collateral damage on non-target plants from drift, and on human health and the environment. But even worse, it would also, almost certainly, accelerate the emergence and spread of a host of weeds resistant to the herbicides used in the program. …


if Sherman County is serious about weed eradication, it will have to mandate widespread spraying countywide, and not just on organic farms, and not just for one year. The public reaction will be swift, strong, and build in ferocity. It will likely lead to civil actions of the sort that can trigger substantial, unforeseen costs and consequences. I am surely not the only citizen of the State that recalls the tragic events last year in Malheur County.


Plus, I guarantee you that the County, the herbicide applicators, and the manufacturers of the herbicides applied, under force of law on organic or other farms, will face a torrent of litigation seeking compensatory damages for loss of reputation, health risks, and the loss of premium markets and prices.


I have followed litigation of this sort for decades, and have served as an expert witness in several herbicide-related cases. While it is obviously premature to start contemplating the precise legal theories and statutes that will form the crux of future litigation, the County should develop a realistic estimate of the legal costs likely to arise in the wake of this strategy, if acted upon, so that the County Commissioners can alert the public upfront regarding how they will raise the funds needed to deal with the costs of near-inevitable litigation.


If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to call me.



Charles Benbrook, PhD

Troy, Oregon

Canada Thistles in Sherman County

Ther above image from Eddmaps.

Even if someone thought this action would eradicate the weeds, it would have to be applied to the entire county if not the entire state. Then what? The nation?

Farmer vs Farmer

I always want to know the other side of the story.

In this case, the story is farmer vs farmer. Neighboring wheat growers say weeds spreading from Azure Farms threaten their crops.

Capital Press reports County May Press for Quarantine of an Organic Farm.

Local wheat farmers say weeds spreading from Azure Farms, on the outskirts of Moro in north central Oregon, cost them money in the form of additional herbicide control. Most critically, growers of certified wheat seed say their crops will be worthless if contaminated by Rush Skeleton Weed, Canada Thistle, Morning Glory and White Top spreading from the farm.


Spraying the weeds with Milestone or other herbicides, however, would cause the farm to lose organic certification for three years. Azure Standard, which operates Azure Farms, is a major distributor of organic products.


Sherman County gave the farm until May 22 to respond with a weed management plan. If not, the county will ask the Oregon Department of Agriculture to quarantine the farm.


The issue has blown up on social media.


The manager of Azure Farms, Nathan Stelzer, urged supporters to “Overwhelm the Sherman County representatives with your voice.” A video posted on the farm website called for people to express their outrage reportedly has resulted in hundreds of phone calls and thousands of emails to county officials.


The issue may come to a head Wednesday when the county’s Board of Commissioners takes up the issue. The county is expecting such a crowd that it moved the session from the courthouse to the Sherman County School gym, 65912 High School Loop, Moro, at 4 p.m.


“The school gym is the only site in Sherman County big enough to hold the expected crowd and we received permission to use the gym only if we delayed our meeting until after the students are dismissed,” Commissioner Tom McCoy said in an email.


Wheat farmer Bryan Cranston, who grows certified seed next to Azure Farms, said its weed problems have gotten progressively worse over the years. Cranston said he spoke to Selzer and told him, “I don’t drift chemicals on you, I’d appreciate it if weeds don’t drift on me.”


Cranston said he told Selzer, “I grow seed wheat to garner more out of the market, you grow organic to garner more out of the market — we have a lot in common here.”


But he added, “You’re messing me up.”


The county warned that it would spray if the farm didn’t, and the cost for multiple surveys throughout the growing season would be billed to the farm as a lien on its property taxes.


Asher said the county could help identify weed, recommend control methods and herbicide products, and had a spray crew for hire if necessary.


David Stelzer said Azure is attempting to improve its ground through crop rotation and “companion planting” of various crops.


“Bio-diversity, a few weeds in the field, does not make a bad farmer,” he said.


Responding to comments he said have been made about the farm, he said it is not affiliated with a religion although they are a “family a faith.” He said Azure properly pays its taxes and provides a $6 million payroll. He said the farm’s wheat yields nearly meet the county average and is of high quality. Eventually, organic farming methods will be “dominant,” he said.

Both Sides

That’s both sides of the farming story.

But there is a medical issue as well. Some patients claim Roundup gave us cancer as EPA official helped the company.


  1. Are the increased used of herbicides on neighboring farms caused by Roundup resistant plants or seeds from the organic farm?
  2. Is Azure Farms responsible for blown seeds?
  3. Realistically, how far do these seeds blow? Miles? Thousands of acres?
  4. Is the remedy a lawsuit against Azure Farms by other farmers or action by the County?
  5. Is it possible to create a buffer zone of some sort?
  6. Is Roundup a carcinogen?

Whether or not you buy and eat organic foods, the proposed action (property seizure)  is extremely controversial, and it likely will not do much about the weeds either.

Widespread overuse of herbicides (I admit I use them on my lawn and garden), has created Roundup resistant weeds that are near impossible to get rid of.

Thistle is one weed I have a very difficult time with myself.  Some plants turn brown in a day or two, but thistles stay green for quite a long time even if they wilt and look sick.

I sprayed thistles four times over the course of a week this year hoping to get rid of them.


If you care to voice an opinion, you can do it here: lhernandez@co.sherman.or.us

I recommend being polite.

My opinion: Spraying will not work. More importantly, the proposed county action of property seizure steps well over the bounds of reasonableness.

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whatamaroon's picture

I might have fucked up by planting Morning Glory in my backyard last year, lots of them this year. Moths seem to like them.

HRH Feant2's picture

Morning glory is very invasive. I like it but, yes, it has to be controlled.

Same for some types of mint. And running bamboo. Clumping bamboo stays in nice clumps.

Always best to do a basic search or chat with a local expert prior to planting something.

OverTheHedge's picture

Tea made from the seeds mAkes for a very fine hallucinogen, so I am told.

(Never tried it myself, ymmv)

whatamaroon's picture

Heard that as a youngster in the 60-70's, something about burning off the toxic fuz on the seeds, I kept with mescaline lol.

whatamaroon's picture

I do have a bad habit of buying shit that looks cool and looking it up to see how to take care of it. A few weeks ago I bought some creeping purple heart, then looked it up, lots of articles about how to get rid of it. Yikes!

HRH Feant2's picture

Well, you know what they say, shit happens! I like the look of an unstructured and overgrown garden. And I really do like morning glories! Beautiful flowers and if you need shade they are great climbers for a shade arbor as they grow so fast!

passerby's picture

Radionics works but, aw hell never mind.

WillyGroper's picture

einkorn, hard to find & expensive. 

one strain not frankenized yet.

OR has gone batshit crazy.

cocksukers.  thistle is 1 thing the decimated monarchs feed on during their migration.

someone's gonna flip.

Helix6's picture

Interesting comments on this thread from people who know jack shit about this issue.

OverTheHedge's picture

Please, Oh Wise and Munificent All-Seeing Prophet, allow me to grovel at your feet in the hopes of gleaning a few grains of truth from the bounty of your wisdom. Tell us! Tell us! What is the truth?

Helix6's picture

First, let me say that I think organic farming methods are the way to go.

The truth is that noxious weed control in this region is important.  They'll take your farm if you let them. 

The further truth, at least according to my own experience, is that counties generally prefer to use a light touch when it comes to land use practices.  In the absense of complaints and glaring violations, county agencies generally prefer to drink coffee.

So if I read the article correctly, and reading between the lines, here's by take on this. 

  • This particular unit of Azure Farms is farmed in absentia.  This is never good.
  • Chronic issues of weed seeds drifting onto neighboring farms prompted the neighbors to discuss the issue with Azure Farms, to no avail. 
  • Finally the neighboring farmers complained to the county. 
  • The county sent an inspector to Azure Farms and determined that noxious weeds were not being controlled effectively and the farm was in violation of the noxious weed control ordinance.
  • The county notified Azure Farms that it was in violation of the ordinance and that it needed to implement a noxious weed management program.
  • Azure farms gave the county the middle finger.  This little tidbit was not mentioned in this article but can be easily verified in other online articles.
  • The county then notified Azure Farms that it would take direct action if Azure Farms did not respond with a noxious weed management program by May 22nd.  Direct action in this case means quarantining the farm and dealing with the noxious weeds by the most expedient means at its disposal, which is spraying them.
  • Azure Farms responded by going public and attempting to shift the focus from weed control to organic farming, GMOs, the downsides of herbicide use, and so on.  (All of these issues are indeed concerns, but are beside the point.  The issue here is weed control by whatever means.)
  • That's where we are today.

So I have a few questions and a few observations.  The first observation is that neighbors are being impacted and, getting no satisfaction through direct discussion with Azure Farms, have registered a legitimate complaint with the county.  Does Azure Farms actually believe that it has no responsibility to its neighbors?  It claims to be a "family of faith", but did Jesus not say that one of the two most important commandments was to love thy neighbor? 

The second observation is that I'm pretty sure the neighbors could care less about Azure Farms chosen genre of farming,  They just don't want to have to deal with noxious weeds spreading from Azure Farms onto their ground.  And by the way, I'm pretty sure the county doesn't care either.  It just wants the weeds to be controlled and see to it that the complaints are put to rest. 

The onus is on Azure Farms to control its weed infestation.  There are many ways to do that, ranging from targeted cultivation to planting windbreaks on the perimeter of the farm (climate permitting).  From the articles I've seen about this story, it appears that they have not done any of these and in particular have not even been resident on this farm to keep the situation under control.  They are, in effect, forcing the county's hand.

cat2005's picture

Very good points and a good read, but I contend the weed spraying farmers are not entitled to a weed free farm. If that is how they choose to run business then that is great, but the burden is on them.

If their organic farmer competitors were intentionally dumping noxious weed seed near them then I could side with the weed spraying farmers. That is malice. However, this is about the presumed natural progression of these weeds (i.e., no help spreading from humans).

Neither farmer has a right to farm. Both have a moral obligation to be good neighbors but neither has a right to farm and neither has a right to dictate business practice to the other. Furthermore if the only discussed remedy to an annoyance is the destruction if the other, then the organic farm is absolutely correct to protest.

Helix6's picture

The best argument for that side that I've heard so far.  And I am already on record supporting organic farming methods.  I do believe that herbicides, especially when used indiscriminately, har harmful to human health and to the environment.

On the other hand, I have farmed in a bordering state, Idaho, which has both similar climate (although a bit more precipitation) and, not surprisingly, similar noxious weed ordinances.  Those ordinances exist because those weeds will take over your farm if steps aren't taken to control them, and because one farm that doesn't control them will become an ongoing issue for everyone around them.  This isn't a theory for me.  I've seen it.

So it really is a two-sided issue, and my heart is with the Azure Farms people.  But the law is on the side of their neighbors and I do think it's a fair law.  And I know that it's more difficult to control weeds without using herbicides, but it can be done.  The most effective method I know for control of extensive infestations of Canada Thistle is repeated tillage, preferably incorporating soil amendments and a broad-spectrum mycorrhyzae formulation, followed by a dense cover crop.  This is an expensive but effective measure.  There are also insects that feed on this thistle, but I have no experience with these so I can't vouch for their efficacy.

I will say one more thing, which is that infestations of this type are often an indication that the soil biome is out of balance.  I suspect a mineral deficiency, probably phosphorus, but also possibly calcium and/or boron.  A healthy biome goes a long way to control weeds.

ArdentArgent's picture

C'mon people tell them what you think.


Flood these email addresses!


Tom McCoy tmccoy@gorge.net


Joe Dabulskis joedab3jma@gmail.com

Goldbugger's picture

Here is why they want to take out the so called weeds.Canada Thisle ( Cirsirum Arvense) is an anti cancer and anti inflammatory herb.


Fuck these fuckers and the drug companies that are back pocking the judges.

Corruption to the enth degree. Fuck the Deep state i am sick of it hurting innosent people.


Helix6's picture

What you say is true.  However, it is also true that it is a very aggressive plant, unpalatable in its raw form, and with seeds that can travel on the wind for miles.  As with most things, context is essential. 

Bopper09's picture

The lost art of summerfallowing.  Gets in the way of those profits readily available with 'improved' seed.  Now everyone just seeds over the stubble from the year before, and therefore harder to control weeds.

TRM's picture

Destroy my farm? Hmmm. I will get a ton of thistle seeds (free) and some drones off of deal extreme (very cheap)  and drop them on your farm at night until you go broke. You want to fight dirty by getting the political establishment to crush me? Well back at you.


. . . _ _ _ . . .'s picture

Good point, who's to say Monsanto can't go tossing weed seed into the air around organic farms?

I wouldn't put it past them.

Helix6's picture

It's hard to believe that anyone who actually owns a farm thinks this way.

MadHatt's picture

Email sent!



Im sure Ill get a response. /s

. . . _ _ _ . . .'s picture

"Im sure Ill get a response."

Let's see what kind of spam you start getting.

MadHatt's picture

Ill post what I get.

Im excited. :D

Zero-Hegemon's picture

Sounds like a private matter to me, how did the wheat farmers enlist the county government on their side?

Helix6's picture

I'm guessing they filed a complaint.

GoldenDonuts's picture

This obviously has NOTHING to do with weeds.   How can killing everything on 2000 acres and driving a small company out of business effect a weed that is common over most of North America?  Naked power play.

Helix6's picture

Au contraire, this has everything to do with weeds.  Conventional farmers may chortle at organic practices, but basically, they're an independent lot and respect a farmer's right to adopt whatever practices he believes will be successful.  They might not agree with the practices, but they do support the farmer's right to use them.

Unless those practices affect them.  In this case, the issue is weeds spreading onto their farms.  In this area, some weeds are seriously invasive and must be controlled if the farm operation is to be successful.

One thing Azure Farms seems to be very good at is shifting focus from the real issue, which is noxious weed management, to other more politically charged issues, such as GMOs, no-till practices, AgriBiz, and consumers' (legitimate) fears concerning the qualityof their food.  All of these are important but beside the point.  Control your weeds and the problem goes away.

cat2005's picture

Yes you are right. They are shifting the focus to political hot potatos like Roundup because that is exactly what the government is threatening.

Furthermore the government wants to send them the bill for weed spraying.

Yes, they are shifting the focus and yes it makes perfect sense doing so because that is the logical end result of what they face.

If the neighboring farms must spray extra weed killer then so be it. The extra cost of spraying more weed killer pales in comparison to the cost of bankruptcy the organic farm would face.

The weed spraying farmers are not entitled to a weed free farm. If that is the business model they select then it is up to them to maintain it.

Of course, if their competitor is dumping weed seed next to them then that is a fair complaint because that is intentional malice. That is sabotage. Instead this is nature doing what it does and the consequences are annoying but not crippling.

TrustbutVerify's picture

But its...Oregon...aren't they 100% for the government seizing private land?

moorewasthebestbond's picture

Spray them weeds with Agent Orange.


Oh wait...

no ice's picture

Azure Farm should be given an award for growing organic food that promotes health in people and the planet as a whole.  I've been ordering from them for years.  Outstanding company!  Instead, Sherman County "officials" want to penalize them, make them grow toxic food while killing the bees and butterflies in order to keep the American population sick and dependent on the medical industrial complex.  

Anyone who thinks this is about weeds is a fool.  This has Monsanto's stench all over it.  Who has Monsanto paid off this time?

Everyone should send an email in support of Azure and sign the petition.  It's easy.  There is no way in hell that an organic farmer, someone who is doing what is right and what is ethical, should be forced to poison his farm and all the people who eat his food.  


Helix6's picture

Once again, the issue is noxious weed control.  The county is responding to complaints from neighboring farmers.  Azure Farms has many means at its disposal to address its noxious weed management issues, including targeted (in both time and place) cultivation, balancing soil composition, judicious cover-crop practices, and using buffer zones or planting windbreaks on its perimeter (climate permitting).  Apparantly, it has done none of these, at least to the point where they have been effective.

I suspect that the root of the problem is Azure Farms being farmed in absentia.  This is never good.  I'm guessing that the farm just hasn't gotten the supervision it needs.  There are many ways to address this issue besides using chemicals.  Azure Farms needs to start implementing them.

PenGun's picture

ROTFLMFAO. You can easily get rid of Canada Thistle by simply cutting it all just before it's flowers pop.

I made almost 2 acres CT free with a fucking scythe. A scythe is a therapeutic tool BTW.

TemporarySecurity's picture

You must not of been cutting Canada Thistle then.  Canada Thistle is a perennial and will come back the next year and the year after that from cutting it.  Tilling it has a tendency to chop the roots up which all sprout into new plants, so you double your numbers


Helix6's picture

I chopped the thistle and painted the stump with used motor oil.  I was careful to get every single plant.  That was 55 years ago.  I haven't had a problem since.

VangelV's picture

Spray the area and get rid of the weeds or have the Azure operation compensate the neighborhood farms for their losses.  

alpha-protagonist's picture

Paging the Oathkeepers.

Tugg McFancy's picture

Hippies should get themselves some guns.

Reverend.Pajama.Pants's picture


It has come to my attention that you intend to use the coercive power of the state to forcibly poison an organic farm with toxic pesticides. The action you contemplate is a great crime, offensive to nature and to mankind alike.

Should you argue your proposed crime is mandated by the law, then your argument brings the law itself into disrepute. No statute that poisons the land and sickens the people can be called legitimate. No craven official who undertakes such a crime can be called anything but an enemy of the whole people and a menace to his own posterity.

I urge you to abandon your plans for this heinous crime, lest your evil actions bring ill health on an entire region, and a stain of loathsome infamy on your name.


Helix6's picture

Once again, the issue is noxious weed control.  There are many ways to do this.  Evidently, Azure farms has not implemented any of them, so the county by law must step in.  It will use the most expedient method available to address the problem, which in this case is to spray the weeds with herbicide.  If Azure Farms wishes to avoid this action, it must implement an effective weed management program of its own. 

Instead, it chooses to whine on the internet.  These guys need to get a grip.

cat2005's picture

That is right dumbass. It is weed control not weed elimination. Expecting anyone to achieve weed elimination is stupid, doubly so when the cited law merely states weed control.

Destroying a neighboring business because you are inconvenienced is not a proportional response. It is using a 50 caliber when only a 357 is required.

Helix6's picture

Dumbass?  I take it from this insult that the conversation has reached its end.

But just to be clear,  I have a good mind and also have direct experience with this problem, which I suspect is not the case with 95% of the commenters here.

And regarding "elimination", I see nothing in the statute, nor have I heard anyone in an official capacity saying that "elimination" was the goal.  Since those whom I've heard making this claim all seem to be on the other side of this debate, I have to conclude that there is some sensationalizing going on.

The bottom line is that Azure Farms is in violation of the ordinance.  Given that complaints have been filed, the county is bound by law to deal with the problem.  Azure Farms has many options at its disposal.  Contrary to the hyperbole, spraying is not the only one.  Apparantly it has failed to adopt any of them.

By the way, if you have Google Earth on your machine, cruise down Dufur Mill Road in Street View.  Let me know what you think.  You will recognize Canada Thistle if you see it, won't you?

Kassandra's picture

Thank you Tylers, for bringing this to the Hedge .

This is a nightmare and an abomination on Azure. They are good people...doing good work.

El Hosel's picture

Hey you Government official,

I don't want to be no pickle,

Just want to swing my Canadian Thistle Sickle.

Fuck, its not that complicated.

Bunga Bunga's picture

How is this different from terrorism?

Raging Debate's picture

Isnt salt still cheaper than Roundup? Just dump salt and shit and don a Roman Centurian helm or a Toga and the story will be complete. 

DonFromWyoming's picture

Salt will ruin the land for years.  Roundup is gone in 30 days.

TemporarySecurity's picture

The best way to control canada thistle and remain organic is sheet mulch over them or us tarps to cook the ground.  A couple of layers of boxes with wood chips or hay on top.  They are a tough perennial so in about five year later you can plant the patch.  Neither option is very practical for 2000 acres.

PS there is no way for the county to eradicate weeds.  If they figured out how to remove every seed from the ground the ground level would drop by 2 feet.  The weeds will come back.

UdderContempt's picture

This farm has a catalog the size of an LA phone book. I live near this farm and everyone I know orders from them, especially preppers, as you can order just about anything that grows in bulk at a good price and superior quality. This is fucked on so many levels.