Iranians Vote For Their Next President: Here Is What's At Stake

Tyler Durden's picture

Four years after its last election in 2013, today Iran is voting to choose its next president, and like four years ago the biggest issue again is the local economy, although in a new twist this year the outcome of the election will also determine how Iran will react to deteriorating relations and rising tensions with the US under president Trump, who at least during his campaign speeches, vowed to undo Obama's landmark nuclear deal and diplomatic detente with Iran. 

Today's race, which due to a last minute "rush of voters" saw voting extended by two hours, comes down to a contest between two challengers: the incumbent moderate President Hassan Rouhani - who helped negotiate the 2015 nuclear deal between Iran and the US, in the process lifting economic sanctions imposed upon Iran years earlier in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program - and his main hard-line challenger, Ebrahim Raisi, a conservative cleric and the custodian of a religious charity worth tens of billions of who however dollars, lacks political experience but is close to Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, as the WSJ notes.

In some ways, Iran's president is a figurehead, as most critical decisions in the Shi'ite nation are made behind the scenes and Iran's Supreme leader Khamenei has final say in most matters of state. Still, for purposes of international diplomacy, Khamenei rarely telegraphs what he’s going to do (his always entertaining Twitter account notwithstanding) which makes the rise and fall of candidates and the impact of elections tough to predict.

Yet while Khamenei lays out Iran's strategy, it is the president's jobs to implement it tactically by putting Iran’s policies into place, while shaping the country's image for global consumption. Ironically, recent Iranian presidents have pursued radically different agendas. Former hard-line President Ahmadinejad busted the government budget and drove up inflation with handouts to the poor, while his successor, Rouhani tamed inflation while seeking better relations with the West. He succeeded by finding a willing partner in the face of Barack Obama, who was eager to leave a lasting diplomatic legacy in the middle east with the nation that Israel considers its arch nemesis.

With vastly different agendas at stake, is there potential for unrest? History does not provide a clear answer: when Ahmadinejad won reelection in 2009, his reformist opponents set off a wave of protests that was quashed by authorities, arresting thousands. Khamenei, as well as many ordinary Iranians, don’t want to see a repeat of that episode, which was the nation’s most significant upheaval since the Islamic Revolution in 1979. The supreme leader has repeatedly warned that election-related unrest won’t be tolerated.

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With that in mind, here is a detailed breakdown of the key economic and political issues at stake in today's election courtesy of WorldView.

Iran's impending presidential election is shaping up much like the last one. As it was in 2013, the economy will again be the primary issue for voters as they head to the polls May 19. Iran's foreign policy has also figured prominently in the campaign, mostly as it pertains to the country's economy. And each candidate, as usual, has striven to portray himself as the embodiment of the revolutionary ideals and moral tenets the Iranian president is charged with upholding under Article 115 of the Iranian Constitution.

But the similarities notwithstanding, much has changed in the four years since the last presidential vote. The country's economic straits, for example, have improved since President Hassan Rouhani implemented the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the deal Iran struck with the United States and five other countries in 2015 over its nuclear program. Tensions between the president and Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei are relaxed today, compared with former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's time in office. Iranian politics, meanwhile, has become more starkly divided between hyper-conservatives and more moderate conservatives. In addition, the Syrian war — in which Iran is actively involved — has become more complex, drawing in more foreign participants. The fight against the Islamic State has accelerated, and U.S. President Donald Trump's administration has taken a firm stance on Tehran's activities throughout the Middle East. Taken together, these factors pose a serious challenge for Iran's security and stability, even if the government's finances are more assured now that it faces fewer economic sanctions (as Rouhani's campaign has emphasized). Concerns about the country's security, along with its lingering economic problems, will weigh heavily on voters as they cast their ballots for the next president. 

The Incumbent

Going into the polls, Rouhani has a few advantages over his competitors. The Iranian political system and electorate tend to favor incumbent candidates in an effort to ensure policy continuity and stability. Even Ahmadinejad won a second term in 2009, despite having strained relations with the supreme leader. Similarly, though the current president's relationship with Khamenei has weathered its share of storms, Rouhani still has his support and that of some powerful politicians in the moderate conservative camp, such as parliamentary speaker Ali Larijani. Rouhani also still has the official backing of Iran's reformists. Former President Mohammed Khatami, a cleric and prominent figure in the reformist camp, defied the media blackout that has restricted his communication for the past two years to endorse Rouhani on May 2. Another influential reformist leader, Mehdi Karroubi — who has been under house arrest since 2011 — has also expressed his support for the president. In fact, some of Rouhani's challengers in the race, including his former vice president, Eshaq Jahangiri (who dropped out of the running May 16) and reformist Mostafa Hashemitaba, have even thrown their weight behind Rouhani's moderate and comparatively progressive policies.

The president's popularity among reformist voters may be a different story, however. After all, many of the social reforms Rouhani promised in his 2013 campaign — including measures to minimize censorship in the film industry and address women's rights issues — have gone unfulfilled. His failure to follow through on these policies could cost him support among the electorate's reformists, though Rouhani will still almost certainly collect the most reformist votes of any candidate in the running. To improve his standing, the president campaigned on liberal financial policies, such as taxing charitable trusts, while highlighting the background of opponent Ebrahim Raisi, a conservative cleric, as a prosecutor involved in executions, a galvanizing issue for reformists and moderates alike.

Regardless of his struggles with social reform, Rouhani has made significant headway in developing Iran's economy over the past four years, thanks in large part to the JCPOA.  Iran's exports, including oil, have increased substantially since the deal's implementation. Its per capita gross domestic product has climbed, and inflation has plummeted. But though Rouhani has made these accomplishments the focus of his campaign, they may not be enough to overcome the rampant inequality, high unemployment, scanty foreign investment and widespread corruption that still plague Iran. The problems are especially pronounced in Iran's poor rural regions, a factor that could hurt Rouhani's performance. A group of angry coal miners lambasted the president about their low salaries when he visited them May 7 in the wake of a deadly mine explosion. Likewise, local leaders gave Rouhani a chilly reception on a recent trip to the Kurdish areas of northwest Iran, which overwhelmingly supported him in 2013. Economic discontent among the country's rural voters could discourage them from even showing up to the polls, in spite of the supreme leader's calls for the highest possible turnout. (Voter turnout was 76.2 percent in 2013, just 3 percent shy of the record set in 1999. Any less than 63 percent turnout, the all-time low reached in 2005, would be embarrassing for the government.)

The Challengers

Rouhani's opponents in the race have seized on the disappointments of the president's first term, including Iran's lingering economic troubles, to try to bolster their own campaigns. The leading contenders for the presidency have even used the JCPOA, a deal they unanimously support, to argue that the incumbent candidate is more interested in Western investment than in the economic concerns of ordinary Iranians. Still, even the most conservative candidates still in the running — Raisi and former Culture Minister Mostafa Mir-Salim — have largely refrained from attacking Rouhani's stance toward the West. Raisi, in fact, said that he espouses open policies toward all nations except Israel, though he wants to make sure his country gets the most out of its international relations. Iran's conservatives are mostly concerned with ensuring that the country's ties with the West take a back seat to domestic issues.

Throughout the campaign season, Raisi and Tehran Mayor Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf seemed to be in a dead heat for Iran's conservative voter base, each attempting to discredit Rouhani's economic policies and calling for a tougher stance on security. The two candidates built their campaigns on populist policies, such as increasing the cash handouts that Ahmadinejad instituted during his tenure. (Rouhani's administration has come under fire from populist leaders in Iran for trying to cut handouts, which currently stand at $12 per family per month.) Then Ghalibaf — who enjoyed support not only among members of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, but also, as Tehran's mayor, among urban voters in the capital — left the race May 15 and urged his followers to back Raisi. Although he lacks Ghalibaf's military connections and popular appeal, Raisi is well-liked among Iran's clerical establishment. The influential Society of Seminary Teachers of Qom, for example, has endorsed him.

As the playing field becomes less crowded, a showdown between Raisi and Rouhani is looking more and more likely. The current president is favored to win, but surprises are bound to occur, as they have in every Iranian presidential race to date. Given the enthusiasm among hard-liners for a more defensive stance toward adversaries such as the United States, Saudi Arabia and Israel, Raisi may have a shot at victory. He has made a point of trying to draw in poor and populist Iranian voters during his campaign, and his efforts may pay off. 

On the eve of the election, many people in and beyond Iran are already looking ahead to the following presidential vote in 2021. That election promises to bring greater change to the Islamic republic because its victor will likely oversee the aging supreme leader's succession.

When he eventually dies, Khamenei — who became supreme leader in 1989 (after serving two terms as president) — will end the era of Iran's old guard of revolutionary leaders. Members of the younger generation, that of Rouhani and Raisi, will be vying for position as the process to find his replacement picks up speed in the coming years. And as the number of Iranians born after the 1979 Islamic Revolution continues to grow, the government will have to consider whether to keep pursuing its cautious rapprochement with the United States or revert to a hostile position.

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ebworthen's picture

Watched a segment on PBS last night on the Iranian election.

What struck me was that Rouhani supporters were mainly Women, while Raisi supporters were groups of young Men chanting slogans.

NidStyles's picture

So it's likely the only non-Jewed election in the world?

I doubt it.

Raffie's picture

So which ever of their 2 Nazi nut jobs promises the most American/Jewish deaths by the most gruesome ways wins the elections?

HRClinton's picture

Iranians need a woman like Jeannie to solve their problems.

Here is Genie Jeannie, speaking Persian... https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P9L4NVc4HJo

Then, in a blink of the eyes, their problems would vanish. In the real world however... they are as screwed as ever.

eduard khil's picture

So white towels against black towels on head

clade7's picture

Yep...Beardsly McTowelhead vs Towelie McBeardshead....

yomutti2's picture

The hardliner wants to live in the 14th century.

The reformer wants to live in the 16th century.

 

runswithscissors's picture

Weirdbeard A vs. Weirdbeard B.....choose wisely

MFL5591's picture

And their first lady is 9 years old!

Eddie Baby's picture

Nothing is at stake.  

Dg4884's picture

Well, if nothing else, I'm sure it will be fair and open.

Juggernaut x2's picture

Are the candidates hand-picked by Israel like here in the US?

WTFUD's picture

Nope! Israel/NATO can't penetrate even half a mile within Iran's border. No Soreassesque colour revolutions here for the foreseeable future, i'm (not) afraid.

peopledontwanttruth's picture

Perhaps surprisingly to many here if you listen to MSM which has demonized Iran. The Jews enjoy plenty of freedom in Iran

https://www.google.com/amp/www.csmonitor.com/layout/set/amphtml/1998/020...

Iranian Jews, second largest community in ME only to Israel reject cash offers to return to Israel. They all turned it down.

https://www.google.com/amp/s/amp.theguardian.com/world/2007/jul/12/israe...

Iranian leader gets award from Jewish rabbis in NY City as friendliest leader in world to Jews.

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=pHCqR-YbcN4

It's not what many think unless you like MSM bull crap

1.21 jigawatts's picture

Please Iran, please please please please please please please please please please please please please please please please please bomb Israel.  The whole world wants it, needs it.

Ban KKiller's picture

Islamic idiots, that is it. A "religion" of especially stupid people. Yes, all religions are stupid fairy tales for the weak minded but Islam is dangerous and needs to be wiped out with knowledge and science. 

Was that Zeus riding his golden chariot across the sky? Nope, just our own star. 

Their election is like most, corrupt. 

Tugg McFancy's picture

I miss Imadinnerjacket.

ParkAveFlasher's picture

I pretty much lost the narrative after that guy.  Gotta catch up on back episodes on netflix.

johnnycanuck's picture

I expect Benny and the Likudites do too.  He was a one man dream team for their propagandists and mistranslated Farsi is just so easy to churn out.

peopledontwanttruth's picture

He sent a congratulations letter to Trump

Hongcha's picture

Hahaha, "vote", good one.  Pull the other finger.

Juggernaut x2's picture

Hahahaha- like here in the US?

farflungstar's picture

Everything scumbag Saudi does, they blame on Iran and the jew-centric Western media bleats it accordingly.

US if it had to pick an Islamic asshole to be buttbuddies with, it should be Iran. They are light years ahead of the medieval Saudis.  

IranContra should be along any minute now to remind us how ISIS is an Iranian proxy...

WTFUD's picture

I thought IC, MDB's retarded cousin, had been committed. Is he back out of the sanatorium?

J Mahoney's picture

Wonder what influences the US and Saudi Arabia are trying to exert in that election --- oops, I mean Russia

I love your wife's picture

During their debates; everytime they say "death to America" you have to take a shot.  Who wants to play?

peopledontwanttruth's picture

You might be surprised with their reaction to 911, they condemned it and 60,000 soccer fans held a full minute of silent prayer for the victims. Quit listening to MSM that you claim to hate and educate yourself

https://photosiran.wordpress.com/2015/06/20/irans-exceptional-reaction-t...

loveyajimbo's picture

Religious nutrolls should be rounded up and put in forced labor camps... no matter what flavor they are.

Imagine.

Gohigher's picture

Can't wait to see Pat Robertson arguing with David Koresh about Jimmy Swaggert's masturbatory predilections while busting down rocks for road base to lay down a highway over to Jim Jones' "Crusades Memorial Park".

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uzBWuE_ECdk

Don't ask me to imagine........

whatisthat's picture

I would observe this post is a good detail view, although, whatever the election results, Iran is controlled by religious totalitarian Arab fanatics who possess the means to develop nuclear weapons -- thanks to the corrupt moronic US establishment and media and government (Obama and Biden)....

peopledontwanttruth's picture

They have some pretty big friends they don't need nuclear weapons.

adampeart's picture

A bearded raving lunatic vs. a bearded raving lunatic. Some choice. Sounds like an American election.