Europe: Migrant Crisis Reaches Spain

Tyler Durden's picture

Authored by Soeren Kern via The Gatestone Institute,

  • "The biggest migration movements are still ahead: Africa's population will double in the next decades. A country like Egypt will grow to 100 million people, Nigeria to 400 million. In our digital age with the internet and mobile phones, everyone knows about our prosperity and lifestyle." — German Development Minister Gerd Müller.
  • "Young people all have cellphones and they can see what's happening in other parts of the world, and that acts as a magnet." — Michael Møller, Director of the United Nations office in Geneva.
  • "If we do not manage to solve the central problems in African countries, ten, 20 or even 30 million immigrants will arrive in the European Union within the next ten years." — Antonio Tajani, President of the European Parliament.

Spain is on track to overtake Greece as the second-biggest gateway for migrants entering Europe by sea. The sudden surge in migration to Spain comes amid a crackdown on human smuggling along the Libya-Italy sea route, currently the main migrant point of entry to Europe.

The westward shift in migration routes from Greece and Italy implies that Spain, situated only ten miles from Africa by sea, may soon find itself at the center of Europe's migration crisis.

More than 8,300 illegal migrants have reached Spanish shores during the first seven months of 2017 — three times as many as in all of 2016, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

Infographic: Refugee Arrivals in the Mediterranean in Perspective | Statista

You will find more statistics at Statista

Thousands more migrants have entered Spain by land, primarily at the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla on the north coast of Morocco, the European Union's only land borders with Africa. Once there, migrants are housed in temporary shelters and then moved to the Spanish mainland, from where many continue on to other parts of Europe.

In all, some 12,000 migrants have arrived in Spain so far this year, compared to 13,246 for all of 2016. By comparison, 14,156 migrants have arrived in Greece so far in 2017.

Italy remains the main migrant gateway to Europe, with around 97,000 arrivals so far this year, compared to 181,436 for all of 2016. Italy has been the main point of entry to Europe since the EU-Turkey migrant deal, signed in March 2016, shut off the route from Turkey to Greece, at one time the preferred point of entry to Europe for migrants from Asia and the Middle East. Almost 600,000 migrants have arrived in Italy during the past four years.

Migrants wait to be rescued by crewmembers from the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) Phoenix vessel on June 10, 2017 off Lampedusa, Italy. (Photo by Chris McGrath/Getty Images)

In May, Italy signed a deal with Libya, Chad and Niger to stem the flow of migrants across the Mediterranean through improved border controls. In July, Italy also reached a deal with France and Germany to tighten the regulation of charities operating boats in the Mediterranean and to increase funds to the Libyan coast guard.

Since then, the Libyan coast guard has prevented thousands of migrants from leaving the Libyan coast for Italy. The crackdown, however, has sent would-be migrants scrambling for an alternative route to cross the Mediterranean. This appears to explain the increase in migrants arriving in Spain.

On August 14, Frontex, the European Union's border agency, reported that the number of African migrants arriving in Italy from Libya had dropped by more than half in July compared to the month before. During this period, the number of migrants arriving in Spain rose sharply.

Frontex said that 10,160 migrants had arrived in Italy by sea in July — 57% fewer than in June and the lowest level of arrivals for a July since 2014. According to Frontex, 2,300 migrants made it to Spain in July, more than four times as many as the year before. Most of the migrants arriving in Italy and Spain are believed to be economic migrants seeking a better life in Europe, not refugees fleeing war zones.

"The vast majority of migrants crossing to Italy from Libya come from Senegal, Gambia, Guinea and other west African countries," said Joel Millman, an IOM spokesman, in an interview with the Financial Times. "Given the crackdown on migration from Libya, it seems natural that many would forsake the dangerous dessert [sic] crossing to Libya and choose to cross from Morocco."

Julio Andrade, a city councilor in Málaga, a port city in southern Spain, called it "the balloon effect." In an interview with the Irish Times, he said: "If you squeeze one area, the air goes elsewhere. If there is a lot of police pressure and arrests of mafias around the Mediterranean routes via Greece and Italy, for example, then the mafias will look for other routes."

Spanish authorities have reported that there is a surge in African migrants attempting to cross the land border at Ceuta by scaling fences that are up to six meters (20 feet) tall and topped by razor wire. Spanish Interior Minister Juan Ignacio Zoido said there were 2,266 attempts to jump the perimeter at Ceuta during the first seven months of 2017, compared to a total of 3,472 attempts in all of 2016.

On August 7, more than 300 mostly sub-Saharan Africans ambushed Spanish and Moroccan security forces and stormed the border crossing at El Tarajal; 186 migrants made it onto Spanish territory. On August 8, more than a thousand migrants armed with spears and rocks attempted to breach the same crossing. On August 9, Spanish authorities closed the border for a week. On August 10, around 700 migrants stormed the border; 200 migrants were arrested.

Meanwhile, on August 9, a video showed a rubber boat carrying dozens of migrants arrive at a beach full of sunbathers in Cádiz. José Maraver, the head of a rescue center in nearby Tarifa, told the Telegraph that a second boat had landed on another beach in the area and that this scene was now a regular occurrence. "Every day there are boats, every day there is migration," he said. "The situation is getting very complicated."

Migrants are also using other means to reach Spain. On August 6, for example, four Moroccans reached the coast of Málaga on jet skis. During July and August, police intercepted at least two dozen migrants using jet skis to cross over to Spain. On August 10, police using motion detectors and thermal imaging sensors found 56 migrants, including 14 children, hiding inside trucks en route from Ceuta to the mainland ferry port in Algeciras.

In an August 9 editorial, Spain's El País newspaper said that it was "obvious that migratory pressure has moved to the western Mediterranean and there is no indication that this situation will change in the near future." It added:

"The migratory pressure Spain has experienced during the past several weeks is an increase of such dimensions that it exceeds all measures of surveillance and control. The massive entry of sub-Saharan people across the border of Ceuta, whether by jumping the fence or crossing the El Tarajal border, reveals the enormous difficulties in stopping the entry of those fleeing war, famine or economic hardship....

 

"The management of migratory flows requires a strong European policy and sufficient economic resources. Spain cannot stand alone as the guardian of southern Europe."

German Development Minister Gerd Müller recently warned that Europe must prepare for the arrival of millions more migrants from Africa:

"The biggest migration movements are still ahead: Africa's population will double in the next decades. A country like Egypt will grow to 100 million people, Nigeria to 400 million. In our digital age with the internet and mobile phones, everyone knows about our prosperity and lifestyle."

The director of the United Nations Office in Geneva, Michael Møller, has echoed those concerns:

"What we have been seeing is one of the biggest human migrations in history. And it's just going to accelerate. Young people all have cellphones and they can see what's happening in other parts of the world, and that acts as a magnet."

The President of the European Parliament, Antonio Tajani, said that in order to staunch the flow of migrants from Africa, the European Union would need to invest billions and develop a long-term strategy to stabilize the continent: "If we do not manage to solve the central problems in African countries, ten, 20 or even 30 million immigrants will arrive in the European Union within the next ten years."

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BritBob's picture

And they are ariving from Ceuta & Melilla - Spain's north African enclaves.

Funny that the Spanish keep harping on about Gibraltar being a colony.

PM  Rajoy- Gibraltar "this is the such territory in Europe and that affects to our own integrity territorial", said the Mr Rajoy, saying that Britain had "ignored the mandate" of the Assembly General of the UN. (Daily Telegraph, 26 September 2013)

Is that statement True or false?

Gibraltar – Self-Determination: https://www.academia.edu/33409907/Gibraltar_Self_-Determination

Hm.

HenryKissingerBilderberg's picture

ALL acording to plan...nothing to see here, it is just a plan to turn europe into a future race of mongrel Jew-worshippers...

check also:
-KALERGI plan (miscegenation into low IQ brown mongrels) / also Hooton plan
-George Soros leaks on the Merkel plan  http://soros.dcleaks.com
-ESI Merkel Plan Compassion and Control http://journal-neo.org/2016/04/27/how-nato-linked-think-tanks-control-eu...
-Kalergi/ Charlemagne Prize BEARERS list http://www.karlspreis.de/en/laureates
-Soros professional rapefugee smuggler operation http://gefira.org/en/2017/07/13/soros-sponsored-immigration-network-in-i...
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-12-04/something-strange-taking-place-...
http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-02-09/ngo-fleet-bussing-migrants-eu-h...
http://www.breitbart.com/london/2016/12/17/major-charities-smuggling-gan...
http://www.breitbart.com/london/2017/03/22/public-anger-growing-at-taxi-...
http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/migrant-smuggling-business-mea...

http://defendeurope.net/

-Barbara divörsity™ Lerner Spectre
"I think there is a resurgence of anti-Semitism because at this point in time Europe has not yet learned how to be multicultural. And I think we are going to be part of the throes of that transformation, which must take place. Europe is not going to be the monolithic societies they once were in the last century. Jews are going to be at the centre of that. It’s a huge transformation for Europe to make. They are now going into a multicultural mode and Jews will be resented because of our leading role. But without that leading role and without that transformation, Europe will not survive." ~ Barbara Lerner Spectre
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MFE0qAiofMQ

"Instead of destroying European Jewry, Europe, against its own will, refined and educated this people into a future leader-nation through this artificial selection process. No wonder that this people, that escaped Ghetto-Prison, developed into a spiritual nobility of Europe. Therefore a gracious Providence provided Europe with a new race of nobility by the Grace of Spirit...The man of the future will be a mongrel.  Today’s races and classes will gradually disappear owing to the vanishing of space, time, and prejudice. The Eurasian–Negroid race of the future, similar in its outward appearance to the Ancient Egyptians, will replace the diversity of peoples with a diversity of individuals."Practical Idealism - by Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi
http://archives.eui.eu/en/isaar/89
http://www.karlspreis.de/en/laureates

let's drug the germans into divörsity with the love hormone oxytocin + nudge behaviorism
"Oxytocin-enforced norm compliance reduces xenophobic outgroup rejection"
https://eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-08/uob-oas081217.php
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/08/170814162334.htm
https://www.uni-bonn.de/neues/188-2017
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2017/08/08/1705853114
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2017/08/08/1705853114.full.pdf

CuttingEdge's picture

There are no benefits and no entitlements for migrants in Spain, and the Guardia are mean motherfuckers if they try screwing around while here. The Spanish aren't big fans of Islam either (unlike the Germans and French from all the evidence), which helps.

They fuck off up to northern Europe to more generous and pandering climes pretty sharpish.

Works for me.

HenryKissingerBilderberg's picture

Works for me.

so the stench and the rapes are ok for you hu? do you think they only rape females?

Kotzbomber747's picture

Most Africans fuck like rabbits. I don't understand why all those NGO's don't concentrate on birth control, family planning and sex education if they are so 'concerned' about the fate of poor Africans.

HenryKissingerBilderberg's picture

I don't understand why all those NGO's don't concentrate on birth control, family planning and sex education if they are so 'concerned' about the fate of poor Africans.

Bill Gates NGOs are for sterilizing Africa (+ India) at a profit,
SOROS NGOs are for Kalergizing EUrope, at a profit,
as you may understand there are ZERO NGOs that give a shit about little people, especially about brown/black people.

 

svayambhu108's picture

Shit is unravelling very fast and the black swans didn't even start to show up ...

JohninMK's picture

Its the good old capitalist profit motive driving this.

There is a lot of money in moving people, as our ancestors who were slave traders found out.

The only way to dramatically reduce this is tough, turn the Med into a sea of death. Sink all the boats used as transport.

 

MalteseFalcon's picture

This is just a shell game. 

The EU brings invaders in thru one part of Europe and if the citizens complain, the EU acquiesces only because it knows it can move the game to another part of Europe.

Meanwhile the locals authorities get to keep their sinecures because they "stopped the invasion".

 

Sandmann's picture

Islam doesn't want Western birth control. Nigeria is increasingly Muslim. Islam is invading Spain from the same places it did in  AD 711

Crash N. Burn's picture

" I don't understand why all those NGO's don't concentrate on birth control, family planning and sex education if they are so 'concerned' about the fate of poor Africans."

 

Every wonder what you'd see if you tracked those NGO ships for 2 months?

NGOs Trafficking Massive Amounts of African Migrants into Europe


HenryKissingerBilderberg's picture

Every wonder what you'd see if you tracked those NGO ships for 2 months?

defendeurope.net

Crash N. Burn's picture

"defendeurope.net" That was worth an upvote.

First heard about it from Lauren Southern (Canadian journalist/youtuber) about a month ago and yet still not covered by the MSM - I'm shocked /sarcasm off

Its interesting what the ship has gone through trying to get to Libya:

Defend Europe Mission Failed?

Spoiler alert: No.

 

Crazy Or Not's picture

It's a European Identity they want, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece have always been cheap access points for that "administration process"

culater's picture

The Spanish don't fuck around with Muslims, if they don't behave they get handled. The "Reconquista" is still very much alive in Spain. 

Next on schedule is Algeria, which is slowly but surely destabilised. The Balearic Islands and Cataluña may become another target for migration soon, its a very long coast line which is practically uncontrolable. 

VoteSmarts's picture

Perhaps mandatory sterilization for the -poor immigrants- upon arrival, eh.

Madison's_Ghost's picture

Reconquista 2.0 is just around the corner.

HenryKissingerBilderberg's picture

There are no benefits and no entitlements for migrants in Spain, and the Guardia are mean motherfuckers if they try screwing around while here. The Spanish aren't big fans of Islam either (unlike the Germans and French from all the evidence), which helps. They fuck off up to northern Europe to more generous and pandering climes pretty sharpish.

Works for me.

and now? http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-08-17/van-plows-crowd-people-barcelon...

38BWD22's picture

 

 

BritBob indirectly makes one great point.  Namely that if Spain wants Gibraltar, they should give Ceuta and Melilla back to Morocco.  Spain wanting it all is hypocrisy.

Planet Israel's picture

If Cueta and Melilla are "given" back to Morocco there is little chance that existing property rights will be respected.  If Gibraltar is given back to Spain likely the vast majority of citizens there, jews, will be allowed to remain.

It is also important to note that Spain recently passed legislation allowing any Jew with any tenouos claim to an ancestor once being in Spain can get automatic citizenship and doesn't even have to learn Spanish.

HenryKissingerBilderberg's picture

Spain recently passed legislation allowing any Jew with any tenouos claim to an ancestor once being in Spain can get automatic citizenship and doesn't even have to learn Spanish.

interesting, any other only Jew "benefits" ?

Blanco Diablo's picture

While Buccaneer Bob dreams of Piracy, Plunder and looting of foreign lands.....

London has fallen, England is lost to Islam...

 During the Spanish succession war the UK supported the side of the Austrian claimant to the throne, and invaded Gibraltar on its name (since they were not involved in a war against Spain). Shortly after they however decided to claim it for themselves, which means it was an act of piracy.

The United Nations has repeatedly stated that Gibraltar should be returned to Spain. We can read in Encyclopedia Britannica of 1879 (vol. 10, page 586) that the British occupation of Gibraltar was an act of piracy against England’s honor. In 1862 British Liberal statesman John Bright stated that Gibraltar was taken and kept by England when there was no war between England and Spain, and its acquisition was against every possible moral law and code of honor. The Isthmus, now lawlessly occupied by Britain, was lent from Spain in the 19th century as part of a humanitarian and Patriotic initiative (Spanish consider Gibraltarians as compatriots) in order to isolate the Gibraltar population affected by Yellow Fever. Since then, Britain has illicitly claimed it as its own, going so far as to erect an airport. In 1951 Irish professor of Hispanic Studies at Glasgow University William C. Atkinson stated that England added insult to injury by doing so. England is not in possession of a complete sovereignty over Gibraltar: As agreed in Utrecht, Spain would not concede any Territorial Jurisdiction. This means that England can not dictate laws in Gibraltar, and is therefore, not in a governing position.

The Treaty of Utrecht

 Article X of the Treaty had specified the expulsion and future exclusion of Jews from the Rock. ( see LINK ) To put this in context, a survey carried out by the Inspectors of the Army one year before Utrecht was signed, showed that Jews were paying rent for over a third of the properties in the town. Two years after this the number of Jews in Gibraltar had risen to 150 most of which were from Barbary. The records also show that most Moroccan Jews were trading with their own country – mostly Tetuan - on behalf of British, Christian and other Jewish merchants. In effect they had a monopoly for the supply of fresh food for the Garrison.

English ministers in London repeatedly ordered the military governors of the Rock to honour the Treaty and get rid of the Jews and they in turn assured them that they would. But they didn’t - other than partially and only during a very short period after the Treaty was signed.

When the acting Governor Stanhope Cotton was instructed to get rid of them he procrastinated. When London insisted, he was economical with the truth. When he was told that there were 300 Jews still living on the Rock he replied that there were just ‘a few above one’. What he actually meant was that he had only expelled those Jews who were of no consequence to him; in other words, those that were not paying him any bribes.

http://gibraltar-intro.blogspot.com/2010/10/in-1713-treaty-of-utrecht-wa...

Sirius Wonderblast's picture

The Treaty of Utrecht is perfectly clear. Spain lost, we won, we got Gibraltar. End of.

Rajoy would do better to post some worthwhile border defences (a big, beautiful wall, anyone?) rather than pissing in the wind trying to distract with Gibraltar.

Oddly, the Spanish used to be really rather handy at protecting their south from immigrants, and I remember seeing the open pound they were kept in on the end of a harbour wall (Tarifa, I think) before being sent right back. Must be the EU effect.

Madison's_Ghost's picture

As far as I can tell, Gibraltar is sovereign, and chooses to be part of the Commonwealth. The choices of its residents are all that matter at this point.  For me thats an open and shut case.

gespiri's picture

What if all this is just a ruse in order to slowly take over these African countries and steal all their mineral/oil deposits?

HenryKissingerBilderberg's picture

What if all this is just a ruse in order to slowly take over these African countries and steal all their mineral/oil deposits?

read the Kalergi plan, and the Yinon plan before reading the ZBIGs Grand Chessboard

Norway does have oil, so there.

Glyndwr will return's picture

We might begin with not bombing their countries and telling the Americans to piss off when they want to do just that.

America should take all refugees from all countries it bombs until the USA itself has stopped being the main protagonist in all this.

Now THAT would be a useful UN resolution. 

 

HenryKissingerBilderberg's picture

We might begin with not bombing their countries and telling the Americans to piss off when they want to do just that.
America should take all refugees from all countries it bombs until the USA itself has stopped being the main protagonist in all this.

are you arguing that US citizens decided to bomb various countries to execute the "GREATER ISRAEL" YINON PLAN... and their offspring shall be PUNISHED with rapefugee armies for that?

colectivist guilt is the pita of colectivism hu?

38BWD22's picture

 

 

Ah, America has NOT been bombing Sub-Saharan Africa.

They are mostly ECONOMIC migrants.

Mentaliusanything's picture

Really!! Mostly.. Every one of these locusts are heading for Nirvana .. all are coming for the free shit they never paid for, the clean water they paid nothing for. the sewerage that you dug, the roads and railways they never put anything into, the healthcare  and hospital system they never paid for, the land they never tilled or fruits they never picked, the phone lines and mobile they never put any tax into. No electricity was set up with their tax or sweat and no education system was paid by them. But they come because you paid and you will be stripped of every living thing you have worked hard to make your life better.

Locusts take nothing accept everything you have ever worked for!

Wake the fuck up! and send them back into the sea.

 

SoDamnMad's picture

The Chinese are signing deals with the corrupt AFRICAN leaders for offshore bribes to acquire mineral rights. They also fund and engineer coal fired power systems in Africa while insisting we stick with the Paris Accords.  Germany shuts down it's nucs while pushing for it's exclusine Nordstream II gas line while allowing RWE to continue strip mining lignite.

Kaeako's picture

Sub-Saharan African migration has little to do with bombings and a lot to do with images of lands where liquid gold flows in fountains and women are generous with their choice of company. Some might even call it paradise. Social media is a terrifying thing.

evildimensions's picture

I wonder how bad it has to get before people finally admit that overpopulation is a problem and that mandatory birth control is needed on a global scale.

HenryKissingerBilderberg's picture

mandatory birth control is needed on a global scale.

nice try Bill Gates

Blanco Diablo's picture

Give Monsanto and Gates a little time!

Mentaliusanything's picture

Ok I agree but ... Dats Rasist!!!

 

evildimensions's picture

We're not talking euthanasia, only that people could be content having just TWO kids. Is that really so tyrannical?

DelusionsCrowded's picture

Economic Migrants please . Allowing a plague to spread doesn't stop the plague . Plagues have to burn themselves out . This is an unfortunate reality .

Africa, The Middle East and East Asia are unable to govern themselves for the most part . They just keep breeding and breeding and breeding .

At the root of all this misery is Bolsheviks and the USSR . Any chance of an orderly world , was lost after WW2 .

nationstates's picture

such wonderful people..so innocent..so....oh, come on, I can only type so much B/S

.................................................................

Teenagers infected with rabies after gang-raping a donkey

 

A GROUP of teenagers have been treated for rabies after they gang-raped a donkey.

Fifteen boys, aged seven to 15, spent a week in a Moroccan hospital after catching the highly-contagious disease from the animal. 

The actual number of infected children is feared to be higher as many families took their children to be treated at hospitals outside of Sidi Al Kamel to avoid embarrassment. 

Police are now appealing to anyone else who “approached” or “admired” the donkey in order to stop the spread of disease. 

The innocent donkey has now been put down on the orders of police to limit the further spread of disease.

...............................................................

http://www.express.co.uk/news/world/842301/Rabies-gang-rape-donkey-teena...

HenryKissingerBilderberg's picture

rapefugees are screened and quarantined for diseases... right?

/sarc

YouJustCouldnt's picture

Of course they are.  That happens automatically as does the criminal back ground checks.

gregga777's picture

They probably gave the donkey rabies not the other way around.

Blanco Diablo's picture

TB With Your Starbucks Coffee?   Starbucks held a hiring event exclusively for refugees in El Cajon, California. 

The latent tuberculosis (TB) rate of 43 percent among refugees in San Diego County from sub-Saharan Africa is more than ten times greater than the latent TB rate of 4 percent found in the general population, according to a 2013 study from a research team led by Dr. Timothy Rodwell, “an associate professor and physician in the Division of Global Health at UCSD [University of California at San Diego].

 

 

Blanco Diablo's picture

You have to give these wonderful people on thing, They do not discriminate when it come to rape.

Did CERN release something that has driven the world mad??

Joe A's picture

Stop the incentives to come and they will stop coming. In the meanwhile the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta & Melilla are a problem. They shoud either be forced to give them up or to change their status somehow so that landing in them does not automatically entail having access to Spain and therefore the rest of the EU.

Sandmann's picture

Stop the incentives to come 

 

Border Guards with Motor Torpedo Boats and Machine Guns is how it is done. Once the US Navy patrolled the Med to stop Barbary Pirates.......

In 1785, Dey Muhammad of Algiers declared war on the United States and captured several American ships. The financially troubled Confederation Government of the United States was unable to raise a navy or the tribute that would protect U.S. ships.

In contrast to the dispute with Algiers, U.S. negotiations with Morocco went well. Moroccan Sultan Sidi Muhammad had seized a U.S. merchant ship in 1784 after the United States had ignored diplomatic overtures. However, Muhammad ultimately followed a policy of peaceful trade, and the United States successfully concluded a treaty with Morocco in 1786. However, Congress was still unable to raise enough funds to satisfy the Dey of Algiers.

In an attempt to address the challenge posed by the Dey of Algiers, Thomas Jefferson, then U.S. Minister to France, attempted to build a coalition of weaker naval powers to defeat Algiers, but was unsuccessful. However, the Kingdom of Portugal was also at war with Algiers, and blocked Algerian ships from sailing past the Straits of Gibraltar. As a result, U.S. merchant ships in the Atlantic Ocean remained safe for a time and temporarily relieved the U.S. Government from the challenges posed by the Barbary States.

In 1793 a brief Portuguese-Algerian truce exposed American merchant ships to capture, forcing the United States, which had thus far only managed to conclude a treaty with Morocco, to engage in negotiations with the other Barbary States. In 1795, The U.S. Government dispatched diplomats Joel Barlow, Joseph Donaldson, and Richard O’Brien to North Africa and successfully concluded treaties with the states of Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli. Under the terms of these treaties, the United States agreed to pay tribute to these states. The treaty with Algiers freed 83 American sailors.

The adoption of the Constitution in 1789 gave the U.S. Government the power to levy taxes and to raise and maintain armed forces, powers which had been lacking under the Articles of Confederation. In 1794, in response to Algerian seizures of American ships, Congress authorized construction of the first 6 ships of the U.S. Navy. In 1801, the Pasha of Tripoli, Yusuf Qaramanli, citing late payments of tribute, demanded additional tribute and declared war on the United States. The United States successfully defeated Qaramanli’s forces with a combined naval and land assault by the United States Marine Corps. The U.S. treaty with Tripoli concluded in 1805 included a ransom for American prisoners in Tripoli, but no provisions for tribute.

In 1812, the new Dey of Algiers, Hajji Ali, rejected the American tribute negotiated in the 1795 treaty as insufficient and declared war on the United States. Algerian corsairs captured an American ship several weeks later. In accordance with an agreement between the Dey and British diplomats, the Algerian declaration was timed to coincide with the start of the War of 1812 between Britain and the United States. The war with Britain prevented the U.S. Government from either confronting Algerian forces or ransoming U.S. captives in Algiers. Once the Treaty of Ghent ended war with Britain, President James Madison requested that Congress declare war on Algiers, with Congress authorizing the use of force on March 3, 1815. The U.S. Navy, greatly increased in size after the War of 1812, was able send an entire squadron, led by Commodore Stephen Decatur, to the Mediterranean.

When the U.S. naval expedition arrived in Algiers, a new ruler, Dey Omar, was in power. Omar wished to restore order after several years of political instability and was acutely aware that he could no longer count on British support against the Americans. Decatur had already defeated two Algerian warships and captured hundreds of prisoners of war, and was in a favorable position for negotiation. Dey Omar reluctantly accepted the treaty proposed by Decatur that called for an exchange of U.S. and Algerian prisoners and an end to the practices of tribute and ransom. Having defeated the most powerful of the Barbary States, Decatur sailed to Tunis and Tripoli and obtained similar treaties. In Tripoli, Decatur also secured from Pasha Qaramanli the release of all European captives. The U.S. Senate ratified Decatur’s Algerian treaty on December 5, 1815. Dey Omar repudiated the treaty, but another U.S. squadron arrived after a combined Anglo-Dutch bombardment of Algiers, and U.S. commissioner William Shaler dictated terms of a new treaty which contained essentially the same provisions as the old one. Shaler concluded his negotiations on December 23, 1815, but the Senate, owing to an accidental oversight, did not ratify the treaty until February 11, 1822.

The Barbary States, although they did not capture any more U.S. ships, began to resume raids in the Mediterranean, and despite punitive British bombardments did not end their practices until the French conquest of Algeria in 1830."