Russia, China Join Together In Space Exploration Effort

Tyler Durden's picture

Authored by Peter Korzun via The Strategic Culture Foundation,

China and Russia are set to sign a milestone agreement in October on joint space exploration from 2018 to 2022, sending manned missions to the Moon for the first time.

The bilateral agreement will cover five areas including lunar and deep space exploration, developing special materials, collaboration in the area of satellite systems, Earth remote sensing, and space debris research.

This is the first bilateral agreement to cover a partnership spanning five years.

It is to be signed against the background of space exploration race the US is trying to win, so the two partners decided to join the efforts. In February, the Trump administration asked NASA to look into the possibility of manning a heavy-lift rocket mission, expected to be launched in 2018, setting the stage for a human return to the Moon.

Russia's Glavkosmos space launch operator is also working with Chinese partners on joint experiments aboard the International Space Station (ISS). China was interested in buying the world’s most powerful Russian-made RD rocket engines produced by Energomash while Russian Space Systems showed interest in Chinese electronic technology.

The first module of China’s space station Beijing is expected to be launched in 2018. The project is to be completed in 2022. According to the plans, a Chinese mission will be sent to Mars in 2020 to land a robot vehicle for scientific research. Last year, Beijing put into operation the world's largest radio telescope half a kilometer (0.3 miles) in diameter. In 2014, China caught up with Russia having launched about the same number of satellites – 117 (72% increase in 2011-14). Russia had 118 launched by the time (the number increased by 20% during the same period).

China plans to send astronauts to the Moon before 2036. In March, China announced plans to launch a space probe to bring back samples from the Moon before the end of the year in what state media cast as competition to US President Donald Trump’s ambitions to revitalize America’s space exploration. The Chang’e-5 lunar probe is undergoing a final round of tests and is expected to be on standby for launch. The launch will involve new challenges for China in sample collection, taking off from the Moon and high-speed reentry to the Earth’s atmosphere, making it «one of China’s most complicated and difficult space missions», according to Hu Hao, an official from China’s Lunar Exploration Program. Chinese President Xi Jinping has called for China to become a global power in space exploration. «Not long ago, the United States’ Trump Administration revealed an ambition to return to the Moon. Our country also announced a series of deep space exploration plans», said the official Science and Technology Daily.

The Chinese Chang'e 4, Chang'e 5 and Chang'e 6 probes have a lot in common with the Russian Luna 26, Luna 27 and Luna 28 lunar landers. Bringing the projects together can greatly facilitate progress.

Russia has great expertise and cutting-edge technology to share. China has its own technological breakthroughs and vast financial resources. It’s hard to extensively explore space alone, so joining efforts is a natural thing. Both partners have a lot to give to each other.

In the 1990s, the International Space Station project was unthinkable without Russia, so the US and other Western nations joined it. Russia has been cooperating with the West in space exploration for the recent 25 years but the sanctions and the general deterioration of the relations are pushing it in another direction. In Moscow’s eyes, Beijing is a trusted partner.

Visiting the One Belt One Road forum in Beijing (May14-15), President Putin said «We cooperate in space quite successfully, and there is every chance that we will increase this cooperation. Supplies of our rocket engines to China are on the agenda». According to him, «a high-thrust engine on the agenda and this gives us the opportunity to implement the idea of ??our own wide-body aircraft jointly with Chinese partners. There are all chances to do it».

Russia and China are working within the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) framework to create a unified system of the Earth’s remote sensing. Indonesia, the UAE, Vietnam, Iran and other countries are also considered as candidates for joining the international space research effort.

It’s not about peaceful space research only.

A space arms race of sorts is underway with weapons under development or in the arsenals of China, Russia and the US Space weapons include satellite jammers, lasers and high-power microwave gun systems. The US plans for space weaponization and global ballistic missile defense (BMD) are well known. China tested its DN-3 anti-satellite missile in late July. The test failed but the program is underway. The Russia’s is S-500 Prometey is the world’s most effective weapon – the only one capable of destroying intercontinental ballistic missiles and spacecraft, hypersonic cruise missiles and airplanes at speeds of higher than Mach 5.

Russia and China have been cooperating to prevent space militarization for years but the United States has always obstructed the effort. The first ever draft Treaty on the Prevention of the Placement of Weapons in Outer Space, the Threat or Use of Force against Outer Space Objects (PPWT), was developed by Russia and backed by China to be introduced in 2008. The US opposed the draft treaty due to security concerns over its space assets despite the treaty explicitly affirming a State’s inherent right of self-defense. In December 2014, the UN General Assembly adopted a Russian resolution, ‘No first Placement of Weapons in Outer Space’. The United States, Georgia and Ukraine were the only countries that refused to back the Russian initiative. For years, Russia and China have pushed for the ratification of a legally binding United Nations treaty banning space weapons – a treaty that US officials and outside experts have repeatedly rejected as a disingenuous nonstarter. The United States does not come up with any initiatives of its own.

Putting weapons in space to gain global supremacy is high on the current administration’s agenda. It is generally believed that until now arms systems have not been stationed in space. Weapons of mass destruction are banned from space under the 1967 Outer Space Treaty. But the Treaty does not prohibit the placement of conventional weapons in orbit. No international agreement on non-nuclear arms in space has been reached due to the objection of some states led by the United States.

With all the foreign policy flip-flops, President Trump has a detailed and ambitious space policy. The ground-based BMD systems, the X-37B spacecraft and Geosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Program (GSSAP) platforms could be repurposed into instruments of war in space. US Defense Secretary James Mattis has called for bigger investments into space exploration for defense purposes. Referring to anti-satellite and anti-missile weapons in space, Congressman Doug Lamborn of Armed Services said: «Some of the technical issues around those concepts need to be researched, but there’s a lot of exciting options». The draft National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal 2018 envisages greater emphasis on ballistic missile defense systems and intensification of space exploration efforts.

The weaponization of space will disrupt existing arms control instruments. It may spark a devastating arms race. This year the world marks the 50th anniversary of the 1967 Outer Space Treaty. It’s rather symbolic that it entered into force in October – the month the Russian-Chinese space exploration agreement is planned to be signed. It would be right if the spacefaring nations launched talks on preventing space weaponization. That’s where Russia, China and the United States need to cooperate, setting all other differences aside. This would be a significant contribution into turning the tide away and preventing the arms control erosion that is taking place now. Meanwhile, Russia and China are entering a new phase of mutually beneficial cooperation in what one day could become an international effort led by these two spacefaring nations exchanging high technology to achieve tangible results.

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Swamp Yankee's picture

If you snooze you loose.

 

And the US has a-been-a snoozing.

 

Long on Tang.

b-sugar's picture

Yeah the US is privatizing close orbit to focus on long range exploration, what a fucking snooze.

One day all you fuckz will get tired of kicking the US just to be cool, hype, part of the group. 

 

 

07564111's picture

nope, not ever pindotard.

DWD-MOVIE's picture

I’m making over $7k a month working part time. I kept hearing other people tell me how much money they can make online so I decided to look into it. Well, it was all true and has totally changed my life. This is what I do… http://disq.us/url?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.jobproplan.com%3A68UoF1LgzM-Yo3S...

Dsyno's picture

"In February, the Trump administration asked NASA to look into the possibility of manning a heavy-lift rocket mission, expected to be launched in 2018, setting the stage for a human return to the Moon."

The race is on. Whoever gets to the moon for real this time, gets to claim it.

Mr 9x19's picture

what still amaze me is why the hell usa sent men on moon to prior russia, but once that was done, nothing has been built there.

and why they are now remessing about space program almost 70 years after.

 

that is a chance, making a close range colony, selecting people who get in, set trump as administrator there, no muzz no nigger no sand nigger, seeing earth thru window self consumming by overpopulation from another orbital location or directly from the moon,  DOPE !

Luc X. Ifer's picture

Dumb fuck americams are cuttimg each other's throat divided by a class of neo feudal aristocracy and their political lackeys and in the meantime the world advances and moves to the future.

flapdoodle's picture

Sadly. the moon landings were a complete hoax. Over time, the direct and circumstantial evidence that it was a hoax grows stronger and stronger. The first true landings on the moon likely will happen in the next years, after the Russians and Chinese put together a lead-shielded vehicle that can withstand the radiation fields beyond the Van Allen belts...

There is fantastic documentary that covers the hoax and demolishes the big lie. If you search for it, you will find the one I'm talking about... if you are willing to resist your cognitive dissonance.

I just love the TV transmissions from inside the Command capsule, where the capsule is supposedly halfway to the moon, where there is bright blue earthlight streaming into one of the capsule windows...

I also find it fascinating how embarassed and nervous the first moonwalkers are in their first press conference where they should be ecstatic and proud of their historic accomplishment.

Don't get me wrong. The "moon missions" were a critical part of US history. Their success set the stage for the US population believing the 9/11 hoax of the airliners skillfully flown into the side of the WTC 1, 2... and 7 by 19 Ayrabs with boxcutters who took a course in flying a Cessna 150. It also set the stage for every false flag since... goyim are so *dumb* they deserve what they get...

 

DownWithYogaPants's picture

Name the documentary.  Otherwise I call idiot on you.  Don't make me guess.

Saucy-Jack's picture

Space may be the final frontier, but it's made in a Hollywood basement.

The earth is flat and space is bullshit.

justa minute's picture

yes i wonder how much money will be spent on something that doesnt even exist, water never flows uphill but it would have to if earth were a globe, the Nile river starts south of the equator and ends north of the equator, globism the one world religion

Byrond's picture

It's now pretty obvious that Russia and China are planning to take over the world. They know that the US and the EU are tapped out. No more room for real growth means they need to grow a different way. Looks like NK is their tool. Real globalism. Global domination. Stuff like Houston will only make it easier and quicker. 

07564111's picture

The US and the EU are dead men walking. ;) :D

Welcome to the NWO, like it or not it's going to be a Multi-Polar world, Welcome to the future. ;) :D

Mr 9x19's picture

your lexical field indicates you do not understand a shit about the situation.

 

when i read GROWTH in a sentence, usually i stop paying attention, you don't have any idea what is happening on the planet you fucking live on.

 

parasite.

Friedrich not Salma's picture

You found a post to insert insert "lexical field" into. Good boy! Such a good boy!

"Pat," "pat," "pat"

Pooper Popper's picture

Bejing,,,,

dis is ,,Sum Ting Wong,,,we hava pwrablam....

Wie Too Low ........!!

 

Ground control""" Ho Lee Fuk!!!!!!  data biga deal!!!

RevIdahoSpud3's picture

A return to the moon will require the US to restore technology from the 60's since nothing from that point allowed a follow up for continued moon landings. Hopefully, the studio and all the backdrops have been preserved and are intact?

I_rikey_lice's picture

People here actually believe the USA went to the moon. Lol.

 

jbvtme's picture

te article says "sending manned moon missions for the first time"...

gregga777's picture

Yes, neither Russia nor China has ever sent manned missions to the moon.

07564111's picture

Maybe we'll do selfies beside the stuff that the US left behind,,or not ;) :D :D

gregga777's picture

Study the Tsiolkovski Rocket Equation and you will discover the fundamental problem with chemical rockets. The Saturn V expended almost 98% of its starting mass of 5,040,000 pounds in order to place 107,100 pounds into Translunar Insertion orbit. This is an issue that Elon Musk always seems to conveniently overlook. Not only that, but that mass is expended in just few minutes of thrust by the various stages. [Imagine a 747 taking off and burning through 250,000 pounds of jet fuel in about three minutes.] That's an enormous rate of fuel and oxidizer consumption and power generation. The power-to-weight ratio of rocket engines makes terrestrial engines look like rubber-band powered balsa wood airplanes.

The best investments would be in fundamental physics towards developing new propulsion methods not in trying to put humans on the moon or Mars. As long as we are dependent on chemical rockets the logistics of supplying any off-world explorations or colony will be extremely expensive, dangerous and very, very slow.

ByTheCross's picture

Well, secretly, the US, Russia, and China are working on getting past the Great Filter.

Only if they are successful in that, will space exploration really take off - probably via space elevators.

 

gregga777's picture

You are referring to the work of an economist! JFC, an economist!

weburke's picture

elon musk was a long range project to get an israeli weapon satelite into space. failed

ByTheCross's picture

Well, right there, you've mentioned several keys to an understanding:

1) J - Filter periodicity.

2) F - Man's nature.

3) C - The filter.

4) Work & Economics - The means across.

 

land_of_the_few's picture

Giant Siberian silk spiders then?

Sandmann's picture

Germans will offer diesel engines now their rocket technology has been adopted by USSR and USA so readily

Christophe2's picture

How about answering the question as to how NASA's rockets are able to propulse themselves in the void of space?

NASA only ever produces CGI.  Everything else (including satellites) is fake.  The exact same is true of Elon Musk's SpaceX, as well as Chinese and Russian space BS.

---

In any case, no one is going 'back' to the moon, because the fakery would be too easy to spot with high resolution video - not that it even makes sense how they claim they are sending and receiving/deciphering radio signals from millions of miles away, when the signal weakens to the square of the distance!

 

----

Are astroNOTs in 'space' ever going to have stars in the background?  Talk about lame special effects: a fucken pitch black background (plus the odd bubble, from time to time!).

CingRed's picture

Good grief. Go get some basic education in the realm of physics. To every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Take a mass of fuel and accelerate it to very high speed via burning, direct the stream of that hot mass in the opposite direction from where you want to go via the rocket motor nozzle. The mass of the burnt fuel goes one direction and the mass of the rocket goes the opposite direction. Extreemly simple and basic. You don't have to push against something to move as you comment implies. It works in the vacuum of space even better than in the atmosphere where there is the friction of the air to overcome. Now please set aside your juvenile thinking the the moon landings were faked.

researchfix's picture

"To every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. " 

"The mass of the burnt fuel goes one direction"

Your physics say, that there has to be a big dust cloud if a vehicle is landing on or starting from the moon. With long time to settle at one seventh of earth gravitation. Anybody seen that in the movies?

 

justa minute's picture

problem is rockets need a fulcrum to push against(ether) but so called outer space is nothingness ie no fulcrum no movement, no space travel

Shemp 4 Victory's picture

Gadzooks, but you're stupid.

problem is rockets need a fulcrum to push against

Where do you derive such nonsensical excreta? Rockets operate via ejection of mass. They don't push against anything.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variable-mass_system

gregga777's picture

WRONG! Rockets function by throwing hot gases out the back just the same as jet engines. They need NOTHING to push against.

Laughing.Man's picture

Who's going to pay for a return to the Moon?  I doubt China will lend any more money.

cheech_wizard's picture

3...2...1...Ctrl-P

Standard Disclaimer: “Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I'm not sure about the former.” Some random famous guy with an I.Q. much higher than yours.


Kayman's picture

Cheech

Yeah. I used to think there was a boundary for human stupidity before I later concluded that was a stupid idea.

It sure is a good thing the Deep State and their Media operatives have killed any possible detente with Russia. Without a market for their resources Russia is fucked and without resources China is fucked. The US might have pushed them into a shotgun marriage, but a marriage it is.

 

RevIdahoSpud3's picture

After thinking about this 'news' I realized that I need to be supportive of whatever our leaders think is best for my and the nations well being, so I just got up and made a glass of tang. I should be good to go for another decade or two.

MadRunner's picture

Its being called: Operation Missle Launch

NobodyNowhere's picture

Thank the Jews for China's rise and America's decline - especially Kissinger, Goldman Sachs, et al

Vageling's picture

The Moon? I thought Mars was da shit nowadays. Being all ambitious about setting up some human settlement on Mars. The Moon... Yeah... Nice cover. Coming up next. Being zapped with a laser from space. I see the SJW getting a hard-on. Zap the dissidents gulag style! 

Sandmann's picture

Getting to Mars is one thing getting back is another

Muppet's picture

Why come back?   Obviously, why not stay?   Procreate and establish themselves.  

American settlers were NOT thinking of going back.    You just presume to stay.

 

Pretty obvious actually.

researchfix's picture

But Mars makes more sense, as the movie equipment from ´Capricorn One´ is from 1977.

Verniercaliper's picture

Wow these tin foil hat guys just never give up....in their world, overwhelming evidence that something exists just confirms the magnitude of the cover up. 12 Americans walked on the Moon. It was very expensive and difficult, but Kennedy was a hero and his vision was an easy sell to the public. When we got good at it, the public got bored with it and we stopped. End of story.

NobodyNowhere's picture

So the New World Order is forming nicely.  Wait 20 years and the JWO Zionists will begin to look like the greatest fools the world has ever seen.

DPLETTENBERG's picture

It's interestng how little MSM coverage there is of the joint US/Russia missions to the ISS. I'm sure it also drives the MIC crazy that the US and Russia have been able to cooperate on splace exploration successfully. It kind of destroys their narrative about the evil Russians.

Muppet's picture

Russia have proven themselves in rocketry achievements.  Russian heavy-lift engines are very advanced.  No reason to deny Russia their due.   Russia has solid rocketry expertise and skill.