Chris Martenson Explains How Gold Is Manipulated... And Why That's Okay

Tyler Durden's picture

Submitted by Chris Martenson

Gold Is Manipulated (But That's Okay)

The price of gold is being actively managed by central planners and their proxies. The main culprit here appears to be the US authorities, as the manipulation is most apparent in the US open gold market. For the most part, this 'management' has resulted in letting the price of gold rise, but not too much, or too quickly. 

The price of gold has always been an object of interest for governments and central bankers. The reason is simple enough to understand: Gold is an objective measure of the degree to which fiat money is being managed well or managed poorly.

As such, whenever paper money is being governed poorly, the price of gold becomes an important barometer. And this is why the actual price of gold is a strong candidate to be 'managed.' Or 'influenced'. Or 'manipulated'. Whichever word you prefer, they all convey the same intent.

Some who are reading this are likely having an eye-rolling moment because they hold a belief that there is no conspiracy to manage the price of gold.

This is an interesting belief to hold because it runs heavily against the odds. It's similar to holding the belief that the house in Vegas does not have a statistical advantage.  

We could spend a lot of time discussing how a belief such as 'gold is not being manipulated' gets promoted and inserted into the popular consciousness, but we won't. Instead, we'll simply note that the people who hold this belief -- and you may be among them -- react to the concept at a visceral level, often with strong emotions such as anger or contempt, and even anxiety.

When a strong emotional response surfaces during a conversation of ideas, it usually means that beliefs are in play -- neither facts nor logic. Experience has taught me that when someone becomes dismissive or angry or hostile when the idea of price manipulation is discussed, it's best to simply drop the conversation and move on. No combination of logic or facts is effective against a deeply-held belief. It's better to wait until some new evidence calls that belief into question, opening the door for revisiting the topic.

But for those with an open mind, there is a very interesting trail of dots to connect.

The Logic of Gold Price Management

Unlike beliefs, opinions can be discussed and even modified without first running through an emotional thicket. They rest on data and ideas that can be consciously accessed and are therefore easier to change. 

It is my opinion that the price of gold is being actively managed and/or overseen by official parties. On a strictly qualitative level, I hold this opinion because if I ever found myself in charge of a system of money rooted in confidences, as is our current fiat regime, I would consider the active management of the price of gold one of my fiduciary responsibilities.

Gold is an important signaling mechanism, and our entire money system is faith-based. Of course anything and everything that could cast doubt on that system would be controlled if it could be controlled.

To emphasize the point: If gold were suddenly to spike up to $5,000 an ounce, all sorts of troubling questions would emerge for people. Such as, is there something wrong with the dollar? Is the world falling apart? A rapid spike in the price of gold would certainly cause people to question the current state of the world of fiat money, and that is an unpardonable sin when your money is, at root, faith-based.

Instead of asking why do you think the price of gold is controlled? I ask, why do you think the price of gold is NOT controlled?

Managed Prices and Signals

Aside from my opinion that our faith-based fiat money system mandates the management of the price of gold as a matter of fiduciary responsibility for those in power, here are some other facts that we have in our possession:

  • The quantity of money is managed
  • The price of money is managed (via interest rates)
  • Because interest rates are being managed (mangled?) to near zero, it means risk tolerances and preferences are being managed towards taking on higher risk
  • The price of oil is openly managed, with strategic releases from time to time
  • The price of food and energy are managed via subsidies, both direct and hidden
  • Official statistics (e.g., GDP. inflation, employment) are heavily biased, massaged, and managed to tell a rosy story vs. a more realistic version, which means that perceptions are managed

Out of all these efforts, certainly the one with the most dramatic impact is the management of the price of money. That sets the stage for nearly every ill that follows, especially including the encouragement of taking on additional risk and the inevitable malinvestments that result.

Bernanke on the Fed’s Interest in Stocks

In a Wall Street Journal op-ed, Bernanke openly revealed something that was already obvious to many: The Fed has been very carefully following the equity markets because of the importance of rising stock prices in fostering consumer spending. That is, the stock market is a signaling device, and the Fed is, naturally, quite interested that it signal the correct things.

More bluntly, the Fed is interested in seeing the stock market go up instead of down.

Here’s Bernanke in an op-ed placed in the Washington Post back in 2010 discussing the effects of QE2:

This approach eased financial conditions in the past and, so far, looks to be effective again. Stock prices rose and long-term interest rates fell when investors began to anticipate the most recent action. Easier financial conditions will promote economic growth.

For example, lower mortgage rates will make housing more affordable and allow more homeowners to refinance. Lower corporate bond rates will encourage investment. And higher stock prices will boost consumer wealth and help increase confidence, which can also spur spending. Increased spending will lead to higher incomes and profits that, in a virtuous circle, will further support economic expansion.


Yes, Virginia, the Fed does watch stock prices closely. And it targets their efforts to assure that the ‘virtuous circle’ is in play. No real surprise there.

Given that big list of managed prices and signals, with literally nothing left untouched because of the price-of-money effect, we are again left to wonder how likely it is that anything has escaped the attention and efforts of our well-meaning (but certainly misguided) central planners.

To my view, gold is simply far too important to be left to its own devices. The evidence strongly suggests that it indeed has not been.

Evidence for Price Manipulation

Critics of the idea of price manipulation might scoff and ask, if gold is manipulated, as you say, then how do you account for the 590% price increase over the past 11 years?

The idea here is that if gold were manipulated or controlled, there's no way it would have 'been allowed" to increase by that much.

In the above chart, we can see that gold has been in a remarkably steady run for the past three years. It is almost as if a ruler has been drawn under the price of gold, which has rarely deviated by much from that trajectory.

Certainly some might argue that this is an extremely poor piece of data in support of the idea that the price of gold has been manipulated, unless we want to argue that it has been manipulated upwards to rise nice and steadily (like air being slowly pumped into a balloon).

A fair point, perhaps, yet it is one that not only completely falls apart, but bolsters the case for price suppression when we examine the price action of gold in the daily vs. the overnight markets.

Note in this next chart that if one simply bought gold and held it only during the open and close of the US daily fix, one would have lost 70% of one’s money during the same period of time that gold rose in price by more than 500%.

As the chart above shows, the performance is dismal. For example, take a hypothetical gold investment fund starting with $100m in 2001, use it to buy gold only at the US AM fix and sell at the US PM fix until the present, and it would now be left with just $31 million, almost a 70% loss in just under ten years. Over the same time period, gold prices have risen over 590%.

Here we might ask a simple question: How is it possible that an asset that rose across all world markets by more than 500% fell during active trading in the most important market of them all (by volume) by 70%?

Trading is a zero-sum game, and for every winner there is a loser. Who was it that lost so much money in the daily markets fighting a tide that lifted the golden boat by more than 500%? How can there be such an uninterrupted series of losses for gold during this period?

There's a trading maxim that goes like this: Once a trend is established, other traders will identify that trend and either ride it or step out of the way. That is, sooner or later the trend stops, because too many people have caught onto it and its profitability gets traded down to zero. Yet selling gold into the daily market has been a sure-fire winner for over an entire decade.

For gold to have fallen so much during the daily market, yet be up overall, simply means that gold must be up strongly in the overnight markets. Indeed, this is the case.

We can easily see the startling difference in the chart below. It compares the results of a simple 'buy and hold' investment in gold over the past ten years vs. a more active (and clever) strategy that both shorts gold during the daily hours and then buys gold long for the overnight session:


This strategy captures both the daily losses and nightly gains into a single, combined monster gain that has returned over 5,000% over the past decade with very few drawdowns, handily beating the price of gold itself by a factor of ten.

Again, how is it possible for a single strategy to be such a reliable winner without being competed away to zero? A very simple explanation is that an entity that does not care about potential losses simply and reliably sells gold into the daily markets.

After a while, the self-reinforcing aspect of this behavior might entice other market participants to join along and sell into the daily markets. However, even if that were the case, in order to be neutral (as all trading eventually has to be) these positions would eventually have to be bought back. And given the fact that gold has risen by more than 500% over this timeframe, there would be no safe time to do this outside of the daily session. 

So the question persists: Who has been selling into this market, and how large are their positions? Put more bluntly, how much gold is actually left in Fort Knox? Alternatively, just what exactly is contained within the $180 billion “other assets” line on the Fed balance sheet? Deeply underwater gold futures positions, perhaps?

Prior Known Efforts at Manipulation

One other daunting challenge to the idea that gold is not being manipulated is that such a thought requires us to presume that all the past known and proven efforts at gold manipulation are just that: in the past.

One thing I know is that when a tool has proven to be effective -- whether it is secretive liquidity injections by the Fed, or MBS purchases -- that tool tends to get used again and again, and in increasing amounts if called for. That is, what works is never dropped; it is merely set aside when not needed.

The best we could argue here is that gold truly has no legitimate signaling mechanism at present, and therefore controlling its price has been set aside. For now…

Or, if we believe that gold indeed has an important signaling function, it becomes all the more difficult to argue that its price is simply left to ‘the market’ to set.

One example:

On June 3, 1975, Fed Chairman Arthur Burns, sent a "Memorandum For The President" to Gerald Ford, which among others CC:ed Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and future Fed Chairman Alan Greenspan, discussing gold, and specifically its fair value, a topic whose prominence, despite former president Nixon's actions, had only managed to grow in the four short years since the abandonment of the gold standard in 1971.

In a nutshell Burns' entire argument revolves around the equivalency of gold and money, and furthermore points out that if the Fed does not control this core relationship, it would "easily frustrate our efforts to control world liquidity" but also "dangerously prejudge the shape of the future monetary system."


Furthermore, the memo goes on to highlight the extensive level of gold price manipulation by central banks even after the gold standard has been formally abolished. The problem with accounting for gold at fair market value: the risk of massive liquidity creation, which in those long-gone days of 1975 "could result in the addition of up to $150 billion to the nominal value of countries' reserves."


One only wonders what would happen today if gold was allowed to attain its fair price status. And the threat, according to Burns: "liquidity creation of such extraordinary magnitude would seriously endanger, perhaps even frustrate, our efforts and those of other prudent nations to get inflation under reasonable control."


Aside from the gratuitous observation that even 34 years ago it was painfully obvious how "massive" liquidity could and would result in runaway inflation and the Fed actually cared about this potential danger, what highlights the hypocrisy of the Fed is that when it comes to drowning the world in excess pieces of paper, only the United States should have the right to do so. 


If the price of gold was not ‘controlled,’ monetary policy outcomes would have been somewhat removed from the direct control of monetary bureaucrats. Gold was a threat to an institution dedicated to increasing its effectiveness and power. To give up the battle to control the price of gold, we have to presume something that has never happened in history: the willing abandonment of bureaucratic power to an outside force. 

There is also the London Gold Pool of 1969 and the strong dollar policy of the 1980s, which reveal that in the past, the price of gold has been officially monitored and controlled in order to help direct either a desired interest rate or dollar strength outcome.

From Wikipedia:

The London Gold Pool was the pooling of gold reserves by a group of eight central banks in the United States and seven European countries that agreed on 1 November 1961 to cooperate in maintaining the Bretton Woods System of fixed-rate convertible currencies and defending a gold price of US$35 per troy ounce by interventions in the London gold market.


The central banks coordinated concerted methods of gold sales to balance spikes in the market price of gold as determined by the London morning gold fixing while buying gold on price weaknesses. The United States provided 50% of the required gold supply for sale. The price controls were successful for six years when the system became no longer workable because the pegged price of gold was too low, runs on gold, the British pound, and the US dollar occurred, and France decided to withdraw from the pool. The pool collapsed in March 1968.


The London Gold Pool controls were followed with an effort to suppress the gold price with a two-tier system of official exchange and open market transactions, but this gold window collapsed in 1971 with the Nixon Shock, and resulted in the onset of the gold bull market which saw the price of gold appreciate rapidly to US$850 in 1980.


The point here is that gold price suppression is a clear matter of history at this point and has been well studied. Somehow I think some people have forgotten that history and, quite oddly, consider it less likely that gold suppression is happening today than in the past. I say oddly because the number of overt market interventions has been increasingly enormously over the past few years, and one might think this would soften opposition to the idea that gold, too, is being actively targeted. 

Supply and Demand

So, if the price of gold is subject to manipulation -- or influence or control, if you prefer those terms instead -- in a way that reliably holds the price in check, then why should we buy it? In a few important ways, it's because of the very fact that gold remains the subject of so much official concern and secrecy.

The laws of supply and demand tell us that anything with a cheaper-than-market price will experience stronger-than-usual demand. In the case of gold, we might suspect that purchases of gold have been bolstered by a weaker-than-otherwise price. 

Among those benefiting from buying cheaper-than-otherwise gold would be anyone and everyone who has bought gold lately. Private and official purchasers alike have been getting a very good price, indeed. Where you and I can be thankful for less expensive gold as we add to our holdings, so, too, can India and China be pleased at the national level.

If a future gold standard is in the works, then whoever has the gold at that point in time wins. To any given nation, official gold stocks held by the central banks represent just one stock of gold, with that held by private parties representing another. India has always had a robust domestic gold market and is among the strongest of the strong hands. Gold goes into India and just never seems to come back out.

China legalized and then modernized the gold market for its citizens, and gold sales there have been increasingly robust over time. Germany recently faced a 'call from within' to repatriate the gold that is currently held in its name in reserve by the New York Fed, perhaps channeling the concern that said gold would be safer within its own borders than in the US.

Given the confidence-shaking rehypothecation fraud perpetrated by MF Global, a bit of caution on the part of foreign concerns regarding the US's trustworthiness is warranted.

All told, we are seeing a very interesting game play out around gold, and my suspicion is that it is the possibility of eventual re-monetization that motivates some of the moves. If this comes to pass, the gold price suppression will prove to be a most unfortunate mistake, providing short-term political and market cover for excessive money printing while sacrificing long-term advantage to those taking the other side of the suppression trade.


In Part II: How High and When to Sell?, we explore the most likely price targets for gold under the scenarios that we believe are most likely to play out over the coming years. Equally as important as understanding where the price will go is knowing when the time has arrived to exchange your appreciated gold for other assets. We investigate both, as well as which asset classes to start tracking now in expectation of rotating into them with your gold proceeds when appropriate.

Click here to access Part II of this report (free executive summary; enrollment required for full access).

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battle axe's picture

And another rigged market...Great. /sarc

maxmad's picture

Same reason inmates are forced to wear the leg chains, they'll let you walk slow-but not run.....

The Alarmist's picture

"Getting' me some water, boss!"

Bananamerican's picture

"and it shall be a sign unto is currently at 1,666"

SilverTree's picture

Many people do not know the connection between gold and the state of a fiat currency even exists. Nor do they care.

GetZeeGold's picture



Remember when equities were up year after year for 11 years?


Yeah......I don't either.


You can have your food stamps......I'll take the subsidized gold.......rock on Benny!

bernorange's picture

Chris is doing some fantastic work.  Definitely one of bernornage's thousand points of light.

idea_hamster's picture


The price of money is managed (via interest rates)

Actually, the "price of money" is not the interest rate.  The interest rate is the price of time, i.e., someone is willing to give up their money for a period of time in exchange for interest.

The price of money is the price level.  Which is to say, if you want to hold money, you must give up the current option of purchasing anything.


trembo slice's picture

Well, the interest rate is the price to borrow money.  The reason I like this definition better is because interest rates increase or decrease based on the availability of loanable funds (in a pure market).

LawsofPhysics's picture

Wrong. You are too old school, where the money being lent actually existed in someone's account. The money being lent today is created out of thin air and according to ZIRP, the cost of creating this capital is ZERO. now if you believe that is true to reality, then I have some oceanfront property in arizona to sell you.

sasebo's picture

It's kinda like Einstein's station leaving the train --- how much money will a loaf of bread or ounce of gold buy? The more paper money Bernanke prints the more money a loaf of bread, gallon of gas or ounce of gold will buy.

I think I need to buy a gun's picture

whatever happened to the saying a penny saved is a penny earned? The last 40 years 100 dollars saved equals a penny earned.......

css1971's picture

At German rail stations, the phrase "to spend a penny" has become to spend a Euro.

vamoose1's picture

Its Zeuro,   not Euro 

theMAXILOPEZpsycho's picture

just piss on the station outside...don't ever pay to piss or shit

Gringo Viejo's picture

Who among you has a keen sense of the obvious?

economics9698's picture

Not me, I believe in fairy tales.

Havana White's picture

"Keen sense..."  Indeed, and no mention of GATA, who continue to monitor and discuss the Fed's considerable history of gold price manipulation.  That's their thng. (They published the above piece today, along with others including a far more substantial Sprott/Baker article.)   The limited scope here is understandable, as it leads to a pitch for a gold entry/exit advisory service.

Dingleberry's picture

Ever hear of "Occam's razor"? Keep the shit simple. Gold is held down because it is antithetical to the monetary printing press. 

Next question....

Vlad Tepid's picture

I've got some Brawndo to sell's got electrolytes!  Is that simple enough for you?

BorisTheBlade's picture

Confusion rules this fragile world, thus I think it is completely irresponsible to run around with Occam's razor and hurt people's feelings.

WilliamShatner's picture

In fairness, you have to look at the gold chart from the past 10 years, not 3 years, and see that it hasn't been on a steady rise.  It has gone up significantly in that time frame, but in fairness to that you can make a case that gold was severly undervalued even at $500 or $600 an ounce.

Who knows when the rise will end, how high it will go and where it levels off at.


Pete15's picture

"I do not know what the FED has against the price mechanism"-Jim Grant


Looks like he got his answer. 

WhoMe's picture

Another market that appears to be totally manipulated is the Oil market. Here is a great book to read on the subject. I heard the author on Coasttocoast a couple of weeks ago and he gave a very good argument backed with facts that pretty much spells out the reasons that the oil market is so easily manipulated. He went into all of the regulatory changes that have allowed this to happen and that has led to a market pumped up by speculation (whether on purpose or not). The CFTC and the SEC are basically figure heads that do absolutely nothing to control the manipulation.



TradingJoe's picture

Da PrinterInChief will let the buck appreciate and the gold price depreciate enough to PRINT that's all folks!

BLOTTO's picture

The illuminati love gold. Period.

(thats a good thing for us good folks - that are 'in tune')

Their is a reason why countries that hold the most Gold - also just happen to be on the top tiers of the pyramid and rule.


eddiebe's picture

Close Chris, but not close enough. The price of gold has less to do ( if at all ) with how money is 'managed' than that gold simply is money, whereas paper is simply just paper which temporarily has attracted the credulity of the duped.

EL INDIO's picture

Manipulation, bla bla bla …

All of this crape is BS …

The real manipulation is obvious and is due to the nature of ‘modern’ markets where prices are influenced by people who buy things by paying a small fraction of the price and not taking delivering or sell things they don’t own. It is that simple.

If you accept this and say it is legitimate for whatever reason than shut the fuck up.

There is no manipulation within these illegitimate markets, they are simply fraudulent.

Bubble's picture

Crape or crepe (Anglicized versions of the Fr. crêpe [1]) is a silk, wool, or polyester fabric of a gauzy texture, having a peculiar crisp or crimpy appearance. (The word crape is also used as an Anglicized spelling of crêpe (pancake).[2])

Reese Bobby's picture

This guy has figured it out! If you like pancakes then STFU.


And while he doesn't always drink beer, when he does he prefer Dos Equis...

gdogus erectus's picture

Just as long as he doesn't hand over his bowels. Oh. Bowls. Never mind.

Rynak's picture

If you'd phrase it a bit different, even those with a short attention span, and limited mental capability would get your point instead of junking you.

Translated: If efficient price discovery even existed, all that "paper manipulation" would be impotent.

EL INDIO's picture

Yes you’re right, I must have been smocking something when I wrote that but at least you understood me and that is what is important.

The other idiots concentrate on the tree and miss the forest as usual (fuck the spelling, it won’t get you richer).

So what I meant to say is that all of this talk about manipulation is irrelevant and a waste of time because the market is not a price discovery system it is a price control scheme by design. It is doing that (price control) very well and it is providing us with cheap PMs as the other says. So why complain ?

Bansters-in-my- feces's picture


You misspelled your user name,I fixed it for you

EL INDIO's picture

That username was already taken by you (puta)

The Alarmist's picture

Gold would not be such a compelling 'buy' if it was not manipulated. More than a few here think "fair value" is significantly north of today's market ... Chances are good that it is.

SAT 800's picture

People who have this belief system are simply exhibiting one of the classic failures of the human mind; the desire and will to believe something even if it is impossible. Life after death, Jesus looking over your shoulder today, and a manipulated gold price all fall in the same category. Impossible. Naturally human beings like stories that feature them surviving after death, and equally naturally they enthusiasts in the metals markets like stories that show there is some magic "right price" that will some day make it self known. The price today is the right price; it's the price people were willing to pay; if you don't like it tough shit. A rational person would be quite concerned that this market failed significatly LAST YEAR, and has not come close to making a new high. Sooner or later everyone is wrong; those who make profits are wrong first; and move on to the next thing. The people who "just couldn't be wrong" provide the sad stories in speculating.

TuPhat's picture

He lost me when he said that paper money is faith based.  Does he not understand that paper dollars are legal tender by law that is backed by the gun.  Not much faith in that.  The value of gold is not suppressed.  It is worth exactly what people who want it think it's worth.  Paper fiat is manipulated, or it could be said that just about everything is manipulated.

israhole's picture

So, everything is manipulated except gold?  You big dummy!

Reese Bobby's picture

Take it slow Sparky.  Let's say there is too much demand for gold so vehicles like GLD are created that account for a large percentage of physical gold but don't really own very much actual physical.  Or how about the U.S. government pretends to hold massive physical reserves but won't let anyone take an inventory of them.  Or future exchanges change margin requirements any time a short squeeze seems possible.  Or douche-bags from Omaha bad-mouth gold while buying it for their own P.A.'s.


Sorry.  I bet I lost you when I said "Take it slow Sparky."

Bansters-in-my- feces's picture

TuStupid,and EL IDIOT,are an anti gold troll team.

Fuck off.

SAT 800's picture

This is basically correct, but you're dealing with normal American Citizens, here; indistinguishable from the brain damaged.