As the S&P 500 and DJIA soared to new closing records on Monday even as New York State is reportedly on track to adopt a groundbreaking state wealth tax (the latest effort by Gov. Andrew Cuomo to distract from the twin scandals over sexual harassment of female aides and his office's efforts to cover up the number of COVID deaths in the state's nursing homes), the Institute for Policy Studies has published the results of its latest review of billionaire wealth.
Unsurprisingly, given the tremendous rally in asset prices over the past year, the 2,365 billionaires living on planet earth have seen their wealth increase by a collective $4 trillion - a 54% increase over the span of a year. Put another way, total wealth held by billionaires ballooned to $12.39 trillion, up from $8.04 trillion.
270 billionaires were added to the Institute's billionaires list - ie the tres commas club - during the past year, while 91 names were removed for - for a net increase of 179 (we wish the 91 individuals removed from the list the best of luck on "re-billionizing".
Of the nearly 2.5K billionaires tracked by the Institute, 13 billionaires saw their wealth soar by more than 500%. The Institute grouped these lucky individuals in its "500% Club". It noted that all of them had investments and connections to companies that benefited the most (in terms of market capitalization) from the pandemic.
Members include Elon Musk, Dan Gilbert and a handful of Chinese entrepreneurs:
1. Zhong Shanshan (3300 percent/$66 billion gain), China. Saw his wealth rise an eye-popping 3,300 percent during the pandemic year, from $2 billion to $68 billion. The wealth surge was the result of two of his companies going public in 2020, Nongfu bottled water and Beijing Wantai Biological Pharmacy.
2. Tatyana Bakalchuk (1,200 percent/$12 billion gain), Russia. Founded the e-commerce apparel company, Wildberries. Her wealth increased by $12 billion over the pandemic, rising from $1 billion to $13 billion.
3. Zuo Hui (714 percent/$15.9 billion gain), China. Chair of Homelink, China’s largest real estate brokerage company. Wealth increased $15.9 billion, from $2.2 billion to $17.9 billion.
4. Bom Kim (670 percent/$6.7 billion gain), U.S. Wealth has increased 670 percent, from $1 billion to $7.7 billion over the pandemic year. Founder of the e-commerce giant Coupang, the Amazon of South Korea. Kim’s fortune surged as high as $11 billion after the company’s IPO in early March.
5. Dan Gilbert (642 percent/$41.7 billion gain), US. Owner of Quicken Loans, which capitalized on cloistered citizens tapping online financing. His wealth increased 641.5 percent, from $6.5 billion to $48.2 billion over the pandemic year.
6. Cheng Yixiao (614 percent/$13.5 billion gain), China. Co-founder of Kuaishou, a video platform based in Beijing. His wealth increased $13.5 billion, from $2.2 billion to $15.7 billion during the pandemic year.
7. Su Hua (583 percent/$16.9 billion gain), China. Also a co-founder of video platform and live-streaming app, Kuaishu. Hua’s wealth increased $16.9 billion during the pandemic year, from $2.9 billion to $19.8 billion.
8. Ernest Garcia II (567 percent/$13.6 billion), US. Wealth increased 566.7 percent, from $2.4 billion to $16 billion during the pandemic year. Biggest shareholder of Carvana, the online car sales and auto-financing giant.
9. Elon Musk ($559 percent/$137.5 billion gain), US. Musk is now the third wealthiest person in the world as his shares in Tesla, Space-X and other companies that he owns continue to climb. His wealth increased $558.9 percent, from $24.6 billion to $162.1 billion during the pandemic year (down $9.9 billion from March 17, 2021, so fluctuating wildly).
10. Brian Armstrong (550 percent/$5.5 billion gain), US. Chief executive of Coinbase, the largest cryptocurrency exchange in the country. Wealth increased 550 percent, from $1 billion to $6.5 billion during the pandemic year.
11. Chan Tan Ching-Fen (540 percent, $8.1 billion gain), Hong Kong. Wealth comes from Hang Lung Group, a large real estate founded by her late husband. Wealth increased $1.5 billion to $9.6 billion, an increase of $8.1 billion over the pandemic year.
12. Bobby Murphy (531 percent/$10.1 billion gain), US. Wealth increased 531 percent, from $1.9 billion to $12 billion during the pandemic year. Co-founder of Snapchat, with his Stanford fraternity brother, Evan Spiegel (490 percent/$9.3 billion gain).
13. Forrest Li (500 percent, $9.5billion gain), Singapore. Li’s wealth increased $9.5 billion, from $1.9 billion to $11.4 billion during the pandemic year. He is owner of the online gaming and e-commerce platform, Sea.
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Unsurprisingly, the lions' share of the gains accrued to the world's wealthiest billionaires. At the global level, the wealthiest 20 billionaires sported a combined $1.83 trillion in wealth in 2021, an increase of $742 billion, or 68%, over the past year.
In comparison, the 2019 GDP of Spain was $1.3 trillion. While billionaires were getting richer, even as the pandemic caused the global economy to shrink by 3.5% in 2020 (according to data from the IMF).
The IMF, along with myriad other nonprofits and NGOs, has warned that the pandemic caused economic inequality around the world to explode. The adverse impact was felt particularly acutely by women, the young, the poor and minorities.
Using the "Ultra-Millionaire Tax" proposed by Senator Elizabeth Warren, billionaires would have paid roughly $345 billion in wealth taxes, combined. What's more, a more modest wealth tax could raise $4.14 trillion over the next decade. This is worth keeping in mind as President Biden promises that he won't raise taxes on American families earning less than $400K per year, while progressive Dems have managed to garner more support for wealth taxes.
Read the full report below: