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Oil Jumps After OPEC+ Agrees To Boost Output By 648K Barrels

Tyler Durden's Photo
by Tyler Durden
Thursday, Jun 02, 2022 - 01:34 PM

Update 2 (930am ET): After just 11 minutes, a new record for brevity, the OPEC+ minister meeting ended and as noted earlier, concluded by agreeing to a 648K increase for both July and August, the first time that OPEC+ has deviated from its standard monthly increase of 432K since the increments were started last summer. The decision will accelerate the completion of OPEC's reversal of several years of output cuts a month earlier than planned.

In the grand scheme of things, the 200K or so increase in output does nothing. Furthermore, as Bloomberg notes, any bigger increase will be shared pro-rata by all participants which is "going to eat into the volume actually delivered by quite a bit."

The decision means that Saudi Arabia has finally agreed to Biden's constant pleading for extra barrels, as the president seeks help with runaway crude prices -- and to fill the impending supply gap, not to mention the rapidly depleting US strategist petroleum reserve.

According to Bloomberg, the deal would mean Saudi production goes higher earlier than scheduled - with output at 10.957 million barrels a day in August. If demand is continuing to bounce back and sanctions are taking a further toll on Russian exports, will we see the kingdom above 11 million before the summer is over? And how long before Saudis Arabia can't pump any more at a time of peak demand, and a US SPR draining at 1mmb/d.

The reality is that the actual production delivered to the market will inevitably be much smaller than advertised: As most OPEC+ members are unable to increase output, any additional barrels will need to come from Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Iraq. How much relief consumers feel at the pump is an open question. Judging by the surge in oil prices, not much.

More importantly, the strong consensus by all participants confirms that OPEC+ is nowhere near breaking apart, an outcome that would have been catastrophic for oil. As a result, oil has popped to session highs, trading in the mid-$115, and erasing all post FT-article losses.

As the coalition’s core Gulf members tap their remaining reserves more quickly, traders will start to wonder how high they can go -- and fret over how much spare production capacity remains to cover any further disruptions.

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Update 1: confirming earlier specuilation that OPEC+ would boost output by more than expected, moments ago we learned from Energy Intelligence reporter Amena Bakr that the OPEC+ JMMC will recommend an output increas of 648K for July and August, a 50% increase to the 432K b/d increase expected. Bakr notes that all JMMC members are in agreement on the recommendation which will soon be reviewed by OPEC+ ministers, who are expected to accept it promptly.

Bakr also details where the 648K increase comes from: in short, it accelerates the planned increase by one month: "Where did the 648k come from? The deal is now missing 3 increments of 432k over 3 months. So to speed it up by 1 month, divide the total of the 3 months by 2."

What is really happening here? As a reminder, now that Russia is selling oil almost exclusively to China and India at a $30 discount, the two Asian countries are buying up as much oil as they can from Russia. Which means the rest of OPEC+, those nations which aren't being sanctioned, have to ramp up production just to keep output flat vis-a-vis western, non-India/China, nations. And that's precisely what is happening today.

* * *

Heading into today's OPEC+ meeting, what was supposed to be a boring affair where oil producers were to boost output by the now accepted 432K, has become modestly exciting following i) an overnight report from the FT that Saudi Arabia has reportedly hinted that it is prepared to pump more oil if Russia's output declines substantially due to sanctions according to sources (the sources added that Riyadh would "eventually" respond "should" a supply crunch hit) and ii) a Reuters headline that OPEC+ is likely to agree an output hike in the range of 600kbpd for July, up from the 432K expected, and bring up the timetable for cuts easing, currently due to the end by September. And while the FT news initially depressed Brent, which traded north of $120 yesterday and has since slumped briefly below $112, it has rebounded powerfully - and unexpectedly - on the latest Reuters report:

Courtesy of NewsSquawk here are some of the other key news heading into today's JMMC and OPEC+ meeting.

  • ENERGY INTEL SOURCES: Energy Intel sources said Moscow has made no request for a quota suspension and this is unlikely to gain traction. The desk suggests that an alternative to a continuation of the usual pact would be to increase the monthly increment. This would allow some extra supply in the near term, mainly from Saudi Arabia and the UAE but importantly would also serve to accelerate the process of unwinding Opec-plus production cuts, which is currently scheduled to end in September." The piece adds As this unwinding process comes to an end. this could open the door for Opec-plus members to reassess overall policy and baselines for individual countries — potentially paving the way for bigger supply increases.
  • REUTERS SOURCES: Reuters sources said Russia may agree to OPEC+ compensating its current sanctions-induced decline in production. Russian compensation could be approved gradually, and there is no guarantee it will be approved in full on Thursday, but a decision is highly likely.
  • WSJ SOURCES: Reports said OPEC members are mulling suspending Russia's participation in the OPEC+ pact (DoC) amid sanctions According to the article exempting Russia from the quotas could pave the way for Saudi and the UAE. alongside other producers to ramp up output in the face of Western pressure Desks have been sceptical about this speculation and have highlighted that the chances of such an exclusion are low given the limited spare capacity (see below) and the political stability between OPEC and Russia That being said. OPEC has previously affirmed a flexible stance and thus there is scope for a surprise on this front Note, the JTC did not discuss an exemption at their meeting.

RUSSIA

DEMAND: Demand for Russian oil particularly from the West, has depleted EU leaders earlier this week agreed on a watered-down version of the original proposal unveiled by the European Commission President in early May The agreement would see a ban on Russian seaborne oil over the next six months, whilst pipeline oil will be temporarily exempted. Hungary would effectively be exempt as it has no seaports Germany and Poland who are both fed by the North Druzhba pipeline agreed to a voluntary phase-out - with the total hit closer to around 90% of Russian flows to the EU. Furthermore eyes have been on nations announcing bans on insurers covering ships carrying Russian oil SGH Macro commented Tuesday on the importance of insurance bans "For those that recall the oil sanctions measures that were taken against Iran the Western ban on insuring tankers carrying Iranian oil was perhaps the single most effective measure in taking a significant part of the Islamic Republic's clandestine oil exports off markets."

SUPPLY: With the West shunning Russian oil. reports have been suggesting that Russia has turned to India and China for discounted oil sales. Refinitiv Eikon data signalled that India has received 34mln barrels of discounted Russian oil since the invasion of Ukraine, whilst reports via the FT last month highlighted Chinese refiners discretely purchasing Russian oil at a steep discount" The IEA in its April Oil Market Report (OMR), forecast the overall decline of Russian supply by 1 6mln BPD in May and 2mln BPD in June and believes this could expand to circa. 3mln BPD from July onwards The agency added that despite sanctions, total Russian oil exports increased MM in April by 620k BPD Russia shut in nearly Imln BPD of oil in April.

OTHER DEMAND FACTORS

CHINA'S COVID CONUNDRUM: China's COVID situation remains somewhat mixed with Shanghai City loosening curbs, but Beijing recently tightening restrictions in certain districts. Severe new lockdown measures amid surging Covid cases in China have led to a downward revision in our expectations for global oil demand in 2022 and for the year as a whole IEA said in its OMR However, with lockdowns in an easing trend and China adopting more economy-boosting stimulus measures, downgrades to growth forecasts could prove to be conservative assuming a more targeted approach to future COVID outbreaks
US DRIVING SEASON: Gasoline prices have been underpinned by seasonal demand from the US driving season - which officially kicked off on US Memorial day - with the average gallon hitting record highs in recent weeks. Desks have now been flagging demand destruction stemming from the high prices CNN last month also reported that the White House is mulling an emergency declaration that would release diesel from a rarely used stockpile.

OTHER SUPPLY FACTORS

OPEC SPARE CAPACITY: Spare capacity has come into focus, with the gap between OPEC* production and quotas rising to a record 2 59mln BPD in April: 13 out of the 19 countries struggled to hit quotas, according to a survey cited by SSP Global Meanwhile Saudi Aramco s CEO last month warned that the world is operating with less than 2% of spare oil capacity. This is arguably the most important supply- side factor as it puts any real OPEC output into question despite quotas.

IRANIAN OIL: There has been no meaningful movement on the Iranian Nuclear Deal since the prior meeting and the US and Iran stick to their guns. However the US has released punchier rhetoric in which the US Special Envoy for Iran warned if Iran continues to make demands on the JCPOA the US will continue to reject them and there will be no agreement, and if there is no deal, then the US is ready to further tighten sanctions and respond strongly to any escalation.

SPR RELEASES: Following the joint SPR releases seen earlier this year, reports via CNN in early May (citing an Energy Department official and later confirmed by the DoE) suggested that the Biden administration plans to seek bids this fall to buy 60mln barrels of crude oil as the first step in a years-long process aimed at replenishing America’s shrinking emergency oil resen/e The article suggested "The first tranche of purchases will cover only one-third ofthat ISOmln-barrel release . Beyond trying to refill a vital rainy fund the Biden administration hopes the buyback plan will encourage domestic oil production by guaranteeing a source of future demand "

BEYOND THE DOC

"When the current pact expires in September the group will decide on a new market management policy depending on the market conditions at the time", according to Energy Intel citing delegates - thus markets could also be on the lookout for further flesh on the bones of this.

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