When French bankers gorge on roasting PIIGS...
From the NY Times:
PARIS — BNP Paribas, the largest French lender, announced a sharp decline in third-quarter profit Thursday and said it was writing off 60 percent of the value of all the Greek debt it holds, a belated acknowledgment that the loans are largely unrecoverable.
The bank, based in Paris, said it was setting aside about €2.1 billion, or $2.9 billion, of the value of its Greek sovereign debt. It is writing down about €116 million of exposure to Greek corporate bonds.
It's but so much of an acknowledgement, the write downs are woefully insufficient - alas, they do match the numbers being bandied about in the pop media so I guess management says that's sufficient "can kicking" material...
The bank said it had also moved to address its exposure to embattled euro zone government debt in the latest quarter, selling €1.9 billion of Greek sovereign debt, €8.2 billion of Italian debt and €2.5 billion of Spanish debt.
Yeah, but the question du jour (or should that be "question du trimestre") is what is the P&L hit of those sales (we all know they couldn't dump that trash without significant pain, and how much of it (my guess, none) is illustrated in the Q3 numbers???
‘‘The new Greek debt restructuring plan has adversely impacted this quarter’s net income, which, otherwise, is in line with the performances of previous quarters,’’ Baudouin Prot, the chief executive, said in a statement.
But that "new" Greek restructuring plan was old before it was even launched. Greece cannot last at 120% GDP under extreme austerity measures. I know that, and they know it too. Back to the drawing board, buddy!
Many large banks went on to write down half or more of their exposure, and when a new Greek aid deal was announced on Oct. 27, its call for a 50 percent ‘‘haircut’’ on the loans merely codified what a number of banks had already put into practice.
On with the game playing. First, there was no haircut needed. According to TPTB, there was no insolvencies, there would absolutely NO haircuts, defaults or insolvencies (see Greek Crisis Is Over, Region Safe”, Prodi Says – I say Liar, Liar, Pants on Fire!). Okay, we were just joking, there weill be some haircuts, but no more than 21% (see A Comparison of Our Greek Bond Restructuring Analysis to that of Argentina). Did we say 21%? We meant 50%, must've been something lost in the translation (see How Greece Killed Its Own Banks!). We said 60%, don't you understand. That is what the banks are writing in, even though the IMF (whom Reggie Middleton has proven to be wrong to the optimistic side nearly 100% of the time during this crisis, see Lies, Damn Lies, and Sovereign Truths: Why the Euro is Destined to Collapse!) says the haircuts need to be 75%. You don't even want to know what Reggie says they should be!
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Many outside of Europe ask why are government’s paying so much attention to Greece, such a small economy in EU terms, instead of focusing on larger problems, like Italy and Spain. BNP Paribas’ third quarter earnings illustrate the case.
France’s largest bank, BNP Paribas saw its profits drop 72% to euro 541 million, after writing down an additional € 2.4 billion in Greek debt, 60% of its total exposure.
Contagion is the name of the game in Europe, and that’s why BNP Paribas has been trying to cut its exposure and beef up its core tier 1 capital ratio. BNP lowered its exposure to bailed out peripherals (Greece, Ireland, and Portgual) by 37.9% through the third quarter to € 3.3 billion.
Still, BNP holds those € 3.3 billion in debt from bailed out countries (€ 1.6 billion of it in Greek debt), half a billion in Spanish debt, and a whopping € 12.2 billion in Italian debt. While the bank managed to cut its exposure to Italy almost by half from € 20.5 billion, the value of its portfolio has taken the hit.
BNP Paribas’ total assets under management fell 4.1% to € 851 billion, as a reaction to the drastic fall in asset prices, the accelerated outflow of assets, and losses on its fixed income portfolio.
Corporate and investment banking (CIB) revenues tanked 39.8% to € 1.75 billion. It was a slaughtering at the CIB unit, with fixed income revenue down 33.4%, equities down 44%, and the financing business down 13.6%.
The bank remains leveraged 22.3 times and is struggling to lower its exposure to U.S. dollar funding...
Through the third quarter, BNP Paribas lowered its U.S. dollar funding needs by euro 20 billion, as it moves toward a 9% core tier 1 capital ratio.
BNP’s share price action is another illustration of the dire situation in Europe. Despite these brutal results, shares in BNP Paribas actually rallied on Thursday, up more than 7%. The stock is still down almost 40% over the trailing 12 months, compared with a 10% drop for JPMorgan Chase and nearly 30% for Citi.
The large French bank is a perfect example of the interconnections between European nations and the exposure to peripherals. A default by Greece would spark a domino effect, as BNP Paribas would have to go from writing down 60% of their peripheral exposure to 100%. As credit spreads widen in Italy, Spain, and the other PIIGS, further stress would be put on BNP Paribas’ balance sheet, possibly tipping it into insolvency.
Hmmm... This article was dated 11/03/2011.
BoomBustBlog susbscribers were alerted to BNP Paribas woes as far back as May 2010. We issued explicit and verbose warnings with valuation bands for BNP in June of this year. I am not aware of ANYONE on the sell side warning of BNP's woes. ANYONE!?!?!? Subscriptions, anybody? As you can see from the chart above, it has been a very profitable ride down on the short side. As excerpted from This Is Why BoomBustBlog Is THE Place To Go For Hard Hitting Research: BoomBust BNP Paribas?:
Bear Stearns/Lehman Deja vu?
Yesterday, in my post 'As The French Bank Runs....", I queried of the sell side, "What the hell took you so long to come to these rather astute observations, dude?" Well, in continuing my crusade of truth against the potential insolvency of French banks, I reference the WSJ article titlled "BNP Paribas Denies Funding Problem"
PARIS—BNP Paribas SA on Tuesday denied it is facing a dollar-liquidity problem, as reported in an opinion column in The Wall Street Journal. BNP Paribas said it is fully able to obtain U.S. dollar funding in the "normal course of business," either directly or through swaps. In a column published in The Wall Street Journal Tuesday, Nicolas Lecaussin, director of development at France's Institute for Economic and Fiscal Research, cited an unidentified BNP executive saying the bank "can no longer borrow dollars."
A Wall Street Journal representative wasn't immediately available to comment. BNP Paribas said its has abundant euro short-term funding and has a net dollar short-term funding with maturity shorter than a year worth €60 billion. The bank has €135 billion in "unencumbered assets after haircuts" that are eligible to central banks. The bank also said it is using foreign-exchange swaps to more than offset the recent reduction and "shortening" of funding from U.S. money market funds. French banks, in particular BNP Paribas and Société Générale SA, have been hurt by a perception that they face difficulties in tapping short-term funding in the U.S., as money-market funds cut their exposure to the banks amid fears about potential contagion from the Greek and broader European sovereign debt crisis. Shares of BNP Paribas were down 8.3% at €23.97 recently, the biggest loser on the Paris stock exchange, where the benchmark index was down 1.8%. SocGen was down 3%."
Hey, Big Wall Street Bank Execs Always Tell the Truth When They're in Trouble, RIIIIGHT????
Here's more of Alan Schwartz lying on TV in March of 2008
Like I said above, it's not as if upper management of these Wall Street banks would ever mislead us, RIGHT????
Even if the big Wall Street banks would lie to us, we have expert analysts at hot shot, white shoe firms such as Goldman Sachs, who of course not only are "Doing God's Work" but also happen to be the smartest of the smart and the "bestest" of the best, RIIIGHT!!!??? Below we have both Erin from Lehman AND Goldman lyingon TV in a single screen shot. Ain't a picture worth a thousand words???
We even had the inscrutable Meredith Whitney say "To suggest that Lehman Brothers is going out of business is a real stretch!" (She OBVIOUSLY DOESN'T READ THE BOOMBUST) as well as Erin Callan, the CFO of this big Wall Street bank on TV lying interviewing again...
But that damn blogger guy Reggie Middleton put his "put parade"short combo on Lehman right about that time, and had all of these additional negative things to say...
Lehman stock, rumors and anti-rumors that support the rumors Friday, March 28th, 2008
So, does BNP have a funding problem, or is it at risk of the same?
BoomBustBlog subscribers know full well the answer to this question. I'm also going to be unusually generous this morning being that our prime French bank run candidate has approached my "crisis" scenario valuation band. So, as to answer the question as to BNP, let's reference Bank Run Liquidity Candidate Forensic Opinion - A full forensic note for professional and institutional subscribers, and otherwise known as BNP Paribas, First Thoughts...
The WSJ article excerpted above quotes BNP management as saying: "The bank has €135 billion in "unencumbered assets after haircuts" that are eligible to central banks."
OK, I'll bite. Excactly how did BNP get to this €135 billion figure? Was it by using Lehman math? Methinks so, as clearly delineated in my resarch report on the very first page:
The following two pages of this report go on to reveal the games being played to potentially come up with a figure such as the 135 billion quoted above. Boys and girls, I fear those may be Lehman bucks!
For those not familiar with the banking book vs trading book markdown game, I urge you to review this keynote presentation given in Amsterdam which predicted this very scenario, and reference the blog post and research of the same:
- a research note to subscribers, The Inevitability of Another Bank Crisis,
- followed by blog posts on the same, see Is Another Banking Crisis Inevitable?, as excerpted...
But wait, there's more - much more!
This document is 19 pages full of stuff that BNP management may have forgotten to tell you, as well as valuation for both "crisis" and bailout scenarios. What you have before is an anecdotal 5 pages. To put this in perspective particularly since no on the sell side warned about French bank risk before the fact, let's look at the chart as of the day this research was released and I'll let you tell me if it was worth the subscription...
Roughly 50% and falling as Vol and gamma explode!
Just to add a sense of chronological depth to this post, let's revisit the timeline from yesterday's piece, "As The French Bank Runs....":
Saturday, 23 July 2011 The Anatomy Of A European Bank Run: Look At The Banking Situation BEFORE The Run Occurs!: I detail how I see modern bank runs unfolding
Thursday, 28 July 2011 The Mechanics Behind Setting Up A Potential European Bank Run Trade and European Bank Run Trading Supplement
I identify specific bank run candidates and offer illustrative trade setups to capture alpha from such an event. The options quoted were unfortunately unavailable to American investors, and enjoyed a literal explosion in gamma and implied volatility. Not to fear, fruits of those juicy premiums were able to be tasted elsewhere as plain vanilla shorts and even single stock futures threw off insane profits.
Wednesday, 03 August 2011 France, As Most Susceptble To Contagion, Will See Its Banks Suffer
In case the hint was strong enough, I explicitly state that although the sell side and the media are looking at Greece sparking Italy, it is France and french banks in particular that risk bringing the Franco-Italia make-believe capitalism session, aka the French leveraged Italian sector of the Euro ponzi scheme down, on its head.
I then provide a deep dive of the French bank we feel is most at risk. Let it be known that every banked remotely referenced by this research has been halved (at a mininal) in share price! Most are down ~10% of more today, alone!
- French Bank Run Forensic Thoughts - Retail Valuation Note - For retail subscribers
- Bank Run Liquidity Candidate Forensic Opinion - A full forensic note for professional and institutional subscribers
I also provided a very informative document for public consumption which clearly detailed exactly how this French bank collapse thing is likely to go down: French Bank Run Forensic Thoughts - pubic preview for Blog - A freebie, to illustrate what all of you non-subscribers are missing!
So, What's the Next Shoe To Drop? Read on...
For those who claim I may be Euro bashing, rest assured - I am not. Just a week or two later, I released research on a big US bank that will quite possibly catch Franco-Italiano Ponzi Collapse fever, with the pro document containing all types of juicy details. This is the next big thing, for when (not if, but when) European banks blow up, it WILL affect us stateside! Subscribers, be sure to be prepared. Puts are already quite costly, but there are other methods if you haven't taken your positions when the research was first released. For those who wish to subscribe, click here.
Other reading of interest...
- The Anatomy of a Serial European Banking Collapse
- Greece Reports: "Circular Reasoning Works Because Circular Reasoning Works" - Or - Here Comes That Default!!!
- The French Banks Are The First To Accept a Voluntary Greek Restructuring
- Over A Year After Being Dismissed As Sensationalist For Questioning the ECB's Continued Solvency After Sovereign Debt Buying Binge, Guess What!
- Click, Clack, Click: The Sound of Falling Dominoes Behind The Door of the Eurocalypse!
- LGD 100+: What's the Possibility of Certain European Banks Having a Loss Given Default Approaching 100%?
- Eurocalypse Cometh! Principal Haircuts, Serial Bailouts, ECB Insolvent! Disruptive Sound Of Dominoes In Background Going "Click, Clack"! BoomBustBloggers Instructed To Line Up Bearish Positions Again!
BNP specific BoomBustBlog research and free public opinion...