Update(1424ET): It's official, according to state media--Recep Tayyip Erdogan has been re-elected as Turkey's president after passing the 50% threshold required for victory over his challenger Kemal Kilicdaroglu.
With 97 percent of ballot boxes opened, Erdogan has captured 52.1 percent of votes over Kilicdaroglu with 47.9 percent. He is Turkey's longest running president in history, already long surpassing the rule of the Republic of Turkey's founder, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (at 15 years)
According to his victory speech before a jubilant crowd of supporters:
“We completed the second round of the presidential election with the favor of our nation. I would like to express my gratitude to my nation for giving us a day of democracy,” Erdogan said.
“The winners of both the 14 May elections and the 28 May elections are all our 85 million citizens,” he added.
And another interesting moment from the speech...
Erdogan rallies against the Turkish opposition for being pro-LGBT in his victory speech— Ragıp Soylu (@ragipsoylu) May 28, 2023
“CHP, HDP and all others are pro-LGBT. But LGBT cannot infiltrate among us. We will be reborn. The family is sacred. The violence against women is forbidden”
Scenes from strongholds where Erdogan holds widespread support:
Erdogan's lead in the presidential election has sparked nationwide celebrations in Turkey. From Istanbul to Gaziantep, citizens have taken to street to celebrate the results.— Middle East Eye (@MiddleEastEye) May 28, 2023
Unofficial data signals a resounding victory for President Erdogan 🇹🇷 #TurkishElection2023 pic.twitter.com/HTyvLSXACF
Earlier on Sunday:
This is what honest politics looks like https://t.co/bVNHU0dcoA— Dr. Benjamin Braddock (@GraduatedBen) May 28, 2023
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By Sunday's end Turkey is expected to have a clear winner in the election runoff and what marks a historic first of a vote which went to a second, final round to decide the nation's president.
Earlier in the day incumbent President Recep Tayyip Erdogan cast his vote in Istanbul, while main challenger Kemal Kilicdaroglu voted in Ankara. The likely result is expected to be Erdogan securing a third term in office, given his performance in the first round, and crucially given Turkish nationalist candidate Sinan Ogan - who faired better than expected among the opposition - has now endorsed Erdogan for president. A by many accounts low turnout and lack of general enthusiasm for this second round is also a climate that favors incumbent Erdogan.
The May 14 first round vote saw Erdogan finish with a nearly five-point lead, but barely short of the 50% threshold required to win. On Sunday Erdogan said, "This is a first in Turkish democratic history" while casting his ballot.
"Turkey, with nearly 90% participation in the last round, showed its democratic struggle beautifully and I believe it will do the same again today," he added.
Through the opening hours of voting there were accusations of irregularities and issues in various places, which is not unusual in a Turkish national election. Some local reports have claimed attacks on ballot observers, and one report of a deceased person listed as eligible to vote.
Additionally, Istanbul’s chief public prosecutor has announced an investigation into social media accounts spreading 'disinformation' just ahead of polls opening.
Turkish TV channel provides voting instructions in a humorous way, depicting Erdogan on one side and a faceless candidate on the other, highlighting the importance of free and fair elections— Russian Market (@runews) May 28, 2023
Erdogan Elections start in Turkey! 😅 pic.twitter.com/RaYh09sAso
While more than 60 million people are registered to vote, one regional outlet - Middle East Eye - has observed turnout appears low and slow so far. This favors the incumbent.
Kilicdaroglu's team has picked up on this, with the candidate tweeting for those who haven't voted to "go to the ballot box" and not be "lazy". He said the country's future is on the line and is "as close as walking distance".
#Turkish Prez #Erdogan casts his vote in decisive runoff presidential elections.— Arthur Morgan (@ArthurM40330824) May 28, 2023
Opposition leader Kilicdaroglu has boldly claimed voting for Turkish Prez is “a sin”, and sincere Muslims wouldn’t commit such an act.
- IntelRepublic pic.twitter.com/rKjIspNFSv
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Below is a quick primer and timetable of what to expect Sunday, compiled by Al Jazeera:
- Incumbent Recep Tayyip Erdogan, 69, seeks to extend his 20 years in power by a further five years.
- He faces 74-year-old Kemal Kilicdaroglu, the main opposition candidate.
- In the first round on May 14, Erdogan won nearly 50 percent of the vote, followed by Kilicdaroglu at about 45 percent.
- Sinan Ogan, an ultranationalist who was eliminated from the race after coming third in the first round with 5.2 percent of the vote, has thrown his support behind Erdogan.
- Sunday is the first time Turkish voters have ever had to go to the ballot box for a second time to pick their next president.
Turkey polls open
- The polls opened at 8am (05:00 GMT) and will close at 5pm (14:00 GMT).
- Turnout has been strong since the opening of the polls, and observers expect voter participation to be high. Turnout was 89 percent in the first round.
- As on May 14, Turkish citizens living abroad cast their ballots before election day. About 1.9 million voted in 73 countries and at border gates.
- Both Erdogan and Kilicdaroglu have voted, the former in Istanbul and the later in Ankara.
- With just two candidates facing off, it is widely expected that results will be available sooner than the first round – possibly in the evening.
Turkish electoral agenda
- The voting has so far gone off without any problems, according to electoral officials.
- In the lead-up to the first round, the campaign was largely centred on the state of the Turkish economy and the response to February’s devastating earthquakes, which killed tens of thousands of people in the south.
- The campaign shifted notably after the first round with the fate of refugees in Turkey and “terrorism” dominating.
- Erdogan’s Justice and Development Party (AK Party) along with its allies secured a majority in parliament in the polls held two weeks ago.
- The AK Party came first in 10 of the 11 provinces struck by the earthquakes despite being criticised for a slow initial response to the disaster.
- In the run-off, the number of voters has risen by more than 47,500 people who turned 18 over the past two weeks, taking the electorate in Turkey to almost 60.8 million.