Mario Draghi Officially Becomes Premier Of Italy, Names His Top Ministers

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by Tyler Durden
Friday, Feb 12, 2021 - 03:12 PM

Update (3:00pm ET): As expected (see below), Mario Draghi has agreed to take over as Italy’s next prime minister, naming his ministers as he prepares to head a new government that will prioritize the pandemic, a struggling economy and moving ahead with European integration.

The 73-year-old former ECB head will lead a new national unity government to replace Giuseppe Conte's centre-left coalition that collapsed one month ago, leaving the country rudderless in an unprecedented crisis. Draghi will return to the presidential palace at midday on Saturday to be formally sworn in. 

After securing broad support from all the country’s main parties except for the far-right Brothers of Italy, Draghi met with President Sergio Mattarella late on Friday to formally accept the appointment and told the head of state he was ready to form an administration.

Draghi then spoke only to list the names of his ministers, a mix of politicians and technocrats.

The senior deputy governor of Bank of Italy, Daniele Franco, was named as the new economy minister, while Roberto Speranza would stay on as health minister. According to Bloomberg, "Franco, director-general at the central bank, will play a key role in administering Italy’s 209 billion-euro share ($253 billion) of the EU’s recovery package, and in introducing measures to help families and businesses cope with the recession prompted by the pandemic and lockdowns."

Luigi Di Maio would be kept as foreign minister, with the new administration set on carving out a bigger role for Italy.  Bloomberg adds that Roberto Cingolani, an executive at Leonardo SpA, would head a new ministry for ecological transition. He will be responsible for managing spending on green projects under the European Union’s recovery package.

Other ministers include Giancarlo Giorgetti, minister for economic development, who - as veteran senior lawmaker with the League of Matteo Salvini - has been pushing for the party to adopt a more pro-European stance. Draghi has already told lawmakers he will push for a common euro-area budget, and Italy has taken up the rotating presidency of the Group of 20 nations.

Draghi will be tasked with restoring the economy in a country where more than 93,000 people with coronavirus have died since it became the first European country to face the full force of the pandemic one year ago, and the toll is still rising by the hundreds each day.

Last year's shutdown and waves of subsequent restrictions plunged the eurozone's third-largest economy into its worst recession since World War II, and more than 420,000 people have lost their jobs.`

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With almost all political parties behind him, Mario Draghi on Friday entered the final stage of forming a new Italian government, the Local.It reported. The former European Central Bank chief, called in after the outgoing centre-left coalition collapsed, could visit President Sergio Mattarella as early as Friday to be officially named prime minister.

Draghi has spent the last nine days garnering support from Italy's political parties, with the aim of forming a 'government of national unity' to manage the deadly pandemic that hit Italy almost exactly one year ago, triggering a deep recession.

After securing the support late Thursday of the last key party, the populist Five Star Movement (M5S), Draghi has almost all the main parties on board.

"The Draghi government is born," headlined Rome-based daily Il Messaggero, while the Corriere Della Sera led with "Draghi in the home stretch."

However, the 73-year-old economist has shown he is willing to take his time, and could yet take a few more days to finalise his cabinet. Even if Draghi invites figures from outside politics onto his team, as he is expected to do, he still needs to get the agreement of a majority of lawmakers. He has been negotiating with Italy's various political parties since last week on a possible deal.

Italy has high hopes for Draghi, dubbed Super Mario after vowing to do "whatever it takes" to save the euro single currency in the 2010s debt crisis. Mattarella asked him to step in on February 3rd after outgoing premier Giuseppe Conte resigned following weeks of political turmoil.

Italy has been without a fully functioning government for almost a month since former prime minister Matteo Renzi withdrew his Italia Viva party from Conte's coalition, triggering its collapse. Conte resigned in hopes of putting together a new coalition and returning at its head, but this didn't happen. After failed talks, President Sergio Mattarella – who as head of state is refereeing the negotiations – called time and summoned former head banker Mario Draghi to form a new government.

Meanwhile, Italy's president has emphasized the urgency of moving quickly to fill the political vacuum, as Italy approaches the milestone of 100,000 Covid-19 deaths.

Additionally,  As the new PM, Draghi would need to decide how to spend more than 200 billion euros ($243 billion) in grants and loans from the European Union's recovery fund to help it get back on its feet. Draghi will have to balance demands for immediate relief against the need for long-term structural reforms in Italy - tensions that brought down the last government.

Meanwhile unemployment - at 426,000 higher than one year ago - risks rising further later this year, if an existing freeze on job dismissals is not extended. Another priority is speeding up Italy's coronavirus vaccination program, which made a promising start in December but has since slowed, against a backdrop of rising concern about the spread of new variants.

Challenges aside, Draghi's arrival was greeted with delight on the financial markets - Italy's borrowing costs dropped to a historic low this week. Italian bonds rallied on the news Draghi won support of the Five Star Movement to form a government, pushing the 10-year yield to a record low for a fifth day running, and dropping as low as 0.422% on Friday. The BTP-bund spread falls to 90bps, matching a target set by a number of bank strategists.

According to Bloomberg, "Italian bonds may enter another period of low volatility given that the date for the next scheduled election is a good two years away. Of course, the nation is prone to political tumult periodically, but with Draghi at the helm, even members of Five Star -- traditionally the voice of anti-establishment in the country -- know they can’t have someone better for the job at least from the perspective of an economy."