A quiet day unfolding with just Chicago Fed permadove on the wires today at 1pm, following some early pre-Japan market fireworks in the USDJPY and the silver complex, where a cascade of USDJPY margin calls, sent silver to its lowest in years as someone got carted out feet first following a forced liquidation. This however did not stop the Friday ramp higher in the USDJPY from sending the Nikkei225, in a delayed response, to a level surpassing the Dow Jones Industrial Average for the first time in years. Quiet, however, may be just how the traders at 72 Cummings Point Road like it just in case they can hear the paddy wagons approach, following news that things between the government and SAC Capital are turning from bad to worse and that Stevie Cohen, responsible for up to 10-15% of daily NYSE volume, may be testifying before a grand jury soon. The news itself sent S&P futures briefly lower when it hit last night, showing just how influential the CT hedge fund is for overall market liquidity in a world in which the bulk of market "volume" is algos collecting liquidity rebates and churning liquid stocks back and forth to one another.
In other news, we have a $1.25 - $1.75 billion POMO ending at the usual time of 11 am, which may not be sufficient for the usual 0.1x-0.15x daily S&P500 multiple expansion.
Geopolitical tensions in Syria are getting increasingly more acute, even as North Korea continues to pummel the Eastern Sea, having now fired six missiles in the past three days, in a desperate show of "force." The sea has yet to retaliate.
Key overnight bulletin highlights via Bloomberg:
- Treasuries steady, yields holding near highest since March amid Fed tapering speculation; JPY gains vs. USD as Japan’s Economy Minister Amari said a further slide in the yen would have negative effects after its 21% drop over the last six months.
- Japan 30Y yields surged after a Cabinet Office official told reporters that BoJ’s Kuroda said it’s natural for yields to increase gradually as the economic outlook improves
- Bernanke said in a speech that technological change will remake fields like health care and belie predictions that innovation will fade and economic growth will wane; testifies before Congress on Wednesday
- China’s new-home prices rose last month in 68 of 70 cities tracked by the government, indicating Premier Li Keqiang will need to maintain efforts to cool the property market even as economic growth slows
- Hedge-fund managers are making the biggest ever bet against gold as Soros sold holdings last quarter and Goldman predicted more declines after the longest slump in four years
- EU leaders struggling to find a consensus on how to overcome the debt crisis and revive economic growth will use a summit meeting this week to focus on fighting tax evasion and on the bloc’s energy policy
- North Korea fired its sixth missile in three days, demonstrating its military capabilities in defiance of global sanctions and diplomatic efforts to convince the totalitarian state to return to talks
- BofAML Corporate Master Index OAS at 142bp, tight for the year, as $44.3b priced last week. Markit IG narrows to 70bps, YTD low 69bps. High Yield Master II OAS at 437bps; $15.27b priced last week. CDX High Yield at 107.13, near record 107.37
- Sovereign yields mostly higher. Asian stocks gain, with Nikkei +1.5%, Shanghai Composite +0.8%. European stocks mostly higher, U.S. stock-index futures fall. WTI crude, copper, gold fall
Some comments on Amari's most recent jawboning of the Yen over the weekend: the same jawboning he said previously said would not be appropriate.
A slow start to the week has been animated in Asia by Japanese economy minister Amari comments that JPY strength has largely corrected and that further weakness could be harmful. This briefly knocked JPY crosses back but should not put a permanent dent in bearish JPY sentiment. BoJ governor Kuroda made a separate intervention, referring to the volatility in JGBs by stating that it is only natural for long-term yields to rise as inflation expectations pick-up. He does not expect the long-term yield rise to be sustained and if that's the case, then Amari's statement may prove futile as Japanese investors continue their search for higher returns overseas.
A quiet day for Europe with most markets closed for Whit Monday (only Italy new orders and current account data, French bill sale scheduled) means light positions are likely to be observed. We get a first look at the EU PMIs for May on Thursday and the German IFO is due on Friday, but the big day is Wednesday when Fed chairman Bernanke will testify on the economy and the FOMC minutes may offer further insight on the ongoing ‘stimulus exit' discussions, captured by comments from various voters and non-voters in recent days and weeks. The USD has enjoyed its best start to a calendar year in 2013 since 2005 on speculation that Fed monetary policy is slowly nearing a turning point this year, and further clues that the Fed is planning ahead (even without committing to a timetable as unemployment remains too high, inflation low) would probably convince the market to add to long USD positions and push yields and swaps higher in the process. Commodities have been hit hard as the Fed debate hots up (though Asia/China curbing overcapacity should be apportioned some blame too) and US/EU 10y swaps have widened markedly and are now on the verge of breaking though the 50bp barrier for the first time since April 2010. Our colleagues from Economics preview Bernanke's testimony and the FOMC minutes in the note ‘Never too early to plan'.
DB's Jim Reid recaps the relatively quiet day today
Bernanke’s congressional testimony before the Joint Economic Committee this Wednesday will be the highlight in a week where we may learn more about the Fed’s intentions with regards to potential QE tapering. Indeed, Bernanke’s speech will be made on the same day as the Fed publishes minutes from its Apr30th/May1st policy meeting which may shed some further light on the FOMC’s deliberations with respect to asset purchases. In advance of Wednesday, Chicago Fed president Evans will be speaking today, followed by the NY Fed’s Dudley and St Louis Fed’s Bullard who will speak on Tuesday - all are voting members of the FOMC this year.
Outside of the Fed, there’s also a fair bit going on at other central banks. Wednesday will see the Bank of Japan publish its latest monthly policy statement, following the conclusion of its two-day policy meeting which starts on Tuesday. The BoE will be publishing minutes from its last meeting on Wednesday. On Thursday, Draghi will be speaking at an event in the City of London on the topic of "The future of Europe in the global economy" at an event organised by the Lord Mayor. Rounding out the week ahead in policy, the European Council meets on Wednesday where tax policy and initiatives to promote growth are on the official agenda.
In terms of the data flow, Thursday's global flash PMIs for the Euroarea, US and China will be taking centre stage. The market is broadly looking for a 0.2pt to 0.4pt improvement in the manufacturing and service PMIs across the Euroarea, as well as the individual German and French readings. In China, economic forecasters are expecting the country’s flash manufacturing PMI to be unchanged at 50.4. In the US, the main data releases this week are existing home sales (Wednesday), new home sales and jobless claims (Thursday) and durable goods (Friday). The UK’s retail sales/Q1 GDP revisions and Euroarea consumer confidence numbers are out on Thursday. The German IFO survey is scheduled for Friday.
Returning to markets, precious metals have been making headlines overnight after spot silver prices dropped by as much as 9% at one stage in early Asian trading. Silver prices have since recovered to trade 4% lower on the day as we type. Gold (-1%) has also recovered after being down 2% at one stage in sympathy with the drop in silver prices. There has been chatter suggesting that the outsized move was driven by a margin call and subsequent liquidation by an investor. Notably, gold is poised to close weaker for the tenth time in 11 sessions, and is now trading at similar levels as the April lows ($1345/oz).
The Japanese yen is also in focus overnight after trading below 102 at point during the Asian session. The move followed comments from Japan’s economy minister Mr Amari who said over the weekend that the yen’s excessive strength has been largely “corrected” and that further weakness could be harmful in terms of living costs (Nikkei). USDJPY has pared initial losses, but is still 0.5% lower this morning. Elsewhere in Asia, equities have begun the week on a firmer footing, helped by the S&P500’s performance on Friday when it finished near the day’s highs of +1%.
Asian gains are being led by Hang Seng (+1.7%), ASX200 (+0.9%) and the KOSPI (+0.2%). The Nikkei (+1.3%) has broken through the 15300 level for the first time since late 2007, and is trading higher despite the strengthening in the yen. Asian credit markets are about 2-3bp better overnight.
Returning to last Friday, the European subordinated financials credit index’s 14bp tightening (to 200bp) was amongst the interesting market moves. The result capped a three-day streak which saw the index tighten by a cumulative 24bp, outperforming the senior financials index which tightened 9bp in the same period. The sub-senior financials multiple (1.5x) is at its lowest level since Q4 2010. Partially behind the move were recent announcements from ISDA who are considering adding a “bail-in” credit event to financial CDS contracts in response to the EU’s potential bank resolution rules. Other changes include allowing written down bonds to be delivered into a CDS auction based on the outstanding principal balance before the bail-in occurred. Other instruments that bonds may be converted to in the event of bail-ins, such as equities, may be deliverable into a CDS auction under proposals (IFR).
Turning to the day ahead, it will be relatively quiet start to the week with Whit Monday public holidays in parts of Europe. Economic data will be relatively thin today. The Chicago Fed’s Charles Evans will be speaking at 6pm London time.