Whopping 288K Jobs Added In April, Far Higher Than Expectations; Unemployment Rate Tumbles To 6.3%

The "not really most important jobs data ever" is out. Here are the results:

  • Jobs soar higher by 288K, far higher than expected 218K, and well above the 203K revised
  • Unemployment rate 6.3%, tumbles from 6.7% and well below expected 6.6%
  • Birth Death adjustment: +234K
  • Average hourly earnings M/M +0.0%, Exp. 0.2%
  • Average hourly earnings all employees Y/Y: 1.9%, Exp. 2.1%

The visual breakdown: the 288K jobs added in April was the highest since January 2012.

The total employment  (establishment survey) is now less than 100K away from regaining December 2007 levels -the month the Great Depression started.


From the report:

In April, the unemployment rate fell from 6.7 percent to 6.3 percent, and the number of unemployed persons, at 9.8 million, decreased by 733,000. Both measures had shown little movement over the prior 4 months. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons declined by 1.2 percentage points and 1.9 million, respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, unemployment rates declined in April for adult  men (5.9 percent), adult women (5.7 percent), teenagers (19.1 percent), whites (5.3 percent), blacks (11.6 percent), and Hispanics (7.3 percent). The jobless  rate for Asians was 5.7 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed over the year. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In April, the number of unemployed reentrants and new entrants declined by  417,000 and 126,000, respectively. (Reentrants are persons who previously worked but were not in the labor force prior to beginning their job search,  and new entrants are persons who have never worked.) The number of job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs decreased by 253,000 to 5.2 million.  (See table A-11.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more)  declined by 287,000 in April to 3.5 million; these individuals accounted for  35.3 percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, the number of long-term  unemployed has decreased by 908,000. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force dropped by 806,000 in April, following an increase of  503,000 in March. The labor force participation rate fell by 0.4 percentage
point to 62.8 percent in April. The participation rate has shown no clear trend in recent months and currently is the same as it was this past October. The
employment-population ratio showed no change over the month (58.9 percent) and  has changed little over the year. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred  to as involuntary part-time workers) was little changed at 7.5 million in April.  These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back  or because they were unable to find full-time work. (See table A-8.)

In April, 2.2 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down  slightly from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work,  and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted
as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding  the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 783,000 discouraged workers in April, little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they  believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.4 million persons marginally attached to the labor force in April had not searched for work for  reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)