Francis will be the first pope ever to address Congress, and as NY Times reports, a milestone in the journey of the Catholic Church in the United States. Mr. Boehner, a proud Catholic, has invited three popes over 20 years to come to Capitol Hill, with this being his first success. The papal address to the Republican-controlled Congress may make some squirm as Francis isn’t shy about tackling controversial topics or upending conventional orthodoxies about Catholics and politics — a prospect that makes U.S. conservatives especially nervous, given Francis’ insistence on raising concerns about issues such as economic justice, climate change and immigration.
As The NY Times reports, not that long ago, the prospect of the head of the Catholic Church making such a speech would have been unthinkable. Catholics in politics were a source of suspicion and a subject of slander for generations. Even as John F. Kennedy became the first Catholic elected president, he felt compelled to defend his faith by asserting that he would not take orders from the pope.
Today, the pendulum has swung drastically. The Congress that Francis will address on Thursday includes 138 House members who are Catholic and 26 senators, or nearly 31 percent, compared with 22 percent of the overall adult population. Not only are both House leaders Catholic, so is Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr., who serves as president of the Senate.
Source: Pew Research
As The Huffington Post notes, the papal address to the Republican-controlled Congress is likely to be one of the most closely watched talks during the pope’s weeklong visit to Washington, New York and Philadelphia this fall, especially since the presidential campaign season will be growing more intense.
Francis isn’t shy about tackling controversial topics or upending conventional orthodoxies about Catholics and politics — a prospect that makes U.S. conservatives especially nervous, given Francis’ insistence on raising concerns about issues such as economic justice, climate change and immigration.
“The pope will come humbly but will talk clearly,” Honduran Cardinal Oscar Rodriguez Maradiaga, a top adviser to Francis, told an audience at Georgetown University.
And Francis isn’t likely to change his tune, Maradiaga said as he previewed some of the pope’s likely themes. Among the points that Maradiaga expects Francis to make in September:
Maradiaga reiterated that Francis would have liked to enter the U.S. by crossing the border with Mexico to make a point about welcoming immigrants, not building walls to keep them out. He said that while time did not allow for a border stopover, the pontiff was certain to raise the issue on Capitol Hill.
“Even here, the desert cannot be a tomb or a cemetery,” he said, referring to the migrants who often die trying to cross into Arizona or Texas.
Battle economic inequality:
“Capitalism is not a god. It is not a divinity. It is not a system that is perfect and does not need any modification,” he said during a luncheon meeting. “This system is fostering tremendous inequalities.”
A just economy means strong families:
Maradiaga indicated that promoting an economy that helps the struggling middle class and the poor in particular will also be key to the pope’s message of support for the family:
“The (free) market economy is not complete. We need a social market economy. This is the big contribution of the Catholic faith to the system — to try to have this social component that will bring more justice to the system,” he said. “It is not fair that a system that is producing so much richness could walk side by side with so much poverty.”
Protect the environment:
Francis is going to publish a major teaching document on the environment ahead of his U.S. visit, and observers expect the encyclical to accept the reality of climate change and mankind’s role in it, and to call for action to address the dangers:
“Do not expect statistics or numbers or theories” in the encyclical, Maradiaga said. “He will go directly to the responsibility of all the baptized, especially with creation. Because all of us have responsibility.
“I am clear. We cannot continue playing with creation and contaminating” the Earth, Maradiaga said. The pope seems to agree with him and will raise the issue in September — much to the consternation of many conservatives who have been trying to blunt the document’s impact even before it is published.
“For many Catholics, first is the political party, then is the church,” Maradiaga said.
“I see this in some attitudes of citizens who are first Republicans or Democrats. Then comes Catholicism. This is a big problem. Because we have to put everything in order. God is first, then all other human institutions.”
Promote dialogue, not ideology:
“One of the conditions for a true dialogue is to have peace in your soul, peace in your personality, to be persons of peace. But when you are in the trenches, trying to defend ideologies, you’re not capable of a true dialogue,” Maradiaga said.
“Even the congresspeople can listen to other voices, to counsels, to advisers. It’s a human attitude that we have to develop. The one who receives advice commits less errors and is not mistaken. The one who does not like to listen to advice will have a lot of trouble. So I think the Congress will receive very well the advice (of the pope) — even if there are some things that will not be comfortable.”