Xi Could Rule For "Decades" As China's New Leadership Team Unveiled

Xi solidified his power base with loyalists without signalling a successor. It’s looking increasingly like China and the rest of the world will be stuck with Xi Jinping beyond 2022.

As the BBC reports, China has revealed its new senior leadership committee, breaking with tradition by not including a clear successor to President Xi Jinping. The omission cements Mr Xi's grip on China for the next five years and possibly beyond, a day after his name was written into the constitution.

Five new appointments were made to the seven-member Politburo Standing Committee, China's most powerful body, while the absence of an heir raises questions over how long Mr Xi intends to rule…Apart from 64-year-old Mr Xi, premier Li Keqiang, 62, was the only committee member to retain his position. Chinese leaders have in recent decades hinted at one or more possible heirs to the Standing Committee at the beginning of their final term, indicating a clear line of succession. There had been speculation that Mr Xi would elevate his protégé Chen Miner and Guangdong party secretary Hu Chunhua, both of whom are in their 50s - young enough to be credible successors. But the six dark-suited men who walked out on stage on Wednesday were all in their 60s and are all likely to retire at the end of this five-year term. The absence of any younger members will fuel speculation about Mr Xi's long-term intentions and his eventual successor. There had been rumors that Mr Xi would reduce the size of the Standing Committee from seven to five, further tightening his control, but they proved unfounded.

The apparent absence of potential successors in the Standing Committee consolidates power with Mr Xi for the next five years, and points to a continued role for him after 2022.

Meanwhile, several of the world’s highest profile media organizations were excluded from the event as the BBC lamented: news organisations, including the BBC, Financial Times and The New York Times were denied access to the announcement, at Beijing's Great Hall of the People. The Foreign Correspondent's Club of China said in a statement it was "gross violation of the principles of press freedom".

Did they expect press freedom?

* * *

Back to Xi, who in Bloomberg’s opinion, could rule China for “decades.”

Chinese President Xi Jinping unveiled a new leadership line-up that included no clear potential heirs, breaking with a quarter-century-old succession system and raising the chances that he might seek to stay in office beyond 2022. All five men appointed to join Xi and Premier Li Keqiang on the Politburo Standing Committee will be too old to rule for a decade after Xi finishes his second term. Those promoted were Xi chief of staff Li Zhanshu, 67; Vice Premier Wang Yang, 62; party theorist Wang Huning, 62; party personnel chief Zhao Leji, 60; and Shanghai party secretary Han Zheng, 63. “Forty years of reform and opening up has made it possible for our people to lead decent, even comfortable lives,” Xi said in remarks to reporters in Beijing. “It’s my conviction that the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation will become a reality.” The new line up -- coupled with revisions to the party charter that elevated Xi’s status -- lays the groundwork for him to influence the world’s second-biggest economy for decades to come. Last week he outlined a vision to turn China into a leading global power by 2050, with a thriving middle class, strong military and clean environment. "Xi’s strength also means he does not have to accept a designated successor from his predecessors,” said Dali Yang, a political scientist with the University of Chicago. “Now that he is the undisputed leader, the next five years should be calmer than the last five.”

On the Politburo, however, there are some potential successors according to Bloomberg.

The Politburo featured three younger officials who could potentially succeed Xi. They included Chen Miner, 57, Chongqing party chief and former Xi aide; Ding Xuexiang, 55, who appears in line to become Xi’s new chief of staff; and Hu Chunhua, 54, Guangdong party chief and the protege of Xi’s predecessor. The group also included Liu He, one of Xi’s closest financial and economic advisers, and Yang Jiechi, a former foreign minister who becomes the first top diplomat on the Politburo since 1992…While Xi could still promote a successor at any point, Wednesday’s announcement signalled a willingness to depart from the norms established by Deng and return China to a personality-driven model that allocates him even greater authority. Joseph Fewsmith, a political science professor at Boston University who has studied China’s elite politics for more than three decades, said that naming an heir now would’ve weakened Xi as the future leader acquires political power. “Doing so would make Xi something of a lame duck,” Fewsmith said before the announcement. “I’ve always believed Xi Jinping is a three-term guy. It’s quite clear Xi sees himself as one of the big three leaders, after Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping.”

Bloomberg provides more details of the other six members of the Politburo Standing Committee who followed Xi (in order of rank) on to the stage of the Great Hall of the People.

The new line-up chosen after the Communist Party’s twice-a-decade congress surrounds Xi with proven loyalists to advance his ambitious plans to cement one-party rule and complete China reemergence as a great power. Here’s a look at the officials who will help Xi run China for the next five years, in the order they appeared:

Li Keqiang, 62

Once seen as a contender for the presidency, Li Keqiang watched Xi win the top job and instead became premier, overseeing the day-to-day affairs of the government. The job appeared a natural fit for Li who holds a Ph.D in economics and served as top lieutenant to former Premier Wen Jiabao. During his tenure, Li has advocated a radical reduction in bureaucracy, and once said that unleashing market forces would be “very painful and even feel like cutting one’s wrist.” His image took a hit during the 2015 stock market rout and Xi has quickly assumed many economic and diplomatic roles held by past premiers. Still, if there’s any gap between Xi’s vision and Li’s, outsiders haven’t been allowed to see it. Li remains one of the most public voices for the president’s economic policies.

Li Zhanshu, 67

Before becoming Xi’s chief of staff in 2012, Li Zhanshu toiled for decades in rural obscurity, writing poetry and serving in positions spanning from China’s ancient heartland of Shaanxi to the rust belt province of Heilongjiang. His ties with Xi stretch back to the 1980s, when they served in adjacent counties in the the central province of Hebei. That relationship came in handy, when he was plucked to lead the party’s General Office, a powerful agency that oversees the itineraries of all top leaders and serves as the president’s de facto chief of staff. Li’s portfolio has since expanded even further. Not only is he among an exclusive group of top officials who accompany Xi’s on diplomatic visits, he’s also become the leader’s personal liaison to Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Wang Yang, 62

Wang Yang rose to prominence before the 2012 party congress as a leading voice in an unusually public debate about China’s economy. He supported a relatively liberal package of policies -- called the “Guangdong model,” for the southern industrial province he ran at the time -- that allowed a greater role for non-profits and trade unions. He even made Time Magazine’s most-influential list after bringing pro-democracy protests in the fishing village of Wukan to a peaceful resolution. His approach contrasted with Bo Xilai’s “Chongqing model,” which emphasized social cohesion and the role of the state. Both seemed destined for the Standing Committee, before Bo’s spectacular fall amid graft allegations. Wang also missed the cut, but ended up a vice premier in charge of economic policies and a key liaison to the U.S.

Wang Huning, 62

After two decades in Beijing quietly shaping China’s most consequential policies, Wang Huning has reached the pinnacle of power. The former dean of Fudan University Law School has long been China’s preeminent political theorist and foreign policy guru, advising three presidents. Wang helped draft Jiang Zemin’s “Three Represents,” which drew entrepreneurs, capitalists and intellectuals under the party’s umbrella. As an academic, he studied power transitions and legal systems and advocated the strengths of strong central leadership over fractious democratic systems. Having served as the Central Committee’s Policy Research Office for the past 15 years, his ascension to the Standing Committee dovetails with Xi’s increased emphasis on communist ideology.

Zhao Leji, 60

Zhao Leji is among a handful of officials who have risen recently from far outside the political power centers of Beijing and Shanghai. Zhao spent almost three decades climbing the ranks in Qinghai, a northwestern province bigger than Texas at the crossroads of some of the country’s largest ethnic groups. He eventually become the country’s youngest provincial leader, overseeing the doubling of Qinghai’s economy. After a stint running nearby Shaanxi province, he was catapulted to the top of one of the party’s most powerful offices, the Organization Department. The office holds sway over appointments to senior patronage jobs across the country, from provinces to central party agencies. That made him instrumental in Xi’s efforts to position allies ahead of the current reshuffle.

Han Zheng, 63

For the first time in a three-decade career, Han Zheng is leaving Shanghai. His rise through a single city -- even one as prestigious as the eastern financial center -- is unusual for a party that grooms leaders by transferring them around the country. Han’s ascension to the Standing Committee is all the more remarkable after the shocking 2006 downfall of his then boss Chen Liangyu amid bribery charges and clashes with party central. Han has overseen the once-gray former colony transformed into a shimmering monument to modernity. As mayor, he led a $44 billion infrastructure makeover for the 2010 Shanghai Expo. He has faced challenges since taking over as Shanghai party chief in 2012, from runaway property prices to lackluster interest in a new free-trade zone to a New Year’s stampede that killed 36.


Blue Steel 309 Wed, 10/25/2017 - 06:00 Permalink

China has been around thousands of years. In the same geographical region. With the same race. The same culture. The same people. Western concepts of economy and politics do not apply to them.

qomolangma Azannoth Wed, 10/25/2017 - 10:04 Permalink

The Mongol (known as the Yuan Dynasty) and the Manchu (the last imperial, the Qing Dynasty) conquered the Middle Kingdom militarily but they indeed adopted the Middle Kingdom's civilization, at the end these two minority ethnics do enrich the civilization. And the other 54 minority ethnics (plus the Han people as the overwhelming majority, over 90% of population) do keep their own languages, except the Manchu people who voluntarily dropped their own and adopted the national language (originally the main northern dialect), Mandarin, as the language of their ethnic group.I believe most westerners here know just little about the long history of the Middle Kingdom :-) see lots of funny comments here showing total absence of knowledge.

In reply to by Azannoth

qomolangma zuuma Wed, 10/25/2017 - 11:59 Permalink

World Population Clock: 7.6 Billion People (2017) - Worldometershttp://www.worldometers.info/world-population/ For easier reference I use the number of 1,400,000,000 for Chinese population, practically at the same level as India.The poor is less than 100,000,000 today, according to the Chinese standard of living. Beyond the usual financial metric, GDP, GDP/Cap... for the most people the day-to-day life there is just okay, of course far from the shiny ones owning big houses and good cars like in the prosperous Western society... yet they still have their modest houses in small cities, villages or modest flats in big cities... and they need to work to earn their living, but prices of many basic necessities are still within reaches, I don't see the homeless people to all the places I visited, over 20 cities & towns in total under several occasions. And hard to see any beggar, and most people have their pride to earn their own living (I said this because when I tried to give some food or fruit to the lesser ones they would refuse it), I have been there for several times, at different parts from the south to west to north to east, from the small towns to the capital and center of financial... also once visited the NE India, Nepal... so see the vast differences.Btw I have been seeing much worse condition even in other Asian nations with much smaller population, so at 1,400,000,000 head counts I am quite apologetic to the any lingering population problems in China. And until one day the Western-style democracy is proven to be effective in dealing with population over 1,000,000,000... then I have no complaint over what the Chinese people are choosing... and India convinces nothing that it's the right choice :)I enjoy the most the visits to those small towns, so peaceful, far from the big cities' hecticness! There you can see the ordinary people doing dancing at the many public parks in the afternoon/evening... those people may lack in material things but they definitely not lack of the fun doing simple things like dancing and singing. I just leave out the modernity parts such as riding those high-speed railways at 300 kph, beautiful bridges & tunnels, smooth and wide roads, skyscrapers etc... I've more interests in the small town touches... :) Yunnan, Sichuan, Tibet, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi... more simplicity, less the big cities' complication as in the more developed eastern/coastal regions.If you have not been there, then you must try to visit the Middle Kingdom, seeing is believing!

In reply to by zuuma

Tarjan qomolangma Tue, 10/31/2017 - 05:35 Permalink

Your observations match mine. I started travelling in China in 1998; eventually married a wonderful Chinese lady in 2000. Since I retired in early 2015, I have lived in a suburban area of Chengdu and we frequently travel about the country.The system of government here on the whole seems Ok with the Chinese people. They are studious, hardworking, and very much family oriented. Over the last twenty years, I have witnessed a significant diminution of the truly poor and the rise of an expanding middle class.Does China have some problems? Sure, who does not, but the society I see here appears content and optimistic. ~ 

In reply to by qomolangma

qomolangma Infinite QE Wed, 10/25/2017 - 10:17 Permalink

For anyone with sincere interests to learn about China's bleak period of the failed Great Leap Forward program to fast track industrialization and self-reliance, please read following fascinating articles:Another Look at the Great Leap Forwardhttp://blog.hiddenharmonies.org/2013/01/17/another-look-at-the-great-le… Did Millions Die in the Great Leap Forward: A Quick Note on the Underlying Statistics http://blog.hiddenharmonies.org/2013/02/02/did-millions-die-in-the-grea… A Conversation with Boi Boi Huong on the Great Leap ForwardRecently I had a chance to speak with Boi Boi Huong (mp3, audio play link below). Her family emigrated to Holland from Vietnam when she was young. While in college, she took a stronger interest in China, and in fact completing her thesis on the Great Leap Forward. The timing of her work was interesting, because this had been just couple of years following 1989. Western academia and press at that time were especially hostile to China and China’s political system. The Great Leap Forward has always being used in the Western press and academia to vilify Mao Zedong and his policies, especially with the millions of deaths coinciding that period. Once Huong found out a bit about the circumstances of that period, she was able to quickly figure out the dominant narratives in the West were flawed. (Make sure to also read Ray‘s excellent post, “Another Look at the Great Leap Forward” and Allen‘s robust analysis of the death numbers, “Did Millions Die in the Great Leap Forward: A Quick Note on the Underlying Statistics.”)To the Chinese, Mao was a symbol of modern China. Under his leadership, ordinary Chinese were finally freed from imperialism, invasions, and centuries of miserable life. Mao is more than the mere mistakes he has committed. Nor is he any of that exaggerated sins pinned against him in the West.http://blog.hiddenharmonies.org/2013/04/22/a-conversation-with-boi-boi-… Don't think many will care to learn the truth, most will conveniently stick to the widespread false narratives by the western press over decades like the sacred mantra... that Mao was a monster to decimate his own people. For other with more opened mindset, just read on above links and try to understand why Mao still has his place within the Chinese people until today... amidst the some grave mistakes claimed on his behalf during his senile age. He's simply regarded as the anchor man who prevented the Middle Kingdom from being torn apart like the Yugoslavia or USSR, among other good things!

In reply to by Infinite QE

qomolangma Infinite QE Wed, 10/25/2017 - 14:48 Permalink

Nope. But I am still keeping the many Chairman Mao Zedong pictures from my last trip there... printed on the various denominations of CNY bills :-) LOLIf you ever read the stories or watch the Long March documentary, you may probably be able to grasp WHY this man is so highly regarded by the Chinese people UNTIL TODAY irrespective of some great blunder being done on behalf of his name at his senile age... history should be understood in its own context (time; background; situation and condition; challenges and threats and so forth).But I guess it's too much for some bigots with their deeply entrenched prejudices and self-righteous arrogant attitude!

In reply to by Infinite QE

Tarjan Infinite QE Tue, 10/31/2017 - 08:36 Permalink

"Same culture? Ever heard of the cultural revolution? That inaptly named mass murder which erased the ancient culture of China and gave it a neo-Bolshevik culture of money worship, deception and theft."The Red Guards did destroy important physical parts of China's cultural heritage. They might have wanted to erase China's cultural heritage, but in that they failed. For instance, my wife's uncles have just completed a project of tracing their ancestry back some 70 generations. Most other Chinese of today are quite aware of their ancient culture. You need to spend some time in this country and try to understand it before popping off such a shallow comment. ~ 

In reply to by Infinite QE

Endgame Napoleon Blue Steel 309 Wed, 10/25/2017 - 08:22 Permalink

So, here is the plan of the American economic elite: Go to this ancient exporting culture, with its intense focus on its own people and its very different system of politics and laws. Move as much of your country’s industrial base—move the thing that increased your nation’s economic strength 100-fold—to this country because of the ample supply of ultra-cheap labor, often consisting of young, teenage girls, trucked into the glam cities from the countryside and housed in 10-to-a-room dormitories, described as “comfortable” because it increases the bottom line of the multinational (American) corporations, in addition to beefing up a foreign country's defense and economic coffers. After the wages go up an inch, leave the country for even cheaper labor pools, never your own country. Your own country is only for selling things to make you rich until it is milked dry.

In reply to by Blue Steel 309

BobEore Blue Steel 309 Wed, 10/25/2017 - 08:40 Permalink

Western concepts of economy and politics do not apply to them.

Err, no/so sorry = wong agin!

This just in - roughly 100 years ago - and in a comparable time frame to the "revolution" which changed imperial Russ into a talmudic empire of terror run by wall st.-controlled lunatics with a passion for raping shiskas and killing xhristians...

the selected "vanguard" of Chinese Yale-trained "revolutionaries" schooled in the arts of violent overthrow of governments

graduated - to be set loose on a society which ... up till that moment MIGHT have qualified for your proposition.

From that point on - "Western concepts of economy and politics"... and ONLY "Western concepts of economy and politics" have applied to China - and the influence of those foreign ideas HAS ONLY INTENSIFIED in the interim.

Do you think that the entire 2x generations now ... trained at the best western institutions of 'higher n deeper'... gone back home with MBAs ... OCCUPYING ALL RUNGS OF POWER IN CHINA now... are bereft of western ideology? Do you honestly believe that the tenuous connections consciously subscribed to in earnest by politicians in need of a leavening of 'locality' to their acquired gweilo education.... to a past which is vaingloriously pasted onto a present

transparently in thrall to a pastiche of talmudist-derived |WESTERN\ philosophies of government - eg. the WORSHIP OF MUNKNEE and the abusive privilege it buys...

are truly and sincerely the INHERITORS OF forty centuries or so of Sinitic Civilization???????

If so... you truly belong here - amongst the horde of head o'er heels groupies who grope the pages of occidental disinfo outlets daily - in search of their fix of fake news and distorted facts.

So carry on ....dreamin.

For those oddballs who prefer to perceive... the way things really work... IN CHINATOWN...
From "Warring States" to Warring Factions...
caution: link to real world = PANDA BANKSTER FANBOUYS1! - DO NOT OPEN!

In reply to by Blue Steel 309

qomolangma BritBob Wed, 10/25/2017 - 10:23 Permalink

You behave like a clown here for such extended period, trying in vain to justify the possession of the conquered piece of land at the distance of half of the globe from London!Surely that piece belongs to the South American people be it the Argentinian or else but definitely NOT the British property!!!

In reply to by BritBob

2banana Wed, 10/25/2017 - 06:06 Permalink

China currently is a communist governmental system.  It can and will be ruled by communist dictator for decades.Google Mao and Stalin for examples.

Endgame Napoleon 2banana Wed, 10/25/2017 - 08:39 Permalink

They put the 6 men in black in front of that beautiful painting to humanize the situation.

Since it is an economic issue, they should position them in front of some blue, antique porcelain or maybe even the rare, red porcelain.

They held the secret for making quality porcelain for centuries, exporting it to the West and guarding their secret to the max without a fleet of patent attorneys. China would not tolerate counterfeiting of their innovation. The West finally discovered their secret: kaolin clay.

The secret went from Germany to England, with the French aristocrats being the biggest consumers of fine, Chinese porcelain. That is one reason why Chinese motifs — chinoiserie — are important in French decor.

The Chinese manufacturers catered to Western aristocrats in European countries, tailoring the design motifs to include their coats of arms, etc.

This happened hundreds of years ago. Ya, they have a long history of exporting and controlling things to benefit their own country.

America’s leaders have not put the interests of American citizens first when dealing with all of these ancient countries, whereas their authoritarian leaders put their people’s interests front and center while controlling them in a non-western, dictatorial way. Kumbaya.

In reply to by 2banana

MK ULTRA Alpha Wed, 10/25/2017 - 06:49 Permalink

Orange Jesus - seven more years, 2017-2024. Our Greatest Leader Orange Jesus. USA, USA, USA and MAGA stands for what- Make America Great Again. But don't forget, Bless Israel or we're cursed cult classic and Nukem til they glow and What do Americans do for fun? They rule the world. And as always, If you call yourself an American, you're a nigga, it doesn't matter about your skin color.

MK ULTRA Alpha MK ULTRA Alpha Wed, 10/25/2017 - 07:57 Permalink

If you're happy and you DON'T know it, clap your hands. We don't know what's real and what's not real. One thing I do know, China and the US will be going to war and someone is going to end up the winner. Democratic Communist wanted to continue to allow China to decimate the USA. Democratic Communist worked to sabotage and destroy the US. Democratic Communist worked to cause US to be second to everyone in this world. Now if you're white, we must bow our head to Democratic Communist and Federal Government. The Democratic Communist created a Federal government to target and do as much damage to whites as can be gotten away with. Federal Government must be cut in half for abusing power, it will not happen, so expect to divide nation into five nations or Federal Government will be destroyed. NO pensions for anything federal including presidents and congress, abolish federal government slavery, I aint no white slave for federal nigga government and monkey clown congress, fuck you it is over, we don't want to obey, we don't want to play. This is NOT America, and NSA and 17 worthless intelligent agencies are NOT supposed to be doing what they're doing to me, it is not in the fucking rules and I don't care what these dirty lying freaks in congress say. The country is a horror freak show. Everything has a second class taste, second class flavor, it's dirty and nasty. Someone should've knocked senator Flakes teeth out, he is the reason for our failure, and the Clintons should be killed for treason, stealing and sex crimes on young girls, etc. etc. This system doesn't work it is a lie. Kill it and divide nation into five nations. No more easy money for federal government and contractors- liars, thieves and murderers.

In reply to by MK ULTRA Alpha

rkoen Wed, 10/25/2017 - 07:02 Permalink

Well there ain't no Muslims in Shanghai or Beijing.  In fact there ain't no foreigners. So with both Islam and China predicting world domination in 30 to 50 yrs somebody will be duking it out.  Probably for the US as their toy... 

Let it Go Wed, 10/25/2017 - 07:14 Permalink

China is coming off its 19th National Congress where it is all about a "new era" for China but under the surface, all is not well. It is difficult to ignore that China's central bank has warned extreme credit creation and trouble in the shadow banking system could lead to a full-blown financial crisis.Recently Zhou Xiaochuan, the governor of the People’s Bank (PBOC), spoke of “fierce market reactions” and a possible Minsky Moment, the tipping point when credit cycles break and euphoric booms collapse under their own weight. The article below looks deeper into this situation and Japan's involvement.http://brucewilds.blogspot.com/2017/10/china-china-china-it-is-all-about-china.html

Bai Suzhen Wed, 10/25/2017 - 07:36 Permalink

The good thing about China, at least for Chinese, is that unlike Europe and America, Chinese leaders aren't trying to replace their majority members with negroes, Arabs, and Mexicans.  So until the West learns some Chinese political discipline, I don't care about making the world safe for Muh Democracy. 

Money_for_Nothing Bai Suzhen Wed, 10/25/2017 - 07:52 Permalink

My understanding is that China has lots of different ethnic groups and has lots of those kinds of issues. The US is the closest thing to an open society built on the principle of your-money-is-welcome-and-we-will-tolerate-you-to-get-a-piece.

China's and Russia's agency problem is that they don't want to pay wages. Want slave labor. No amount of pleasant talk about the comity of man can hide that fact.

In reply to by Bai Suzhen

Bai Suzhen Money_for_Nothing Wed, 10/25/2017 - 08:23 Permalink

First, point is correct.  China has indigenous "ethnic minorities."  Second point is generally incorrect.   Even ethnic minorities are essentially Chinese in character, and do not act like "gibs me dat" American minorities.  There are some negroes (Africans) in Guangzhou, but they actually work, are effectively corralled into a ghetto, and forced to behave.  No one likes them, like all blacks they make problems, and the police stay on them.  There is a large Moslem population in Xinjiang Autonomous Region, and they cause the usual Islamic trouble, but they are dealt with sternly.  Tibet is the opposite of what is happening in the West.  In Tibet the idea is to move in Chinese.  In the West, the idea is to move out whites.  Minority Jews who are antagonistic to the majority, do not control the media, much of the academy and commerce, as is the case in the West.  In fine, it is realistic to think of Chinese as homogeneous, culturally. Your point about "slave wages" is somewhat true, however wages and production exist cyclically, so to think that the situation will remain static, is wrongheaded.  Also, one reason manufacturing moved the the Far East in the first place was that Western capitalists didn't want to pay market wages.  Finally, "slave" wages typically means that the wage earner cannot "buy" his way out of wage bondage, and in fact is in debt most of the time.  This situation is more indicative of America than China, where most folks have little savings, and must exist on day to day wages supplemented by credit and "government" largesse.Third, if by "open society" you reduce everything to capitalistic economic transaction, then I guess you have a point.  There is, however, nothing intrinsically wrong with a "closed" society; in fact that form has been the traditional mode of culture, at least ethnically and racially. 

In reply to by Money_for_Nothing

qomolangma Money_for_Nothing Wed, 10/25/2017 - 12:08 Permalink

The modern China has 56 ethnic groups.Some info here though not quite comprehensive:https://sites.google.com/site/chn56ethnicities/The few of racial problems there, actually some were more resemblance to terrorism attempts, were instigated by the foreign funded actors (their agents in Dharamsala & Rebiya in GER), CIA and later George Soros funded NGO especially... tried to exploit the two provinces in the western region to create division & chaos but totally failed for the Chinese responses were swift and decisive.Before anyone is going crazy both regions are getting lots of funding to develop their difficult regions. If only anyone here has ever visited (I did) both China's Tibet and the NE Indian's Sikkim regions then he would see the vast differences between the two Himalayan highlands, while Tibet has the plenty of modern infrastructure incl. airports and railway, the Sikkim is still living in the past lack of development (and has neither airport nor railway). Xinjiang today is actively developing as the key hub to the BRI/Silk Road's land route to the Central Asia and Europe and the CPEC linking with Pakistan (and Iran, Afghanistan in future).

In reply to by Money_for_Nothing

Grimaldus Wed, 10/25/2017 - 08:08 Permalink

The seven biggest boots of communist tyranny-----even more firmly planted on the necks of the Chinese people.Think they will create a Chinese equivalent of the second amendment?        Grimaldus 

Dr. Bonzo Wed, 10/25/2017 - 08:14 Permalink

China is a human paradise. The US is shit. The Chinese are all geniuses. Every Chinese is born a doctor or a lawyer. It takes years of testing to verify whether the prodigious little genius will enrich humanity in medicine or law. China sends 300,000 students to the US every year to laugh at the North American chimps and their failing country. Chinese men are instructed to teabag American women and to Weibo their salacious victories.China is so great you run out of superlatives to describe its greatness. China is the best. China is Number One. China is awesome. China is great.135% of Chinese own their own palaces. A Chinese palace makes an American home look like a dog kennel. Chinese homes are breathtakingly beautiful, spacious, functional and above all... luxurious and great.157% of Chinese are geniuses. Chinese are so smart. Oh my, how smart they are. The average American is a salivating scampy chimpanzee compared to the scholar gentlemen and ladies of China. And the ladies of China...  that's a whole separate encyclopedia. So great. So so so great. Chinese girls are just the best. They have the nicest and the prettiest and the best of everything. They're just the best. Did I mention they're the best?China is Number One in the world. It has the highest GDP, the fastest PGD and the bestest PDG. The Chinese have the best infrastructure in the world, the fastest trains, the shiniest planes, the nicest cars and the bluest bicycles. Still, traveling in China is not easy if you're easily awestruck, as I am... by all things Chinese. I find myself stopping and gaping wide-eyed and open-mouthed at all the marvels of China every 3 steps or so. China is so awesome.I live in China and it is the best country in the world. America is an infested whore dog with mutant fleas compared to China.China, you take my breath away. Wo ai ni China. Wo ai ni.

baldknobber Dr. Bonzo Wed, 10/25/2017 - 08:41 Permalink

Excellent sarc Doc. If I thought you were serious I would bring up that my dog has a higher standard of living than the vast majority of Chinese. The old girl is getting slower , so I don't let her work cattle in the pen for fear of injury. as a result she is putting on weight and I am going to have to put her on diet dog food. Did you hear that world , my dog lives so high on the hog I have to put her on a diet

In reply to by Dr. Bonzo

qomolangma Dr. Bonzo Wed, 10/25/2017 - 10:42 Permalink

Don't be so sarcastic Doc, it really shows your true class :-) Think you love more those kinds of leaders like the Trump; or those stylish 30+ youngters in CAN, FRA popped out suddenly to become leaders. He he he good experimentation... But the Chinese has 1,400,000,000 population, same as IND, thus the Chinese has no luxury to have the political experiment as other much smaller entities. IND is an exception but its outcome is far from anything shiny... that country still needs to provide the basic toilets to half of its population as well as other basic necessities.Numbers do matter. Even the USA at 1/4 of the population, app. 350,000,000, if one day its WRC "printers" are removed, standard of living there won't be that shiny either. The US is not the GER that achieves its standard of living out of its smart toiling... it's all propped by the WRC "printers" :-) just keep in mind that before looking down on others!

In reply to by Dr. Bonzo

DaBears Dr. Bonzo Wed, 10/25/2017 - 15:04 Permalink

"I find myself stopping and gaping wide-eyed and open-mouthed at all the marvels of China every 3 steps or so"**every SINGLE step!** How many times does the glorious party  of China needs to beat that simple line into you!! It's devil Laowai like you that's keeping splendid China down with your Western stupidity! can't believe the benevolent party allowed inferior  round eye like you the precious rare privileged internet access to the outside world, your access will be revoked!!

In reply to by Dr. Bonzo