"Sorry Chump, You Didn't Have It In Writing"

Authored by Eric Margolis via EricMargolis.com,

At a time when the United States is convulsed by anti-Russian hysteria and demonization of Vladimir Putin, a trove of recently declassified Cold War documents reveals the astounding extent of the lies, duplicity and double-dealing engaged in by the western powers with the collapsing Soviet Union in 1990.

I was covering Moscow in those days and met some of the key players in this sordid drama.   Ever since, I’ve been writing that the Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, and Foreign Minister, Eduard Shevardnadze, were shamelessly lied to and deceived by the United States, Britain, and their appendage, NATO.

All the western powers promised Gorbachev and Shevardnadze that NATO would not expand eastward by ‘one inch’ if Moscow would pull the Red Army out of East Germany and allow it to peacefully reunify with West Germany.  This was a titanic concession by Gorbachev: it led to a failed coup against him in 1991 by Communist hardliners.

The documents released by George Washington University in Washington DC, which I attended for a semester, make sickening reading (see them online).  All western powers and statesmen assured the Russians that NATO would not take advantage of the Soviet retreat and that a new era of amity and cooperation would dawn in post-Cold War Europe.  US Secretary of State Jim Baker offered ‘ironclad guarantees’ there would be no NATO expansion.  Lies, all lies.

Gorbachev was a humanist, a very decent, intelligent man who believed he could end the Cold War and nuclear arms race.   He ordered the Red Army back from Eastern Europe.  I was in Wunsdorf, East Germany, HQ of the Group of Soviet Forces, Germany, and at Stasi secret police HQ in East Berlin right after the pullout order was given.  The Soviets withdrew their 338,000 troops and 4,200 tanks and sent them home at lightening speed.

Western promises made to Soviet leaders by President George W. H. Bush and Jim Baker quickly proved to be empty.  They were honorable men but their successors were not.  Presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush quickly began moving NATO into Eastern Europe, violating all the pledges made to Moscow.

The Poles, Hungarians and Czechs were brought into NATO, then Romania and Bulgaria, the Baltic States, Albania, and Montenegro.  Washington tried to get the former Soviet Republics of Georgia and Ukraine into NATO.  The Moscow-aligned government of Ukraine was overthrown in a US-engineered coup.  The road to Moscow was open.

All the bankrupt, confused Russians could do was denounce these eastward moves by the US and NATO.  The best response NATO and Washington could come up with was, ‘well, there was no official written promise.’  This is worthy of a street peddler selling counterfeit watches.  The leaders of the US, Britain, France, Belgium and Italy all lied.  Germany was caught between its honor and imminent reunification. So even its Chancellor Helmut Kohl had to go along with the West’s prevarications.

At the time, I wrote that the best solution would be for the demilitarization of formerly Soviet-controlled Eastern Europe.  NATO had no need or business to expand eastward.  Doing so would be a constant provocation to Russia, which regarded Eastern Europe as an essential defensive glacis against invasions from the West.

Now, with NATO forces on its western borders, Russia’s deepest fears have been realized.

Today, US military aircraft based on the coasts of Romania and Bulgaria, former Warsaw Pact members, probe Russian airspace over the Black Sea and the vital strategic port of Sevastopol.  Washington talks about arming chaotic Ukraine.   US and NATO troops are in the Baltic, on Russia’s northwestern borders.  Polish right-wingers are beating the war drums against Russia.

In 1990, KGB and CIA agreed to the principal of ‘not one inch’ eastward for NATO.  Former US ambassador to Moscow, Jack Matlock, confirms the same agreement. Gorbachev, who is denounced as a foolish idealist by many Russians, trusted the Western powers. He should have had a battalion of New York City garment district shyster lawyers to document his agreements in 1990.  He thought he was dealing with honest, honorable men, like himself.

Is it any wonder after this bait and switch diplomacy that Russia has no trust in the Western powers?  Moscow watches US-run NATO oozing ever eastwards. Today, Russia’s leaders firmly believe Washington’s ultimate plan is to tear apart Russia and reduce it to an impotent, pauper nation.  Two former Western leaders, Napoleon and Hitler, had similar plans.

Instead of carrying on about Hitler’s duplicity after Munich, we should look at our own shameless behavior after 1990.

Comments

ParticularlySt… bobcatz Mon, 12/18/2017 - 00:27 Permalink

A stupid headline. We perfectly well have the Declaration of Independence in writing, but the Supreme Fools refuse to recognize it. And the Second Amendment is in text, but it does no good. The Constitution establishes Congress to coin money, meaning silver and gold, but they do not. They're all thieves, and they're all liars, and all are idiots who believe otherwise.

In reply to by bobcatz

land_of_the_few bobcatz Mon, 12/18/2017 - 02:31 Permalink

You just failed History 101.The unsuccessful group Mensheviks were largely Jewish.The Bolsheviks in contrast were mostly Russians, Balts and Poles. The Balts were specifically Latvians, as were Lenin's revolutionary guard detachment the Red Riflemen. A quick browse of the Web confirms this. Also, the Red Army divisions that pushed back Operation Barbarossa were not all "Russians".Stalin - aka Ivan Ivanishvili, a Georgian Orthodox Christian, even joked about starting a pogrom to wipe out the rival mostly Jewish Mensheviks, who never came to power.But extremism is never in short supply in the regions - for example Alfred Rosenberg the primary Nazi ideologist was also a Balt - he was hanged at Nuremberg.The journalist Szell was deported for researching Rosenberg for a year in Latvian and Estonian archives,  and then pointing out that while officially a "Baltic German," in his opinion Rosenberg had "not a drop of German blood in his arms" but instead was of "Latvian, Jew, Mongol and French" ancestry.Lets's make it clear - (((Rosenberg))) wanted to purify the "Aryan" race. Right. Who for? Seems he was neither very German nor particularly "Aryan" himself. And with a family name like that ... But then you are clearly a paid astroturfing poster.

In reply to by bobcatz

land_of_the_few Volkodav Mon, 12/18/2017 - 03:12 Permalink

"Jews were more prominent among the Mensheviks. Stalin took note of the ethnic proportions represented on each side, as seen from a 1907 report on the Congress published in the Bakinsky rabochy (Baku Workman), which quoted a coarse joke about "a small pogrom" (?????????) Stalin attributed to then-Bolshevik Grigory Aleksinsky:"Not less interesting is the composition of the congress from the standpoint of nationalities. Statistics showed that the majority of the Menshevik faction consists of Jews—and this of course without counting the Bundists—after which came Georgians and then Russians. On the other hand, the overwhelming majority of the Bolshevik faction consists of Russians, after which come Jews—not counting of course the Poles and Letts—and then Georgians, etc. For this reason one of the Bolsheviks observed in jest (it seems Comrade Aleksinsky) that the Mensheviks are a Jewish faction and the Bolsheviks a genuine Russian faction, so it would not be a bad idea for us Bolsheviks to arrange a small pogrom in the party."https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stalin_and_antisemitism

In reply to by Volkodav

Volkodav land_of_the_few Mon, 12/18/2017 - 04:34 Permalink

      You in the west have never heard the names of most      of the leading adminstrators responsible      especially the real names, not those adopted to deceive      as it was always intentional that you be ignorant      WIKI is weak source for Russian History      however WIKI Gulag there is name list of Gulag Administrators,      thru Stalin.  None are Russian  

In reply to by land_of_the_few

Volkodav Dindu Nuffins Mon, 12/18/2017 - 02:47 Permalink

      Telling me nothing I do not know..      Stalin...nothing changed but he killed off those he considered threat      while positioned others...those capable of such actions      even WIKI search Gulag shows list names of Gulag Administrators      all are same thru Stalin none are Russian      Solzhenitsyn stated clearly those committed the crimes were not Russian

In reply to by Dindu Nuffins

land_of_the_few Dindu Nuffins Mon, 12/18/2017 - 03:01 Permalink

""In a 1 December 1952 Politburo session, Stalin announced: "Every Jewish nationalist is the agent of the American intelligence service. Jewish nationalists think that their nation was saved by the USA. . . They think they are indebted to the Americans. Among doctors, there are many Jewish nationalists."The Doctors Plot""What followed was a new wave of antisemitic hysteria, and a plan by Stalin to send all of the Jews to Siberia, similar to other ethnic groups. Only Stalin's death the same year relieved the fear"https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doctors%27_plot

In reply to by Dindu Nuffins

SoDamnMad Déjà view Mon, 12/18/2017 - 04:31 Permalink

"Western promises made to Soviet leaders by President George W. H. Bush and Jim Baker quickly proved to be empty.  They were honorable men but their successors were not. "  Here is a bunch of bull about the former head of the CIA.  It is even suggested he had a hand in the assasination of JFK.  Leader of our first for foray into the ME when our ambassador told Saddam we wouldn't do anything if they went into Kuwait (love the part about taking babies out of incubators). 

In reply to by Déjà view

uhland62 PGR88 Mon, 12/18/2017 - 00:30 Permalink

They don't. But it is very necessary to not sweep the lies and deceptions under the carpet. History is for learning.The lesson here is that the US cannot be trusted. Never trust them again. No war, just bypass them. Stay polite but always make it clear that shonks cannot be believed. They vilify Putin but the deceptions of the West came first. 

In reply to by PGR88

“Rebellion to … Mon, 12/18/2017 - 00:21 Permalink

The Bush crime family is the architect of the evil empire period of US history.

US leadership for the past thirty years is one criminal administration after another.

War criminals need be brought to justice.

FUBAR

Katos strannick Mon, 12/18/2017 - 00:48 Permalink

Big daddy BUSH SR is a satanist and a pedophile! He has run our country from behind the scenes since the 70'S WHEN HE WAS DIRECTOR OF THE CIA! HIS wife Barbara Bush is ALIESTER CROWLEYS DAUGHTER! ALIESTER taught his daughter and her husband the occult MAJIX needed to control people's MINDS! He has used his powerful " CARLYLE GROUP " TO maintain control over the media, THE CIA, AND OUR GOVERNMENT! HE HAS FILLED WASHINGTON WITH satanists, pedophiles, satanic ritual abusers! NO ONE GETS into washington without BIG daddy' approval!

In reply to by strannick

just the tip strannick Mon, 12/18/2017 - 00:53 Permalink

i don't know about that.  he sure is one of the top three.the time period from 1856-1876 sure does stink like one long turd.i also think 1913 is a year that will live in infamy.  the adoption of the 16th amendment.  the passing of the 22nd amendment.  the creation of the fed.but GHB does have his place.  and a special one in hell as well.maybe santa will be good to me this year and send GHB and mccain to hell within days of each other.  i sure as hell don't want to see mccain wheeled around like the freak show GHB has been, strapped to his wheel chair.

In reply to by strannick

Mine Is Bigger GunnerySgtHartman Mon, 12/18/2017 - 01:18 Permalink

"Western promises made to Soviet leaders by President George W. H. Bush and Jim Baker quickly proved to be empty.  They were honorable men but their successors were not.  Presidents Bill Clinton and George W. Bush quickly began moving NATO into Eastern Europe, violating all the pledges made to Moscow."George W. H. Bush and Jim Baker honorable?Yeah, right.   If you haven't seen a documentary, titled "The President", about Putin (You can find it here on YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yBYCG5MQ_YU), it's an interesting watch.Putin clearly does not think very highly of Gorbachev. Putin was trained as lawyer. So, he seems to think Gorbachev was an idiot for not insiting the U.S. and NATO allies sign an agreement about their promise of not expanding eastward.  

In reply to by GunnerySgtHartman

GunnerySgtHartman Mine Is Bigger Mon, 12/18/2017 - 01:30 Permalink

I did NOT say that they were honorable men.  Nor did I say that NATO's word was worth anything, because it ISN'T.In his hero worship of Gorbachev, Eric barely mentions the fact that the Soviet Union was FLAT BROKE.  Gorbachev had NO CHOICE but to withdraw the troops because the Soviet Union could not afford to keep them in Eastern Europe!  He did not withdraw them out of some selfless desire for world peace.  Remember, the Soviet economy was in absolute shambles at the time and did not recover for several years, and the Soviet army with it.  The army's manpower dropped by half between 1985 and 1991, from 5.3 million to 2.7 million.It should also be pointed out that Gorbachev himself contradicts Eric's claims.  Gorbachev said in a 2014 interview that NATO did not make any promise to not expand -https://www.brookings.edu/blog/up-front/2014/11/06/did-nato-promise-not-to-enlarge-gorbachev-says-no/Again, I'm not defending NATO or the diplomats here - they are both incompetent.  But what Eric is saying doesn't add up, in spite of his Gorbachev hero worship.  Putin has taken this narrative and run with it because it suits his own self-interest.  Do you really think Putin is a humanitarian, only interested in the welfare of the citizens of his country?

In reply to by Mine Is Bigger

QuiteVoiceFromRussia GunnerySgtHartman Mon, 12/18/2017 - 02:24 Permalink

There were a choice. Look at NK, they are ready to eat grass and the regime look strong.At that time dominant mindset in Soviet society and even official propaganda was "let's be good for the world and be friends with the west and US". And that was the main driver of choices made. USSR could've nuke couple of ME oil countries and financial problem would be solved. As we know today they would be fukd soon anyway.

In reply to by GunnerySgtHartman

whatswhat1@yahoo.com Mon, 12/18/2017 - 00:26 Permalink

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"Winston Churchill once said, 'History will be kind to me for I intend to write it'...

dunce Mon, 12/18/2017 - 00:32 Permalink

For generations we were told that the Russians can not be trusted except by Reagan who said "trust but verify". A Hollywood Jew said it best "a verbal contract is not worth the paper it is written on"

just the tip Mon, 12/18/2017 - 00:42 Permalink

Western promises made to Soviet leaders by President George W. H. Bush and Jim Baker quickly proved to be empty.  They were honorable men but their successors were not.horseshit.  those two mother fuckers were not honorable men.  stopped reading there.  eric must be sucking baker's dick.