This Is The Turning Point

Authored by Charles Hugh Smith via,

The driving trends of the past decade are now reversing...

The saying "the worm has turned" refers to the moment when the downtrodden have finally had enough, and turn on their powerful oppressors.

The worms have finally turned against the privileged elites -- who have benefited so greatly from globalization, corruption, central bank stimulus and the profiteering of state-enforced cartels. It doesn’t matter as much as the punditry assumes whether they are turning Left or Right; the important thing is that the powerless have finally started challenging their privileged overlords.

Though the Powers That Be will attempt to placate or suppress the Revolt of the Powerless, the genies of political disunity and social disorder cannot be put back in the bottle. It took a generation of rising inequality, corruption and the erosion of opportunity to create a society of the protected (the haves) and the unprotected (the have-nots), and rubber-stamping more regulations and distributing Universal Basic Income (UBI) will not rebalance a system that is irrevocably out of balance.

But the rise of resistance, as yet nascent, is only half the story: economic trends and cycles are turning as well, and even if the worms remain passively underground, these reversals will disrupt the status quo. The dominant narrative--the rightness, goodness and sustainability of endless growth of consumption and debt--will unravel, and the internal contradictions of this New Gilded Age (widening wealth/income/power inequality) will finally burst through the thin façade of stability that’s been patched together over the past nine years of “recovery.”

Eight Key Trends/Cycles Are Turning

Here’s the thing about trends and cycles: when they inevitably lose altitude or reverse, we rush around trying to identify the cause. All sorts of theories are put forth, but as a general rule, it rarely boils down to one dynamic.

Consider the decline and fall of the Western Roman Empire. Efforts to identify the cause go back hundreds of years, and include everything from barbarian invasions to the use of lead pipes to deliver water.

A new book, The Fate of Rome: Climate, Disease, and the End of an Empire, pins a significant part of the responsibility on climate change and pandemic diseases—system-wide dynamics that slowly sapped Rome’s vigor, food supplies, capital and labor force.  Not only that, but cooling weather patterns in Eurasia may have been behind the westward movement of the mobile tribes (the Huns and Mongolians) that pushed existing tribes on Rome’s borders into Roman territories—the so-called Barbarian Invasions.

The point here is that systemic trends and cycles are often causally connected and tend to reinforce each other. This is how a stable, wealthy and resilient society gets hollowed out: trends end and cycles reverse, and forces that added stability, capital and resilience when they were working together are slowly replaced by forces that erode the foundations of wealth and stability.

In the current era, eight interconnected trends/cycles are either reaching the end of their run or reversing:

  1. Central bank distortion/manipulation of markets.
  2. The business cycle of credit/debt expansion and contraction.
  3. The yield/interest rate cycle.
  4. The commodity cycle.
  5. The stock market cycle.
  6. Regulation.
  7. Globalization.
  8. Demographics.

Each of these would need a short book to do the topic even partial justice, but let’s summarize each trend/cycle.

Let’s stipulate that technology isn’t a cycle or a trend; its disruptions of existing sectors and institutions accelerate and decelerate over time, but it is woven inseparably into all the trends and cycles listed above.   That said, the emergence of some new technology doesn’t mean the business cycle will be repealed for all time; cycles and trends are influenced by Human Wetware V1.0, an OS developed between 100,000 and 160,000 years ago and still in Version One.

Resource depletion is another background to these trends and cycles: robots and drones will not restore depleted ground water or bring back ocean fisheries.

Central Bank Distortion / Manipulation of Markets

Minus the $21 trillion in central bank asset purchases and trillions more in liquidity/credit programs, would the global economy be growing and global markets be at nosebleed heights? We all know the answer is "no."

Central banks have engineered a "recovery" that looks real enough on the surface, but what are its foundations? Gamed statistics and manipulated markets—in other words, controlling not just the narrative but the information available to market participants.  To achieve the desired outcome—rising equity markets, near-zero bond yields and incentivizing the purchase of risk-on assets—central banks have distorted market information and mechanisms.

The returns on this coordinated distortion are diminishing.  The “buzz” from the initial injections has faded, and now that the monetary authorities are trying to wean the markets off of their drug, the markets have lost the ability to discover the price of assets, risk and capital on their own.

No wonder volatility is rising.

Flooding the economy with trillions in new stimulus worked wonders in the initial stage, but after 9 years, the unintended consequences are metastasizing.

Goosing asset valuations higher in service of “the wealth effect” has widened wealth/ income inequality, creating a New Gilded Age of a few haves and many have-nots. The benefits of the central bank punch bowl—near-zero interest rates, leverage and access to unlimited credit--are reserved for those few at the top of the wealth-power pyramid; very little of the stupendous wealth created out of thin air has trickled down to the bottom 95%.

The relentless rise in asset valuations has pushed homes out of reach of those living in desirable urban/suburban markets, and exposed buyers to the risks of an inevitable reversion to the mean, i.e. a collapse of bubble prices back to historical norms.

Capital is not incentivized to invest in productivity or communities for the long haul; the incentives are for stock buybacks and short-term leveraged speculative bets, forms of mal-investment that hollow out the productive real economy is favor of a momentum-driven financialization boom.

Much of the political resistance troubling the status quo can be traced directly to central bank policies that have exacerbated the New Gilded Age inequalities and excesses. If the central banks can’t find the will to reduce their distortions in service of the few, the political will of the many will do it for them.

The Business Cycle of Credit Expansion & Contraction

The business cycle is a basic structure of any economy based on credit and flows of capital seeking the highest available returns at the lowest available risk. In the expansion stage, households and enterprises borrow more money to boost production and satisfy unmet demand.  Speculators find opportunities in new enterprises and new markets.

In the contraction phase, all the inevitable excesses of freely available credit come home to roost. Marginal investments in new production fail to become profitable and go bust. Marginal household borrowers default, and speculators who bet the farm on momentum plays watch their capital evaporate like mist in Death Valley.

When too much income is being devoted to servicing existing debt, there’s no more net income available to support additional borrowing. Lenders facing losses due to defaults tighten lending standards, and credit—and thus the economy—contracts.

This cycle is an essential dynamic of capitalism.  Central banks have attempted to eliminate the contraction phase that acts as the immune system, washing out bad debt and marginal borrowers.  This has left the economy saddled with “zombie” corporations and debtors that would be liquidated if monetary policies weren’t enabling their feeble survival.

But even the most powerful central banks can’t force firms and individuals to borrow more money when it no longer makes sense to do so. And keeping zombie banks, corporations and households on life support weakens the financial system by piling up the equivalent of dead wood in the forest. When the inevitable conflagration of bad debt catches fire, many of the healthy trees will also be consumed in the flames.

The Yield / Interest Rate Cycle

Many observers are confident interest rates cannot rise due to the deflationary forces in play. Indeed, they predict a future decline in rates back to zero. Perhaps, but history suggests interest rates typically move in long cycles of roughly two or three decades. The current downtrend in rates dates back to 1981, which means the current trend is pushing 40 years. That’s stretching the historical boundaries.

As noted earlier, trends change and then we seek the causes. Interest rates are rising, and perhaps we need no explanation other than reversion to the mean.

The Commodity Cycle

Compared to the stock market (the S&P 500), commodities are at their cyclical lows. As to what happens next, we need only look at a single chart, courtesy of Incrementum AG:

The Stock Market Cycle

We’re implicitly being told that stock markets can loft higher forever, as long as central banks are pumping out the financial stimulus. But nothing goes up forever; valuations get stretched, marginal buyers disappear and doubts about the continuing efficacy of central bank distortions creep in.

The typical Bull Market has a leading sector.  Starting with the mass-market Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, leaders tend to be new industries: railroads, radio, computers, the Internet, etc., or existing industries that have been revolutionized by some innovation: for example, banks freed from regulatory oversight discovered subprime mortgages in the 2000s.

The current leaders—the so-called FAANG stocks—are getting tired.  The tech leaders have reached a scale where growth must slow; the expansion of Facebook from 100 million users to 1 billion was a 10-fold increase; the expansion from 1 billion to 2 billion, a double. Are there even another billion potential users with the bandwidth, devices and interest to join? How much additional revenue can be extracted by selling the data of increasingly marginal users?

The same issues of scale are sapping the growth of Apple, Google, et al.  What happens when Apple has already sold an iPhone to everyone with the means and interest to own one?

There is now political pushback against the quasi-monopolies of big tech. Politicians are being forced to “do something,” i.e. increase regulations, whether they accomplish the intended goal or not.

Valuations and profits are at the top of their respective cycles, the leaders are faltering, victims of their own dominance, and central banks are feeling pressured to reduce the punch bowl of free money for financiers.


Democracy is no longer about solving real problems and being held accountable; it’s all about persuading the public that all is well, or distracting them with ginned up controversies. Incumbents get re-elected because they vacuum up enough campaign contributions to buy influence via the mass (corporate) media. They have little incentive to respond to voters, so they don’t.

What they can do is look like they’re doing something other than protecting the cartels and financiers that fund their permanent re-election campaigns. So they propose more regulations, most of which fail to achieve the desired results but succeed in burdening legitimate enterprises to the point of failure. Small enterprises simply fold up when the exhausted owners can no longer bear the burdens and corporations offshore everything that’s over-regulated.

The neoliberal ideology held that the many would benefit if regulations limiting enterprise were eased, and when done judiciously and with common sense, this has functioned as designed. But in the corrupt form of governance that dominates the global economy, regulatory capture means regulations protect cartels and insiders from competition.  Insiders have rigged the system so they can punish competitors and let their cronies off the hook.

The useful regulations protecting the many from the exploitation of the few are being buried by counter-productive “do something” regulations and regulatory moats that protect cartels and insiders.


Global trade has a long history, stretching back to the Bronze Age (1500 B.C.). Like every other market, it expands and contracts as conditions change.  The emergence of China (and other nations) since the mid-1980s greatly expanded global trade and capital flows. This distributed new income and prosperity to hundreds of millions of people, and yet it also concentrated much of the newfound wealth in the hands of the few and left many behind.

Nothing goes up forever, not even globalization.  Those left behind are starting to wonder if the good of globalization outweighs the costs.


If high-population-growth Africa is set aside, the world’s working age populace is perched on the precipice of decline while the populace of retirees is exploding, not just in the developed world but in the developing world.

Although many put their hopes on robots generating unlimited wealth that will support the elderly and free the working age populace from labor, the more likely prospect is an economy that cannot fulfill the promises made to retirees back when the worker-retiree ratio was 10-to-1 and not the present-day 2-to-1.

Chris Hamilton has written three excellent explorations of demographics that cover the basics. The bottom line is the trend of rapidly-expanding workforces and modest numbers of dependent retirees has reversed:

To underscore this point, chew on this sobering projection: in the US, for the first time ever, retirees will outnumber kids within just 20 years.


Crazy Or Not Sat, 04/07/2018 - 16:43 Permalink

2018 Mercury retrograde. I'm sure many here dismiss such pokum. Here's a copy paste, see how it fits:

"With Mercury retrograde, we experience a shadow and a storm... Most people don't feel the effects of Mercury retrograde until it enters the storm period though. The storm period of Mercury retrograde is when Mercury is moving at its slowest,  its a fast-moving planet and hates it when he's moving slowly. There's usually two storm periods, one around the time Mercury turns retrograde, and one around when it turns direct.

This Mercury retrograde begins on March 22nd at 2:34AM ET and ends on April 15th at 8:51PM ET. The shadow period is March 9th - May 3rd. The first storm period is March 18th - 29th, and second storm period is April 7th - 24th.

...Mercury retrograde in Aries can bring some hot-hot energy, as Aries is a high energy fire and cardinal sign. We can be more impulsive, impatient, wanting to jump into things without thinking...."

two hoots DillyDilly Sat, 04/07/2018 - 18:08 Permalink

Charles is in the ball park but has not yet tagged this approaching thing.  All feel it, know it is near, search for words to describe it, but it just comes closer and closer, likely something we don't dare fathom so we chose distractions .


The article is all about money/financial stuff.  Well, money/financial stuff is man made, put in between man and things he needs/wants.  The problem comes when man goes straight for the things not giving a damn about money put in the way.  That is a turning point.

In reply to by DillyDilly

swmnguy two hoots Sat, 04/07/2018 - 18:51 Permalink

I find CHS to be incredibly frustrating.  He diagnoses problems very well.  He does well with causes--up to the point that it becomes obvious that the root of the issue is fundamental inherent contradictions in capitalism, which must remain balanced or it pulls itself apart.  CHS is too much of the current system of corporate-based finance to see that there's no fixing that system; that system itself is the problem.

He gets right up to that realization and turns away, every time.  That's why he can describe the problems brilliantly, but never has a solution.  Because he refuses to conceive of the possibility that our current system, only about 100 years old, is neither inevitable nor permanent.

In reply to by two hoots

AGuy Stuck on Zero Sat, 04/07/2018 - 16:59 Permalink

"I disagree with the Author on one point. Capitalism is all about saving now to spend in the future."

Unfortunately Most people have a severe distorted view on what Capitalism really is. 99% of the population think\believe that Debt is money. 99% of the population uses debt to fund their lifestyles (except for the people that can't access credit). Just try to find someone out there that has no debt: No Mortgage, Car loans, Student Loans, Credit card debt.

In reply to by Stuck on Zero

Quantify Stuck on Zero Sat, 04/07/2018 - 20:50 Permalink

Capitalism isn't about saving money. Its about efficiency and innovation. Smart people save but its not about capitalism. Capitalism has lifted hundreds of millions out of poverty like no other system. It IS the best known system, if you can keep the cronyism out of it.

What this article intrinsically points to, is the debt which weighs down immensely on all the economies.

In reply to by Stuck on Zero

Radical Marijuana Stuck on Zero Sun, 04/08/2018 - 12:52 Permalink

"... central banks printing money is anti-capitalism ..."


MAD money-as-debt is NEGATIVE CAPITAL.

Political economy has become almost totally based on being able to make "money" out of nothing in order to "pay" for strip-mining the natural resources of a fresh planet using the series of technologies provided by industrial revolutions.

The article above mentions in merely one sentence:

"Resource depletion is another background to these trends and cycles: robots and drones will not restore depleted ground water or bring back ocean fisheries."

Here is a link to a chart which is about 50 years old, but nevertheless, appears to still be accurate predictions:

The blue line is the one that matters the most, while those who prefer feeling optimistic tend now to be looking at the orange line.

The series of articles from Charles Hugh Smith are typical of the superficially correct analyses which are routinely published on Zero Hedge. While those are far superior to the bullshit found in more mainstream analyses, those tend to collapse back to similarly superficial "solutions," as I again explained here:

Why Systems Fail | Zero Hedge

In reply to by Stuck on Zero

Crazy Or Not mobius8curve Sat, 04/07/2018 - 17:09 Permalink

The credit being handed out has been one inflation warning signal for some time. There's so many unravelings and slow burning conflagrations I can't imagine the circus masters holding the show together through this one, but the edifices are substantial and well rooted that the discovery of the various infestations will take time, and like 2007 most will not be fully understood until looked at in hindsight. They're fiscal, financial, economical, systemic, social, ecological, geological, seismic, climatic, biospheric, solar and astronomical. One could even add dimensional. 

The book to which you refer is an astronomical guide. You have to read it differently. The Woman clothed in the sun is Virgo. Jupiter is the second sun. Taurus and Monoceros are the animals in the Nativity Manger Canis Major/Sirius is the Shepard's Dog. The Book is a Star Chart, (taken from the Egyptian) its unfoldings are cosmic events anthropomorphisied.

In reply to by mobius8curve

Crazy Or Not Twee Surgeon Sat, 04/07/2018 - 17:42 Permalink

I used to think like that also. Over time I've come to understand that it's a very complex pot and all the stellar bodies stir it a little, occasionally a bit more than that. We're also in a magnetic reversal with a weak sun and consequently much more cosmic radiation - hence the stunning aurora's that we've been seeing last few years. Long metalic structures like oil pipelines and power grids get affected by this geomagnetism as the flux lines of the earth change during storm events. Planets like Jupiter have an electromagnetic field 20,000 times stronger than the Earth's, so their proximity (along with solar events) has bearing on pipeline geomagnetic distortion. The people who pay closest attention to planetary movement are Astrologists (and brokers!)…

In reply to by Twee Surgeon

Crazy Or Not Algo Rhythm Sat, 04/07/2018 - 18:17 Permalink

OK I went off topic, consider this: We in the West live in a predominantly Christian culture (until v.recently). YET while that culture at the SAME TIME as it was burning people for heresy and pagan Gods, it was happy to maintain a Gregorian Calendar -set out by a POPE that KEPT the Pagan names to every day of the week, the months of the year and the planets that passed overhead.  The full implications of that, bring with it the true meaning of the covert little gatherings that fuel conspiracy theories. 

(PS peak prosperity's a good site within a certain frame. Whoever told you astrology is fake, did you not consider who was the source of that story?). 

In reply to by Algo Rhythm

Tennessee Patriot Sat, 04/07/2018 - 16:53 Permalink

The Demographic paragraph is a perfect example why the US does NOT need more immigrants, excuse me "New Democrat Voters". 

If 50% of all jobs will be mechanized, computerized or otherwise "No Humans Needed" in the near future, why the fuck do we need more "New Democrats" sneaking in to suck on the "Deep State's" dick? 

Seal ALL borders, let the Birth / Death Model take over and the "system" will balance itself out nicely as time goes by. 

AGuy Tennessee Patriot Sat, 04/07/2018 - 17:10 Permalink

"The Demographic paragraph is a perfect example why the US does NOT need more immigrants, excuse me "New Democrat Voters"... If 50% of all jobs will be mechanized, computerized or otherwise "No Humans Needed" in the near future, why the fuck do we need more[?]"

That's not the objective. The Objective to create new DNC votes so the US officially becomes a one party nation. The DNC has never been a party to make America better. Its been a party to obtain absolute power.

That said the US needs farmers, as the Average Age for US farmers is about 60 years. Americans don't want to do farm labor, and even if the machines do most or all of the labor, they still need someone to maintain the farm machinery. Someone needs to sharpen the cutters, replace warn parts, change oil and hydraulic fluid, grease the zerks, refuel, change the air filters, tansport the produced materials, Mend the fences, etc. A farmers job is never done, even if its fully mechanized.

In reply to by Tennessee Patriot

Alexander De Large AGuy Sat, 04/07/2018 - 17:22 Permalink

That's why we need illegal immigrants.  No one wants to do that shit except retards or people hiding out from the law.

Truthfully, this country needed Trump to come in and scare the beaners.  They were getting too uppity with their career choices and shit.

Fucking illegal beaner lawyers and stawk brokers?

No, your ass needs to be harvesting strawberries and lettuce and corralling dirty ass farm animals so I can have milk and eggs and bacon for breakfast.  What the fuck is this studying law and medicine shit?

Get your ass back in front of Home Depot.

In reply to by AGuy

NoCommies Sat, 04/07/2018 - 16:54 Permalink

The 'demographics' are of the union class.

Those government employees who now earn more than productive citizens and have better healthcare and pensions.

All paid for from the paychecks and taxes by income producing productive citizens.

The leftists elitists have promised to steal more and more of productive citizens income to feather the nests of the government union wankers.

Government and its employees make NOTHING, even the taxes they pay come from a productive citizens paycheck.

The crash which is nigh, comes from these trillions of public union pensions and healthcare.