Syrian Regime Change: a 70-Year Project

You may assume that the idea of kicking out Syrian dictator Assad is a recent idea stemming from his brutal crackdowns on protestors starting in March 2011.

But the truth is that it is a 70-year old project …

The CIA backed a right-wing coup in Syria in 1949. A CIA officer involved in the coup has written several books about it.

Douglas Little, Professor, Department of Clark University History professor Douglas Little notes:

Recently declassified records… confirm that beginning on November 30, 1948, [CIA operative Stephen] Meade met secretly with Colonel Zaim at least six times to discuss the “possibility [of an] army supported dictatorship.” [“Cold War and Covert Action: The United States and Syria, 1945-1958,” Middle East Journal, Winter 1990, p. 55]

***

As early as 1949, this newly independent Arab republic was an important staging ground for the CIA’s earliest experiments in covert action.

The CIA secretly encouraged a right-wing military coup in 1949.

The reason the U.S. initiated the coup? Little explains:

In late 1945, the Arabian American Oil Company (ARAMCO) announced plans to construct the Trans-Arabian Pipe Line (TAPLINE) from Saudi Arabia to the Mediterra- nean. With U.S. help, ARAMCO secured rights-of-way from Lebanon, Jordan and Saudi Arabia. The Syrian right-of-way was stalled in parliament.

In other words, Syria was the sole holdout for the lucrative oil pipeline.

(Indeed, the CIA has carried out this type of covert action right from the start.)

In 1956, NSA and CIA officials penciled out “Operation Straggle” to implement a US-backed “anti-communist” coup in Syria.

In 1957, the CIA planned another coup, code-named  “Operation Wappen”.

After the coup plot was exposed, the U.S. tried another means to overthrow the Syrian government:

After the coup attempt was exposed, the US government and media began describing Syria as a “Soviet satellite”. One intelligence report suggested that the USSR had delivered “not more than 123 Migs” to the country. Reporter Kennett Love later said that “there were indeed ‘not more than 123 Migs’. There were none.” In September 1957, the US deployed a fleet to the Mediterranean, armed several of Syria’s neighbors, and incited Turkey to deploy 50,000 troops to its border. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles suggested that the US sought to invoke the “Eisenhower Doctrine” of retaliating against provocations, and this intention was later confirmed in a military report. No Arab state would describe Syria as a provocateur, and these military deployments were withdrawn.

Also in 1957, the American president and British prime minister themselves agreed to launch regime change again in Syria. Historian Little notes that the coup plot was discovered and stopped:

On August 12, 1957, the Syrian army surrounded the U.S. embassy in Damascus. Claiming to have aborted a CIA plot to overthrow neutralist President Shukri Quwatly and install a pro-Western regime, Syrian chief of counterintelligence Abdul Hamid Sarraj expelled three U.S. diplomats ….

Syrian counterintelligence chief Sarraj reacted swiftly on August 12, expelling Stone and other CIA agents, arresting their accomplices and placing the U.S. embassy under surveillance.

***

More importantly, Syria also had control of one of the main oil arteries of the Middle East, the pipeline which connected pro-western Iraq’s oilfields to Turkey.

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The report said that once the necessary degree of fear had been created, frontier incidents and border clashes would be staged to provide a pretext for Iraqi and Jordanian military intervention. Syria had to be “made to appear as the sponsor of plots, sabotage and violence directed against neighbouring governments,” the report says. “CIA and SIS should use their capabilities in both the psychological and action fields to augment tension.”

***

The plan called for funding of a “Free Syria Committee” [hmmm … sounds vaguely familiar], and the arming of “political factions with paramilitary or other actionist capabilities” within Syria. The CIA and MI6 would instigate internal uprisings, for instance by the Druze [a Shia Muslim sect] in the south, help to free political prisoners held in the Mezze prison, and stir up the Muslim Brotherhood in Damascus.

1983 CIA documents show that the U.S. schemed to:

Covertly orchestrating simultaneous military threats against Syria from three border states hostile to Syria: Iraq, Israel and Turkey.

***

Consideration must be given to orchestrating a credible military threat against Syria in order to induce at least some moderate change in its policies.

CIA documents show that, in 1986, the CIA drew up plans to overthrow Syria by provoking sectarian tensions.

Neoconservatives planned regime change in Syria once again in 1991.  General Wesley Clark, who commanded NATO’s bombing campaign in the Kosovo war, said:

It came back to me … a 1991 meeting I had with Paul Wolfowitz.

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In 1991, he was the Undersecretary of Defense for Policy – the number 3 position at the Pentagon. And I had gone to see him when I was a 1-Star General commanding the National Training Center.

***

And I said, “Mr. Secretary, you must be pretty happy with the performance of the troops in Desert Storm.”

And he said: “Yeah, but not really, because the truth is we should have gotten rid of Saddam Hussein, and we didn’t … But one thing we did learn [from the Persian Gulf War] is that we can use our military in the region – in the Middle East – and the Soviets won’t stop us. And we’ve got about 5 or 10 years to clean up those old Soviet client regimes – Syria, Iran, Iraq – before the next great superpower comes on to challenge us.”

(Skip to 3:07 in the following video)

 

 

In 1996 – U.S. and Israeli Neocons advocated:

Weakening, containing, and even rolling back Syria ….

General Clarke said that – in 2001 – the Pentagon again planned regime change against Syria:

I had been through the Pentagon right after 9/11. About ten days after 9/11, I went through the Pentagon and I saw Secretary Rumsfeld and Deputy Secretary Wolfowitz. I went downstairs just to say hello to some of the people on the Joint Staff who used to work for me, and one of the generals called me in. He said, “Sir, you’ve got to come in and talk to me a second.” I said, “Well, you’re too busy.” He said, “No, no.” He says, “We’ve made the decision we’re going to war with Iraq.” This was on or about the 20th of September.

***

So I came back to see him a few weeks later, and by that time we were bombing in Afghanistan. I said, “Are we still going to war with Iraq?” And he said, “Oh, it’s worse than that.” He reached over on his desk. He picked up a piece of paper. And he said, “I just got this down from upstairs” — meaning the Secretary of Defense’s office — “today.” And he said, “This is a memo that describes how we’re going to take out seven countries in five years, starting with Iraq, and then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and, finishing off, Iran.”

 

 

Michel Chossudovsky notes:

The proposed re-division of both Iraq and Syria is broadly modeled on that of the Federation of Yugoslavia which was split up into seven “independent states” (Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia (FYRM), Slovenia, Montenegro, Kosovo). According to Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya, the re division of Iraq into three separate states is part of a broader process of redrawing the Map of the Middle East.

The above map was prepared by Lieutenant-Colonel Ralph Peters. It was published in the Armed Forces Journal in June 2006, Peters is a retired colonel of the U.S. National War Academy. (Map Copyright Lieutenant-Colonel Ralph Peters 2006).

Although the map does not officially reflect Pentagon doctrine, it has been used in a training program at NATO’s Defense College for senior military officers”. (See Plans for Redrawing the Middle East: The Project for a “New Middle East” By Mahdi Darius Nazemroaya, Global Research, November 2006)

A December 13, 2006 U.S. diplomatic cable reveals how the US government (USG) was seeking out weaknesses of the Assad government which could be exploited to undermine it. William Roebuck, chargé d’affaires at the US embassy in Damascus, said in summarizing the cable:

We believe [Syrian leader] Bashar’s weaknesses are in how he chooses to react to looming issues, both perceived and real, such as the conflict between economic reform steps (however limited) and entrenched, corrupt forces, the Kurdish question, and the potential threat to the regime from the increasing presence of transiting Islamist extremists. This cable summarizes our assessment of these vulnerabilities and suggests that there may be actions, statements, and signals that the USG can send that will improve the likelihood of such opportunities arising.

Roebuck argued that the US should try to destabilize the Syrian government by coordinating more closely with Egypt and Saudi Arabia to fan sectarian tensions between Sunni and Shia, including by the promotion of “exaggerated” fears of Shia proselytizing of Sunnis, and of concern about “the spread of Iranian influence” in Syria in the form of mosque construction and business activity.

The U.S. started funding the Syrian opposition in 2006 … and arming the opposition in 2007.

Former French foreign minister Roland Dumas said that Britain had planned covert action in Syria as early as 2009.  He told French television:

I was in England two years before the violence in Syria on other business.

I met with top British officials, who confessed to me that they were preparing something in Syria. This was in Britain not in America. Britain was preparing gunmen to invade Syria.

Nafeez Ahmed notes:

Leaked emails from the private intelligence firm Stratfor, including notes from a meeting with Pentagon officials, confirmed that as of 2011, US and UK special forces training of Syrian opposition forces was well underway. The goal was to elicit the “collapse” of Assad’s regime “from within.”

And see this.

Indeed, the U.S. has carried out regime change throughout the Middle East and North Africa for many decades.

Comments

Davidduke2000 Tue, 04/17/2018 - 10:23 Permalink

Russia was pushing for a new constitution for Syria with a new political system, once it realized the west and the gulf state want change of government their own way, Putin Changed his mind and permitted Syria to keep the existing system even if it means Assad forever. 

Posa Tue, 04/17/2018 - 10:55 Permalink

And he (Wolfowitz) said:

"And we’ve got about 5 or 10 years to clean up those old Soviet client regimes – Syria, Iran, Iraq – before the next great superpower comes on to challenge us.”

In the end, the Wolfowitz Doctrine for world domination is the official US strategic plan... implemented by creating failed states across the entire Middle East. Israel is a collateral beneficiary since their doctrine is to "secure the realm" by burning down the neighborhood. Pipelines are part of the story too.

But the US strategic planners are thinking global domination, not oil politics

Lumberjack Tue, 04/17/2018 - 11:35 Permalink

PM’s husband’s Capital Group is largest shareholder in BAE, shares soar since Syrian airstrikes

 

https://www.rt.com/uk/424392-may-husbands-capital-group/

 

Philip May, husband of the UK prime minister, works for a company that is the largest shareholder in arms manufacturer, BAE Systems, whose share price has soared since the recent airstrikes in Syria.

The company, Capital Group, is also the second-largest shareholder in Lockheed Martin – a US military arms firm that supplies weapons systems, aircraft and logistical support. Its shares have also rocketed since the missile strikes last week.

Lumberjack Lumberjack Tue, 04/17/2018 - 12:38 Permalink

Funny how all this Russia crap happened to conveniently distract from Trump and May’s scandals. Note the BZ incident was on April,7.

 

MARCH 27, 2018

British inquiry promises ‘no stone left unturned’ as it tackles tax avoidance and evasion

https://www.icij.org/investigations/paradise-papers/british-inquiry-promises-no-stone-left-unturned-tackles-tax-avoidance-evasion/

In reply to by Lumberjack

Krink26 Tue, 04/17/2018 - 12:37 Permalink

This is news to anyone? Of course they have wanted that pipeline for years. As for the Russians - they are there to prevent competition for their own pipelines running through the Ukraine (oh wait, didnt we have a little CIA operation there a few years ago? Hmmm) and to have a naval port on the Mediterranean. Make sense now? If they are finally successful in their goals in Syria there will be a small problem remaining with our NATO "ally" Turkey. Next step, preparing the thanksgiving dressing...

VWAndy Tue, 04/17/2018 - 13:31 Permalink

 Kinda crazy that they are sticking to a script that was written decades ago. Must make any clear thinkers take pause about that voting and free will stuff?

 So how does society change the script? One thing is clear voting aint it.

Mike Masr Tue, 04/17/2018 - 14:03 Permalink

Immediately after George W. declared, "Mission Accomplished" the Christians in Iraq began to be slaughtered.

The US just watched as hundreds of thousands of Iraqi Christians were brutally executed by Islamic militia. Nothing in the US media about it. No moral outrage, no indignation. All the neocons cared about was overthrowing the secular Saddam Hussein.

Today all our neocons care about is regime change in Syria. Assad is the devil incarnate according to Nikki Haley and our MSM. In fact secular-Alawite Assad is the protector of Syria's Christians. There is nothing mentioned about this by our propaganda cunt Nikki Haley.

Once we have overthrown Assad in a violent regime change Syria's Christians will be murdered. I hear there there may be up to 2 million Christians still in Syria. All of this puffed up and bloviated moral indignation about 40 people we claim, but can't prove were gassed. We will completely ignore the Christians that will be murdered by our terrorist pals we like to call "rebels" once we have overthrown Assad. There will be no moral outrage when more than one million Christians are crucified, drowned, burned alive, stoned and beheaded.

Don't forget, Saudi Arabia, with US, France and UK support, has been killing tens of thousands of Yemenites for 3 years without blinking an eyelid, under the gaze of the world. And Nikki Haley remains totally silent about this!