The Department of Justice late Friday released via the FBI's FOIA Vault a redacted copy of the Carter Page FISA warrant application and several renewals, which accuse Page of being a Russian spy, as summarized by the New York Times - which obtained a copy of the materials through a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) lawsuit.
Of note, in the nearly two years since the application was filed, Page hasn't been charged with any of the allegations contained within it.
The previously top-secret document is the first such release by the DOJ in the 40 years since the surveillance law was enacted. In April, the DOJ said they were "processing for potential redaction and release certain [Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act] materials related to Carter Page,” after watchdog group Judicial Watch and several other organizations filed similar lawsuits.
The application reads in part:
Identity of the target The target of this application is Carter W. Page, a U.S. person, and an agent of a foreign power, described in detail below."
"The F.B.I. believes Page has been the subject of targeted recruitment by the Russian government,” the warrant application continues.
A line was then redacted, and then it picked up with “undermine and influence the outcome of the 2016 U.S. presidential election in violation of U.S. criminal law. Mr. Page is a former foreign policy adviser to a candidate for U.S. president.” -NYT
The document then concludes that Page was allegedly "collaborating and conspiring with the Russian government," which they viewed as probably cause to spy on him - and again, which Page has never been charged with.
Page - who has repeatedly denied being a Russian spy, said in April that the FISA application was "beyond words," and a "Joke," while claiming that he has never served as an agent for a foreign government. We would also note that he hasn't been charged as one.
Page was targeted months earlier by FBI informant Stefan Halper, who formed a relationship with Page and several other Trump aides as part of the Obama administration's active counterintelligence operation on the Trump campaign.
While President Trump has characterized the entire counterintelligence operation as a "witch hunt," an increasing chorus of frustrated GOP lawmakers have begun to echo his sentiment, as we are now in month 18 of post-inaugural investigation by the Department of Justice.
Shortly after the Times article hit, President Trump tweeted that the "Rigged Witch Hunt, headed by the 13 Angry Democrats" (in reference to Mueller's team), are trying to damage the GOP going into midterms by dragging out their investigation.
The Rigged Witch Hunt, headed by the 13 Angry Democrats (and now 4 more have been added, one who worked directly for Obama W.H.), seems intent on damaging the Republican Party’s chances in the November Election. This Democrat excuse for losing the ‘16 Election never ends!— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) July 21, 2018
No Collusion, No Obstruction - but that doesn’t matter because the 13 Angry Democrats, who are only after Republicans and totally protecting Democrats, want this Witch Hunt to drag out to the November Election. Republicans better get smart fast and expose what they are doing!— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) July 21, 2018
Among those who signed the FISA applicaition were: James Comey, John Kerry, Andrew McCabe, John Brennan, James Clapper and Susan Rice.
The Steele Dossier
Following months of Congressional investigations, GOP members of the House Intelligence Committee released the four-page "Nunes Memo," which concluded that the FBI relied on the largely unverified "Steele Dossier" as their primary source of evidence. To reinforce the dossier, they included a Yahoo! News article written by Michael Isikoff, which used information fed to him by Steele. (Isikoff was "stunned" to hear of this) The FBI has also been accused of failing to notify the FISA judge that the dossier was political in nature.
To that end, the FISA application draws directly from page 9 of the Steele dossier, claiming that someone "met secretly with Page and that their agenda for the meeting included Divyekin raising a dossier or "kompromat" that the Kremlin possessed on Candidate #2 and the possibility of it being released to Candidate #1's campaign."
To vouch for Steele himself - a former MI6 agent who the FBI fired after he made inappropriate admissions to the press, the agency wrote the following:
"Not withstanding Source1's reason for conducting the research into Candidate1's ties to Russia, based on Source1's previous reporting history with the FBI, whereby Source1 provided reliable information to the FBI, the FBI believes Source 1s reporting herein to be credible"
The FISA application also says that Steele did not directly provide information to Isikoff, which he in fact did.
FBI/DOJ telling the FISA court that Source 1 (Christopher Steele) did not "directly provide" information to reporter Isikoff.— Techno Fog (@Techno_Fog) July 21, 2018
It turns out that this was 100% false. Steele was the source.
They lied to the FISA court. pic.twitter.com/b0IoOnCNzL
Meanwhile, as Congressional GOP have argued that this is evidence of malfeasance, House and Senate Democrats have argued that the FISA application also contained evidence unrelated to the dossier, and that the FISA judge was aware of its political nature.
But Democrats noted that the application also contained evidence against Mr. Page unrelated to the dossier, and that it did tell the court that the research’s sponsor had the political motive of wanting to discredit Mr. Trump’s campaign. They argued that it was normal not to specifically name Americans and American organizations in such materials. -NYT