Authored by "Dr.D" via Raul Ilargi Meijer's Automatic Earth blog,

It’s been a while since we last heard from Dr. D, but here he’s back explaining why neither gold nor the yuan nor cryptocurrencies can or will replace the dollar as the reserve currency, but together they just might:

Dr. D:

 “Some debts are fun when you are acquiring them, but none are fun when you set about retiring them.” –Ogden Nash

Over the last year or two there’s been discussion about the U.S. Federal spending moving beyond $4 TRILLION dollars, and whether a $1+ trillion dollar annual deficit, on top of a $20 Trillion national debt – Federal only – is sustainable. It isn’t.

“What can’t go on, doesn’t” is the famous quote of economist Herbert Stein. Since a spiraling deficit of $1 trillion deficit on a $20 trillion debt can’t go on, what will we replace it with when it very soon doesn’t? Historically gold. Whatever gold exists in the nation’s coffers, whether one coin or 8,000 tons, is used to as the national wealth, and fronted by paper to re-boot the currency. With some additions such as oil and real estate, this was the solution in Spain, France, Germany, and the Soviet Union among hundreds of fiat defaults. Why? Because at a time of broken promises — real goods, commodities that can be seen, touched, and used – are the tangible proof of wealth, requiring no trust, and from which the human trust system of paper and letters of credit can be rebuilt.

But in these complicated, digital times perhaps that’s too simplistic. Perhaps we have grown smarter than all our fathers and this time it will be different. Will it really be the same? Let’s look at how the system works now.

Before WWI, the world was on the gold standard. This had variations, exceptions, corruptions, but on the whole there was gold in the back that was fronted by paper promises issued by private banks. The paper moved, the promises were delivered by telegraph and telephone, and the gold remained in the vaults. It was only when men felt unsure of the truth of the promise they could and did demand delivery, called the bluff, and the bank did – or ominously didn’t – deliver the gold, and thereby keep the paper system in line with reality, with real wealth, and with the economy. This method kept men and nations honest, mostly.

The main part is that the gold didn’t move: it stayed in the same vaults and its ownership changed, just like today. It didn’t matter how much gold existed: it simply changed price, just like today.

All this changed after WWI. The nations had so impoverished themselves that they could no longer repay their real debts and restore their currencies following a 1,000 year tradition of inflating during wars and deflating after. The deflation was too high for Britain and France even while removing the total wealth of Germany, and they began to cheat, double-counting the gold on their books to relieve the pressure. And so the non-gold system began. With other causes, the inflation of this change began to be felt through the Roaring 20’s, until when the phantom money was called on – as was tradition when people began to suspect that the paper they owned was no longer backed with adequate real goods – the illusion popped.

The inflation was shown to be a fraud supported by the highest powers in government and finance, and the real economy withdrew their lack of trust until the matter was fixed. It wasn’t. As the system was fundamentally unchanged and no trust was restored, the rich were protected and law and property rights were trampled in a decade of Tom Joads, the economy never recovered. Although destroying half the nations on earth restored the real balance between paper fantasy and real production, the unemployment that never existed before WWI was never cured and has continued, ever worsening to this day. But note: before, during, and after the Depression, there was the same amount of gold. The gold did nothing, it was meaningless, only the paper promises over it expanded and contracted.

With the systemic dishonesty still in place preventing the books from matching the real wealth and production, the economy soon returned to a diseased state. While gold was illegal for men to own, the rich do as they please and as tradition, removed the gold of the United States to hold them to truth and honesty from printing too much fake money for guns and butter. They withstood the 12 year bank run until, in 1971, they folded, having lost 2/3s of the national savings, gold.

The world was now in uncharted territory. Much more than they never returned to honesty and a gold standard after WWI, they never attempted it after WWII, going to the -Bretton Woods” standard: the world would use the US$ as the standard, and the US$ would be backed with their 20,000 tonnes of gold. Now there was no gold, no gold standard, only unbacked US$ paper, a debt you could neither call on nor prove. As Nixon’s Treasury Secretary Connally said: “the dollar may be our currency, but it’s your problem.’

Inflation started immediately, and as the U.S. still resisted re-establishing physical trust, the connection between the books and reality, they quickly spiraled into South American malaise and high inflation, as seen in the gold price. From $20/oz, or rather a dollar value of 0.029, the dollar ran to 0.0011 – 1/26th of its former price — and looked to disappear altogether. This was not unexpected as fiat currencies on average live 40 years before collapsing. If you take 1941 as the start date, the unbacked US$ would have collapsed in 1981, exactly when it did. What to do? How to re-start the system without having to actually reform, give up war, be honest, and return to trust?

Henry Kissinger had the plan. As no one on earth was on the gold standard – not really – the US$ had only two legs, its worldwide use and military force. He made use of them both by demanding the Saudis accept only US$ for oil transactions. Although U.S. production was diminishing, the U.S. and Saudi Arabia were still the two largest oil producers at that time. Most other nations imported oil, especially Europe.

To have assurity of access to that oil — and not run afoul of the U.S. military – they needed to keep a substantial portion of their national accounts in US$, or more technically U.S. Treasury debt, sparking not just the ability, but the REQUIREMENT of a massive U.S. deficit. Kissinger just discovered social media: the truth that virtual things have value simply because other people use them. This was for all practical purposes the first virtual currency, existing only in room-sized mainframes in central banks worldwide. The world’s currency now looked like this:

(Courtesy of Dr. Willie)

A virtual currency backed by nothing, based on the usage in trade. But that isn’t a full chart and isn’t meant to be. On the side, back in the corners, the US$ was still convertible to gold for the “right kind of people”, using delivery in NY and London to banks in Switzerland. The volumes of US$ grew to trillions while the gold component withered to billions, yet still the Saudis banked billions in gold before it was recently stolen from their Swiss accounts, lawsuits pending. Why? Because there is still no trust between nations and billionaires who have a long history of cheating each other. The gold-in-hand safety valve existed to retain some trust, however distant, in the now-digital system.

“Gold is a currency. It is still, by all evidence, a premier currency, where no fiat currency, including the dollar, can match it.” –Alan Greenspan, 2014 interview of the Council on Foreign Relations.

So is the system still gold backed with gold as the “premier”, that is, first, real, and primary currency as Greenspan said? You tell me:

Apart from the Iraq war, the price of oil has been stable for 50 years. In 1950, two silver dimes would buy a gallon of gas. In 2018 two silver dimes are worth $2.22, or the price of a gallon of gas, minus the new taxes. Meanwhile the US$ value has dropped steadily:

Doesn’t that mean that it’s still gold and not the dollar that is the standard, the “store of value”, and the “reserve currency”, however unspoken? If not and it’s a relic, a rounding error we cannot return to, why, as Ben Bernanke was asked, do all the banks and nations still own it?

Back to the $20,000,000,000,000 debt the U.S. as reserve currency was REQUIRED to issue, it’s now been 40 years since 1978: what happens when the U.S. Dollar disappears as all fiat currencies do? Because it seems we would have to do something. It may be that even before 1988, people already knew this conversion, this transfer, must happen roundabout 2018:

If the old currency burns as predicted 30 years ago, what next? Will it be replaced by a gold coin or a “zero” coin, chained under the fleur-de-lis? It would seem the new currency must be trusted, which is the original problem, must be a replacement in trade, and must be large enough to handle what are now multi-billion trade and multi-trillion Forex flows. Is the answer gold? Well yes…and no. Certainly China thinks so:

And Russia:

And for that matter Germany and Holland and even Texas, who have repatriated their gold back home. But there’s one little problem:

These are the official western gold reserves; however, while the gold base remained stable, the overall financial system has expanded. This can be seen in all paper assets, but a good example can be found here:

That’s what? A 20,000-fold rise? And this is only marking “credit”, not equities or cash. We are indeed in an inflationary period: inflation in assets owned by the 1%. How out of line is this? Here’s the kindred chart in productive terms, GDP:

A 9-fold increase in ability versus 20,000-fold increase in promises. Sounds like someone won’t get paid. And you know what bankers and economists call that?

Default. Massive, system ending default, the size of WWI or the Great Depression. That’s how fiat standards end.

How big would that be? Here are some relative sizes:

Actually, that’s pretty understated. Derivatives in 2018 may be as much as $2 QUADRILLION. No one knows. Compare to this:

$3 Trillion in gold. Now that’s “official” gold and we already showed that “official” Chinese gold is 4,000 tonnes when it may be as high as 30,000 tonnes, but the principle is the same: gold is wildly smaller than the needs of the financial system. Or is it? In previous financial inflations…which I just showed we have had since 1971, in 20,000x scale…gold simply rose until it became the right size.

It’s perfectly simple. Gold rises 20,000 times or however much it must to re-back the system. It always has before, even in 1979 when the price rocketed from $35 to $880 where US debt to gold holdings ratio stabilized at a very reasonable 10:1…the classic level of fractional reserve trust. If China officially owns 5,000 tonnes, and Russia 2,000, with the west also 15,000 collectively, we have 22,000 tonnes over what BusinessInsider says is $160 Trillion in assets, and you get $7.27B/tonne or $226,000/oz.

That’s a 188x increase. 1979 was a 25x increase on an awful lot less trouble, inflation, and fraud. That’s only 7x larger. Is that unreasonable? With 40 years of inflation and very little comparative rise in gold, why shouldn’t it catch up as it did in 1979? So gold will rise and we’ll have a $200,000 gold standard? That’s what will happen?

Not so fast. We COULD have a gold standard, and China, Russia and other major nations appear ready to do so if necessary, but remember we didn’t return to the gold standard last time either. Instead, we cheated and moved to a digital standard stored in ancient mainframes. Why wouldn’t we just cheat again? Back to this:

The two problems in the original chart are trust and price. The price must restore a connection between reality -real value and real production- and price; and the “reserve currency”, the medium of exchange, must be a trusted agent or method. Why would we need coins in our pockets to make that happen? For that matter, why would we need banks, who have widely proven to be the most corrupt, untrustworthy element in the whole system? We can’t go to a new system if it’s the same as the old: that’s WHY the system failed and cycles from gold to silver, silver to paper, paper to gold. We can’t go from paper to paper, that won’t work; but we also can’t so easily go to gold, asking an 800-fold increase since 2000. It would have the same disruptions Weimar had that brought Hitler, or the Jacobins had that brought Napoleon, or that Venezuela has today. And why should we? There’s no need.

The chart above has the US/Saudi oil as the critical mass of trade that allows the US$ reserve. But that isn’t necessarily true today. Today the mass of trade is in goods to and from China. But China isn’t large enough, deep enough, or trusted enough to be the new world currency. And why should they? The reserve currency is what just hollowed out and bankrupted the United States: they would just be imitating our faults. We’d also be moving from one untrusted, unbacked currency to another, and history says that doesn’t happen. So why don’t we do this:

(Courtesy Dr. Willie)

China demands not US Treasuries in NY as collateral to ship goods as presently, and not Yuan bonds, but gold bullion posted in their hot new Shanghai market, which allows physical delivery on demand. This bullion never moves as collateral, but is simply posted by one party then released on delivery. Shanghai is already larger than London, and the largest banks are already in China, which probably has the largest economy. The West and their banks are a has-been: we’re only admitting to a reality that happened years ago.

This solves our two problems: how do we know we’re returning to fair trade, like-for-like? Real goods on container ships are trading for real goods in vaults. How do we know it’s fair, mostly? You can convert the Yuan-sponsored, gold trade note to physical delivery from Shanghai, a thing which is no longer truly possible in London and NY. Will this reversion increase the gold price? Probably. How much? Every number is a state secret, but assuming the 10:1 ratio the United States showed in 1980, let’s say it’s 1:10 of our $226,000 number above or $22,600/oz. That’s reasonable, practicable, and neither stops business nor starts wars. We can do it today, and given China, Russia, Japan, Asia, Australia, and even London appear to be joining China’s AIIB front bank, I would say it already IS happening.

Which leads to one more problem. Certainly TODAY you can take gold delivery in Shanghai, but as London, NY, and the Saudis discovered, the first thing that happens once you build a system of trust is to close the doors and cheat on it. How do we know the gold is there? Even though Shanghai is a “third party” allowing delivery, who’s to say they will be tomorrow? The banks are notorious for “hypothecating”, doubling, tripling the gold on their books with accounting fraud backed by the full faith and credibility of governments, and no one’s in the mood for trusting the Chinese any more than Wells Fargo or DeutscheBank. That would drop us back to a hard gold standard, a $220,000 price, a halt to world trade, and possible world war we were trying to avoid. We need an accounting method that is better trusted and can’t be gamed. How to fix it?

The gold in Shanghai has a chain of custody, no different from “London Deliverable” standards we have today. An original audit, adjusted for receipts and deliveries is all we need. Which is where we add the blockchain. With it, Shanghai cannot double the gold on their books like Europe did in 1922 or the CME does today, marking it both received and loaned, because the blockchain only allows one position, one state at a time. Gold assayed and entered by refiner is tagged to a kilo, and you can follow that kilo bar through the system, not with double counts and vanishing, ever-changing serial numbers as the Federal Reserve and the GLD ETF showed.

Can it be cheated? All systems can be cheated, that’s the nature of men. But it makes it much harder, hard enough to establish adequate trust in banks and governments that otherwise would go to war. Will it be tied to Bitcoin? Yes, but no differently than it will be tradable to the Thai bhat or the ruble. With near-zero cost conversions, all currencies, crypto or otherwise, will be far more interchangeable and thus to some extent identical. They may even disappear, as happened when Jackson closed the 2nd central bank 182 years ago and the nation essentially moved to private currencies.

What will happen to the Dollar? It will still exist, but in some new, revised form. But the US$ today is transferring 3% of the nation’s wealth from the poor to the rich via inflation. Do we really want to keep it? And if it’s not a store of value and it’s already not the reserve currency — we just showed it’s a diluted proxy for gold and oil — why should the reformed US$ be any different? The dollar will be our national currency, still diluted and still referring to the real currency: gold, the attached Trade Note, and its crypto accounting. Until the next fraud and next crisis, perhaps in 2058.

And that’s the long story of how we leave the present debt-backed U.S. paper dollar and move to a Yuan-sponsored gold trade note that is a gold-backed cryptocurrency. In some ways we already have. Watch and see as they have the public opening of a structure planned and established years ago.


Coinista runningman18 Sat, 08/04/2018 - 22:07 Permalink

Crypto (Bitcoin) is the way, the truth  and the light, jealous loser anti-science no-coiners. Your pet rocks have done nothing for you over the past decade except divert funds away from your home nursing care bills in favor of losing bets.

Therefore, ye shall repent of your jealous loser anti-science no-coiner ways and..

BUY BITCOIN!!!  Losers.

In reply to by runningman18

cpnscarlet Coinista Sat, 08/04/2018 - 22:21 Permalink

Nice bit of blasphemy/anti-Christian bigotry there. Jesus is THE WAY, THE TRUTH, and THE LIGHT. Gold is money. Everything else is credit, especially the promises and schemes of men.

I'm sure you know the price of Bitcon, but you know the value of NOTHING.

In reply to by Coinista

FBaggins Precious Hawk Sun, 08/05/2018 - 13:35 Permalink

Ironically it is the internet which is putting more confidence in precious metals over fiat currencies, and cryptocurrencies.  Just as new ways of exchanging information and coordinating things is transforming sales to consumers through the internet, political information and actual truth is leaking through the internet revolutionizing and transforming politics on a global scale.

Without the alternate media of the internet most of us would still be in the dark ages still believing the official story about 9/11. Thanks to the independent internet, more and more people are now seeing all of our political leaders as puppets, arch deceivers, and totally corrupt.

The more the authorities try to put the horses back in the corporate-media barn operated by our sociopathic intelligence agencies, they more they bolt saying they are never going back to that BS.  Now when we see just how rotten our Western bankster multinational establishment actually is, we see how precarious our US dollar holdings are and any currency whose value we have little control over, even cryptocurrencies.

The truth which leaks through the internet righty causes mistrust in our entire Western system and especially in the rotten elites who control everything, which information, if freedom of speech is permitted to abound, will serve to accelerate reform and restore not only our own trust but also the trust of other nations in the rest of the world, which have rightly measured our actual negative worth and are increasingly abandoning the US petro dollar protection-racket while building up gold and silver reserves instead.       

In reply to by Precious Hawk

Morbid nightshiftsucks Sun, 08/05/2018 - 04:12 Permalink

the so-called "program" is open-source & has already proven its use case for long enough to have some form of reputation. its all subjective to opinion obviously, but fact remains: it allows global transaction without any intermediary to take place. before bitcoin existed that wasnt possible. just let that sink in for a moment.

recently there been number of projects so vast in scope, that can one by one replace the elements of our broken economical system. possibly make it much more transparent, efficient & totally eliminate third party interlopers. for those valuing privacy, there are coins that are practically impossible to track. stay tuned for anoncash for that, its in development but once up & running it would not require blockchain while running as part of i2p network.

In reply to by nightshiftsucks

Global Douche Precious Hawk Sun, 08/05/2018 - 11:04 Permalink

So you're saying this has never occurred with gold and silver in terms of dollars or other forms of fiat? I see gripers in this humble forum whine and moan of how they've lost value on the metals. I "get" that PM's should be insurance and for me this was proven so, but there are some who bought years ago at a toppity point and still underwater. I posted here that I will soon sell some of my Ag and enjoy it at break-even status. Some of that $$ will go into more cryptos and into a well deserved vacation where the phone goes on Airplane Mode all day because there's no digital service for as nearly as far as the eye can see.

Billions of value has been lost with Bitcoin because too many have FOMO'ed to the extreme. This is a decent accumulation stage and I wouldn't be surprised to see another dip to 6k before the rockets again fire up. The historic timeline in BTC favors this, although I have other alts which will easily outdo it on a percentage basis..

In reply to by Precious Hawk

marysimmons J S Bach Sat, 08/04/2018 - 21:59 Permalink

Wood chips and rocks are also "REAL" but unlikely to be used as money.  I know what you're saying -  precious metals are a store of value, and I agree that fiat should be backed by something, but Au and Ag will never again be used as "money", or a medium of exchange - simply not practical.  The reality is that "money" is essentially digital already - when was the last time you used gold or silver, or even paper fiat to buy something?  Are you implying that the internet or electricity or digital currencies are not "REAL" just because you can't hold them in your hand?  Decentralized digital currencies are just the next step in the digitalization of money - they are fungible, easily divisible, borderless, easy to transport, finite supply, and will soon be easy to use.  BTW, if the lights go out permanently, gold and silver (or digital currencies) won't help you much - the only thing that will matter will be food, water, shelter, medicine, etc

In reply to by J S Bach

kev the bev marysimmons Sun, 08/05/2018 - 02:53 Permalink

but Au and Ag will never again be used as "money", or a medium of exchange - simply not practical.

It is even more practical now than it was years ago. Paper money was originally a receipt for gold or silver vaulted in a bank. Paper money was carried around on your person and could be lost or defaced. Block chain/cryptos it would seem avoids this and also allows for fractional payments. Its very much more practical now than it ever was. The important thing is you have something of value and a safe and transparent way of spending it.

In reply to by marysimmons

snblitz J S Bach Sat, 08/04/2018 - 22:01 Permalink

Real money?

US Constitution, Article 1, Section 8

  •     [The Congress shall have Power] to Coin money ...

US Constitution, Article 1, Section 10

  •     [No State shall] ... make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts

I am less concerned with real money and more concerned with sound money.  Gold and Silver are both real and sound money.


In reply to by J S Bach

Baron von Bud SunRise Sat, 08/04/2018 - 21:25 Permalink

They'll never go back to gold backed currency. To keep a currency stable a nation needs perceived long term stability. To keep a woman happy you must appear confident when young, prosperous in middle age, and in old age willing to sign anything. And so it is with aging nations. Internal looting and constant surveillance. That's end stage.

In reply to by SunRise

38BWD22 Sat, 08/04/2018 - 20:16 Permalink


The author's thesis is possible, but I doubt that the Yuan, gold and Bitcoin will replace the US$ anytime soon.  Most world trade is conducted in dollars, and I would *guess* that some of the Ruble/Yuan/Etc. trade winds up turning into dollars as well.

Gold's time will come as the best Store of Value.  Crypto can be moved easily.  Hard to see the Yuan overtaking or even rivaling the dollar anytime soon.

jm Sat, 08/04/2018 - 20:22 Permalink

I love these dumb articles that are headlined with the word "might".


Might do this, might do that...  If you gonna pimp these these broke-down hoes, pimp 'em right.

lock-stick Adolfsteinbergovitch Sun, 08/05/2018 - 00:38 Permalink

ONE DEEPLY DISTURBED INDIVIDUAL, alone in his leaky moldy single wide, playing with little action figures and his own microdick, answering his own posts.  GOOD TIMES!!! 

ONE whackjob obsessed SPAMMER -- with numerous log-ons!!!

•• kr86096

•• sanctificado  (DON'T CLICK THE LINKS!!! --  Biblicism SPAMMER -- banned as powow/Wadolt/ravolla/lloll/pier/etc.)

•• Adolfsteinbergovich  (another imaginary friend)

•• Free This  (same WHACK JOB -- used to be "Mr Hankey" -- also banned)

•• kr86096  ("I suck dick on the Internet!!!)

•• Leakanthrophy  ("celebrity-leaks" porn posting whackjob)

•• More Sun (it's the JOOS!! -- whack job extraordinaire)

•• Annanuki  (another imaginary friend)

•• Jumanji1959 (another imaginary friend)

•• PrivetHedge (another imaginary friend)

•• Cryptopithicus Homme  (another "imaginary friend")


spamming ZH for seven years --- dozens and dozens of banned log-ons


Write to the Tylers ::


ONE DEEPLY DISTURBED INDIVIDUAL, alone in his leaky moldy single wide, playing with little action figures and his own microdick, answering his own posts.  GOOD TIMES!!! 


       VVV VVV    •• Adolfsteinbergovich  (another imaginary friend)

In reply to by Adolfsteinbergovitch

Endgame Napoleon jm Sat, 08/04/2018 - 21:21 Permalink

It was an interesting article and  might be good for China, where  US-owned corporations already sent 6 million jobs between 2000 and 2016, but many Americans are worried about the lack of breadwinner jobs in the USA, with its 101 million citizens of working age out of the labor force, its 42 million welfare-consuming part-time-working parents and its 78 million gig pieceworkers. Will this create more economic activity in the USA, as opposed to helping China to construct a sounder economy?…

In reply to by jm

Grandad Grumps Sat, 08/04/2018 - 20:23 Permalink

This kind of simplistic explanation bothers me because it does not explain why gold has value in the first place or why the banks can be trusted. Both flawed assumptions.

HRH of Aquitaine 2.0 Sat, 08/04/2018 - 20:29 Permalink

"Will this reversion increase the gold price? Probably. How much? Every number is a state secret, but assuming the 10:1 ratio the United States showed in 1980, let’s say it’s 1:10 of our $226,000 number above or $22,600/oz. That’s reasonable, practicable, and neither stops business nor starts wars. We can do it today, and given China, Russia, Japan, Asia, Australia, and even London appear to be joining China’s AIIB front bank, I would say it already IS happening."

Interesting analysis. I am a skeptic with regard to BTC, having participated in that experiment for the past year. Like tech stocks, fine for those who got in early and held, not so much for those who got in later.

There is a reason that gold and silver have been used as a means of exchange for more than 6000 years. Keep stacking! I like silver and right now it is on sale!