After seven disappointing years - in US dollars at least - it is hard to shake off some scepticism. That said, gold is showing vigour in no less than 72 currencies where it is at or close to an all-time high - see here
Looking ahead - it is our view that gold is currently firing on 2 cylinders - out of 4. So the best is yet to come.
The excellent news is that gold is seeing strong buying from the highest quality, glacial if you like, and perhaps less apparent sectors - that is Central Bank buying and from institutional investors. The official sector is acquiring gold at the fastest rate since 1971 when the Gold Standard ended under Nixon.
Not only is the tonnage impressive, it is also the number of participants involved, which suggests this may have legs to run. It begs the question what can they see, that others have not.
In 2018 Central Banks bought 651 tonnes of gold, up 74% from the year before. Among them, Russia stills holds only 17.6% of its reserves in gold while China is at only 2.3% - both well below the 65% that is the norm in developed economies.
Meanwhile, institutional buyers (especially in Europe) are starting to throw themselves heavily into gold ETFs. In December 2018 they acquired 76 tonnes taking total holdings to levels not seen since 2013. According to the Bank of America the motivation towards gold is an expected decline in the US dollar rather than creeping inflation.
There is also some emerging evidence that gold is coming back into favour amongst private wealth groups, wealth managers and family offices. Again, early stages.
So on what cylinders is gold not firing ?
We believe that sentiment towards gold amongst retail investors is currently the lowest for about 20 years - we are in a position to know, our group is one of the largest sellers of coins and bars in Europe and we meet clients every single day to discuss their concerns. Moving beyond anecdote, consider US Mint coins sales (below) and even searches on Google for the words “buy gold” as a proxy for sentiment.
They all point the same way. The ordinary investor does not have gold on his radar and I suspect when he does, it will be several hundred dollars higher… late to the party again.
Finally, the speculators - the hot fast money on the futures exchange in New York - faithless, but devastating in terms of the short term effect on prices. We estimate they have a net long position but modest by comparison to historical levels - and therefore there is scope to go very much higher.
There are grounds for optimism but one needs some caution. Thinks ‘false dawns’. Earlier stage bull runs are usually a little slow as scrap flows into the market as prices rise and indeed those who have been long and wrong for a while bail out, providing some headwinds. Once the clear-out has happened, the market is able to move higher at a pace and with self-fuelling vigour.
Some caution - January has consistently been the strongest month of the year and increasingly so - between 2014 and 2018 gold has had a January rise of 3.86%, 4.50%, 4.89%, 5.84% and 4.19% respectively.
So what’s the takeaway from all this … firstly, gold has all the appearance of an early stage bull run - it mirrors what we have seen before. And secondly, not untypically it is the smart money which is getting in first.
It is tempting to declare the bull run in full flow and we see confirmation of this once gold has crossed the magical figure of $1360 as we wrote about recently - see here
At $1360 gold will have crested the horizon. The real question is whether one waits for confirmation of that, or one invests because you know as with all cycles, the sun will rise again.
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