Last quarter, in a period of growing concerns about its business model and growing fears about flagging end-user demand for its products after the company reported dismal Q1 deliveries with just 12,100 combined model S and X deliveries the lowest total since 2015, Tesla CEO Elon Musk made investors wait, and wait, and then wait some more before releasing Q1 earnings at 5:13pm, roughly 1 hour after the customary release time (so that investors would have only 17 minutes to digest the report before rushing off to the conference call).
This time, with Tesla recently announcing that it delivered a record number of cars, or 95,200, in the second quarter, the odds for such a late report were virtually nil - especially with the stock rising 2% into earnings - but the big question was whether Tesla had aggressively front-loaded auto demand this quarter and whether it would reaffirm its prior guidance for delivering 360,000 to 400,000 cars in 2019, and alongside that, will Tesla maintain a ~20% gross margin. Perhaps even more important, what is the company's cash burn especially after it raised $2.7 billion in stock and debt in May even as it warned that it risked running out of cash without "hardcore" cost cuts.
And so, at 4:47 pm - well later than its usual time between 4:10 and 4:20pm, and a clear hint that not all is well - Tesla did report Q2 earnings, which while not quite as ugly as Q1 were close:
- Revenue $6.35 billion, far worse than the estimate of $6.43 billion
- Adjusted loss per share of $1.12, far worse than the estimated loss of 31c
- Free cash flow $614 million, better than the estimate $235.5 million due to far lower CapEx
- Adjusted automotive gross margin of 19%, better than the estimate +17.1%
- Capital expenditure only $250MM, far below the estimate $583.9 million
And visually, revenues...
Speaking of the company's liquidity situation, TSLA's cash flow actually posted a dramatic rebound from the $920 million it burned in Q1, spiking to $614 million...
... but the reason for this is that CapEx came in far below estimates, with Tesla only spending $250 million on capital expenditures, more than 50% below the $583 million expected. As a reminder, last quarter Tesla also surprise by spending far less on CapEx, when it reported Q1 capital expenditure of only $279.9 million, with consensus expecting nearly double that that or $508.2 million, suggesting the company once again mothballed various expansion projects to mitigate the cash burn.
And speaking of future Capex, and the company's growth prospects, perhaps the main reason why the company's stock is tumbling is because of the following item in the outlook: "Our 2019 capex is expected to be about $1.5 to $2.0 billion", a reduction by $500 million from prior guidance with the market clearly seeing this as a hint that growth - or rather spending on growth - is about to slow significantly, as Tesla is now far more focused on profitability and cash generation over growth. Instead, Tesla had record cash on hand which it will use for the Model 3 launch in China, and the Model Y, according to Bloomberg. As for Chinese production, this is what the company said about the Shanghai Gigafactory:
Gigafactory Shanghai will be almost fully funded through local debt. Thus far, we have secured a $510 million credit line from local banks, which should be largely sufficient for the first phase of the factory
The problem is that with such paltry capex, Tesla is hardly on a viable path: the letter notes that "Model S and Model X production continues to run on a single shift schedule, and we produced over 14,500 vehicles in Q2." Similar to the CapEx, that is also a rather deplorable number for both models combined.
Tesla also reported automotive gross margin of only 18.9%, down from 20.2% last quarter, down from 20.6% a year ago, and down from fourth quarter when it was 24.7% due to reductions in vehicle ASP and lower regulatory credit revenue.
The "good" news is that at least Tesla did not cut its production outlook yet, and said it is still on track to deliver between 360,000 and 400,000 vehicles this year.
Some more highlights from the company's outlook:
This quarter, we are simplifying our approach to guidance. We are most focused on expanding our manufacturing footprint in new regions, launching new products and continuing to improve the customer experience, while generating and using cash sustainably. Local production and improved utilization of existing factories is essential to be cost competitive in each region.
We remain on track to launch local production of the Model 3 in China by the end of the year and Model Y in Fremont by fall of 2020. We are also accelerating our European Gigafactory efforts and are hoping to finalize a location choice in the coming quarters.
As Bloomberg's Gabrielle Coppola notes, the "simplification" of guidance seems to mean that it's no longer telling investors what kind of profit margin it expects on the Model S, X, or 3, which it did last quarter.
What is more concerning is that Musk appears to be walking back what he said in Q1 about getting back into the black in Q3. It's aiming to make a profit:
We continue to aim for positive GAAP net income in Q3 and the following quarters, although continuous volume growth, capacity expansion and cash generation will remain the main focus.
Meanwhile, as some may recall, once upon a time Tesla was aggressively growing in solar, and was in fact the top name in the sector. Not anymore, because as Bloomberg notes, SolarCity at its height installed more than 200 megawatts in a quarter. Tesla did just 29 megawatts in 2Q, suggesting Tesla may no longer even be in the top 10 names in solar. And here's another sign that Tesla has all but given up on solar: in the 2Q investor, Musk letter devoted only 3 1/2 lines to energy. The Q1 letter had triple that, 10 1/2 lines - longer than the section on Autopilot in the Q1 letter.
Going back to the core automotive business, and looking at the all important demand number, Tesla's customer deposits plunged again, dropping to $631 million from $768 million in Q1, the lowest number since Q1 2017, suggesting that the backlog of potential clients is rapidly shrinking.
And so between the major miss on the top and bottom line, the capex miss and cut, and Musk's , the market's patience with Tesla appears to have run out, and the stock is tumbling in the after hours.